Acoustic guitar

acousticacoustic guitarsguitaracoustic rhythm guitarguitar (acoustic)guitarist12-string acoustic guitar6 & 12-string acoustic guitarsacoustic lead guitaracoustic-guitar
An acoustic guitar is a musical instrument in the guitar family, that simply projects the sounds of its vibrating strings acoustically through the air.wikipedia
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Guitar

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An acoustic guitar is a musical instrument in the guitar family, that simply projects the sounds of its vibrating strings acoustically through the air. Finally, circa 1850, the form and structure of the modern Guitar is credited to Spanish guitar maker Antonio Torres Jurado, who increased the size of the guitar body, altered its proportions, and invented the breakthrough fan-braced pattern.
The sound of the vibrating strings is projected either acoustically, by means of the hollow chamber of the guitar (for an acoustic guitar), or through an electrical amplifier and a speaker.

Retronym

retroactively namedrenamedretroactive addition
Originally just called a guitar, the retronym 'acoustic guitar' came in use to distinguish it from an electric guitar, that relies on an electronic amplification system.
For example, the term "acoustic guitar" was coined at the advent of electric guitars and analog watches were thus renamed to distinguish them from digital watches once the latter were invented.

Guitar tunings

open tuningguitar tuningalternate tunings
In standard tuning the guitar's six strings are tuned (low to high) E 2 A 2 D 3 G 3 B 3 E 4.
Guitar tunings assign pitches to the open strings of guitars, including acoustic guitars, electric guitars, and classical guitars.

Plectrum

pickplectrapicked
The vihuela de arco was an instrument that mimicked the violin, and the vihuela de penola was played with a plectrum or by hand.
A plectrum for electric guitars, acoustic guitars, bass guitars and mandolins is typically a thin piece of plastic or other material shaped like a pointed teardrop or triangle.

Antonio de Torres Jurado

Antonio Torres JuradoAntonio de TorresTorres
Finally, circa 1850, the form and structure of the modern Guitar is credited to Spanish guitar maker Antonio Torres Jurado, who increased the size of the guitar body, altered its proportions, and invented the breakthrough fan-braced pattern.
Most acoustic guitars in use today are derivatives of his designs.

Chord (music)

chordchordschordal
Guitar strings may be plucked individually with a pick or fingertip, or strummed to play chords.

Dreadnought (guitar type)

dreadnoughtDreadnought GuitarDreadnought guitars
Two important innovations were introduced by US firm C.F. Martin: the steel strings and the increasing of the guitar top area; the popularity of Martin's larger "dreadnought" body size amongst acoustic performers is related to the greater sound volume produced.
The dreadnought is a type of acoustic guitar body developed by guitar manufacturer C.F. Martin & Company.

Ovation Guitar Company

OvationOvation guitarOvation Guitars
In the 1960s, Ovation's parabolic bowls dramatically reduced feedback, allowing greater amplification of acoustic guitars.
The latter are also well known for the use of carbon fiber tops (instead of the typically wood tops for acoustic guitars).

Pickup (music technology)

pickuppickupsguitar pickup
Piezo pickups are generally mounted under the bridge saddle of the acoustic guitar and can be plugged into a mixer or amplifier.
Acoustic guitars, upright basses and fiddles often use a piezoelectric pickup.

Classical guitar

Spanish guitargut string guitarclassical
Some of the most important varieties are the classical guitar (Spanish Guitar/Nylon-stringed), steel-string acoustic guitar and lap steel guitar.
An acoustic wooden string instrument with strings made of gut or nylon, it is a precursor of the acoustic and electric guitars which use metal strings.

Acoustic-electric guitar

electro-acousticElectro-acoustic guitaracoustic-electric
An acoustic guitar with pickups for electrical amplification is called an acoustic-electric guitar.
An acoustic-electric guitar is an acoustic guitar fitted with a magnetic pickup, a piezoelectric pickup, or a microphone.

Steel-string acoustic guitar

acoustic guitaracousticacoustic guitars
Some of the most important varieties are the classical guitar (Spanish Guitar/Nylon-stringed), steel-string acoustic guitar and lap steel guitar.
Like the classical guitar, it is often referred to simply as an acoustic guitar.

Sound box

soundboxsounding boxbody
Typically, a guitar's body is a sound box, of which the top side serves as a sound board that enhances the vibration sounds of the strings.

Russian guitar

RussianRussian seven-string guitarseven-string guitar
The Russian guitar (sometimes referred to as a "Gypsy guitar") is an acoustic seven-string guitar that was developed in Russia toward the end of the 18th century: it shares most of its organological features with the Spanish guitar, although some historians insist on English guitar ascendancy.

Twelve-string guitar

12-string guitar12 string guitar12-string
Twelve-string guitars are made in both acoustic and electric forms.

Resonator guitar

resonatorresophonic guitarNational guitar
A resonator guitar or resophonic guitar is an acoustic guitar that produces sound by conducting string vibrations through the bridge to one or more spun metal cones (resonators), instead of to the guitar's sounding board (top).

Archtop guitar

archtoparch top guitarArch Top
An "archtop guitar" is a hollow steel-stringed acoustic or semiacoustic guitar with a full body and a distinctive arched top, whose sound is particularly popular with jazz, blues, rockabilly, and psychobilly guitarists.

Harmonic

harmonicsflageoletharmonic frequencies
(Overtones are also present, closely related to harmonics of the fundamental pitch.) The string causes the soundboard and the air enclosed by the sound box to vibrate.
Harmonics are widely used in plucked string instruments, such as acoustic guitar, electric guitar and electric bass.

Parlor guitar

Atkin acoustic parlour guitarparlor-style guitarParlour
Parlor – Parlor guitars have small compact bodies and have been described as “punchy” sounding with a delicate tone.
Parlor or parlour guitar usually refers to a type of acoustic guitar smaller than a Size No.0 Concert Guitar by C. F. Martin & Company.

Banjo guitar

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A double-necked guitjo is a guitar-like, fretted, stringed, musical instrument that has two necks attached to a single body, generally with 14 strings, seven on each neck.

C. F. Martin & Company

MartinMartin GuitarsMartin Guitar
Two important innovations were introduced by US firm C.F. Martin: the steel strings and the increasing of the guitar top area; the popularity of Martin's larger "dreadnought" body size amongst acoustic performers is related to the greater sound volume produced.
It is highly respected for its acoustic guitars and is a leading manufacturer of flat top guitars.

Gibson J-200

J-200Gibson SJ-200EJ-200
The foremost example of the style is the Gibson J-200, but like the dreadnought, most guitar manufacturers have at least one jumbo model.
The Gibson SJ-200 (Super Jumbo 200), commonly known as the J-200, is an acoustic guitar model produced by the Gibson Guitar Corporation.

Acoustic bass guitar

acoustic bassbassarco bass
Ball's aim was to provide bass guitarists with a more acoustic-sounding instrument that would match better with the sound of acoustic guitars.

String instrument

stringsstringstring instruments
The acoustic guitar was widely used in blues and jazz, but as an acoustic instrument, it was not loud enough to be a solo instrument, so these genres mostly used it as an accompaniment rhythm section instrument.