Adjectivewikipedia
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated ) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
adjectiveadjectivesadjectivalattributive adjectiveadj.adjectival formattributivepredicate adjectiveattributivelyattributive position

List of glossing abbreviations

abbreviatedglossing abbreviationglossing abbreviations
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated ) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.

Noun

nounnounssubstantive
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated ) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
In English, nouns are those words which can occur with articles and attributive adjectives and can function as the head of a noun phrase.

Postpositive adjective

postpositive adjectivepost-positive adjectivePost-positive
Owing partially to borrowings from French, English has some adjectives that follow the noun as postmodifiers, called postpositive adjectives, as in time immemorial and attorney general.
A postpositive or postnominal adjective is an attributive adjective that is placed after the noun or pronoun that it modifies.

Part of speech

part of speechparts of speechclosed class
Adjectives are one of the English parts of speech, although they were historically classed together with the nouns.
Commonly listed English parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, conjunction, interjection, and sometimes numeral, article or determiner.

Inflection

inflectioninflectedinflectional morphology
In the grammatical tradition of Latin and Greek, because adjectives were inflected for gender, number, and case like nouns (a process called declension), they were considered a subtype of noun.
The inflection of verbs is also called conjugation, and one can refer to the inflection of nouns, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, determiners, participles, prepositions, postpositions, numerals, articles etc., as declension.

Grammatical modifier

modifiermodifiersqualifier
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated ) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified. Owing partially to borrowings from French, English has some adjectives that follow the noun as postmodifiers, called postpositive adjectives, as in time immemorial and attorney general.
For example, in the English sentence This is a red ball, the adjective red is a modifier, modifying the noun ball.

Nominalized adjective

nominalized adjectiveNominal adjectiveadjective used as a noun
A nominalized adjective is an adjective that has undergone nominalization, and is thus used as a noun.

Copula (linguistics)

copulato becopular
The predicative expression accompanying the copula, also known as the complement of the copula, may take any of several possible forms: it may be a noun or noun phrase, an adjective or adjective phrase, a prepositional phrase (as above) or another adverb or adverbial phrase expressing time or location.

Attributive verb

verbal adjectiveattributive verbdeverbal adjective
As for "confusion" with verbs, rather than an adjective meaning "big", a language might have a verb that means "to be big", and could then use an attributive verb construction analogous to "big-being house" to express what English expresses as "big house".
An attributive verb is a verb that modifies (expresses an attribute of) a noun in the manner of an attributive adjective, rather than express an independent idea as a predicate.

Dutch grammar

DutchDutch grammar: Pronouns and determinersr''-pronouns
For example, where English uses to be hungry (hungry being an adjective), Dutch, French, and Spanish use honger hebben, avoir faim, and tener hambre respectively (literally "to have hunger", the words for "hunger" being nouns).
Adjectives always come before the noun to which they belong.

French grammar

FrenchgrammarFrench plural marker
For example, where English uses to be hungry (hungry being an adjective), Dutch, French, and Spanish use honger hebben, avoir faim, and tener hambre respectively (literally "to have hunger", the words for "hunger" being nouns).
Nouns and most pronouns are inflected for number (singular or plural, though in most nouns the plural is pronounced the same as the singular even if spelled differently); adjectives, for number and gender (masculine or feminine) of their nouns; personal pronouns and a few other pronouns, for person, number, gender, and case; and verbs, for tense, aspect, mood, and the person and number of their subjects.

Japanese equivalents of adjectives

taru'' adjectivesthree classes of adjectivenaru'' adjectives
Similarly, native Japanese adjectives (i-adjectives) are considered a closed class (as are native verbs), although nouns (an open class) may be used in the genitive to convey some adjectival meanings, and there is also the separate open class of adjectival nouns (na-adjectives).
The Japanese language does not have words that function as adjectives in a syntactic sense – that is to say that tree diagrams of Japanese sentences can be constructed without employing adjective phrases.

Adverb

adverbadverbsadv.
Many languages, including English, distinguish between adjectives, which qualify nouns and pronouns, and adverbs, which mainly modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, preposition, or sentence.

Determiner

determinerdeterminersdeterminative
Certain words that were traditionally considered to be adjectives, including the, this, my, etc., are today usually classed separately, as determiners.
Most determiners have been traditionally classed along with either adjectives or pronouns, and this still occurs in classical grammars: for example, demonstrative and possessive determiners are sometimes described as demonstrative adjectives and possessive adjectives or as (adjectival) demonstrative pronouns and (adjectival) possessive pronouns respectively.

Adjectival noun (Japanese)

adjectival nounadjectival nounsJapanese adjectival nouns
Similarly, native Japanese adjectives (i-adjectives) are considered a closed class (as are native verbs), although nouns (an open class) may be used in the genitive to convey some adjectival meanings, and there is also the separate open class of adjectival nouns (na-adjectives).
In descriptions of the Japanese language, an adjectival noun, adjectival, or na-adjective is a noun that can function as an adjective by taking the particle 〜な -na.

Declension

declensiondeclinedcase
In the grammatical tradition of Latin and Greek, because adjectives were inflected for gender, number, and case like nouns (a process called declension), they were considered a subtype of noun.
Declensions may apply to nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, numerals, and articles to indicate number (at least singular and plural), case (nominative or subjective, genitive or possessive, etc.), and/or gender.

Chinese grammar

ChineseChinese aspectsChinese aspect markers
Such an analysis is possible for the grammar of Standard Chinese, for example.
Predicate adjectives are normally used without a copular verb ("to be"), and can thus be regarded as a type of verb.

Syntax

syntaxsyntacticsyntactical
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated ) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.

Participle

participlepast participlepresent participle
Many languages have special verbal forms called participles that can act as noun modifiers (alone or as the head of a phrase).
A participle () is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb, or verb phrase, and plays a role similar to an adjective or adverb.

Definiteness

definitenessdefiniteindefinite
Determiners generally do this by indicating definiteness (as in a vs. the), quantity (as in one vs. some vs. many), or another such property.
In some other languages, the marker is a clitic that attaches phonologically to the noun (and often to modifying adjectives), e.g. the Hebrew definite article ha- or the Arabic definite article al-.

Subject complement

subject complementpredicate nominativepredicate noun
An adjective following the copula and describing the subject is called a predicative adjective.

Tagalog grammar

as rigidly asmgapassive voice
Other languages, such as Tagalog, follow their adjectival orders as rigidly as English.
In Tagalog, there are eight basic parts of speech: verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, pronouns, conjunctions and particles.

Noun phrase

noun phrasenoun phrasesNP
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated ) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.

Comparison (grammar)

superlativecomparativecomparison
Some languages do not distinguish between comparative and superlative forms.
Comparison is a feature in the morphology or syntax of some languages, whereby adjectives and adverbs are inflected or modified to indicate the relative degree of the property defined by the adjective or adverb.

Preposition and postposition

prepositionpostpositionprepositions
Other constructs that often modify nouns include prepositional phrases (as in "a rebel without a cause"), relative clauses (as in "the man who wasn't there"), and infinitive phrases (as in "a cake to die for").
In English, this is generally a noun (or something functioning as a noun, e.g., a gerund), together with its specifier and modifiers such as articles, adjectives, etc. The complement is sometimes called the object of the adposition.