A report on Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay

Orson Welles co-won the award for Citizen Kane in 1942.
Herman J. Mankiewicz, co-winner of the second award in this category (for Citizen Kane).
Screenwriter and director Billy Wilder received two awards in this category in collaboration with others—one for Sunset Boulevard and one for The Apartment.
Budd Schulberg won for On the Waterfront (1954)
William Inge earned this award in 1961 for Splendor in the Grass.
Claude Lelouch won for A Man and a Woman (1966)
William Rose (center right) won for Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1968)
Mel Brooks won in 1969 for 1968's The Producers.
William Goldman, winner in 1969 for Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid.
Francis Ford Coppola, co-winner of the 1970 award for Patton.
Paddy Chayefsky garnered two solo wins The Hospital (1971) and Network (1976)
The screenwriter of Chinatown, Robert Towne, received this award.
Woody Allen earned three Original Screenplay Oscars, for Annie Hall (along with Marshall Brickman), Hannah and Her Sisters, and Midnight in Paris. He has received sixteen nominations total, the most of any writer.
Steve Tesich received the award in 1979 for Breaking Away.
Bo Goldman won for Melvin and Howard (1980).
John Patrick Shanley won for Moonstruck (1987).
Jane Campion won for The Piano in 1993.
Quentin Tarantino won twice for Pulp Fiction (1994), and Django Unchained (2012)
Writer-director pair the Coen brothers won for Fargo (1996)
Ben Affleck, co-winner for Good Will Hunting (1997)
Matt Damon also received the award for Good Will Hunting.
Pedro Almodóvar won for Talk to Her (2002)
Sofia Coppola won for 2003's Lost in Translation.
Charlie Kaufman won for Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004)
Diablo Cody won for 2007's Juno.
Dustin Lance Black won for 2008's Milk.
Mark Boal won for 2009's The Hurt Locker.
Spike Jonze won for 2013's Her.
Tom McCarthy won for Spotlight (2015)
Kenneth Lonergan won for Manchester by the Sea (2016).
Jordan Peele became the first African-American to win with Get Out (2017)
Bong Joon-ho won for Parasite (2019), co-written with Han Jin-won.
Emerald Fennell won for Promising Young Woman (2020).

Academy Award for the best screenplay not based upon previously published material.

- Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay

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Allen at the Cannes Film Festival in 2016

Woody Allen

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American film director, writer, actor, and comedian whose career spans more than six decades and multiple Academy Award-winning films.

American film director, writer, actor, and comedian whose career spans more than six decades and multiple Academy Award-winning films.

Allen at the Cannes Film Festival in 2016
Allen as a high school senior in 1953
Allen in the 1960s
Allen on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson in 1964
Allen with the Broadway cast of Play It Again, Sam (1969)
Allen in 2006
Allen at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival
Allen with Jerry Zigmont and Simon Wettenhall performing at Vienne Jazz Festival, Vienne, France, September 2003
Allen and Soon-Yi Previn in Venice
Soon-Yi Previn and Allen, 2009
Monument to Woody Allen, Oviedo, Spain

His film Annie Hall (1977), a romantic comedy featuring Allen and his frequent collaborator Diane Keaton, won four Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay, and Best Actress for Keaton.

Ethan (left) and Joel Coen, at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival

Coen brothers

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Joel Daniel Coen (born November 29, 1954) and Ethan Jesse Coen (born September 21, 1957), collectively known as the Coen brothers are American filmmakers.

Joel Daniel Coen (born November 29, 1954) and Ethan Jesse Coen (born September 21, 1957), collectively known as the Coen brothers are American filmmakers.

Ethan (left) and Joel Coen, at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival
Ethan and Joel at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival
With Javier Bardem at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival
The Coens, presidents of the 2015 Cannes Film Festival jury

They have been nominated for 13 Academy Awards together, and individually for one award each, winning Best Original Screenplay for Fargo and Best Picture, Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay for No Country for Old Men.

Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

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Academy Award for the best screenplay adapted from previously established material.

Academy Award for the best screenplay adapted from previously established material.

See also the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, the corresponding award for scripts with original stories.

Coppola at the 2011 San Diego Comic-Con

Francis Ford Coppola

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American film director, producer, and screenwriter.

