Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay

Best Original ScreenplayAcademy AwardBest Screenplay Written Directly for the ScreenAcademy Award for Writing Original ScreenplayAcademy Award for Best Writing (Original Screenplay)Original ScreenplayBest ScreenplayBest Writing, Screenplay Written Directly for the ScreenBest Story and Screenplay Written Directly for the ScreenBest Writing, Original Screenplay
The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best screenplay not based upon previously published material.wikipedia
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Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

Best Adapted ScreenplayBest Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another MediumBest Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
See also the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, a similar award for screenplays that are adaptations.
See also the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, a similar award for screenplays that are not adaptations.

Academy Award for Best Story

Best StoryTom ReedBest Writing, Original Story
It was created in 1940 as a separate writing award from the Academy Award for Best Story.
See also the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay and Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay.

Woody Allen

Moses FarrowAllenAllen, Woody
Woody Allen has the most nominations in this category with 16, and the most awards with 3, though Paddy Chayefsky won the Best Adapted Screenplay in 1955 for his adaptation of his own teleplay, Marty, and also won for Original Screenplay for The Hospital and Network.
He has won four Academy Awards: three for Best Original Screenplay and one for Best Director.

Ben Affleck

BenAfflecks
Ben Affleck is the youngest winner, at the age of 25 for Good Will Hunting; he co-wrote the screenplay with Matt Damon (age 27 at the time of their award).
Affleck gained wider recognition when he and childhood friend Matt Damon won the Golden Globe and Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for writing Good Will Hunting (1997), which they also starred in.

Matt Damon

DamonMatthew Paige DamonWill Hunting
Ben Affleck is the youngest winner, at the age of 25 for Good Will Hunting; he co-wrote the screenplay with Matt Damon (age 27 at the time of their award).
He came to prominence in 1997, when he wrote and starred in Good Will Hunting, alongside Ben Affleck, which won them the Academy and Golden Globe awards for Best Screenplay and earned Damon a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor.

Good Will Hunting

Will HuntingChuckie SullivanDr. Sean Maguire
Ben Affleck is the youngest winner, at the age of 25 for Good Will Hunting; he co-wrote the screenplay with Matt Damon (age 27 at the time of their award).
It was nominated for nine Academy Awards, including the Academy Award for Best Picture, and won two: Best Supporting Actor for Williams and Best Original Screenplay for Affleck and Damon.

Pedro Almodóvar

Pedro AlmodovarAlmodóvarAlmodovar
Other winners for a non-English screenplay include Albert Lamorisse, Pietro Germi, Claude Lelouch, and Pedro Almodóvar.
His subsequent two films won an Academy Award each: All About My Mother (1999) received the award for Best Foreign Language Film while Talk to Her (2002) earned him the award for Best Original Screenplay.

Preston Sturges

Preston SurgesSturges
Preston Sturges was nominated for two different films in the same year (1944): Hail the Conquering Hero and The Miracle of Morgan's Creek.
In 1941, he won the Oscar for Best Original Screenplay for the film The Great McGinty, his first of three nominations in the category.

Francis Ford Coppola

Francis CoppolaCoppolaCoppola, Francis Ford
Francis Ford Coppola (Patton, 1970) and Sofia Coppola (Lost in Translation, 2003) are the only father-daughter pair to win.
After directing The Rain People in 1969, Coppola co-wrote Patton (1970), earning the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay along with Edmund H. North.

Coen brothers

Joel CoenJoel and Ethan CoenJoel Coen and Ethan Coen
In 1996, Joel Coen and Ethan Coen became the only siblings to win in this category (for Fargo).
They have been nominated for 13 Academy Awards together, and individually for one award each, winning Best Original Screenplay for Fargo and Best Picture, Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay for No Country for Old Men.

13th Academy Awards

(13th)194013th
For the first time, the award for Best Screenplay was split into two separate categories: Best Original Screenplay and Best Screenplay.

Kenneth Lonergan

Noted novelists and playwrights who have received nominations in this category include: John Steinbeck, Noël Coward, Raymond Chandler, Alain Robbe-Grillet, Edward Bond, Arthur C. Clarke, Lillian Hellman, Neil Simon, Paddy Chayefsky, Kenneth Lonergan, Tom Stoppard, Terence Rattigan and Martin McDonagh.
Lonergan earned an Academy Award nomination as Best Director for Manchester by the Sea, and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for You Can Count On Me, Gangs of New York, and Manchester by the Sea, winning for the latter at the 89th Academy Awards.

