Accusative casewikipedia
The accusative case (abbreviated ) of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb.
accusativeaccusative caseacc.ACCAObjectaccusative singularaccusative formobjectiveaccusative, accusativity

List of glossing abbreviations

abbreviatedglossing abbreviationglossing abbreviations
The accusative case (abbreviated ) of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb.

Grammatical case

casegrammatical casecases
The accusative case (abbreviated ) of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb.
English has largely lost its case system although personal pronouns still have three cases, which are simplified forms of the nominative, accusative and genitive cases.

Romanian language

RomanianRomanian-languagero
The accusative case existed in Proto-Indo-European and is present in some Indo-European languages (including Latin, Sanskrit, Greek, German, Icelandic, Bulgarian, Polish, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian), in the Uralic languages, in Altaic languages and in Semitic languages (such as Hebrew and Classical Arabic).
Romanian has preserved a part of the Latin declension, but whereas Latin had six cases, from a morphological viewpoint, Romanian has only five: the nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, and marginally the vocative.

Latin declension

genitive casedeclensionsecond declension
For the accusative endings, see Latin declension.
A complete Latin noun declension consists of up to seven grammatical cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative.

Morphosyntactic alignment

morphosyntactic alignmentalignmentdistinguishing between their relations
In morphosyntactic alignment terms, both perform the accusative function, but the accusative object is telic, while the partitive is not.
These are called nominative–accusative languages, or just accusative languages, after the nominative and accusative cases, which are how A/S and O are distinguished in Latin.

Oblique case

oblique caseobliqueobjective case
This conflation of the old accusative, dative, and (after prepositions) genitive cases is the oblique case.
The term objective case is generally preferred by modern English grammarians, where it supplanted Old English's dative and accusative.

Partitive case

partitivepartitive casepartitively
Finnic languages, such as Finnish and Estonian, have two cases to mark objects, the accusative and the partitive case.
As an example of the irresultative meaning of the partitive, ammuin karhun (accusative) means "I shot the bear (dead)", whereas ammuin karhua (partitive) means "I shot (at) the bear" without specifying if it was even hit.

Icelandic language

Icelandicmodern IcelandicOld Icelandic
The accusative case existed in Proto-Indo-European and is present in some Indo-European languages (including Latin, Sanskrit, Greek, German, Icelandic, Bulgarian, Polish, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian), in the Uralic languages, in Altaic languages and in Semitic languages (such as Hebrew and Classical Arabic).
Modern Icelandic is still a heavily inflected language with four cases: nominative, accusative, dative and genitive.

English language

EnglishEnglish-languageen
Modern English, which almost entirely lacks declension in its nouns, does not have an explicitly marked accusative case even in the pronouns. The English name "accusative (case)" is an Anglicisation of the Latin accūsātīvus (cāsus), which was translated from Ancient Greek αἰτιατικὴ, aitiatikē (ptôsis).
The translation of Matthew 8:20 from 1000 CE shows examples of case endings (nominative plural, accusative plural, genitive singular) and a verb ending (present plural):

Serbo-Croatian

Serbo-CroatianSerbo-CroatSerbo-Croato-Slovenian
The accusative case existed in Proto-Indo-European and is present in some Indo-European languages (including Latin, Sanskrit, Greek, German, Icelandic, Bulgarian, Polish, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian), in the Uralic languages, in Altaic languages and in Semitic languages (such as Hebrew and Classical Arabic).
Traditional grammars list seven cases for nouns and adjectives: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, vocative, locative, and instrumental, reflecting the original seven cases of Proto-Slavic, and indeed older forms of Serbo-Croatian itself.

Czech language

CzechcsCzech-language
The accusative case existed in Proto-Indo-European and is present in some Indo-European languages (including Latin, Sanskrit, Greek, German, Icelandic, Bulgarian, Polish, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian), in the Uralic languages, in Altaic languages and in Semitic languages (such as Hebrew and Classical Arabic).
Pavla is in the accusative case, the grammatical object (in this case, the victim) of the verb.

