Aceh Sultanate

AcehSultanate of Acehsultan of AcehAcèh DarussalamAcehneseAceh KingdomAtjehruler of AcehAceh DarussalamAchin (Aceh)
The Sultanate of Aceh, officially the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam (Jawoë: كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام), was a Sultanate centered in the modern-day Indonesian province of Aceh.wikipedia
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Aceh

Aceh ProvinceAchehAtjeh
The Sultanate of Aceh, officially the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam (Jawoë: كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام), was a Sultanate centered in the modern-day Indonesian province of Aceh.
In the early seventeenth century the Sultanate of Aceh was the most wealthy, powerful and cultivated state in the Malacca Straits region.

Banda Aceh

KutarajaAcehBanda Aceh, Indonesia
Its capital was Kutaraja, the present-day Banda Aceh.
The city was originally established as Bandar Aceh Darussalam Kandang and served as a capital and hub for the Sultanate of Aceh upon its foundation in the late 15th century.

Johor Sultanate

JohorSultanate of JohorJohor Empire
At its peak it was a formidable enemy of the Sultanate of Johor and Portuguese-controlled Malacca, both on the Malayan Peninsula, as all three attempted to control the trade through the Strait of Malacca and the regional exports of pepper and tin with fluctuating success.
On the northern part of Sumatra around the same period, Aceh Sultanate was beginning to gain substantial influence over the Straits of Malacca.

Ali Mughayat Syah

Ali Mughayat ShahSultan Ali Mughayat Syah
The Sultanate was founded by Ali Mughayat Syah, who began campaigns to extend his control over northern Sumatra in 1520.
Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah (died 7 August 1530) was the first sultan of Aceh in northern Sumatra, reigning from about 1514 until his death.

Alauddin al-Kahar

AlauddinAlauddin al QahharAlauddin al-Qahar
His son Alauddin al-Kahar (d.
Sultan Alauddin Ri'ayat Syah al-Kahar (died 28 September 1571) was the third sultan of Aceh, and was one of the strongest warrior rulers in the history of the kingdom.

Sultanate of Deli

DeliDeli SultanateSultan of Deli
His conquests included Deli, Pedir, and Pasai, and he attacked Aru.
The Sultanate of Aceh was founded by Ali Mughayat Syah, who began campaigns to extend his control over northern Sumatra in 1520.

Iskandar Muda

Sultan Iskandar MudaIskander Mudanamesake
Internal dissension in the Sultanate prevented another powerful Sultan from appearing until 1607 when Iskandar Muda came to the position.
– 27 December 1636 ) was the twelfth Sulṭān of Acèh Darussalam, under whom the sultanate achieved its greatest territorial extent, and was the strongest power and wealthiest state in the western Indonesian archipelago and the Strait of Malacca.

Jawi alphabet

JawiJawi scriptJawoë
The Sultanate of Aceh, officially the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam (Jawoë: كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام), was a Sultanate centered in the modern-day Indonesian province of Aceh.
It was widely used in the Sultanate of Malacca, Sultanate of Johor, Sultanate of Brunei, Sultanate of Sulu, Sultanate of Pattani, the Sultanate of Aceh to the Sultanate of Ternate in the east as early as the 15th century.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
1571) extended the domains farther south into Sumatra, but was less successful in his attempts to gain a foothold across the strait, though he made several attacks on both Johor and Malacca, with the support along with men and firearms from Suleiman the Magnificent's Ottoman Empire.
In which case, the Ottomans sent armies to aid its easternmost vassal and territory, the Sultanate of Aceh in Southeast Asia.

Iskandar Thani

Sultan Iskandar TaniSultan Iskandar ThaniSultan Iskandar Thani Alauddin Mughayat Syah
The Sultan's son in law, Iskandar Thani, former prince of Pahang later became his successor.
Iskandar Thani Alauddin Mughayat Syah (1610 - 15 February 1641) was the thirteenth sultan of Aceh, following the powerful Iskandar Muda.

Malay Annals

Sejarah MelayuSulalatus al-SalatinSulalatus Salatin
According to the Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals), the Champa king Syah Pau Kubah had a son Syah Pau Ling who escaped when the capital Vijaya was sacked by the Vietnamese Lê dynasty in 1471, and who later founded the Aceh kingdom.
A year later in 1613, the Johor capital of Batu Sawar was sacked by the Acehnese invaders and Alauddin Riayat Shah, and his entire court, including Tun Sri Lanang and Raja Abdullah was captured and exiled to Aceh.

Pahang Sultanate

PahangOld Pahang SultanateSultanate of Pahang
He also conquered Pahang, a tin-producing region of the Malayan Peninsula, and was able to force the Sultans of Johor to recognise his overlordship, if temporarily.
During this period, Pahang was heavily involved in attempts to rid the Peninsula of the various foreign imperial powers; Portugal, Holland and Aceh.

