A report on Old Persian, Artaxerxes III and Achaemenid Empire
Ochus ( Ochos), known by his dynastic name Artaxerxes III ( Artaxšaçāʰ; ), was King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire from 359/58 to 338 BC. He was the son and successor of Artaxerxes II and his mother was Stateira.- Artaxerxes III
As a written language, Old Persian is attested in royal Achaemenid inscriptions.- Old Persian
Artaxerxes is the Latin form of the Greek Artaxerxes (Αρταξέρξης), itself from the Old Persian Artaxšaçā ("whose reign is through truth").- Artaxerxes III
The Persian term Xšāça, literally meaning "The Kingdom", was used to refer to the Empire formed by their multinational state.- Achaemenid Empire
By the 4th century BCE, the late Achaemenid period, the inscriptions of Artaxerxes II and Artaxerxes III differ enough from the language of Darius' inscriptions to be called a "pre-Middle Persian," or "post-Old Persian."- Old Persian
In 358 BC Artaxerxes II died and was succeeded by his son Artaxerxes III.- Achaemenid Empire
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Arses ( 445 – 359/8 BC), known by his regnal name Artaxerxes II ( Artaxšaçāʰ; ), was King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire from 405/4 BC to 358 BC. He was the son and successor of Darius II ((r.
The given name of Artaxerxes II was, as rendered in Greek, Arses (Ἄρσης; Babylonian: Aršu), derived from the Old Persian *Ṛšā- ("man", "hero").
Ochus (Artaxerxes III)