Adrian Boultwikipedia
Sir Adrian Cedric Boult, CH (8 April 1889 – 22 February 1983) was an English conductor.
Sir Adrian BoultBoultAdrian BoultSir Adrian Boult CupSir Adrian Boult C. H.

BBC Symphony Orchestra

BBC SymphonyBBC Symphony OrchestraBBC Orchestra
When the British Broadcasting Corporation appointed him director of music in 1930, he established the BBC Symphony Orchestra and became its chief conductor.
The orchestra was originally conceived in 1928 as a joint enterprise by the BBC and the conductor Sir Thomas Beecham, but the latter withdrew the next year; and the task of assembling and training the orchestra fell to the BBC's director of music, Adrian Boult.

London Philharmonic Orchestra

London PhilharmonicLPOLondon Session Orchestra
The orchestra set standards of excellence that were rivalled in Britain only by the London Philharmonic Orchestra (LPO), founded two years later. Beecham withdrew, and with Malcolm Sargent soon established the rival London Philharmonic Orchestra.
Since Beecham, the orchestra has had ten principal conductors, including Sir Adrian Boult, Bernard Haitink, Sir Georg Solti, Klaus Tennstedt and Vladimir Jurowski.

The Planets

The PlanetsMars: The Bringer of WarMars
He gave the first performance of his friend Gustav Holst's The Planets, and introduced new works by, among others, Elgar, Bliss, Britten, Delius, Rootham, Tippett, Vaughan Williams and Walton.
The premiere was at the Queen's Hall on 29 September 1918, conducted by Holst's friend Adrian Boult before an invited audience of about 250 people.

Vernon Handley

Vernon George Handley
As well as a series of recordings that have remained in the catalogue for three or four decades, Boult's legacy includes his influence on prominent conductors of later generations, including Colin Davis and Vernon Handley.
While in school, he watched the BBC Symphony Orchestra in its studio in Maida Vale, where by his own account he learned some of his conducting technique by observing Sir Adrian Boult.

Benjamin Britten

Benjamin BrittenBrittenBritten, Benjamin
He gave the first performance of his friend Gustav Holst's The Planets, and introduced new works by, among others, Elgar, Bliss, Britten, Delius, Rootham, Tippett, Vaughan Williams and Walton. On 29 September 1946 Boult conducted Britten's new Festival Overture, to inaugurate the BBC Third Programme.
In February 1935, at Bridge's instigation, Britten was invited to a job interview by the BBC's director of music Adrian Boult and his assistant Edward Clark.

City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra

City of Birmingham SymphonyCity of Birmingham OrchestraCBSO
His first prominent post was conductor of the City of Birmingham Orchestra in 1924.
The first season continued with a remarkable series of programmes, including Ralph Vaughan Williams conducting his own London Symphony, Hamilton Harty conducting Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique, Adrian Boult conducting Rachmaninov’s Second Symphony, Landon Ronald conducting Brahms’ Second Symphony and Jean Sibelius conducting his own Third Symphony.

Michael Tippett

Michael TippettTippettSir Michael Tippett
He gave the first performance of his friend Gustav Holst's The Planets, and introduced new works by, among others, Elgar, Bliss, Britten, Delius, Rootham, Tippett, Vaughan Williams and Walton.
Tippett studied conducting with Sargent and Adrian Boult, finding the latter a particularly empathetic mentor—he let Tippett stand with him on the rostrum during rehearsals and follow the music from the conductor's score.

Philharmonia Orchestra

New Philharmonia OrchestraPhilharmoniaPhilharmonia Orchestra
Although in the latter part of his career he worked with other orchestras, including the London Symphony Orchestra, the Philharmonia Orchestra, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, and his former orchestra, the BBC Symphony, it was the LPO with which he was primarily associated, conducting it in concerts and recordings until 1978, in what was widely called his "Indian Summer".
Klemperer, Giulini and Barbirolli gave the new orchestra their strong backing, as did Sir Adrian Boult, who incensed Legge by addressing the audience at a Philharmonia concert a few days later: "Do you want to see this great orchestra snuffed out like a candle? It must not be allowed to die!"

London Symphony Orchestra

London SymphonyLSOThe London Symphony Orchestra
Although in the latter part of his career he worked with other orchestras, including the London Symphony Orchestra, the Philharmonia Orchestra, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, and his former orchestra, the BBC Symphony, it was the LPO with which he was primarily associated, conducting it in concerts and recordings until 1978, in what was widely called his "Indian Summer".
In 1929 the BBC began recruiting for the new BBC Symphony Orchestra under Adrian Boult.

