Aceh

Aceh ProvinceAchehAtjehNanggroe Aceh DarussalamNanggröe Aceh DarussalamAceh, IndonesiaAchinAceh DarussalamAcheenAceh Special Region (''Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam'')
Aceh is a province of Indonesia.wikipedia
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Banda Aceh

KutarajaAcehBanda Aceh, Indonesia
Its capital and largest city is Banda Aceh. The western coastal areas of Aceh, including the cities of Banda Aceh, Calang, and Meulaboh, were among the areas hardest-hit by the tsunami resulting from the magnitude 9.2 Indian Ocean earthquake on 26 December 2004.
Banda Aceh, formerly Kutaraja (Koetaradja, 1948–1962), is the capital and largest city in the province of Aceh, Indonesia.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Andaman & Nicobar IslandsAndaman and NicobarAndaman & Nicobar
It is close to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India and separated from them by the Andaman Sea.
The territory is about 150 km north of Aceh in Indonesia and separated from Thailand and Myanmar by the Andaman Sea.

Acehnese people

AcehneseAcehAchenese
There are ten indigenous ethnic groups in this region, the largest being the Acehnese people, accounting for approximately 80% to 90% of the region's population.
The Acehnese (also written as Atjehnese and Achinese) are an ethnic group from Aceh, Indonesia on the northernmost tip of the island of Sumatra.

Aceh Sultanate

AcehSultanate of Acehsultan of Aceh
In the early seventeenth century the Sultanate of Aceh was the most wealthy, powerful and cultivated state in the Malacca Straits region.
The Sultanate of Aceh, officially the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam (Jawoë: كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام), was a Sultanate centered in the modern-day Indonesian province of Aceh.

Provinces of Indonesia

Provinceprovincesprovince of Indonesia
Aceh is a province of Indonesia.

Lamuri Kingdom

LamuriLambriIlamuri-Desam
Islam reached Aceh (Kingdoms of Fansur and Lamuri) around 1250 AD.
Lamuri is generally considered to be located in the Aceh province near Banda Aceh.

Dutch East Indies

Netherlands East IndiesDutch IndiesDutch
Aceh has a history of political independence and resistance to control by outsiders, including the former Dutch colonists and later the Indonesian government.
Although Java was dominated by the Dutch, many areas remained independent throughout much of this time, including Aceh, Bali, Lombok and Borneo.

Free Aceh Movement

GAMFree Aceh Movement (GAM)Gerakan Aceh Merdeka
The disaster helped precipitate the peace agreement between the government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM).
The Free Aceh Movement (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka or simply GAM, also: Gěrakan Aceh Měrdeka ) was a separatist group seeking independence for the Aceh region of Sumatra from Indonesia.

Indonesia

Republic of IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesian Republic
Aceh is a province of Indonesia.
A political settlement to an armed separatist conflict in Aceh was achieved in 2005 following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami that killed 130,000 Indonesians.

North Aceh Regency

North AcehAceh UtaraNordkust van Atjeh
At Pasai, in what is now the North Aceh Regency, there was a thriving international port.
North Aceh Regency (Kabupaten Aceh Utara) is a regency in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (Aceh Special District), in Indonesia.

Islam in Southeast Asia

Southeast AsiaSpread of Islam in Southeast Asiaadvent of Islam into Southeast Asia
Aceh is the place where the spread of Islam in Indonesia began, and was a key factor of the spread of Islam in Southeast Asia.
The first Muslim communities arose in Aceh in Northern Sumatra.

Spread of Islam in Indonesia

The spread of Islam in Indonesia (1200 to 1600)spread of IslamThe spread of Islam in Indonesia
Aceh is the place where the spread of Islam in Indonesia began, and was a key factor of the spread of Islam in Southeast Asia.
Aceh was founded in the early 16th century and would later become the most powerful North Sumatran state and one of the most powerful in the whole Malay archipelago.

North Sumatra

North SumateraSumatera Utaranorthern Sumatra
Aceh was politically dismantled and incorporated into the province of North Sumatra in 1950.
It borders Aceh province on the northwest and Riau and West Sumatra provinces in the southeast.

Riau

Riau ProvinceEmblem of RiauRiau Indonesian
Later, during its golden era, in the 17th century, its territory and political influence expanded as far as Satun in southern Thailand, Johor in Malay Peninsula, and Siak in what is today the province of Riau.
In the 12th century, the entry of Islam into the archipelago was carried through the Samudera Pasai Sultanate in Aceh which was the first and recognized as the pioneer of the Islamic sultanates in the archipelago of during its heyday.

