Academic publishing

research papersacademic paperacademic publisherpapersresearch paperpaperacademic publicationpublishedresearch articleacademic papers
Academic publishing is the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship.wikipedia
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Grey literature

gray literaturegreygrey-literature
The part of academic written output that is not formally published but merely printed up or posted on the Internet is often called "grey literature".
Grey literature (or gray literature) are materials and research produced by organizations outside of the traditional commercial or academic publishing and distribution channels.

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society

Philosophical TransactionsTransactions of the Royal SocietyPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
The first issue appeared as a twelve-page quarto pamphlet on Monday, 5 January 1665, shortly before the first appearance of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, on 6 March 1665.
Primary research articles are published in the sister journals Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biology Letters, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, and Interface Focus.

Springer Nature

SpringerSpringerNatureSpringer International Publishing
(Since 2013, Springer Science+Business Media has undergone a merger to form an even bigger company named Springer Nature.) Available data indicate that these companies have profit margins of around 40% making it one of the most profitable industries, especially compared to the smaller publishers, which likely operate with low margins.
Springer Nature is an academic publishing company created by the May 2015 merger of Springer Science+Business Media and Holtzbrinck Publishing Group's Nature Publishing Group, Palgrave Macmillan, and Macmillan Education.

Preprint

preprintspreprint serverpre-print
Due to this, many academics self-archive a 'pre-print' copy of their paper for free download from their personal or institutional website.
In academic publishing, a preprint is a version of a scholarly or scientific paper that precedes formal peer review and publication in a peer-reviewed scholarly or scientific journal.

Embargo (academic publishing)

embargomoving wallembargo period
Almost always these electronic versions are available to subscribers immediately upon publication of the paper version, or even before; sometimes they are also made available to non-subscribers, either immediately (by open access journals) or after an embargo of anywhere from two to twenty-four months or more, in order to protect against loss of subscriptions.
In academic publishing, an embargo is a period during which access to academic journals is not allowed to users who have not paid for access (or have access through their institution).

Style guide

house stylestyle guidesstyle
Academic copy editing seeks to ensure that an article conforms to the journal's house style, that all of the referencing and labelling is correct, and that the text is consistent and legible; often this work involves substantive editing and negotiating with the authors.
For academic and technical documents, a guide may also enforce the best practice in ethics (such as authorship, research ethics, and disclosure), pedagogy (such as exposition and clarity), and compliance (technical and regulatory).

Position paper

Aide Mémoire
Position papers in academia enable discussion on emerging topics without the experimentation and original research normally present in an academic paper.

Publishing

publisherpublishedpublishing house
Academic publishing is the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship.

Proceedings

conference proceedingsproceedingconference proceeding
In much of the 20th century, such articles were photographed for printing into proceedings and journals, and this stage was known as camera-ready copy.
For example, the title of the Acta Crystallographica journals is New Latin for "Proceedings in Crystallography"; the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America is the main journal of that academy; and conference proceedings are a collection of academic papers published in the context of an academic conference or workshop.

Scientific journal

journalmathematics journalscientific journals
Most scientific research is initially published in scientific journals and considered to be a primary source.
In academic publishing, a scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further the progress of science, usually by reporting new research.

Wiley-Blackwell

Blackwell PublishingBlackwellBlackwell Publishers
Although there are over 2,000 publishers, five for-profit companies (Reed Elsevier, Springer Science+Business Media, Wiley-Blackwell, Taylor & Francis, and Sage) accounted for 50% of articles published in 2013.
Blackwell Publishing was formed by the 2001 merger of two Oxford-based academic publishing companies, Blackwell Science (founded 1939 as Blackwell Scientific Publishing) and Blackwell Publishers (founded 1922 as Basil Blackwell & Mott, Blackwell Publishers from 1926), which had their origins in the nineteenth century Blackwell's family bookshop and publishing business.

Electronic journal

online journale-journale-journals
Some journals, particularly newer ones, are now published in electronic form only.

Authorea

The full automation of the proof correction cycles has only become possible with the onset of online collaborative writing platforms, such as Authorea, Google Docs, and various others, where a remote service oversees the copy-editing interactions of multiple authors and exposes them as explicit, actionable historic events.
Over 40 publisher- and journal-specific styles are currently supported.

RELX

Reed ElsevierReed Business InformationReed International
Although there are over 2,000 publishers, five for-profit companies (Reed Elsevier, Springer Science+Business Media, Wiley-Blackwell, Taylor & Francis, and Sage) accounted for 50% of articles published in 2013.

Author editing

authors' editoreditorauthor editor
Because the work of academic copy editors can overlap with that of authors' editors, editors employed by journal publishers often refer to themselves as “manuscript editors”.
Authors' editors may also advise authors on peer review and the publishing process, and on high-impact publishing strategies.

Open access

open-accessopen access journalopen-access journal
Almost always these electronic versions are available to subscribers immediately upon publication of the paper version, or even before; sometimes they are also made available to non-subscribers, either immediately (by open access journals) or after an embargo of anywhere from two to twenty-four months or more, in order to protect against loss of subscriptions. An important trend, particularly with respect to journals in the sciences, is open access via the Internet.
Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters, and monographs.

Academic conference

conferenceconferencessymposia
An equally prestigious site of publication within U.S. computer science are some academic conferences.
The work may be bundled in written form as academic papers and published as the conference proceedings.

Social science

social sciencessocial scientistsocial
The American Psychological Association (APA) style is often used in the social sciences.
Political science, as one of the social sciences, uses methods and techniques that relate to the kinds of inquiries sought: primary sources such as historical documents, interviews, and official records, as well as secondary sources such as scholarly articles are used in building and testing theories.

Publication subvention

subvention
Some scholars have called for a publication subvention of a few thousand dollars to be associated with each graduate student fellowship or new tenure-track hire, in order to alleviate the financial pressure on journals.
In academic publishing, a publication subvention is guaranteed funding towards a partial subsidy of a scholar's publication in book form.

Research

researcherresearchersoriginal research
Most scientific research is initially published in scientific journals and considered to be a primary source.
Academic publishing is a system that is necessary for academic scholars to peer review the work and make it available for a wider audience.

Academic journal

journaljournalsacademic journals
Most academic work is published in academic journal article, book or thesis form.

Thesis

dissertationdoctoral thesisdoctoral dissertation
Most academic work is published in academic journal article, book or thesis form.

Scholarly peer review

peer reviewpeer-reviewedrefereed
Most scientific and scholarly journals, and many academic and scholarly books, though not all, are based on some form of peer review or editorial refereeing to qualify texts for publication.

Discipline (academia)

academic disciplinedisciplinesdiscipline
Most established academic disciplines have their own journals and other outlets for publication, although many academic journals are somewhat interdisciplinary, and publish work from several distinct fields or subfields.

Interdisciplinarity

interdisciplinarymultidisciplinaryInterdisciplinary Studies
Most established academic disciplines have their own journals and other outlets for publication, although many academic journals are somewhat interdisciplinary, and publish work from several distinct fields or subfields.