Dative case

dativedative casedat.
Such forms as whom, them, and her derive rather from the old Germanic dative forms, of which the -m and -r endings are characteristic.
The modern objective case pronoun whom is derived from the dative case in Old English, specifically the Old English dative pronoun "hwām" (as opposed to the modern subjective "who", which descends from Old English "hwā") — though "whom" also absorbed the functions of the Old English accusative pronoun "hwone".

Esperanto grammar

grammarPersonal pronounsEsperanto grammar: Pronouns
Esperanto grammar involves only two cases, a nominative and an accusative.
Nouns and adjectives have two cases, nominative/oblique and accusative/allative, and two numbers, singular and plural; the adjectival form of personal pronouns behaves like a genitive case.

German language

GermanGerman-languagede
The accusative case existed in Proto-Indo-European and is present in some Indo-European languages (including Latin, Sanskrit, Greek, German, Icelandic, Bulgarian, Polish, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian), in the Uralic languages, in Altaic languages and in Semitic languages (such as Hebrew and Classical Arabic).

Ancient Greek

Greekancient GreekClassical Greek
The English name "accusative (case)" is an Anglicisation of the Latin accūsātīvus (cāsus), which was translated from Ancient Greek αἰτιατικὴ, aitiatikē (ptôsis).
In Ancient Greek, nouns (including proper nouns) have five cases (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and vocative), three genders (masculine, feminine, and neuter), and three numbers (singular, dual, and plural).

Nota accusativi

Nota accusativi is a grammatical term meaning "denoting accusative case".

Proto-Indo-European language

Proto-Indo-EuropeanIndo-EuropeanPIE
The accusative case existed in Proto-Indo-European and is present in some Indo-European languages (including Latin, Sanskrit, Greek, German, Icelandic, Bulgarian, Polish, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian), in the Uralic languages, in Altaic languages and in Semitic languages (such as Hebrew and Classical Arabic).

Accusative absolute

accusative absolute
It is an absolute construction found in the accusative case.

Nominative case

nominativenominative casenom.
It is a noun that is having something done to it, usually used together (such as in Latin) with the nominative case.
English still retains some nominative pronouns, which are contrasted with the accusative (comparable to the oblique or disjunctive in some other languages): I (accusative me), we (accusative us), he (accusative him), she (accusative her), they (accusative them) and who (accusative whom).

Declension

declensiondeclinedcase
Modern English, which almost entirely lacks declension in its nouns, does not have an explicitly marked accusative case even in the pronouns.
Sanskrit, another Indo-European language, has eight cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative, locative and instrumental.

Latin

LatinLat.Latin language
The accusative case existed in Proto-Indo-European and is present in some Indo-European languages (including Latin, Sanskrit, Greek, German, Icelandic, Bulgarian, Polish, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian), in the Uralic languages, in Altaic languages and in Semitic languages (such as Hebrew and Classical Arabic). The English name "accusative (case)" is an Anglicisation of the Latin accūsātīvus (cāsus), which was translated from Ancient Greek αἰτιατικὴ, aitiatikē (ptôsis). It is a noun that is having something done to it, usually used together (such as in Latin) with the nominative case.

Preposition and postposition

prepositionpostpositionprepositions
The same case is used in many languages for the objects of (some or all) prepositions.

Altaic languages

AltaicAltaic language familyAltaic people
The accusative case existed in Proto-Indo-European and is present in some Indo-European languages (including Latin, Sanskrit, Greek, German, Icelandic, Bulgarian, Polish, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian), in the Uralic languages, in Altaic languages and in Semitic languages (such as Hebrew and Classical Arabic).

Ido language

IdoIdistIdo pronouns
In Ido the -n suffix is optional, as subject–verb–object order is assumed when it is not present.

Animacy

animacyinanimateanimate
In the masculine, Russian also distinguishes between animate and inanimate nouns with regard to the accusative; only the animates carry a marker in this case.
Because of the similarities in morphology of feminine and masculine grammatical gender inflections in Indo-European languages, there is a theory that in an early stage, the Proto-Indo-European language had only two grammatical genders: "animate" and "inanimate/neuter"; the most obvious difference being that inanimate/neuter nouns used the same form for the nominative, vocative, and accusative noun cases.