Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

Best Adapted ScreenplayBest Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another MediumBest Screenplay Based on Material from Another MediumBest Writing, ScreenplayAcademy Award for Writing Adapted ScreenplayBest ScreenplayAdapted ScreenplayAcademy AwardAcademy Award for Best Writing (Adapted Screenplay)Best Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published
The Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States.wikipedia
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Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay

Best Original ScreenplayAcademy AwardBest Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen
See also the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, a similar award for screenplays that are not adaptations.
See also the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, a similar award for screenplays that are adaptations.

Joseph L. Mankiewicz

Joseph MankiewiczMankiewiczJoseph
The first person to win twice in this category was Joseph L. Mankiewicz, who won the award in two consecutive years, 1949 and 1950.
Mankiewicz had a long Hollywood career, and won the Oscar back-to-back for both Best Director and Best Writing, Screenplay for A Letter to Three Wives (1949) and All About Eve (1950).

Nat Faxon

Nathaniel Faxon
Payne won both awards as part of a writing duo, with Jim Taylor, and writing trio, with Jim Rash and Nat Faxon.
A frequent presence on comedic films and TV series, he won the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for co-writing The Descendants (2011) and starred in the Fox comedy series Ben and Kate (2012–2013), the FX comedy series Married (2014–2015) and voices Elfo in the Netflix adult animated television series Disenchantment (2018).

Francis Ford Coppola

Francis CoppolaCoppolaCoppola, Francis Ford
Others to win twice in this category include: George Seaton, Robert Bolt (who also won in consecutive years), Francis Ford Coppola, Mario Puzo, Alvin Sargent, Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, Alexander Payne and Michael Wilson. Billy Wilder, Charles Brackett, Paddy Chayefsky, Francis Ford Coppola, Horton Foote, William Goldman, Robert Benton, Bo Goldman, and the Coen brothers have won Oscars for both original and adapted screenplays.
The Godfather won three Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Actor, and Best Adapted Screenplay (shared with Mario Puzo).

Jim Rash

Payne won both awards as part of a writing duo, with Jim Taylor, and writing trio, with Jim Rash and Nat Faxon.
That same year, he won an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay and received a Golden Globe nomination for the film The Descendants.

John Ridley

Ridley
Geoffrey S. Fletcher and John Ridley are the only African-Americans to win solo in this category; Fletcher is also the first African-American to win in any writing category.
John Ridley IV (born October 1965) is an American screenwriter, television director, novelist, and showrunner, known for 12 Years a Slave, for which he won an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.

Robert Bolt

Bolt, RobertRobert Oxton Bolt
Others to win twice in this category include: George Seaton, Robert Bolt (who also won in consecutive years), Francis Ford Coppola, Mario Puzo, Alvin Sargent, Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, Alexander Payne and Michael Wilson. Noted novelists and playwrights nominated in this category include: George Bernard Shaw (who shared an award for an adaptation of his play Pygmalion), Graham Greene, Tennessee Williams, Vladimir Nabokov, James Hilton, Dashiell Hammett, Raymond Chandler, Lillian Hellman, Irwin Shaw, James Agee, Norman Corwin, S. J. Perelman, Terence Rattigan, John Osborne, Robert Bolt, Harold Pinter, David Mamet, Larry McMurtry, Arthur Miller, John Irving, David Hare, Tony Kushner, and August Wilson.
Robert Oxton Bolt, CBE (15 August 1924 – 21 February 1995) was an English playwright and a two-time Oscar-winning screenwriter, known for writing the screenplays for Lawrence of Arabia, Doctor Zhivago and A Man for All Seasons, the latter two of which won him the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.

Billy Bob Thornton

Billy BobBilly Bob Thorton
Winners Billy Bob Thornton and John Huston have only received nominations (not wins) in the acting categories.
Thornton had his first break when he co-wrote and starred in the 1992 thriller One False Move, and received international attention after writing, directing, and starring in the independent drama film Sling Blade (1996), for which he won an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor.

