The map of Achaemenid Empire and the section of the Royal Road noted by Herodotus
Shah-Abbasi Caravansarai in Karaj, Iran
The Achaemenid Empire at its greatest territorial extent under the rule of Darius I (522 BC–486 BC)
The Achaemenid Empire at its greatest territorial extent under the rule of Darius I (522 BC–486 BC)
Ganjali Khan Caravanserai (1598), in Kerman, Iran
Family tree of the Achaemenid rulers.
Khan As'ad Pasha (1751-52) in Damascus, Syria
Map of the expansion process of Achaemenid territories
Funduq al-Najjarin in Fes, Morocco
Cyrus the Great is said, in the Bible, to have liberated the Hebrew captives in Babylon to resettle and rebuild Jerusalem, earning him an honored place in Judaism.
The entrance portal of the Sultan Han (13th century) near Aksaray, Turkey
The tomb of Cyrus the Great, founder of the Achaemenid Empire. At Pasargadae, Iran.
Corral del Carbón, a former caravanserai in Granada, Spain
The Achaemenid Empire at its greatest extent, c. 500 BC
A sample floor plan of a Safavid Empire-era caravanserai in Karaj, Iran
The Persian queen Atossa, daughter of Cyrus the Great, sister-wife of Cambyses II, Darius the Great's wife, and mother of Xerxes the Great
The courtyard of the Koza Han (1490-91) of Bursa, Turkey; the domed building is a small mosque (mescit)
Map showing events of the first phases of the Greco-Persian Wars
Wikala of Sultan al-Ghuri (1504-05), one of the best-preserved examples in Cairo
Greek hoplite and Persian warrior depicted fighting, on an ancient kylix, 5th century BC
Fallujah's Caravanserai in use, ca. 1914, Iraq
Achaemenid king fighting hoplites, seal and seal holder, Cimmerian Bosporus.
1850 drawing of Khan al-Tujjar, near Mount Tabor, Israel
Achaemenid gold ornaments, Brooklyn Museum
Khan al-Umdan in Acre, Israel
Persian Empire timeline including important events and territorial evolution – 550–323 BC
Khan al-Wazir, Aleppo, Syria
Relief showing Darius I offering lettuces to the Egyptian deity Amun-Ra Kamutef, Temple of Hibis
Inside the Orbelian's Caravanserai, Armenia
The 24 countries subject to the Achaemenid Empire at the time of Darius, on the Egyptian statue of Darius I.
Interior of the Caravanserai of Sa'd al-Saltaneh in Qazvin, Iran
The Battle of Issus, between Alexander the Great on horseback to the left, and Darius III in the chariot to the right, represented in a Pompeii mosaic dated 1st century BC – Naples National Archaeological Museum
Caravanserai of Shah Abbas, now Abbasi Hotel, in Isfahan, Iran. View is from the courtyard (sahn).
Alexander's first victory over Darius, the Persian king depicted in medieval European style in the 15th century romance The History of Alexander's Battles
Abandoned caravanserai in Neyestānak, Iran
Frataraka dynasty ruler Vadfradad I (Autophradates I). 3rd century BC. Istakhr (Persepolis) mint.
18th-century<ref>Vladimir Braginskiy. Tourist Attractions in the USSR: A Guide. Raduga Publishers, 1982. 254 pages. Page 104. The whole of the centre of Sheki has been proclaimed a reserve protected by the state. To take you back to the time of the caravans, two large eighteenth-century caravanserais have been preserved with spacious courtyards where the camels used to rest, cellars where goods were stored, and rooms for travellers. </ref> caravanserai in Sheki, Azerbaijan
Dārēv I (Darios I) used for the first time the title of mlk (King). 2nd century BC.
Multani Caravanserai, Baku, Azerbaijan
Winged sphinx from the Palace of Darius in Susa, Louvre
Caravenserai Mosque in Murshidabad, India; built by Nawab Murshid Quli Khan of Bengal
Daric of Artaxerxes II
1823 etching of Bara Katra, or Great Caravanserai, in Dhaka, Bangladesh; built by the Mughal Prince Shah Shuja
Volume of annual tribute per district, in the Achaemenid Empire, according to Herodotus.
1817 sketch of the Choto Katra caravanserai in Dhaka, Bangladesh; built by the Mughal viceroy Shaista Khan
Achaemenid tax collector, calculating on an Abax or Abacus, according to the Darius Vase (340–320 BC).
Anderkilla in Chittagong, Bangladesh