Sultan

SultanateSultansSulṭān
The Sultanate of Aceh, officially the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam (Jawoë: كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام), was a Sultanate centered in the modern-day Indonesian province of Aceh.

Alauddin Jauhar ul-Alam Syah

Jauhar al-Alam
In the late 18th and early 19th Centuries, Koh Lay Huan – the first Kapitan Cina of Penang, had good contacts with the English-and-French-speaking Sultan of Aceh, Jauhar al-Alam.
Sultan Alauddin Jauhar ul-Alam Syah (1786 - 1 December 1823) was the twenty-ninth sultan of Aceh in northern Sumatra.

Alauddin Ibrahim Mansur Syah

Tuanku IbrahimSultan Alauddin Ibrahim Mansur Syah
In the 1820s, as Aceh produced over half the world's supply of pepper, a new leader, Tuanku Ibrahim, was able to restore some authority to the Sultanate and gain control over the "pepper rajas" who were nominal vassals of the Sultan by playing them off against each other.
Sultan Alauddin Ibrahim Mansur Syah, also known as Ali Alauddin Mansur Syah (died 1870) was the thirty-third sultan of Aceh in northern Sumatra.

Suleiman the Magnificent

Suleiman ISuleyman the MagnificentSüleyman the Magnificent
1571) extended the domains farther south into Sumatra, but was less successful in his attempts to gain a foothold across the strait, though he made several attacks on both Johor and Malacca, with the support along with men and firearms from Suleiman the Magnificent's Ottoman Empire.
In 1564, Suleiman received an embassy from Aceh (a sultanate on Sumatra, in modern Indonesia), requesting Ottoman support against the Portuguese.

Alauddin Muhammad Da'ud Syah I

Muhammad SyahSultan Alauddin Muhammad Da'ud Syah I
He rose to power during the Sultanate of his brother, Muhammad Syah, and was able to dominate the reign of his successor Sulaiman Syah (r.
Sultan Alauddin Muhammad Da'ud Syah I (1802 - 1838) was the thirty-first sultan of Aceh in northern Sumatra.

Aceh War

Aceh30-year war in AcehAceh problem
The treaty was tantamount to a declaration of war on Aceh, and the Aceh War followed soon after in 1873, with the Dutch making the unfounded excuses that Aceh was sponsoring piracy and preparing to conclude a treaty with the United States.
The Aceh War (Indonesian: Perang Aceh), also known as the Dutch War or the Infidel War (1873–1904), was an armed military conflict between the Sultanate of Aceh and the Kingdom of the Netherlands which was triggered by discussions between representatives of Aceh and the United States in Singapore during early 1873.

Alauddin Sulaiman Ali Iskandar Syah

Sulaiman Syah
He rose to power during the Sultanate of his brother, Muhammad Syah, and was able to dominate the reign of his successor Sulaiman Syah (r.
Sultan Alauddin Sulaiman Ali Iskandar Syah (died 1857) was the thirty-second sultan of Aceh in northern Sumatra.

Dutch East India Company

VOCDutch East Indies CompanyDutch
As Aceh lost political cohesion in the 17th century, it saw its trading importance yielded to the Dutch East India Company, who became the dominant military and economic power in the region following the successful siege of Malacca in 1641.
In 1663, the VOC signed the "Painan Treaty" with several local lords in the Painan area that were revolting against the Aceh Sultanate.

Alauddin Mahmud Syah II

Sultan Mahmud SyahMahmudMahmud Syah
As the Dutch prepared for war, Mahmud Syah (1870–1874) appealed for international help, but no one was willing or able to assist.
Sultan Alauddin Mahmud Syah II (died 28 January 1874) was the thirty-fourth sultan of Aceh in northern Sumatra.

Champa

Kingdom of ChampaChamChampa Kingdom
According to the Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals), the Champa king Syah Pau Kubah had a son Syah Pau Ling who escaped when the capital Vijaya was sacked by the Vietnamese Lê dynasty in 1471, and who later founded the Aceh kingdom.
In the 15th to 17th century, Muslim Cham maintained a cordial relationship with the Aceh Sultanate through dynastic marriage.

Ali Ri'ayat Syah I

8 June 1579), was the fourth sultan of Aceh in northern Sumatra.

Hamzah Fansuri

Hamzah PansuriHamzah Al-Fansuri
Its notable scholars included Hamzah Fansuri, Syamsuddin of Pasai, Abdurrauf of Singkil, and the Indian Nuruddin ar-Raniri.
He was known as a Sufi spiritual master and it is thought that he may have worked at the court of the Aceh Sultanate.

Salahuddin of Aceh

Salahuddin
Sultan Salahuddin (died 25 November 1548) was the second sultan of Aceh, reigning from 1530 to c. 1537 or 1539.