Sumatra

SumateraSumatra IslandSumatran
It is located on the northern end of Sumatra. Acehnese military power waned gradually thereafter, and Aceh ceded its territory of Pariaman in Sumatra to the Dutch in the 18th century.
On 26 December 2004, the western coast and islands of Sumatra, particularly Aceh province, were struck by a tsunami following the Indian Ocean earthquake.

Pariaman

Priaman
Acehnese military power waned gradually thereafter, and Aceh ceded its territory of Pariaman in Sumatra to the Dutch in the 18th century.
In the early seventeenth century the port came under control of the Sultanate of Aceh, to the north; an Acehnese governor was stationed in the town.

1990–1998 Indonesian military operations in Aceh

1990–98 Indonesian military operations in AcehMilitary Operation Area" or ''Daerah Operasi Militer'' (DOM)military operations against GAM
In 1990, the Indonesian government initiated military operations against GAM by deploying more than 12.000 Indonesian army in the region.
The 1990–1998 Indonesian military operations in Aceh also known as Operation Red Net (Operasi Jaring Merah) or "Military Operation Area" (Daerah Operasi Militer/DOM) was launched in early 1990s until August 22, 1998, against the separatist movement of Free Aceh Movement (GAM) in Aceh.

Calang

The western coastal areas of Aceh, including the cities of Banda Aceh, Calang, and Meulaboh, were among the areas hardest-hit by the tsunami resulting from the magnitude 9.2 Indian Ocean earthquake on 26 December 2004.
Calang, the capital of the Aceh Jaya Regency of the special territory (daerah istimewa) of Aceh was on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia.

Pidie Regency

PidiePidiëPedir
Affected or destroyed towns on the region's north and east coasts were Pidie Regency, Samalanga, and Lhokseumawe.
Pidie Regency (also known as: Pidie, Pědir; "king of") is a regency of Aceh Special region, in Indonesia.

Hasan Tiro

Hasan di TiroHasan Muhammad di Tiro
Alleged unequal distribution of profits between central government and the native people of Aceh induced Dr. Hasan Muhammad di Tiro, former ambassador of Darul Islam, to call for an independent Aceh.
(25 September 1925 – 3 June 2010), born Hasan Bin Leube Muhammad, was the founder of the Free Aceh Movement (GAM), an organisation which attempted to separate Aceh from Indonesia from the 1970s.

Lhokseumawe

Lhokseumawe City
Affected or destroyed towns on the region's north and east coasts were Pidie Regency, Samalanga, and Lhokseumawe.
Lhokseumawe (Indonesian: Kota Lhokseumawe, Acehnese: Lhôk Seumaw‘è, Jawi: ), is the second largest city in Aceh Special District, in the north of Sumatra, Indonesia.

Daud Beureu'eh

Daud BereuehDaud BeureuehTengku Muhammad Daud Beureu'eh
The civil war raised the religious ulama party leader, Daud Bereueh, to the position of military governor of Aceh.
Teungku Daud Beureueh (1899 in Pidie, Aceh – 1987 in Jakarta), military Governor of Aceh (1945–1953) and leader of the Darul Islam rebellion in the province (1953–1963).

Meulaboh

Meulaboh cityMeulaboh, Aceh
The western coastal areas of Aceh, including the cities of Banda Aceh, Calang, and Meulaboh, were among the areas hardest-hit by the tsunami resulting from the magnitude 9.2 Indian Ocean earthquake on 26 December 2004.
Meulaboh is about 245 km southeast of Banda Aceh, the capital of Aceh province.

Perlak, Aceh

PerlakFerlecPeureulak
When Venetian traveller Marco Polo passed by Sumatra on his way home from China in 1292 he found that Peureulak was a Muslim town while nearby 'Basma(n)' and 'Samara' were not.
Paya kumer, rumah toni is a town in Aceh, Indonesia.

2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami

2004 Indian Ocean earthquake2004 Indian Ocean tsunami2004 tsunami
The western coastal areas of Aceh, including the cities of Banda Aceh, Calang, and Meulaboh, were among the areas hardest-hit by the tsunami resulting from the magnitude 9.2 Indian Ocean earthquake on 26 December 2004. Aceh was the closest point of land to the epicenter of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, which devastated much of the western coast of the province.
The rupture proceeded at about 2.8 km/s, beginning off the coast of Aceh and proceeding north-westerly over about 100 seconds.