Adolf Hitler

HitlerFührerthe leaderAdolfnew ChancellorChancellor HitlerHitlersHitleriteAdolf Hitler’sAdolf-Hitler
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP).wikipedia
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Ian Kershaw

Kershaw, IanSir Ian KershawKerhsaw
According to historian Ian Kershaw, "Never in history has such ruination—physical and moral—been associated with the name of one man."
He is regarded by many as one of the world's leading experts on Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany, and is particularly noted for his biographies of Hitler.

Military career of Adolf Hitler

Adolf HitlercareerHitler while he was serving in the German Army
He moved to Germany in 1913 and was decorated during his service in the German Army in World War I.
The military career of Adolf Hitler can be divided into two distinct portions of Adolf Hitler's life.

The Holocaust

HolocaustShoahNazi Holocaust
He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust.
Following Adolf Hitler's appointment as Chancellor on 30 January 1933, the regime built a network of concentration camps in Germany for political opponents and those deemed "undesirable", starting with Dachau on 22 March 1933.

Mein Kampf

My Strugglea voluminous bookbook
In jail, he dictated the first volume of his autobiography and political manifesto Mein Kampf ("My Struggle").
Mein Kampf (My Struggle or My Fight) is a 1925 autobiographical manifesto by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler.

Führer

FuhrerFührer und ReichskanzlerEin Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer
He rose to power as Chancellor of Germany in 1933, and as Führer in 1934.
As a political title it is associated with the Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler.

Propaganda in Nazi Germany

Nazi propagandapropagandaNazi propaganda film
After his release in 1924, Hitler gained popular support by attacking the Treaty of Versailles and promoting Pan-Germanism, anti-semitism and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and Nazi propaganda.
The propaganda used by the German Nazi Party in the years leading up to and during Adolf Hitler's leadership of Germany (1933–1945) was a crucial instrument for acquiring and maintaining power, and for the implementation of Nazi policies.

Nazi Germany

Third ReichGermanGermany
Shortly after, the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act of 1933, which began the process of transforming the Weimar Republic into Nazi Germany, a one-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of National Socialism.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for Germany between 1933 and 1945, when Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party (NSDAP) controlled the country through a dictatorship.

Paul von Hindenburg

HindenburgPresident Hindenburgvon Hindenburg
Former chancellor Franz von Papen and other conservative leaders persuaded President Paul von Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor on 30 January 1933.
He played a key role in the Nazi Machtergreifung in January 1933 when, under pressure from advisers, he appointed Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany even though the Nazis were a minority in both the cabinet and the Reichstag.

Franz von Papen

Papenvon PapenCabinet of Barons
Former chancellor Franz von Papen and other conservative leaders persuaded President Paul von Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor on 30 January 1933.
He served as Chancellor of Germany in 1932 and as Vice-Chancellor under Adolf Hitler in 1933–34.

New Order (Nazism)

New OrderNew European OrderNeuordnung
Hitler aimed to eliminate Jews from Germany and establish a New Order to counter what he saw as the injustice of the post-World War I international order dominated by Britain and France.
The establishment of the Neuordnung had already begun long before the start of World War II, but was publicly proclaimed by Adolf Hitler in 1941: "Das Jahr 1941 wird, dessen bin ich überzeugt, das geschichtliche Jahr einer großen Neuordnung Europas sein!"

Invasion of Poland

German invasion of Polandinvaded PolandSeptember Campaign
During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland on 1 September 1939.
On 30 January 1933, the National Socialist German Workers' Party, under its leader Adolf Hitler, came to power in Germany.

Antisemitic canard

international Jewryantisemitic canardsantisemitic conspiracy theories
He frequently denounced international capitalism and communism as part of a Jewish conspiracy.
Those antisemitic canards with political and economical context became political myths that were not only central to the worldview of Adolf Hitler, but also persist until today.

Pan-Germanism

pan-GermanGreater GermanyPan-Germanist
After his release in 1924, Hitler gained popular support by attacking the Treaty of Versailles and promoting Pan-Germanism, anti-semitism and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and Nazi propaganda.
From the late 19th century, many Pan-Germanist thinkers, since 1891 organized in the Pan-German League, had adopted openly ethnocentric and racist ideologies, and ultimately gave rise to the foreign policy Heim ins Reich pursued by Nazi Germany under Austrian-born Adolf Hitler from 1938, one of the primary factors leading to the outbreak of World War II.