American film director, producer, and screenwriter.

Coppola at the 2011 San Diego Comic-Con
Coppola in 1976
Coppola (left) and Petro Vlahos
Coppola at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival
Coppola at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival
Coppola in April 2019
Palazzo Margherita in Bernalda, owned by Coppola

After directing The Rain People in 1969, Coppola co-wrote Patton (1970), earning the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay along with Edmund H. North.

Theatrical release poster

Hannah and Her Sisters

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1986 American comedy-drama film which tells the intertwined stories of an extended family over two years that begins and ends with a family Thanksgiving dinner.

1986 American comedy-drama film which tells the intertwined stories of an extended family over two years that begins and ends with a family Thanksgiving dinner.

Theatrical release poster

The film won Academy Awards for Best Original Screenplay, Best Supporting Actor, and Best Supporting Actress.

Damon at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival

Matt Damon

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American actor, film producer, and screenwriter.

American actor, film producer, and screenwriter.

Damon at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival
Damon during filming for The Talented Mr. Ripley in 1999
Damon in 2001
Damon attending an event for The Bourne Ultimatum in 2007
Damon attending an event for The Informant! at the 2009 Venice International Film Festival
Damon at the French premiere of The Monuments Men in 2014
Damon with the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti in 2008
Damon with wife Luciana Bozán at the 2009 Venice International Film Festival
alt=Pink granite star on a black granite side-walk.|Matt Damon's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
alt=Hand and foot prints in cement dated of June 6, 2007|Handprints and footprints of Damon in front of the Grauman's Chinese Theatre

He soon gained prominence in 1997 when he and Ben Affleck wrote and starred in Good Will Hunting, which won them the Academy and Golden Globe awards for Best Screenplay.

Billy Wilder

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Austrian-American film director, producer and screenwriter.

Austrian-American film director, producer and screenwriter.

Greta Garbo and Melvyn Douglas in Ninotchka
Fred MacMurray and Barbara Stanwyck in Double Indemnity
Gloria Swanson with Wilder onset of Sunset Boulevard
Curtis, Lemmon and Monroe in Some Like it Hot
Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine in The Apartment
Wilder in 1989
Wilder's gravestone in Los Angeles

The film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards; together Wilder and Brackett won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay.

Theatrical release poster

Annie Hall

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1977 American satirical romantic comedy-drama film directed by Woody Allen from a screenplay written by him and Marshall Brickman, and produced by Allen's manager, Charles H. Joffe.

1977 American satirical romantic comedy-drama film directed by Woody Allen from a screenplay written by him and Marshall Brickman, and produced by Allen's manager, Charles H. Joffe.

Theatrical release poster
Truman Capote, pictured here in 1959, had a cameo role in the film.
Woody Allen saw the Coney Island Thunderbolt when scouting locations and wrote it into the script as Alvy's childhood home.
Diane Keaton received critical acclaim and numerous accolades for her performance.
Woody Allen in New York City in 2006
Upper East Side of New York City
Diane Keaton's dress style as Annie Hall; an influence on the fashion world during the late 1970s

The film was highly praised, was nominated for the Big Five Academy Awards, winning four: the Academy Award for Best Picture, two for Allen (Best Director and, with Brickman, Best Original Screenplay), and Best Actress for Keaton.

Theatrical release poster

Midnight in Paris

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2011 fantasy comedy film written and directed by Woody Allen.

2011 fantasy comedy film written and directed by Woody Allen.

Theatrical release poster
Owen Wilson and Woody Allen promoting the film at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival.

In 2012, it won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay and the Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay.

Academy Awards

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The Academy Awards, better known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit for the American and international film industry.

The Academy Awards, better known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit for the American and international film industry.

Plaster War-time Oscar plaque (1943), State Central Museum of Cinema, Moscow (ru)
The Academy Award statuette (the "Oscar")
31st Academy Awards Presentations,
Pantages Theatre, Hollywood, 1959
81st Academy Awards Presentations,
Dolby Theatre, Hollywood, 2009

In December 2011, Orson Welles' 1941 Oscar for Citizen Kane (Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay) was put up for auction, after his heirs won a 2004 court decision contending that Welles did not sign any agreement to return the statue to the Academy.