Adalbert of Prague

Saint AdalbertSt. AdalbertAdalbertSt. Adalbert of PragueSaint Adalbert of PragueSt AdalbertSaint WojciechSt. Wojciech St. AdalbertAdalbert von Prag
Adalbert of Prague (Adalbertus / Wojciech Sławnikowic; c. undefined 956 – 23 April 997), known in Czech by his birth name Vojtěch (Voitecus), was a Bohemian missionary and Christian saint.wikipedia
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Missionary

missionariesmissionary workmission
undefined 956 – 23 April 997), known in Czech by his birth name Vojtěch (Voitecus), was a Bohemian missionary and Christian saint. He was the Bishop of Prague and a missionary to the Hungarians, Poles, and Prussians, who was martyred in his efforts to convert the Baltic Prussians to Christianity.
During the Middle Ages, the Christian monasteries and missionaries such as Saint Patrick (5th century), and Adalbert of Prague (ca 956-997) propagated learning and religion beyond the European boundaries of the old Roman Empire.

List of bishops and archbishops of Prague

Archbishop of PragueBishop of PraguePrague
He was the Bishop of Prague and a missionary to the Hungarians, Poles, and Prussians, who was martyred in his efforts to convert the Baltic Prussians to Christianity.

Bogurodzica

Mother of God
He is said to be the composer of the oldest Czech hymn Hospodine, pomiluj ny and Bogurodzica, the oldest known Polish hymn, but his authorship of it has not been confirmed.
While the origin of the song is not entirely clear, several scholars agree that Saint Adalbert of Prague is the likely author.

Patron saints of Poland

of Polandpatron saint of Poland
St. Adalbert was later declared the patron saint of the Czech Republic (as St. Vojtěch; ), of Poland (as St. Wojciech; Święty Wojciech), and of Duchy of Prussia.
The primary patron saints are the Blessed Virgin Mary the Queen of Poland, Saint Adalbert, and Saint Stanislaus of Szczepanów.

Soběslav (died 1004)

SoběslavSoběslav (d. 1004)Sobjeslav
He had five brothers: Soběslav, Spytimír, Dobroslav, Pořej, and Čáslav.
950 – 1004) was the brother of Saint Adalbert of Prague, son of Střezislava and Slavník and a friend of Polish king, Boleslaus the Brave.

Přemyslid dynasty

PřemyslidPřemyslidsPremyslid dynasty
985–987), and according to David Kalhous belonged to the Přemyslid dynasty.
He in turn looted Poland, including the cities of Krakow and Gniezno (1038), where he obtained the relics of St. Adalbert.

Hospodine, pomiluj ny

Lord, Have Mercy on UsHospodine pomiluj ny
He is said to be the composer of the oldest Czech hymn Hospodine, pomiluj ny and Bogurodzica, the oldest known Polish hymn, but his authorship of it has not been confirmed.
Saint Adalbert is sometimes ascribed as the author; while it may possible it is not confirmed.

Slavník

His father was Slavník (d.
Six of his sons are known by name: Soběslav (his heir), Saint Adalbert (Vojtěch), Spytimír, Pobraslav, Pořej and Čáslav.

Radim Gaudentius

Radzim GaudentyGaudentiusSaint Radim
Cosmas also refers to Radim (later Gaudentius) as a brother; who is believed to have been a half-brother by his father's liaison with another woman.
Radim was an illegitimate son of Bohemian Prince Slavník, and thus the half-brother of Adalbert of Prague.

Břevnov Monastery

Břevnov Abbeymonastery in BřevnovBasilica of St Margaret, Břevnov Monastery
and founded a monastery in Břevnov near the City, it being the first monastery in the Czech territory.
It was founded by Saint Adalbert, the second Bishop of Prague, in 993 AD with the support of Duke Boleslav II of Bohemia.

Bolesław I the Brave

Bolesław I ChrobryBolesław IBoleslaw I of Poland
Then he went to Poland where he was cordially welcomed by then-Duke Boleslaus I and installed as Bishop of Gniezno.
He supported the missionary goals of Adalbert, Bishop of Prague, and Bruno of Querfurt.

Czech Republic

CzechCZEthe Czech Republic
St. Adalbert was later declared the patron saint of the Czech Republic (as St. Vojtěch; ), of Poland (as St. Wojciech; Święty Wojciech), and of Duchy of Prussia.
The authorship of the anthem "Lord, Have Mercy on Us" is ascribed by some historians to Saint Adalbert of Prague (sv.Vojtěch), bishop of Prague, living between 956 and 997.

Vršovci

Vršovice
In 995, the Slavniks' former rivalry with the Přemyslids, who were allied with the powerful Bohemian clan of the Vršovcis, resulted in the storming of the Slavnik town of Libice nad Cidlinou, which was led by the Přemyslid Boleslaus II the Pious.
Among the victims were four or five brothers of future catholic saint Adalbert (, święty Wojciech), then bishop of Prague.

Gdańsk

DanzigGdanskDanzig (Gdańsk)
The Bishop and his companions, including his half-brother Radim (Gaudentius), entered Prussian territory and traveled along the coast of the Baltic Sea to Gdańsk.
The name of a settlement was recorded after St. Adalbert's death in AD 997 as urbs Gyddanyzc and later was written as Kdanzk in 1148, Gdanzc in 1188, Danceke in 1228, Gdansk in 1236, Danzc in 1263, Danczk in 1311, Danczik in 1399, Danczig in 1414, Gdąnsk in 1656.

