A report on CyprusAchaemenid Empire and Greece

The Achaemenid Empire at its greatest territorial extent under the rule of Darius I (522 BC–486 BC)
A copper mine in Cyprus. In antiquity, Cyprus was a major source of copper.
The Achaemenid Empire at its greatest territorial extent under the rule of Darius I (522 BC–486 BC)
The entrance of the Treasury of Atreus (13th BC) in Mycenae
Family tree of the Achaemenid rulers.
Herodotus (c. 484 BC—c. 425 BC), often considered the "father of history"
Archeologic site of Khirokitia with early remains of human habitation during Aceramic Neolithic period (reconstruction)
Map of the expansion process of Achaemenid territories
Fresco displaying the Minoan ritual of "bull leaping", found in Knossos
Zeus Keraunios, 500–480 BC, Nicosia museum
Cyrus the Great is said, in the Bible, to have liberated the Hebrew captives in Babylon to resettle and rebuild Jerusalem, earning him an honored place in Judaism.
Greek territories and colonies during the Archaic period (750–550 BC)
The Walls of Nicosia were built by the Venetians to defend the city in case of an Ottoman attack
The tomb of Cyrus the Great, founder of the Achaemenid Empire. At Pasargadae, Iran.
The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens, icon of classical Greece.
Kyrenia Castle was originally built by the Byzantines and enlarged by the Venetians
The Achaemenid Empire at its greatest extent, c. 500 BC
Alexander the Great, whose conquests led to the Hellenistic Age.
Büyük Han, a caravanserai in Nicosia, is an example of the surviving Ottoman architecture in Cyprus.
The Persian queen Atossa, daughter of Cyrus the Great, sister-wife of Cambyses II, Darius the Great's wife, and mother of Xerxes the Great
Map of Alexander's short-lived empire (334–323 BC). After his death the lands were divided between the Diadochi
Hoisting the British flag at Nicosia
Map showing events of the first phases of the Greco-Persian Wars
The Antikythera mechanism (c. 100 BC) is considered to be the first known mechanical analog computer (National Archaeological Museum, Athens).
Greek Cypriot demonstrations for Enosis (union with Greece) in 1930
Greek hoplite and Persian warrior depicted fighting, on an ancient kylix, 5th century BC
A view from the ancient royal Macedonian tombs in Vergina
A British soldier facing a crowd of Greek Cypriot demonstrators in Nicosia (1956)
Achaemenid king fighting hoplites, seal and seal holder, Cimmerian Bosporus.
The Odeon of Herodes Atticus in Athens, built in 161 AD
Ethnic map of Cyprus according to the 1960 census.
Achaemenid gold ornaments, Brooklyn Museum
Dome of Hagia Sophia, Thessaloniki (8th century), one of the 15 UNESCO's Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of the city
Varosha (Maraş), a suburb of Famagusta, was abandoned when its inhabitants fled in 1974 and remains under Turkish military control
Persian Empire timeline including important events and territorial evolution – 550–323 BC
The Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes, originally built in the late 7th century as a Byzantine citadel and beginning from 1309 used by the Knights Hospitaller as an administrative centre
A map showing the division of Cyprus
Relief showing Darius I offering lettuces to the Egyptian deity Amun-Ra Kamutef, Temple of Hibis
The Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire after the death of Basil II in 1025
Foreign Ministers of the European Union countries in Limassol during Cyprus Presidency of the EU in 2012
The 24 countries subject to the Achaemenid Empire at the time of Darius, on the Egyptian statue of Darius I.
The Byzantine castle of Angelokastro successfully repulsed the Ottomans during the First Great Siege of Corfu in 1537, the siege of 1571, and the Second Great Siege of Corfu in 1716, causing them to abandon their plans to conquer Corfu.
Cyprus taken from space by the International Space Station in 2021
The Battle of Issus, between Alexander the Great on horseback to the left, and Darius III in the chariot to the right, represented in a Pompeii mosaic dated 1st century BC – Naples National Archaeological Museum
The White Tower of Thessaloniki, one of the best-known Ottoman structures remaining in Greece.
Sea caves at Cape Greco.
Alexander's first victory over Darius, the Persian king depicted in medieval European style in the 15th century romance The History of Alexander's Battles
The sortie (exodus) of Messolonghi, depicting the Third Siege of Missolonghi, painted by Theodoros Vryzakis.
The Troodos Mountains experience heavy snowfall in winter
Frataraka dynasty ruler Vadfradad I (Autophradates I). 3rd century BC. Istakhr (Persepolis) mint.
The Battle of Navarino in 1827 secured Greek independence.
Kouris Dam overflow in April 2012
Dārēv I (Darios I) used for the first time the title of mlk (King). 2nd century BC.
The Entry of King Otto in Athens, painted by Peter von Hess in 1839.
Presidential Palace, Nicosia
Winged sphinx from the Palace of Darius in Susa, Louvre
The territorial evolution of the Kingdom of Greece from 1832 to 1947.
Nicos Anastasiades, President of Cyprus since 2013.
Daric of Artaxerxes II
Hellenic Army formation in the World War I Victory Parade in Arc de Triomphe, Paris, July 1919.
Dhekelia Power Station
Volume of annual tribute per district, in the Achaemenid Empire, according to Herodotus.
Map of Greater Greece after the Treaty of Sèvres, when the Megali Idea seemed close to fulfillment, featuring Eleftherios Venizelos as its supervising genius.
Welcoming ceremony of the former Russian president Dmitry Medvedev by the soldiers of the Cypriot National Guard.
Achaemenid tax collector, calculating on an Abax or Abacus, according to the Darius Vase (340–320 BC).
The Axis occupation of Greece.
Supreme Court of Justice
Letter from the Satrap of Bactria to the governor of Khulmi, concerning camel keepers, 353 BC
People in Athens celebrate the liberation from the Axis powers, October 1944. Postwar Greece would soon experience a civil war and political polarization.
A proportional representation of Cyprus's exports, 2019
Relief of throne-bearing soldiers in their native clothing at the tomb of Xerxes I, demonstrating the satrapies under his rule.
