Adolf Lüderitz

Franz Adolf Eduard LüderitzLüderitzstraße
Franz Adolf Eduard Lüderitz (16 July 1834 – end of October 1886) was a German merchant and the founder of German South West Africa, Imperial Germany's first colony.wikipedia
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Lüderitz

LuderitzLüderitzbuchtLuderitz Bay
The coastal town of Lüderitz, located in the ǁKaras Region of southern Namibia, is named after him.
The town is named for Adolf Lüderitz, a controversial colonial figure.

German South West Africa

German South-West AfricaGerman Southwest AfricaSouth-West Africa
Franz Adolf Eduard Lüderitz (16 July 1834 – end of October 1886) was a German merchant and the founder of German South West Africa, Imperial Germany's first colony.
On 16 November 1882 a German merchant from Bremen, Adolf Lüderitz, requested protection for a station that he planned to build in South West Africa, from Chancellor Bismarck.

Josef Frederiks II

In May 1883 Lüderitz bought the anchorage at Angra Pequena and the land 5 mi around it from Captain Josef Frederiks II of Bethanie for 100£ in gold and 200 rifles.
Frederiks was party to a land sale deal between the Bethanie Orlam and German merchant Adolf Lüderitz that would eventually establish Imperial Germany colony of German South-West Africa.

Lüderitz Bay

Angra PequenaLüderitzbuchtShearwater Bay
In May 1883 Lüderitz bought the anchorage at Angra Pequena and the land 5 mi around it from Captain Josef Frederiks II of Bethanie for 100£ in gold and 200 rifles.
In 1883 the bay area was made into a trading station by German trader Adolf Lüderitz.

Bethanie, Namibia

BethanieBethanien Bethanie
In May 1883 Lüderitz bought the anchorage at Angra Pequena and the land 5 mi around it from Captain Josef Frederiks II of Bethanie for 100£ in gold and 200 rifles.
Adolf Lüderitz in May 1883 obtained the area of Angra Pequena (today the town of Lüderitz) from Frederiks for 100£ in gold and 200 rifles.

German Empire

GermanyGermanImperial Germany
Franz Adolf Eduard Lüderitz (16 July 1834 – end of October 1886) was a German merchant and the founder of German South West Africa, Imperial Germany's first colony.

ǁKaras Region

ǁKarasKaras!Karas Region
The coastal town of Lüderitz, located in the ǁKaras Region of southern Namibia, is named after him.

Namibia

NamibianRepublic of NamibiaSouth West Africa
The coastal town of Lüderitz, located in the ǁKaras Region of southern Namibia, is named after him.

City-state

city statecity-statescity states
Lüderitz was born on 16 July 1834 in the German city-state of Bremen to tobacco merchant Adolf Lüderitz and his wife Wilhelmine.

Bremen

Bremen, GermanyRönnebeckBremer
Lüderitz was born on 16 July 1834 in the German city-state of Bremen to tobacco merchant Adolf Lüderitz and his wife Wilhelmine.

Exchange (organized market)

exchangeexchangestrading venue
Between 1854 and 1859 he travelled among tobacco bourses in North America.

Reform War

War of ReformWar of the ReformReform Laws
He then bought a tobacco farm himself which was destroyed shortly thereafter during the Reform War.

Lagos

Lagos, NigeriaLagos Metropolitan AreaIsland
In 1881, he established a factory at Lagos in British West Africa, but this enterprise was unsuccessful.

British West Africa

West AfricaBritish West African SettlementsAnglophone West Africa
In 1881, he established a factory at Lagos in British West Africa, but this enterprise was unsuccessful.

Tribal chief

chiefchieftainchiefs
In May 1883 Lüderitz bought the anchorage at Angra Pequena and the land 5 mi around it from Captain Josef Frederiks II of Bethanie for 100£ in gold and 200 rifles.

Pound sterling

£GBPpounds
In May 1883 Lüderitz bought the anchorage at Angra Pequena and the land 5 mi around it from Captain Josef Frederiks II of Bethanie for 100£ in gold and 200 rifles.

Orange River

OrangeSenqu RiverGariep River
Three months later, on 25 August, Frederiks sold Lüderitz a stretch of land 140 km wide, between the Orange River and Angra Pequena, for £500 and 60 rifles.

Sperrgebiet

Diamond CoastDiamond Restricted AereaDiamond Area 1
Lüderitzland, today part of the Sperrgebiet, was far bigger than Frederiks had thought.

Geographical mile

mile (geographical)miles
The contract specified its width as "twintig geograph'sche mylen" (20 geographical miles), a term that the tribal chief was not familiar with; 1 German geographical mile equals 4 arcminutes (7.4 kilometers), whereas the common mile in the territory was the English mile, 1.6 kilometers.

Minute and second of arc

masarcsecondarc second
The contract specified its width as "twintig geograph'sche mylen" (20 geographical miles), a term that the tribal chief was not familiar with; 1 German geographical mile equals 4 arcminutes (7.4 kilometers), whereas the common mile in the territory was the English mile, 1.6 kilometers.

Mile

miRoman milemiles
The contract specified its width as "twintig geograph'sche mylen" (20 geographical miles), a term that the tribal chief was not familiar with; 1 German geographical mile equals 4 arcminutes (7.4 kilometers), whereas the common mile in the territory was the English mile, 1.6 kilometers.

Rhenish Missionary Society

Rhenish MissionaryRhenish MissionRhenish Mission Society
Both Lüderitz and the signing witness, Rhenish missionary Johannes Bam, knew that Chief Frederiks had no understanding of geographical miles.

Atlantic Ocean

AtlanticNorth AtlanticNorth Atlantic Ocean
He was only concerned about fertile land, and the shore of the Atlantic Ocean was of no value to his tribe.

Gustav Nachtigal

Gustav Hermann NachtigalNachtigalplatz
When Frederiks finally became aware that the land he sold comprised almost his entire tribal area, he complained to the German Imperial Government, but Consul-General Gustav Nachtigal died on his return voyage, and the complaint was never delivered.