Letter from the Satrap of Bactria to the governor of Khulmi, concerning camel keepers, 353 BC
Entrance portal of the Wikala of Sultan Qaytbay, dating from 1477, south of Al-Azhar Mosque, Cairo
Relief of throne-bearing soldiers in their native clothing at the tomb of Xerxes I, demonstrating the satrapies under his rule.
Ruins of a Silk Road caravanserai in Tash Rabat, Kyrgyzstan
Achaemenid king killing a Greek hoplite. c. 500 BC–475 BC, at the time of Xerxes I. Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Persian soldiers (left) fighting against Scythians. Cylinder seal impression.
Color reconstruction of Achaemenid infantry on the Alexander Sarcophagus (end of 4th century BC).
Seal of Darius the Great hunting in a chariot, reading "I am Darius, the Great King" in Old Persian (𐎠𐎭𐎶𐏐𐎭𐎠𐎼𐎹𐎺𐎢𐏁𐎴 𐏋, "adam Dārayavaʰuš xšāyaθiya"), as well as in Elamite and Babylonian. The word "great" only appears in Babylonian. British Museum.
Achaemenid calvalryman in the satrapy of Hellespontine Phrygia, Altıkulaç Sarcophagus, early 4th century BC.
Armoured cavalry: Achaemenid Dynast of Hellespontine Phrygia attacking a Greek psiloi, Altıkulaç Sarcophagus, early 4th century BC.
Reconstitution of Persian landing ships at the Battle of Marathon.
Greek ships against Achaemenid ships at the Battle of Salamis.
Iconic relief of lion and bull fighting, Apadana of Persepolis
Achaemenid golden bowl with lioness imagery of Mazandaran
The ruins of Persepolis
A section of the Old Persian part of the trilingual Behistun inscription. Other versions are in Babylonian and Elamite.
A copy of the Behistun inscription in Aramaic on a papyrus. Aramaic was the lingua franca of the empire.
An Achaemenid drinking vessel
Bas-relief of Farvahar at Persepolis
Tomb of Artaxerxes III in Persepolis
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, one of the Seven wonders of the ancient world, was built by Greek architects for the local Persian satrap of Caria, Mausolus (Scale model)
Achamenid dynasty timeline
Reconstruction of the Palace of Darius at Susa. The palace served as a model for Persepolis.
Lion on a decorative panel from Darius I the Great's palace, Louvre
Ruins of Throne Hall, Persepolis
Apadana Hall, Persian and Median soldiers at Persepolis
Lateral view of tomb of Cambyses II, Pasargadae, Iran
Plaque with horned lion-griffins. The Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Royal Road was an ancient highway reorganized and rebuilt by the Persian king Darius the Great (Darius I) of the first (Achaemenid) Persian Empire in the 5th century BC. Darius built the road to facilitate rapid communication on the western part of his large empire from Susa to Sardis.

- Royal Road

Of course, such long routes for travellers and tradesmen would often take months on end, and during the reign of Darius the Great numerous royal outposts (Caravanserai) were built.

- Royal Road

The Achaemenid Empire is known for imposing a successful model of centralized, bureaucratic administration via the use of satraps; its multicultural policy; building infrastructure, such as road systems and a postal system; the use of an official language across its territories; and the development of civil services, including its possession of a large, professional army.

- Achaemenid Empire

Caravanserais were a common feature not only along the Silk Road, but also along the Achaemenid Empire's Royal Road, a 2500 km ancient highway that stretched from Sardis to Susa according to Herodotus: "Now the true account of the road in question is the following: Royal stations exist along its whole length, and excellent caravanserais; and throughout, it traverses an inhabited tract, and is free from danger."

- Caravanserai

The satrapies were linked by a 2,500-kilometer highway, the most impressive stretch being the Royal Road from Susa to Sardis, built by command of Darius I. It featured stations and caravanserais at specific intervals.

- Achaemenid Empire
The map of Achaemenid Empire and the section of the Royal Road noted by Herodotus

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