S. J. Perelman

S.J. PerelmanS J Perelman[S. J.] Perelman
Noted novelists and playwrights nominated in this category include: George Bernard Shaw (who shared an award for an adaptation of his play Pygmalion), Graham Greene, Tennessee Williams, Vladimir Nabokov, James Hilton, Dashiell Hammett, Raymond Chandler, Lillian Hellman, Irwin Shaw, James Agee, Norman Corwin, S. J. Perelman, Terence Rattigan, John Osborne, Robert Bolt, Harold Pinter, David Mamet, Larry McMurtry, Arthur Miller, John Irving, David Hare, Tony Kushner, and August Wilson.
Perelman received an Academy Award for screenwriting in 1956.

Emma Thompson

EmmaDame Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson is the only winner who has also won for acting.
Thompson scripted and starred in Sense and Sensibility (1995), which earned her numerous awards, including an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, which makes her the only person to receive Academy Awards for both acting and writing, and a BAFTA Award for Best Actress.

Billy Wilder

WilderBill WilderWilder, Billy
Billy Wilder, Charles Brackett, Paddy Chayefsky, Francis Ford Coppola, Horton Foote, William Goldman, Robert Benton, Bo Goldman, and the Coen brothers have won Oscars for both original and adapted screenplays.
Wilder earned the Best Director and Best Screenplay Academy Awards for the adaptation of a Charles R. Jackson story The Lost Weekend (1945), about alcoholism.

George Bernard Shaw

Bernard ShawShawG. B. Shaw
Noted novelists and playwrights nominated in this category include: George Bernard Shaw (who shared an award for an adaptation of his play Pygmalion), Graham Greene, Tennessee Williams, Vladimir Nabokov, James Hilton, Dashiell Hammett, Raymond Chandler, Lillian Hellman, Irwin Shaw, James Agee, Norman Corwin, S. J. Perelman, Terence Rattigan, John Osborne, Robert Bolt, Harold Pinter, David Mamet, Larry McMurtry, Arthur Miller, John Irving, David Hare, Tony Kushner, and August Wilson.
In 1938 he provided the screenplay for a filmed version of Pygmalion for which he received an Academy Award.

Alexander Payne

Others to win twice in this category include: George Seaton, Robert Bolt (who also won in consecutive years), Francis Ford Coppola, Mario Puzo, Alvin Sargent, Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, Alexander Payne and Michael Wilson.
Payne is a two-time winner of the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, and a three-time nominee of the Academy Award for Best Director.

James Ivory

James Ivory (director)IvoryJames Francis Ivory
James Ivory is the oldest person to receive the award, having been 89 years old when he won for Call Me by Your Name.
For his work on Call Me by Your Name (2017), which he wrote and produced, Ivory won awards for Best Adapted Screenplay from the Academy Awards, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, Writers Guild of America, the Critics' Choice Awards, and the Scripter Awards, among others.

David Hare (playwright)

David HareSir David HareBehind the Beautiful Forevers
Noted novelists and playwrights nominated in this category include: George Bernard Shaw (who shared an award for an adaptation of his play Pygmalion), Graham Greene, Tennessee Williams, Vladimir Nabokov, James Hilton, Dashiell Hammett, Raymond Chandler, Lillian Hellman, Irwin Shaw, James Agee, Norman Corwin, S. J. Perelman, Terence Rattigan, John Osborne, Robert Bolt, Harold Pinter, David Mamet, Larry McMurtry, Arthur Miller, John Irving, David Hare, Tony Kushner, and August Wilson.
Best known for his stage work, Hare has also enjoyed great success with films, receiving two Academy Award nominations for Best Adapted Screenplay for writing The Hours' in 2002, based on the novel written by Michael Cunningham, and The Reader' in 2008, based on the novel of the same name written by Bernhard Schlink.

Robert Benton

Benton
Billy Wilder, Charles Brackett, Paddy Chayefsky, Francis Ford Coppola, Horton Foote, William Goldman, Robert Benton, Bo Goldman, and the Coen brothers have won Oscars for both original and adapted screenplays.
He won the Academy Awards for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Director for Kramer vs. Kramer (1979) and won a third Oscar for Best Original Screenplay for Places in the Heart (1984).