Signing at Zappeion by Constantine Karamanlis of the documents for the accession of Greece to the European Communities in 1979.
Central Bank of Cyprus
Achaemenid king killing a Greek hoplite. c. 500 BC–475 BC, at the time of Xerxes I. Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Navagio (shipwreck) bay, Zakynthos island
Cyprus is part of a monetary union, the eurozone (dark blue) and of the EU single market.
Persian soldiers (left) fighting against Scythians. Cylinder seal impression.
The Greek mainland and several small islands seen from Nydri, Lefkada
Limassol General Hospital
Color reconstruction of Achaemenid infantry on the Alexander Sarcophagus (end of 4th century BC).
Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece and mythical abode of the Gods of Olympus
A1 Motorway between Agios Athanasios junction and Mesa Ghetonia junction in Limassol
Seal of Darius the Great hunting in a chariot, reading "I am Darius, the Great King" in Old Persian (𐎠𐎭𐎶𐏐𐎭𐎠𐎼𐎹𐎺𐎢𐏁𐎴 𐏋, "adam Dārayavaʰuš xšāyaθiya"), as well as in Elamite and Babylonian. The word "great" only appears in Babylonian. British Museum.
The building of the Hellenic Parliament (Old Royal Palace) in central Athens.
Population growth, 1961–2003 (numbers for the entire island, excluding Turkish settlers residing in Northern Cyprus).
Achaemenid calvalryman in the satrapy of Hellespontine Phrygia, Altıkulaç Sarcophagus, early 4th century BC.
Count Ioannis Kapodistrias, first governor, founder of the modern Greek State, and distinguished European diplomat
2010 population by age and gender
Armoured cavalry: Achaemenid Dynast of Hellespontine Phrygia attacking a Greek psiloi, Altıkulaç Sarcophagus, early 4th century BC.
Kyriakos Mitsotakis, Prime Minister since 2019
The Armenian Alphabet at the Melkonian Educational Institute. Armenian is recognised as a minority language in Cyprus.
Reconstitution of Persian landing ships at the Battle of Marathon.
Representation through: 
 embassy in another country
 general consulate
 no representation
Faneromeni School is the oldest all-girl primary school in Cyprus.
Greek ships against Achaemenid ships at the Battle of Salamis.
GDP per capita development
The entrance of the historic Pancyprian Gymnasium
Iconic relief of lion and bull fighting, Apadana of Persepolis
A proportional representation of Greece exports, 2019
Typical Cypriot architecture in old part of Nicosia, Cyprus
Achaemenid golden bowl with lioness imagery of Mazandaran
Greece's debt percentage since 1977, compared to the average of the Eurozone
Laouto, dominant instrument of the Cypriot traditional music.
The ruins of Persepolis
Sun-drying of Zante currant on Zakynthos
Zeno of Citium, founder of the Stoic school of philosophy.
A section of the Old Persian part of the trilingual Behistun inscription. Other versions are in Babylonian and Elamite.
Solar-power generation potential in Greece
Ioannis Kigalas (c. 1622–1687) was a Nicosia born Greek Cypriot scholar and professor of Philosophy who was largely active in the 17th century.
A copy of the Behistun inscription in Aramaic on a papyrus. Aramaic was the lingua franca of the empire.
Greek companies control 16.2% of the world's total merchant fleet making it the largest in the world. They are ranked in the top 5 for all kinds of ships, including first for tankers and bulk carriers.
Cypriot meze
An Achaemenid drinking vessel
Santorini, a popular tourist destination, is ranked as the world's top island in many travel magazines and sites.
Cypriot Halloumi
Bas-relief of Farvahar at Persepolis
The Rio–Antirrio bridge connects mainland Greece to the Peloponnese.
Cypriot style café in an arcade in Nicosia
Tomb of Artaxerxes III in Persepolis
Thessaloniki Science Center and Technology Museum
Spyros Kyprianou Athletic Centre in Limassol
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, one of the Seven wonders of the ancient world, was built by Greek architects for the local Persian satrap of Caria, Mausolus (Scale model)
Georgios Papanikolaou, a pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer detection
Cypri insvla nova descript 1573, Ioannes á Deutecum f[ecit]. Map of Cyprus newly drawn by Johannes van Deutecom, 1573.
Achamenid dynasty timeline
Hermoupolis, on the island of Syros, is the capital of the Cyclades.
Reconstruction of the Palace of Darius at Susa. The palace served as a model for Persepolis.
Population pyramid of Greece in 2017
Lion on a decorative panel from Darius I the Great's palace, Louvre
Our Lady of Tinos
Ruins of Throne Hall, Persepolis
Regions with a traditional presence of languages other than Greek. Today, Greek is the dominant language throughout the country.
Apadana Hall, Persian and Median soldiers at Persepolis
A map of the fifty countries with the largest Greek diaspora communities.
Lateral view of tomb of Cambyses II, Pasargadae, Iran
The Academy of Athens is Greece's national academy and the highest research establishment in the country.
Plaque with horned lion-griffins. The Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Ionian Academy in Corfu, the first academic institution of modern Greece.
The Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus, still used for theatrical plays.
Close-up of the Charioteer of Delphi, a celebrated statue from the 5th century BC.
Towerhouses of Vatheia in Mani peninsula
Nobile Teatro di San Giacomo di Corfù, the first theatre and opera house of modern Greece
Parnassos Literary Society, painted by Georgios Roilos (Kostis Palamas is at the center)
A statue of Plato in Athens.
Cretan dancers of traditional folk music
Rebetes in Karaiskaki, Piraeus (1933). Left Markos Vamvakaris with bouzouki.
Mikis Theodorakis was one of the most popular and significant Greek composers
A Greek salad, with feta and olives.
Theodoros Angelopoulos, winner of the Palme d'Or in 1998, notable director in the history of the European cinema
Spyridon Louis entering the Panathenaic Stadium at the end of the marathon; 1896 Summer Olympics.
Angelos Charisteas scoring Greece's winning goal in the UEFA Euro 2004 Final
The Greek national basketball team in 2008. Twice European champions (1987 and 2005) and second in the world in 2006
Procession in honor of the Assumption of Virgin Mary (15 August)

