Acoma Pueblo

AcomaAcoma, New MexicoPueblo of AcomaPueblo of Acoma, New MexicoAcoma IndianAcoma peopleAcoma Pueblo peoplesAcoma Pueblo Sky CityAcoma Pueblo, NMAcomo
Acoma Pueblo is a Native American pueblo approximately 60 mi west of Albuquerque, New Mexico in the United States.wikipedia
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Acoma Indian Reservation

AcomaAcoma Pueblo
The community retains only 10% of this land, making up the Acoma Indian Reservation.
The Acoma Indian Reservation of the Acoma Pueblo peoples is located in parts of Cibola, Socorro, and Catron counties, in New Mexico, the Southwestern United States.

Pueblo

pueblo-styleNative American puebloPueblo architecture
Acoma Pueblo is a Native American pueblo approximately 60 mi west of Albuquerque, New Mexico in the United States.
Pre-Columbian towns and villages in the Southwest, such as Acoma, were located in defensible positions, for example, on high steep mesas.

Keres language

KeresanKeresKeresan languages
The Spanish name was borrowed from the Acoma word ʔáák’u̓u̓m̓é meaning 'person from Acoma Pueblo'.

Juan de Oñate

Don Juan de OñateJuan de OnateOñate
Juan de Oñate intended on colonizing New Mexico starting from 1595.
Following a dispute that led to the death of thirteen Spaniards at the hands of the Ácoma, including Oñate's nephew, Juan de Zaldívar, Oñate ordered a brutal retaliation against Acoma Pueblo.

Acoma Massacre

Acoma Warbattlemesa at Acoma
The Acoma Massacre started the next day and lasted for three days.
The Acoma Battle refers to the punitive expedition by Spanish conquistadors at Acoma Pueblo in January 1599 that resulted in the deaths of around 500 Acoma men killed in a three day battle, along with 300 women and children.

Vicente de Zaldívar

Vicente de Zaldivar
On January 21, 1599, Vicente de Zaldívar (Juan de Zaldívar's brother) reached Acoma with 70 soldiers.
He led the Spanish force which perpetrated the Acoma Massacre at the Acoma Pueblo in 1599.

Seama, New Mexico

Seama
Acoma oral history does not confirm this trade but only tells of common messengers to and from the mesa and Acomita, McCartys Village, and Seama.
It is bordered to the west by North Acomita Village and South Acomita Village within Acoma Pueblo lands, to the north by Cubero, and to the east by Paraje.

Ancestral Puebloans

AnasaziAncestral PuebloanAncestral Pueblo
Pueblo people are believed to have descended from the Ancestral Puebloans, Mogollon, and other ancient peoples.
Constructed well before 1492 AD, these Ancestral Pueblo towns and villages in the North American Southwest were located in various defensive positions, for example, on high, steep mesas such as at Mesa Verde or present-day Acoma Pueblo, called the "Sky City", in New Mexico.

Pueblo Revolt

Pueblo Revolt of 1680Pueblo RebellionGreat Pueblo Revolt
In 1680 the Pueblo Revolt took place, with Acoma participating.
Oñate put down a revolt at Acoma Pueblo by killing and enslaving hundreds of the Indians and sentencing all men 25 or older to have their foot cut off.

San Estevan Del Rey Mission Church

San Esteban del Rey Missionmission of San Esteban Del ReyMission San Estévan del Rey de Ácoma
Between 1629 and 1641 Father Juan Ramirez oversaw construction of the San Estevan Del Rey Mission Church.
San Estévan del Rey Mission Church is a Spanish mission church on the Ácoma Pueblo Reservation in western New Mexico.

Laguna Pueblo

LagunaPueblo of LagunaLaguna Indian Reservation
Those who eventually left Acoma moved elsewhere to form Laguna Pueblo.
The Laguna Pueblo (and the Acoma Pueblo) lie in the river basin of the Rio San Jose.

Mount Taylor (New Mexico)

Mount TaylorMount Taylor, NMMt. Taylor
Ponderosa pine was brought in by community members from Mount Taylor, over 40 mi away.
Mount Taylor is also sacred to the Acoma, Hopi, Laguna and Zuni people.

Mogollon culture

MogollonMimbresMimbres pottery
Pueblo people are believed to have descended from the Ancestral Puebloans, Mogollon, and other ancient peoples.
Ceramics traditions and oral history link the Acoma, Hopi, and Zuni, to the Mogollon.

Chamuscado and Rodríguez Expedition

The Chamuscado and Rodriguez ExpeditionChamuscado and RodriguezChamuscado and Rodriguez Expedition
Acoma was next visited by the Spanish 40 years later in 1581 by Fray Agustín Rodríguez and Francisco Sánchez Chamuscado with 12 soldiers, 3 other friars, and 13 others including Indian servants.
Returning to the Rio Grande Valley they journeyed west to Acoma Pueblo and Zuni but were stopped by winter snows from continuing on to the Hopi pueblos.

Antonio de Espejo

Antonio Espejo
In 1582, Acoma was visited again by Antonio de Espejo for three months.
The little force had a skirmish with the Indians of Acoma Pueblo, apparently because two women slaves or prisoners of the Spanish escaped.

Querecho Indians

QuerechosQuerechoQuerecho Apache
He saw evidence of intertribal trade with "mountain Querechos".
In 1583, the explorer Antonio de Espejo met Querechos in the mountains near Acoma who traded salt, game, and deerskins to the townspeople in exchange for cotton blankets.

Juan de Zaldívar (Spanish soldier)

Juan de ZaldívarJuan de Zaldivar (Spanish soldier)
On December 1, 1598, Juan de Zaldívar, Oñate's nephew, reached Acoma with 20–30 men and peacefully traded with them and had to wait some days for their order of ground corn.
Zaldívar was killed by Acoma in Acoma Pueblo on December 4, 1598.

Simon J. Ortiz

Simon Ortiz
Simon J. Ortiz (born May 27, 1941) is a Puebloan writer of the Acoma Pueblo tribe, and one of the key figures in the second wave of what has been called the Native American Renaissance.

Lucy M. Lewis

Lucy LewisLucy Martin Lewis
Lucy Martin Lewis (1890/8–March 12, 1992) was a Native American potter from Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico.

Solomon Bibo

Solomon Bibo (July 15, 1853 – May 4, 1934) was a Jewish trader in the American Old West who became governor of Acoma Pueblo, equivalent of the tribal chief.

Marie Z. Chino

Marie Chino
Marie Zieu Chino (1907–1982) was a Native American potter from Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico.

National Trust for Historic Preservation

Historic Hotels of AmericaThe National Trust for Historic PreservationThe Preservation Press
In 1970 it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places.

McCartys Village, New Mexico

McCartysMcCartys VillageMcCartys, Acoma Pueblo
Acoma oral history does not confirm this trade but only tells of common messengers to and from the mesa and Acomita, McCartys Village, and Seama. Four communities make up the village of Acoma Pueblo: Sky City (Old Acoma), Acomita, Anzac, and McCartys.
It is part of the Acoma Pueblo.

Vera Chino

Vera Chino Ely
Vera Chino Ely (born June 27, 1943) is a Native American potter from Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico.

Enchanted Mesa

Mesa Encantada
Enchanted Mesa is a sandstone butte in Cibola County, New Mexico, United States, about 2.5 mi northeast of the pueblo of Acoma.