Slavník dynasty

SlavníkSlavník's dynastySlavnik's dynasty
In 995, the Slavniks' former rivalry with the Přemyslids, who were allied with the powerful Bohemian clan of the Vršovcis, resulted in the storming of the Slavnik town of Libice nad Cidlinou, which was led by the Přemyslid Boleslaus II the Pious. 956 in Libice, he belonged to the Slavnik clan, one of the two most powerful families in Bohemia.
This connection explains the friendly relationship between Slavnik's son Vojtěch, Saint Adalbert of Prague, with Otto III, and the Otto's efforts (Congress of Gniezno) around St. Adalbert's canonization, and the installation of Adalbert's brother Radim Gaudentius as the first archbishop of Gniezno Cathedral.

Gniezno

GnesenGnesen (Gniezno)Gniezno Cathedral
Then he went to Poland where he was cordially welcomed by then-Duke Boleslaus I and installed as Bishop of Gniezno.
Discoveries indicate that Lech Hill could have been the burial place of rulers even before the baptism of Mieszko I. After the adoption of Christianity by Mieszko I, his son Bolesław I Chrobry deposited the remains of Saint Adalbert in a church, newly built on the Hill, to underline Gniezno's importance as the religious centre and capital of his kingdom.

Cosmas of Prague

CosmasCosmas chronicleBohemian Chronicle
Events from his life were later recorded by a Bohemian priest named Cosmas of Prague (1045–1125).

Esztergom

GranEsztergom CastleEstergon
Adalbert then traveled to Hungary and probably baptized Géza of Hungary and his son Stephen in Esztergom.
The center of the hill was occupied by a basilica dedicated to St. Adalbert, who, according to legend, baptised St. Stephen.

Libice nad Cidlinou

Libice
In 995, the Slavniks' former rivalry with the Přemyslids, who were allied with the powerful Bohemian clan of the Vršovcis, resulted in the storming of the Slavnik town of Libice nad Cidlinou, which was led by the Přemyslid Boleslaus II the Pious. 956 in Libice, he belonged to the Slavnik clan, one of the two most powerful families in Bohemia.

St. Vitus Cathedral

Prague CathedralSt Vitus CathedralSaint Vitus Cathedral
Therefore, today St. Adalbert has two elaborate shrines in the Prague Cathedral and Royal Cathedral of Gniezno, each of which claims to possess his relics, but which of these bones are his authentic relics is unknown.
The Metropolitan Cathedral of Saints Vitus, Wenceslaus and Adalbert (metropolitní katedrála svatého Víta, Václava a Vojtěcha) is a Roman Catholic metropolitan cathedral in Prague, the seat of the Archbishop of Prague.

Elbląg

ElbingElbing (Elbląg)Elblag
Success attended his efforts at first, but his imperious manner in commanding the people to abandon paganism irritated them, and at the instigation of one of the pagan priests he was murdered on 23 April 997 on the Baltic Sea coast east of Truso (currently the city of Elbląg) or near Tenkitten and Fischhausen.
Attempts to conquer Prussian land began in 997, when Bolesław I the Brave, at the urging of the Pope, sent a contingent of soldiers and a missionary (Adalbert of Prague) to the pagan Prussians, a non-Slavic people, on a crusade of conquest and conversion.

Gniezno Cathedral

GnieznoCathedral of GnieznoCathedral
Therefore, today St. Adalbert has two elaborate shrines in the Prague Cathedral and Royal Cathedral of Gniezno, each of which claims to possess his relics, but which of these bones are his authentic relics is unknown. The massive bronze doors of Gniezno Cathedral, dating from around 1175, are decorated with eighteen reliefs of scenes from the Saint's life.
1175), two-winged bronze doors decorated with scenes of martyrdom of St. Adalbert of Prague and a silver relic coffin of that saint.

John Canaparius

Johannes Canaparius
A few years after his martyrdom, Adalbert was canonized as St. Adalbert of Prague. His life was written in Vita Sancti Adalberti Pragensis by various authors, the earliest being traced to imperial Aachen and the Bishop of Liège, Notger von Lüttich, although it was previously assumed that the Roman monk John Canaparius wrote the first Vita in 999.
It had long been assumed that in the year 999 he wrote the first Vita sancti Adalberti episcopi Pragensis, or "Life of St. Adalbert of Prague" just two years after Adalbert's death.

Bruno of Querfurt

Saint Bruno of QuerfurtSaint BrunoBruno Magdeburgensis
Another famous biographer of St. Adalbert was St. Bruno of Querfurt who wrote a hagiography of him in 1001-4.
At the age of six, he was sent to be educated at the cathedral school in Magdeburg, seat of Adalbert of Magdeburg, the teacher and namesake of Saint Adalbert.

Gniezno Doors

bronze doorsdoorsGniezno door
The massive bronze doors of Gniezno Cathedral, dating from around 1175, are decorated with eighteen reliefs of scenes from the Saint's life.
They are decorated with eighteen bas-relief scenes from the life of St. Adalbert (in Polish, Wojciech), whose remains had been purchased for their weight in gold (scene 16) and brought back to, and enshrined in, the cathedral.