Acquittal

acquittednot guiltyacquitacquitsacquittingFound not guiltywere acquittedAssoilzieassoilziedcould reverse Richard Kimble's criminal conviction
In common law jurisdictions, an acquittal certifies that the accused is free from the charge of an offense, as far as the criminal law is concerned.wikipedia
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Not proven

not guiltynot provednot been proven
Scots law has two acquittal verdicts: not guilty and not proven.
Under Scots law, a criminal trial may end in one of three verdicts: one of conviction ("guilty") and two of acquittal ("not proven" and "not guilty").

Double jeopardy

Jeopardya second trialalready been tried
With one exception, in the United States an acquittal cannot be appealed by the prosecution because of constitutional prohibitions against double jeopardy.
The 72 signatories and 166 parties to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights recognise, under Article 14 (7): "No one shall be liable to be tried or punished again for an offence for which he has already been finally convicted or acquitted in accordance with the law and penal procedure of each country."

Nolle prosequi

droppeddismissal of chargesnolle prossed
This is so even where the prosecution is simply abandoned by the prosecution.

Rodney King

Rodney King beatingRodney King caseRodney King incident
For example, the City of Los Angeles was held liable in 1994 for the 1991 Rodney King beating despite state acquittals in 1992 of all four of its four main LAPD defendants, and in 1997 O. J. Simpson was held civilly liable for wrongful death even after being tried and acquitted in 1995 of murder.
The four officers were tried on charges of use of excessive force; three were acquitted, the jury failed to reach a verdict on one charge for the fourth.

Common law

common-lawcourts of common lawcommon
In common law jurisdictions, an acquittal certifies that the accused is free from the charge of an offense, as far as the criminal law is concerned.

Evidence (law)

evidencerules of evidencelaw of evidence
In some countries, such as the United States, an acquittal operates to bar the retrial of the accused for the same offense, even if new evidence surfaces that further implicates the accused.

Jury

juriesjurorjurors
The effect of an acquittal on criminal proceedings is the same whether it results from a jury verdict or results from the operation of some other rule that discharges the accused.

Verdict

directed verdictspecial verdictverdicts
The effect of an acquittal on criminal proceedings is the same whether it results from a jury verdict or results from the operation of some other rule that discharges the accused.

Scots law

Scottish lawScotlandlaw
Scots law has two acquittal verdicts: not guilty and not proven.

Criminal Justice Act 2003

Criminal Justice Act20032003 c. 44
In England and Wales, which share a common legal system, the Criminal Justice Act 2003 creates an [[Criminal Justice Act 2003#Retrial for serious offences (the "double jeopardy" rule)|exception to the double jeopardy rule]], by providing that retrials may be ordered if "new and compelling evidence" comes to light after an acquittal for a serious crime.

Prison

jailgaolpenitentiary
However, until 1774 a defendant acquitted by an English or Welsh court would be remanded to jail until he had paid the jailer for the costs of his confinement.

Fong Foo v. United States

It was decided in Fong Foo v. United States, 369 U.S. 141 (1962) that a judgment of acquittal by a jury cannot be appealed by the prosecution.

Harry Aleman

Harry "The Hook" AlemanHarry Aleman v. Judges of the Criminal Division, Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois, et al.
Harry Aleman v. Judges of the Criminal Division, Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois, et al., 138 F.3d 302 (7th Cir.

Civil law (common law)

civilcivil lawcivil litigation
An acquittal, while conclusive as to the criminal law, does not necessarily bar private civil actions in tort or on some other grounds as a result of the facts alleged in the charge.

Tort

tort lawtortstortfeasor
An acquittal, while conclusive as to the criminal law, does not necessarily bar private civil actions in tort or on some other grounds as a result of the facts alleged in the charge.

Los Angeles

Los Angeles, CaliforniaLos Angeles, CALos Angeles, United States
For example, the City of Los Angeles was held liable in 1994 for the 1991 Rodney King beating despite state acquittals in 1992 of all four of its four main LAPD defendants, and in 1997 O. J. Simpson was held civilly liable for wrongful death even after being tried and acquitted in 1995 of murder.

Los Angeles Police Department

LAPDLos Angeles policeL.A.P.D.
For example, the City of Los Angeles was held liable in 1994 for the 1991 Rodney King beating despite state acquittals in 1992 of all four of its four main LAPD defendants, and in 1997 O. J. Simpson was held civilly liable for wrongful death even after being tried and acquitted in 1995 of murder.

O. J. Simpson

O.J. SimpsonOJ SimpsonO.J.
For example, the City of Los Angeles was held liable in 1994 for the 1991 Rodney King beating despite state acquittals in 1992 of all four of its four main LAPD defendants, and in 1997 O. J. Simpson was held civilly liable for wrongful death even after being tried and acquitted in 1995 of murder.

Wrongful death claim

wrongful deathwrongful death lawsuitwrongful death suit
For example, the City of Los Angeles was held liable in 1994 for the 1991 Rodney King beating despite state acquittals in 1992 of all four of its four main LAPD defendants, and in 1997 O. J. Simpson was held civilly liable for wrongful death even after being tried and acquitted in 1995 of murder.

Murder

first-degree murderfirst degree murdersecond-degree murder
For example, the City of Los Angeles was held liable in 1994 for the 1991 Rodney King beating despite state acquittals in 1992 of all four of its four main LAPD defendants, and in 1997 O. J. Simpson was held civilly liable for wrongful death even after being tried and acquitted in 1995 of murder.

Civil and political rights

civil rightscivil rights activistpolitical rights
For example, in the United States, someone acquitted of a state murder charge can be retried for the same actions on a federal charge of violating civil rights, and police acquitted of a state charge of felonious assault, as in the Rodney King case, can likewise be tried on federal civil rights charges.