Adolf Erman

Erman, AdolfJohann Peter Adolf Erman
Johann Peter Adolf Erman (31 October 185426 June 1937) was a renowned German Egyptologist and lexicographer.wikipedia
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List of lexicographers

lexicographerlexicographersDictionary-writers
Johann Peter Adolf Erman (31 October 185426 June 1937) was a renowned German Egyptologist and lexicographer.
Adolf Erman (Germany, 1854–1937) Ancient Egyptian language

Egyptian language

EgyptianAncient Egyptianancient Egyptian language
Erman and his school at Berlin had the difficult task of recovering the grammar of the Egyptian language and spent thirty years of special study on it. The greater part of Egyptian texts after the Middle Kingdom having been written in what was even then practically a dead language, as dead as Latin was to the medieval monks in Italy who wrote and spoke it, Erman selected for special investigation those texts which really represented the growth of the language at different periods, and, as he passed from one epoch to another, compared and consolidated his results.
The first grammar of Middle Egyptian was published by Adolf Erman 1894, surpassed in 1927 by Alan Gardiner's work.

Friedrich Bessel

BesselFriedrich Wilhelm BesselBessel, Friedrich
Born in Berlin, he was the son of Georg Adolf Erman and grandson of Paul Erman and Friedrich Bessel.
One of their sons was the renowned Egyptologist Adolf Erman.

Westcar Papyrus

Tale of the Court of King Cheops
Next followed, in the Zeitschrift für ägyptische Sprache und Alterthumskunde, studies on the Old Kingdom inscription of Unas, and the Middle Kingdom contracts of Assiut, as well as on an Old Coptic text of the 3rd century CE. At this point a papyrus of stories written in the popular language of the Middle Kingdom provided Erman with a stepping-stone from Old Egyptian to the Late Egyptian of the Neuägyptische Grammatik, and gave the connections that would bind solidly together the whole structure of Egyptian grammar (see Sprache des Papyrus Westcar, 1889).
In 1886, German Egyptologist Adolf Erman purchased the papyrus from Lepsius' son and left it to the Museum of Berlin.

James Henry Breasted

James H. BreastedBreastedBreasted, James Henry
Erman's pupils include James Henry Breasted, America's first Professor of Egyptology with his numerous works including his History of Egypt from the Earliest Times Down to the Persian Conquest (1905) and Georg Steindorff's little Koptische Grammatik (1894, ed. 1904), improving greatly on Stern's standard work in regard to phonology and the relationship of Coptic forms to Egyptian, and Sethe's Das Ägyptische Verbum (1899).
He received a master's degree from Yale in 1891 and, on the advice of William Rainey Harper, went to University of Berlin, where he studied under the instruction of Adolf Erman.

Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache

Berlin dictionary
In 1897, Erman, working together with Sethe, Hermann Grapow and other coworkers from all over the world, started to catalogue all the words from all the known Egyptian texts available; the result was an ensemble of about 1,500,000 datasheets that form the basis for the masterpiece of the ancient Egyptian lexicography, the famous Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache, whose first five volumes were published between 1926 and 1931.
The Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache (Dictionary of the Egyptian Language), abbreviated Wb in bibliographic references, is a large German-language dictionary of the Egyptian language published between 1926 and 1961 by Adolf Erman and Hermann Grapow.

Kurt Sethe

Sethe
Erman's pupils include James Henry Breasted, America's first Professor of Egyptology with his numerous works including his History of Egypt from the Earliest Times Down to the Persian Conquest (1905) and Georg Steindorff's little Koptische Grammatik (1894, ed. 1904), improving greatly on Stern's standard work in regard to phonology and the relationship of Coptic forms to Egyptian, and Sethe's Das Ägyptische Verbum (1899).
He was a student of Adolf Erman.

List of Egyptologists

EgyptologistEgyptologistsAudran Labrousse
*List of Egyptologists
Adolf Erman (German, 1854–1937)

Georg Adolf Erman

Born in Berlin, he was the son of Georg Adolf Erman and grandson of Paul Erman and Friedrich Bessel.
Erman married, Marie Bessel, daughter of Friedrich Bessel, and they were the parents of Johann Peter Adolf Erman.

Paul Erman

Erman
Born in Berlin, he was the son of Georg Adolf Erman and grandson of Paul Erman and Friedrich Bessel.
He had a son, Georg Adolf Erman who was a physicist, and a grandson Johann Peter Adolf Erman, known as an Egyptologist.

Elise Jenny Baumgartel

She enrolled at the University of Berlin with the intention to study medicine, but became interested in Egyptology, which she studied under Adolf Erman and Kurt Heinrich Sethe.

Michael Ventris

VentrisVentris, Michael George Francis
At this time, he was reading Adolf Erman's Die Hieroglyphen in German.

Découvertes Gallimard

New HorizonsDécouvertesAppendix
De Araújo also notes the erroneous spelling for the divine name by using Khourou instead of Khonsou (in English: Khonsu) when mentioning the temple of this lunar deity at Karnak ; the name of the pharaoh of the 12 dynasty—Amenemhat I—is wrongly written Amenhemat, due to failure of revision; and the inexplicable absence of the famous English Egyptologist Flinders Petrie, who introduced new methods of prospecting and registering the findings in archaeological research; and his contemporaries Adolf Erman and George Andrew Reisner are also being omitted.

Ludwig Borchardt

Borchardt
Also known as Herbert, Borchardt initially studied Architecture and later Egyptology under Adolf Erman.

Osiris

OsirianOsirian MysteriesIsirus
Most take wsjr as the accepted transliteration, following Adolf Erman:

Shabaka Stone

MemphiteMemphite TheologyThe Memphite Theology of Creation
Breasted, Adolf Erman, Kurt Sethe, and Hermann Junker all dated the stone to the Old Kingdom.

China Illustrata

Egyptologist Adolf Erman agreed that Kircher had written a book for the public at large rather than for scholars.

Hermann Junker

Junker
In 1901 Junker began studying under Adolf Erman in Berlin, publishing his dissertation in 1903 titled "On the writing system in the Temple of Hathor in Dendera".

Caroline Ransom Williams

Caroline Louise Ransom
She went to Germany, where she studied at the University of Berlin from 1900 to 1903 with Adolf Erman.

Wilhelm Spiegelberg

As a student his influences included Johannes Dümichen, Adolf Michaelis and Adolf Erman.

Walter Wreszinski

He studied in Leipzig from 1898 to 1899, then in Berlin from 1899 to 1904 (under Adolf Erman).

Carl Schmidt (Coptologist)

Carl Schmidt
The Egyptologists Adolf Erman and Georg Steindorff also had an impact.

Tadeusz Wałek-Czarnecki

In 1910 he went abroad and studied in Berlin under E. Meyet and A. Erman, and in Paris under A. Moret.