Adoption of Chinese literary culture

adopted Chinese literary cultureSinosphere3,000-year-old ancient Han Chinese writing systemadoption of Chinese cultureadoption of the Chinese writing systemChinese character cultural communityChinese cultural sphereChinese influenced countriesshare a common languageuse of Literary Chinese throughout the Chinese cultural sphere
Chinese writing, culture and institutions were imported as a whole by Vietnam, Korea, Japan and other neighbouring states over an extended period.wikipedia
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East Asian cultural sphere

SinosphereChinese cultural sphereEast Asia
During the 20th century, several Japanese historians grouped these three countries with China as an East Asian cultural realm.
The East Asian cultural sphere shares a Confucian ethical philosophy, Buddhism, Taoism, and it historically has shared a 3,000-year-old ancient Han Chinese writing system.

Chinese characters

ChineseChinese characterChinese:
At the beginning of the current era, the Chinese script was the only writing system available in East Asia.
By virtue of their widespread current use in East Asia, and historic use throughout the Sinosphere, Chinese characters are among the most widely adopted writing systems in the world by number of users.

Classical Chinese

Literary ChineseChineseclassical
All of this was based on the use of Literary Chinese, which became the medium of scholarship and government across the region.
This situation, the use of Literary Chinese throughout the Chinese cultural sphere despite the existence of disparate regional vernaculars, is called diglossia.

Goguryeo

KoguryoKoguryŏGoguryeo Kingdom
The Goguryeo kingdom strengthened itself by adopting Chinese institutions, laws and culture, including Buddhism.
It also gave Silla direct access to the Yellow Sea, opening up direct trade and diplomatic access to the Chinese dynasties and accelerating Silla's adoption of Chinese culture.

Chinese Buddhism

BuddhistChinese BuddhistBuddhism in China
Chinese Buddhism spread over East Asia between the 2nd and 5th centuries AD, followed by Confucianism as these countries developed strong central governments modelled on Chinese institutions.

Confucianism

ConfucianConfucianistConfucian philosophy
Chinese Buddhism spread over East Asia between the 2nd and 5th centuries AD, followed by Confucianism as these countries developed strong central governments modelled on Chinese institutions. According to, it was characterized by Chinese writing, Mahayana Buddhism in Chinese translation, Confucianism and Chinese legal codes.

Ryukyu Kingdom

Ryūkyū KingdomRyūkyūRyukyu
In Vietnam and Korea, and for a shorter time in Japan and the Ryukyus, scholar-officials were selected using examinations on the Confucian classics modelled on the Chinese civil service examinations.

Chinese classics

Confucian classicsChinese classic textsclassic text
In Vietnam and Korea, and for a shorter time in Japan and the Ryukyus, scholar-officials were selected using examinations on the Confucian classics modelled on the Chinese civil service examinations.

Imperial examination

imperial examinationsjinshicivil service examinations
In Vietnam and Korea, and for a shorter time in Japan and the Ryukyus, scholar-officials were selected using examinations on the Confucian classics modelled on the Chinese civil service examinations.

Mahayana

Mahayana BuddhismMahāyānaMahayana Buddhist
According to, it was characterized by Chinese writing, Mahayana Buddhism in Chinese translation, Confucianism and Chinese legal codes.

Traditional Chinese law

Chinese customary lawChinese legal codesChinese legal system
According to, it was characterized by Chinese writing, Mahayana Buddhism in Chinese translation, Confucianism and Chinese legal codes.

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity SphereCo-Prosperity SphereNew Order in East Asia
The concept of an "East Asian world" has seen little interest from scholars in the other countries following its appropriation by Japanese militarists in terms such as the "Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere".

Warring States period

Warring StatesWarring States eraChina
Classical works of the Warring States period and Han dynasty such as the Mencius, the Commentary of Zuo and Sima Qian's Historical Records were admired as models of prose style through the ages.

Han dynasty

Eastern Han dynastyHanWestern Han dynasty
Classical works of the Warring States period and Han dynasty such as the Mencius, the Commentary of Zuo and Sima Qian's Historical Records were admired as models of prose style through the ages.

Mencius (book)

MenciusMengzicollected works
Classical works of the Warring States period and Han dynasty such as the Mencius, the Commentary of Zuo and Sima Qian's Historical Records were admired as models of prose style through the ages.

Zuo zhuan

ZuozhuanCommentary of ZuoThe Commentary of Zuo
Classical works of the Warring States period and Han dynasty such as the Mencius, the Commentary of Zuo and Sima Qian's Historical Records were admired as models of prose style through the ages.

Sima Qian

Sima, QianSsu-ma Ch'ienGrand Historian
Classical works of the Warring States period and Han dynasty such as the Mencius, the Commentary of Zuo and Sima Qian's Historical Records were admired as models of prose style through the ages.

Records of the Grand Historian

ShijiShi JiHistorical Records
Classical works of the Warring States period and Han dynasty such as the Mencius, the Commentary of Zuo and Sima Qian's Historical Records were admired as models of prose style through the ages.

Old Chinese

OCancient ChineseArchaic Chinese
Thus the written style, based on the Old Chinese of the classical period, remained largely static as the various varieties of Chinese developed and diverged to become mutually unintelligible, and all distinct from the written form.

Varieties of Chinese

ChineseSiniticChinese varieties
Thus the written style, based on the Old Chinese of the classical period, remained largely static as the various varieties of Chinese developed and diverged to become mutually unintelligible, and all distinct from the written form.

Diglossia

diglossic diglossicdiglossic linguistic area
This divergence is a classic example of diglossia.

May Fourth Movement

May 4th MovementMay FourthMay 4 Movement
All formal writing in China was done in Literary Chinese until the May Fourth Movement in 1919, after which it was replaced by Written Vernacular Chinese.

Written vernacular Chinese

vernacular Chinesebaihuavernacular
All formal writing in China was done in Literary Chinese until the May Fourth Movement in 1919, after which it was replaced by Written Vernacular Chinese.

Mandarin Chinese

MandarinChineseMandarin dialects
This new form was based on the vocabulary and grammar of modern Mandarin dialects, particularly the Beijing dialect, and is the written form of Modern Standard Chinese.

Beijing dialect

Beijing MandarinBeijingBeijing Mandarin dialect
This new form was based on the vocabulary and grammar of modern Mandarin dialects, particularly the Beijing dialect, and is the written form of Modern Standard Chinese.