Acupuncture

acupuncturistacupuncture pointacupuncture pointsacupuncturistsacupointMedical Acupunctureacupuncture analgesiaAcupuncturerpointsSonopuncture
Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine and a key component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in which thin needles are inserted into the body.wikipedia
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Alternative medicine

complementary and alternative medicineholistic healthintegrative medicine
Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine and a key component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in which thin needles are inserted into the body.
For example, acupuncture (piercing the body with needles to influence the flow of a supernatural energy) might be believed to increase the effectiveness or "complement" science-based medicine when used at the same time.

Acupressure

application of pressurefinger pressurepressure point
Acupressure is an alternative medicine technique similar in principle to acupuncture.

Electroacupuncture

acustimulationelectric chargePercutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation
Electroacupuncture is a form of acupuncture where a small electric current is passed between pairs of acupuncture needles.

Tui na

tuinaAnmomassage (tui na)
Tui na is a form of Chinese manipulative therapy often used in conjunction with acupuncture, moxibustion, fire cupping, Chinese herbalism, t'ai chi, and qigong.

Pseudoscience

pseudoscientificpseudo-scientificpseudo-science
Acupuncture is a pseudoscience because the theories and practices of TCM are not based on scientific knowledge, and it has been characterized as quackery.
Some modern pseudosciences, such as astrology and acupuncture, originated before the scientific era.

Moxibustion

moxamoxabustionmoxa punk
Traditional acupuncture involves needle insertion, moxibustion, and cupping therapy, and may be accompanied by other procedures such as feeling the pulse and other parts of the body and examining the tongue.
They can use it indirectly, with acupuncture needles, or burn it on the patient's skin.

Huangdi Neijing

Huang Di Nei JingThe Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal MedicineYellow Emperor's Inner Canon
Acupuncture is believed to have originated around 100 BC in China, around the time The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine (Huangdi Neijing) was published, though some experts suggest it could have been practiced earlier.
The second and generally less referred-to text, the Lingshu (靈樞; Spiritual Pivot), discusses acupuncture therapy in great detail.

Veterinary acupuncture

acupuncture
Veterinary acupuncture is the pseudoscientific practice of performing acupuncture on animals.

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
There is insufficient evidence to support use of acupuncture compared to mainstream medical treatments.
For example, evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture is "variable and inconsistent" for any condition, but is generally safe when done by an appropriately trained practitioner.

Myofascial trigger point

trigger pointtrigger pointsTrigger Point Therapy
Other health professionals, such as athletic trainers, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, acupuncturists, massage therapists and structural integrators are also aware of these ideas and many of them make use of trigger points in their clinical work as well.

Acupuncture in Medicine

Scientist and journalist Steven Salzberg identifies acupuncture and Chinese medicine generally as a focus for "fake medical journals" such as the Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies and Acupuncture in Medicine.
Acupuncture in Medicine is a bi-monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering aspects of acupuncture and related techniques.

Fire needle acupuncture

Fire needle acupuncture also known as fire needling is an acupuncture technique that involves quickly inserting a red hot needle into acupuncture points on the body.

Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies

Scientist and journalist Steven Salzberg identifies acupuncture and Chinese medicine generally as a focus for "fake medical journals" such as the Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies and Acupuncture in Medicine.
The Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies is a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering research related to acupuncture, the meridian system (a concept in traditional Chinese medicine for which no evidence exists that supports its existence), and related treatments.

Dry needling

Intramuscular Stimulationcontroversydry-needling
A 2005 Cochrane review found insufficient evidence to recommend for or against either acupuncture or dry needling for acute low back pain.
Dry needling, also known as myofascial trigger point dry needling, is an alternative medicine technique similar to acupuncture.

Edzard Ernst

Ernst, EdzardProf Ernst
Commenting on this meta-analysis, both Edzard Ernst and David Colquhoun said the results were of negligible clinical significance.
He has received training in acupuncture, autogenic training, herbalism, homoeopathy, massage therapy and spinal manipulation.

Sciatica

lumbosacral radiculopathylumbar radiculopathysciatic
Another 2017 clinical practice guideline, this one produced by the Danish Health Authority, recommended against acupuncture for both recent-onset low back pain and lumbar radiculopathy.
Many treatments, including corticosteroids, gabapentin, pregabalin, acupuncture, heat or ice, and spinal manipulation, have limited or poor evidence for their use.

Qi

kichich'i
Scientific investigation has not found any histological or physiological evidence for traditional Chinese concepts such as qi, meridians, and acupuncture points, and many modern practitioners no longer support the existence of life force energy (qi) or meridians, which was a major part of early belief systems.
Traditional Chinese medicine often seeks to relieve these imbalances by adjusting the circulation of qi using a variety of techniques including herbology, food therapy, physical training regimens (qigong, t'ai chi ch'uan, and other martial arts training), moxibustion, tui na, or acupuncture.

Low back pain

lumbagolower back painlower back
One meta-analysis found that acupuncture for chronic low back pain was cost-effective as an adjunct to standard care, while a separate systematic review found insufficient evidence for the cost-effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of chronic low back pain.
Acupuncture is no better than placebo, usual care, or sham acupuncture for nonspecific acute pain or sub-chronic pain.

Mugwort

Mugwort oil
In traditional Chinese medicine, mugwort is used in a pulverized and aged form – called in English (from Japanese mogusa) – to perform moxibustion, that is, to burn on specific acupuncture points on the patient's body to achieve therapeutic effects.

Evidence-based medicine

evidence-basedmedical evidenceevidence
Using the principles of evidence-based medicine to research acupuncture is controversial, and has produced different results.
However, they differ on the extent to which they require good evidence of effectiveness before promoting a guideline or payment policy; hence, the distinction sometimes made between evidence-based medicine and science-based medicine, which also takes into account factors, such as prior plausibility and compatibility with established science as when medical organizations promote controversial treatments such as acupuncture.

Meridian (Chinese medicine)

meridiansmeridianjingluo
Scientific investigation has not found any histological or physiological evidence for traditional Chinese concepts such as qi, meridians, and acupuncture points, and many modern practitioners no longer support the existence of life force energy (qi) or meridians, which was a major part of early belief systems.

Traditional Chinese medicine

Chinese medicineChinese traditional medicinemedicine
Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine and a key component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in which thin needles are inserted into the body.
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a branch of traditional medicine that is said to be based on more than 3,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, cupping therapy, gua sha, massage (tui na), bonesetter (die-da), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy, but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine.

David Gorski

Respectful Insolence
Acupuncture has been called 'theatrical placebo', and David Gorski argues that when acupuncture proponents advocate 'harnessing of placebo effects' or work on developing 'meaningful placebos', they essentially concede it is little more than that.
Gorski has commented on the increasing infiltration of pseudoscience in the medical field with the use of alternative therapies, acupuncture, detoxification alternative medicine, and dietary treatment of autism.

National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine

NCCAOM
Professional ethics codes set by accrediting organizations such as the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine require practitioners to make "timely referrals to other health care professionals as may be appropriate."
The National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) is a non-profit organization in the United States that aims to "establish, assess, and promote recognized standards of competence and safety in acupuncture and Oriental medicine for the protection and benefit of the public."

Tuning fork

tuning forkstuning-forkDiapasons
Tuning forks also play a role in several alternative therapy practices, such as sonopuncture and polarity therapy.