Death of Adolf Hitler

committed suicideHitler's suicidehis suicide
Less than two days later, the couple committed suicide to avoid capture by the Soviet Red Army; their corpses were burned.
Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer ('Leader') of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

Operation Barbarossa

German invasion of the Soviet Unioninvasion of the Soviet UnionGerman invasion
In June 1941, Hitler ordered an invasion of the Soviet Union.
Nevertheless, the German High Command began planning an invasion of the Soviet Union in July 1940 (under the codename Operation Otto), which Adolf Hitler authorized on 18 December 1940.

Eva Braun

EvaEva (nee) BraunEva Hitler
On 29 April 1945, he married his longtime lover Eva Braun.
Eva Anna Paula Hitler (née Braun; 6 February 1912 – 30 April 1945) was the longtime companion of Adolf Hitler and, for less than 40 hours, his wife.

Nazism

NaziNazisNational Socialism
Shortly after, the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act of 1933, which began the process of transforming the Weimar Republic into Nazi Germany, a one-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of National Socialism.
By the early 1920s the party was renamed the National Socialist German Workers' Party—to attract workers away from left-wing parties such as the Social Democrats (SPD) and the Communists (KPD)—and Adolf Hitler assumed control of the organization.

Axis powers

AxisAxis forcesAxis power
By the end of 1941, German forces and the European Axis powers occupied most of Europe and North Africa.
In 1933, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party came to power in Germany.

Linz

Linz, AustriaLinz an der DonauBiennale Cuvée, Linz
Hitler was born in Austria—then part of Austria-Hungary—and was raised near Linz.
Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn (Austrian town near the German border) and moved to Linz during his childhood.

Alois Hitler

AloisAlois Hitler Sr.Alois Schicklgruber
Hitler's father Alois Hitler Sr. (1837–1903) was the illegitimate child of Maria Anna Schicklgruber.
Alois Hitler Sr. (born Alois Schicklgruber; 7 June 1837 – 3 January 1903) was an Austrian civil servant and the father of the leader of the Nazi Party, Adolf Hitler.

Weimar Republic

GermanyWeimar GermanyWeimar
Shortly after, the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act of 1933, which began the process of transforming the Weimar Republic into Nazi Germany, a one-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of National Socialism.
In 1933, Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler as Chancellor with the Nazi Party being part of a coalition government.

Enabling Act of 1933

dictatorshipEnabling Actconverted
Shortly after, the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act of 1933, which began the process of transforming the Weimar Republic into Nazi Germany, a one-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of National Socialism.
The Enabling Act (German: Ermächtigungsgesetz) of 1933, formally titled Gesetz zur Behebung der Not von Volk und Reich ("Law to Remedy the Distress of People and Reich"), was an amendment passed on 23 March 1933 to the Weimar Constitution that gave the German Cabinet—in effect, Chancellor Adolf Hitler—the power to enact laws without the involvement of the Reichstag.

Maria Schicklgruber

Maria Anna SchicklgruberMaria
Hitler's father Alois Hitler Sr. (1837–1903) was the illegitimate child of Maria Anna Schicklgruber.
Maria Anna Schicklgruber (15 April 1795 – 7 January 1847) was the mother of Alois Hitler, and the paternal grandmother of Adolf Hitler.

Nazism and race

Nazi racial ideologyAryanNazi racial theories
Under Hitler's leadership and racially motivated ideology, the Nazi regime was responsible for the genocide of at least 5.5 million Jews and millions of other victims whom he and his followers deemed Untermenschen (subhumans) or socially undesirable.
In 1945, Adolf Hitler said:

Hans Frank

FRANKFRANK, HansGovernor-General of occupied Poland
Nazi official Hans Frank suggested that Alois' mother had been employed as a housekeeper by a Jewish family in Graz, and that the family's 19-year-old son Leopold Frankenberger had fathered Alois.
He took part in the failed Beer Hall Putsch, and later became Adolf Hitler's personal legal adviser as well as the lawyer of the NSDAP.