Tony Kushner

Homebody/KabulAnthony KushnerHydriotaphia, or the Death of Dr. Browne
Noted novelists and playwrights nominated in this category include: George Bernard Shaw (who shared an award for an adaptation of his play Pygmalion), Graham Greene, Tennessee Williams, Vladimir Nabokov, James Hilton, Dashiell Hammett, Raymond Chandler, Lillian Hellman, Irwin Shaw, James Agee, Norman Corwin, S. J. Perelman, Terence Rattigan, John Osborne, Robert Bolt, Harold Pinter, David Mamet, Larry McMurtry, Arthur Miller, John Irving, David Hare, Tony Kushner, and August Wilson.
Both films were critically acclaimed, and he received Academy Award nominations for Best Adapted Screenplay.

Casablanca (film)

CasablancaRick BlaineCasablanca'' (film)
Philip G. Epstein and Julius J. Epstein are the first siblings to win in this category, for Casablanca.
Exceeding expectations, Casablanca went on to win the Academy Award for Best Picture, while Curtiz was selected as Best Director and the Epsteins and Koch were honored for writing the Best Adapted Screenplay.

No Country for Old Men (film)

No Country for Old Men2007film
Joel Coen and Ethan Coen are the third winning siblings, for No Country for Old Men.
The film won 76 awards on 109 nominations across multiple organizations; it won four awards at the 80th Academy Awards – Best Picture, Best Director(s), Best Supporting Actor (Bardem) and Best Adapted Screenplay – three British Academy Film Awards (BAFTAs), including Best Director(s), and two Golden Globes.

John Irving

Noted novelists and playwrights nominated in this category include: George Bernard Shaw (who shared an award for an adaptation of his play Pygmalion), Graham Greene, Tennessee Williams, Vladimir Nabokov, James Hilton, Dashiell Hammett, Raymond Chandler, Lillian Hellman, Irwin Shaw, James Agee, Norman Corwin, S. J. Perelman, Terence Rattigan, John Osborne, Robert Bolt, Harold Pinter, David Mamet, Larry McMurtry, Arthur Miller, John Irving, David Hare, Tony Kushner, and August Wilson.
He won the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay in the 72nd Academy Awards (1999) for his script of The Cider House Rules.

Scott Frank

Scott Frank, James Mangold, and Michael Green, writers of Logan, are the first to be nominated for a film based on superhero comic books (the X-Men).
He has earned two Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay nominations, for Out of Sight (1998) and Logan (2017).

Brokeback Mountain

Brokebackfilm adaptation of the same nameBrokeback Catskills Mountain
Larry McMurtry is the only person who has won (for Brokeback Mountain) for adapting someone else's work and whose work has been adapted by someone else resulting in a win, Terms of Endearment.
It also received nominations for eight Academy Awards, the most nominations at the 78th Academy Awards, where it won three–Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Original Score.

Spike Lee

SpikeSpike and Tonya Lee
Barry Jenkins and Tarell Alvin McCraney are the first African-American writing duo to win; Spike Lee and Kevin Willmott are the second, although their cowriters, the team of David Rabinowitz and Charlie Wachtel, are both white.
He has won numerous accolades for his work, including an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, a Student Academy Award, a BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, two Emmy Awards, two Peabody Awards, and the Cannes Grand Prix.

Pierre Collings

Pierre Collings and Sheridan Gibney were the first to win for adapting their own work, for The Story of Louis Pasteur.
Their screenplay was adapted from their own work, leading to awards for both Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Story.

Barry Jenkins

Barry Jenkins and Tarell Alvin McCraney are the first African-American writing duo to win; Spike Lee and Kevin Willmott are the second, although their cowriters, the team of David Rabinowitz and Charlie Wachtel, are both white.
Jenkins received an Oscar nomination for Best Director and jointly won the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay with Tarell Alvin McCraney.