Cover of the first issue of Nature, 4 November 1869
Scientific and technical journal publications per million residents (2013)
Title page of the first volume of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, the first journal in the world exclusively devoted to science

In academic publishing, a scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further the progress of science, usually by reporting new research.

- Scientific journal

Most scientific research is initially published in scientific journals and considered to be a primary source.

- Academic publishing
Cover of the first issue of Nature, 4 November 1869

3 related topics

Alpha

Typical publishing workflow for an academic journal article (preprint, postprint, and published) with open access sharing rights per SHERPA/RoMEO.

Preprint

Typical publishing workflow for an academic journal article (preprint, postprint, and published) with open access sharing rights per SHERPA/RoMEO.

In academic publishing, a preprint is a version of a scholarly or scientific paper that precedes formal peer review and publication in a peer-reviewed scholarly or scientific journal.

First volume title page

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society

First volume title page
Henry Oldenburg, founding editor and publisher
Hans Sloane by Stephen Slaughter, 1736
In 1787, Caroline Herschel became the first woman published in the journal and the only one in the 18th century. Poster at Publishing 350 Exhibit, 2015
Sir George Stokes

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society is a scientific journal published by the Royal Society.

Primary research articles are published in the sister journals Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biology Letters, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, and Interface Focus.

Open access logo, originally designed by Public Library of Science

Open access

Set of principles and a range of practices through which research outputs are distributed online, free of access charges or other barriers.

Set of principles and a range of practices through which research outputs are distributed online, free of access charges or other barriers.

Open access logo, originally designed by Public Library of Science
Venn diagram highlighting the key features of different types of open access in scholarly publishing.
Download rate for articles on Sci-Hub (black open access)
Licenses used by gold and hybrid OA journals in DOAJ
Article processing charges by gold OA journals in DOAJ
Typical publishing workflow for an academic journal article (preprint, postprint, and published) with open access sharing rights per SHERPA/RoMEO
Length of embargo times for bronze Elsevier journals
Share of hybrid open access (OA) articles in the subscription journals of the top three publishers. JCR, Journal Citation Reports. Reproduced
Number of open access repositories listed in the Registry of Open Access Repositories

Subscription-based publishing typically requires transfer of copyright from authors to the publisher so that the latter can monetise the process via dissemination and reproduction of the work.

All researchers benefit from open access as no library can afford to subscribe to every scientific journal and most can only afford a small fraction of them – this is known as the "serials crisis".