Administrative division

Subdivisionssubdivisionadministrative districtadministrativecountry subdivisionadministrative unitsubnationaladministrative divisionsadministrative regionadministrative subdivision
An administrative division, unit, entity, area or region, also referred to as a subnational entity, constituent unit, or country subdivision, is a portion of a country or other region delineated for the purpose of administration.wikipedia
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Autonomous administrative division

autonomous regionautonomousautonomy
Administrative divisions are granted a certain degree of autonomy and are usually required to manage themselves through their own local governments.
An autonomous administrative division (also referred to as an autonomous area, entity, unit, region, subdivision, or territory) is a subdivision or dependent territory of a country that has a degree of self-governance, or autonomy, from an external authority.

Country

countriesnationalConstituent Country
An administrative division, unit, entity, area or region, also referred to as a subnational entity, constituent unit, or country subdivision, is a portion of a country or other region delineated for the purpose of administration.
A country may be an independent sovereign state or part of a larger state, as a non-sovereign or formerly sovereign political division, a physical territory with a government, or a geographic region associated with sets of previously independent or differently associated people with distinct political characteristics.

Province

ProvincialprovincesProvincial Reserved
A country may be divided into provinces, states, counties, cantons or other sub-units, which, in turn, may be divided in whole or in part into municipalities, counties or others.
A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.

Canton (country subdivision)

cantoncantonscanton seat
A country may be divided into provinces, states, counties, cantons or other sub-units, which, in turn, may be divided in whole or in part into municipalities, counties or others.
A canton is a type of administrative division of a country.

Municipality

municipalitiesmunicipalmunicipal division
A country may be divided into provinces, states, counties, cantons or other sub-units, which, in turn, may be divided in whole or in part into municipalities, counties or others.
A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate.

Dependent territory

dependent territoriesdependencydependencies
Administrative divisions are conceptually separate from dependent territories, with the former being an integral part of the state and the other being only under some lesser form of control.
A dependency is commonly distinguished from country subdivisions by not being considered to be an integral territory of the governing state.

Home rule

home-ruleHome Rule MovementHome Rule Charter
Since the terms are administrative political subdivisions of the local regional government their exact relationship and definitions are subject to home rule considerations, tradition, as well as state statute law and local governmental (administrative) definition and control.
It is thus the power of a constituent part (administrative division) of a state to exercise such of the state's powers of governance within its own administrative area that have been decentralized to it by the central government.

Spatial database

geodatabasespatial indexspatial
However, the term "administrative division" can include dependent territories as well as accepted administrative divisions (for example, in geographical databases).
A geodatabase (also geographical database and geospatial database) is a database of geographic data, such as countries, administrative divisions, cities, and related information.

County seat

seatparish seatshire town
Within those entities are the large and small cities or towns, which may or may not be the county seat.
In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state.

Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seat
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.

Barony (county division)

baronybaroniesBarony (country subdivision)
A barony is an administrative division of a county in Scotland, Ireland and outlying parts of England.

Area (country subdivision)

geographic areaareaareas
In addition to its other uses, the word "area" may refer to any of the following types of country subdivisions:

Department (country subdivision)

departmentdepartmentsDepartmental
A department (département, departamento) is an administrative or political subdivision in many countries.

District

districtsUrban Districtpublic utility district
A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government.

Division (country subdivision)

Divisiondivisionssub division
A division is a type of administrative division of some Asian and African countries, as well as a sub-division of entities in England.

Governorate

Mohafazatgovernoratesgovernor
A governorate is an administrative division of a country.

Territorial entity

administrative territorial entityterritorial entitiesseparate entity
In British cultural legacy, some territorial entities began with fairly expansive counties which encompass an appreciably large area, but were divided over time into a number of smaller entities.

Parish (administrative division)

parishes (administrative divisions)parishparishes
A parish is an administrative division used by several countries.

Oblast

provinceregionVoblast
An oblast (also ) is a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union and Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Autonomous republic

autonomous republicsRepublicAdministrative republic
An autonomous republic is a type of administrative division similar to a province or state.

Riding (country subdivision)

ridingridingsRidings of Yorkshire
A riding is an administrative jurisdiction or electoral district, particularly in several current or former Commonwealth countries.

Constituent state

stateconstituent republicconstituent country
A constituent state is a state entity that constitutes a part of a sovereign state.

Public body (Netherlands)

public bodypublic bodiesspecial municipalities
In the Netherlands, the term public body (a literal translation from the Dutch term openbaar lichaam) is the general denomination for administrative divisions within the Dutch state, such as the central government, a province, a municipality or a water board.

Territory

territoriesoverseas territoryterritorial
A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the jurisdiction of a state.

Theme (Byzantine district)

themethemathemes
The themes or themata (θέματα, thémata, singular: θέμα, théma) were the main military/administrative divisions of the middle Byzantine Empire.