Peter Jackson

Sir Peter JacksonPeter Robert Jackson Peter Jackson
Only three other married couples won an Oscar in another category—Earl W. Wallace and Pamela Wallace (for Original Screenplay), Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh (for Adapted Screenplay and Picture), and Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez (for Original Song).
He shared a nomination for Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay with his partner Fran Walsh for Heavenly Creatures, which brought him to mainstream prominence in the film industry.

Network (1976 film)

NetworkNetwork (film)Union Broadcasting System
Woody Allen has the most nominations in this category with 16, and the most awards with 3, though Paddy Chayefsky won the Best Adapted Screenplay in 1955 for his adaptation of his own teleplay, Marty, and also won for Original Screenplay for The Hospital and Network.
The film won four Academy Awards, in the categories of Best Actor (Finch), Best Actress (Dunaway), Best Supporting Actress (Straight), and Best Original Screenplay (Chayefsky).

Citizen Kane

RosebudCharles Foster KaneCitizen Kane (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
Nominated for Academy Awards in nine categories, it won an Academy Award for Best Writing (Original Screenplay) by Herman J. Mankiewicz and Welles.

Fargo (film)

FargoMarge Gundersonoriginal film
In 1996, Joel Coen and Ethan Coen became the only siblings to win in this category (for Fargo).
McDormand received the Academy Award for Best Actress and the Coens won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay.

Sofia Coppola

Sophia CoppolaSofiaCoppola, Sofia
Francis Ford Coppola (Patton, 1970) and Sofia Coppola (Lost in Translation, 2003) are the only father-daughter pair to win.
In 2004, Coppola received the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for the comedy-drama Lost in Translation and became the third woman to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Director.

Academy Awards

Academy AwardOscarOscars
The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best screenplay not based upon previously published material.
In December 2011, Orson Welles' 1941 Oscar for Citizen Kane (Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay) was put up for auction, after his heirs won a 2004 court decision contending that Welles did not sign any agreement to return the statue to the Academy.

The Red Balloon

Le Ballon rougePascalPascal Lamorisse
Lamorisse is additionally the only person to win or even be nominated for Best Original Screenplay for a short film (The Red Balloon, 1956).
The film won numerous awards, including an Oscar for Lamorisse for writing the Best Original Screenplay in 1956 and the Palme d'Or for short films at the 1956 Cannes Film Festival.

The Hospital

Woody Allen has the most nominations in this category with 16, and the most awards with 3, though Paddy Chayefsky won the Best Adapted Screenplay in 1955 for his adaptation of his own teleplay, Marty, and also won for Original Screenplay for The Hospital and Network.
The Hospital was written by Paddy Chayefsky, who was awarded the 1972 Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay.

Lost in Translation (film)

Lost in TranslationLost in Translation'' (film)2003 film of the same name
Francis Ford Coppola (Patton, 1970) and Sofia Coppola (Lost in Translation, 2003) are the only father-daughter pair to win.
Lost in Translation was nominated for four Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Actor for Bill Murray, and Best Director for Coppola; Coppola won for Best Original Screenplay.

14th Academy Awards

1941(14th)1942
Citizen Kane, often later designated as the greatest film ever made in a number of polls, was nominated for nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture, but won only one, for Best Original Screenplay.

Richard Schweizer

Richard Schweizer was the first to win for a foreign-language film, Marie-Louise.
Richard Schweizer (23 December 1899 – 30 March 1965) was a Swiss screenwriter who won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay in 1945 for his work in Marie-Louise, as well as the Academy Award for Best Story in 1948 for his work in The Search.

Patton (film)

PattonGeneral PattonHollywood picture about General Patton
Francis Ford Coppola (Patton, 1970) and Sofia Coppola (Lost in Translation, 2003) are the only father-daughter pair to win.
Patton won seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Original Screenplay.

Jordan Peele

2019Monkeypaw ProductionsPeele
At the 2018 ceremony, Get Out writer-director Jordan Peele became the first African-American to win in this category.
He received numerous accolades, including the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, along with nominations for Best Picture and Best Director.