Cyprus was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC. As a strategic location in the Eastern Mediterranean, it was subsequently occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians, from whom the island was seized in 333 BC by Alexander the Great.

- Cyprus

From the 19th century onwards, the Greek Cypriot population pursued enosis, union with Greece, which became a Greek national policy in the 1950s.

- Cyprus

By 500 BC, the Persian Empire controlled the Greek city states in Asia Minor and Macedonia.

- Greece

By 525 BC, Cambyses had successfully subjugated Phoenicia and Cyprus and was making preparations to invade Egypt with the newly created Persian navy.

- Achaemenid Empire

He organized a massive invasion aiming to conquer Greece.

- Achaemenid Empire

While most of mainland Greece and the Aegean islands was under Ottoman control by the end of the 15th century, Cyprus and Crete remained Venetian territory and did not fall to the Ottomans until 1571 and 1670 respectively.

- Greece

1 related topic with Alpha


Location and main events of the Ionian Revolt.

Ionian Revolt

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Location and main events of the Ionian Revolt.
Location and main events of the Ionian Revolt.
Coin of Chios just before the revolt, circa 525–510 BC.
Coin of Lesbos, Ionia. Circa 510–480 BC.
Darius, with a label in Greek (ΔΑΡΕΙΟΣ, top right), on the Darius Vase.
Location of Ionia within Asia Minor.
Ionian Revolt: Sardis campaign (498 BC)
Remains of the acropolis of Sardis.
The burning of Sardis by the Greeks during the Ionian Revolt in 498 BC.
Achaemenid cavalry in Asia Minor. Altıkulaç Sarcophagus.
Map showing the ancient kingdoms of Cyprus
Ionian revolt: Carian campaign (496 BC).
Greek hoplite and Persian warrior depicted fighting. 5th century BC
Ionian revolt, Battle of Lade and fall of Miletus (494 BC).
The ruins of Miletus
Ionian soldier (Old Persian cuneiform 𐎹𐎢𐎴, Yaunā) of the Achaemenid army, circa 480 BCE. Xerxes I tomb relief.
Coin of Chios after the revolt, circa 490–435 BCE. [[:File:ISLANDS off IONIA, Chios. Circa 525-510 BC.jpg|Earlier types known]].

The Ionian Revolt, and associated revolts in Aeolis, Doris, Cyprus and Caria, were military rebellions by several Greek regions of Asia Minor against Persian rule, lasting from 499 BC to 493 BC. At the heart of the rebellion was the dissatisfaction of the Greek cities of Asia Minor with the tyrants appointed by Persia to rule them, along with the individual actions of two Milesian tyrants, Histiaeus and Aristagoras.

The Ionian Revolt constituted the first major conflict between Greece and the Persian Empire, and as such represents the first phase of the Greco-Persian Wars.