Frank Schuster (music patron)

Frank SchusterLeo F. SchusterLeo Francis Howard Schuster
While still a schoolboy, Boult met the composer Edward Elgar through Frank Schuster, a family friend.
His home overlooking St James's Park at 22 Old Queen Street, London, part of which now contains offices of The Spectator magazine, became a meeting-place for artists, writers and musicians, including Siegfried Sassoon, John Singer Sargent, Walter Sickert, Sir Edward Elgar and Sir Adrian Boult.

Ralph Vaughan Williams

Vaughan WilliamsRalph Vaughan WilliamsVaughan Williams, Ralph
He gave the first performance of his friend Gustav Holst's The Planets, and introduced new works by, among others, Elgar, Bliss, Britten, Delius, Rootham, Tippett, Vaughan Williams and Walton.
It was not until 1922 that he produced a major new composition, A Pastoral Symphony; the work was given its first performance in London in May conducted by Adrian Boult and its American premiere in New York in December conducted by the composer.

Edward Elgar

ElgarEdward ElgarSir Edward Elgar
He gave the first performance of his friend Gustav Holst's The Planets, and introduced new works by, among others, Elgar, Bliss, Britten, Delius, Rootham, Tippett, Vaughan Williams and Walton. While still a schoolboy, Boult met the composer Edward Elgar through Frank Schuster, a family friend.
It was well received but did not catch the public imagination as The Dream of Gerontius had done and continued to do. Among keen Elgarians, however, The Kingdom was sometimes preferred to the earlier work: Elgar's friend Frank Schuster told the young Adrian Boult: "compared with The Kingdom, Gerontius is the work of a raw amateur."

George Butterworth

ButterworthGeorge Butterworth
There he made the acquaintance of George Butterworth, and other British composers.
He also made friends with the folk song collector Cecil Sharp; the composer and folk song enthusiast Ralph Vaughan Williams; the future Director of the Royal College of Music, Hugh Allen; and a baritone and future conductor, Adrian Boult.

Henry Wood

Sir Henry WoodHenry WoodHenry J. Wood
He was educated at Westminster School in London, where in his free time he attended concerts conducted by, among others, Sir Henry Wood, Claude Debussy, Arthur Nikisch, Fritz Steinbach, and Richard Strauss.
Seventy-five years later, Sir Adrian Boult ranked Wood as one of the two greatest Tchaikovsky conductors in his long experience.

Malcolm Sargent

Sir Malcolm SargentSargentMalcolm Sargent
Beecham withdrew, and with Malcolm Sargent soon established the rival London Philharmonic Orchestra.
At the instigation of Wood and Adrian Boult he became a lecturer at the Royal College of Music in London in 1923.

Symphony No. 4 (Vaughan Williams)

Symphony No. 4Fourth SymphonySymphony No. 4 in F minor
Boult's pioneering work with the BBC included an early performance of Schoenberg's Variations, Op. 31, British premières, including Alban Berg's opera Wozzeck and Three Movements from the Lyric Suite, and world premières, including Vaughan Williams's Symphony No. 4 in F minor and Bartók's Concerto for Two Pianos and Orchestra.
The work was first performed on 10 April 1935 by the BBC Symphony Orchestra conducted by Adrian Boult.

Royal Philharmonic Orchestra

Royal PhilharmonicThe Royal Philharmonic OrchestraRoyal Philharmonic Concert Orchestra
Although in the latter part of his career he worked with other orchestras, including the London Symphony Orchestra, the Philharmonia Orchestra, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, and his former orchestra, the BBC Symphony, it was the LPO with which he was primarily associated, conducting it in concerts and recordings until 1978, in what was widely called his "Indian Summer".
Sir Adrian Boult conducted, and Clifford Curzon was the soloist.

Wozzeck

WozzeckBerg: Wozzeckopera of the same title
Boult's pioneering work with the BBC included an early performance of Schoenberg's Variations, Op. 31, British premières, including Alban Berg's opera Wozzeck and Three Movements from the Lyric Suite, and world premières, including Vaughan Williams's Symphony No. 4 in F minor and Bartók's Concerto for Two Pianos and Orchestra.
On 14 March 1934 in the Queen's Hall, Adrian Boult conducted a complete concert performance of Wozzeck, again produced by Edward Clark.

BBC Radio 3

BBC Radio 3Radio 33
On 29 September 1946 Boult conducted Britten's new Festival Overture, to inaugurate the BBC Third Programme.
In September 1969, a distinguished campaign group entitled the Campaign for Better Broadcasting was formed to protest, with the backing of Sir Adrian Boult, Jonathan Miller, Henry Moore and George Melly.

Steuart Wilson

Sir Steuart WilsonJames Steuart Wilson
For many years, Boult had been a close friend of the tenor Steuart Wilson and his wife Ann, née Bowles.
That same year he became the BBC's director of music, and infamously engineered the enforced retirement of the BBC Symphony Orchestra's chief conductor, Adrian Boult.

Theodore Komisarjevsky

Theodore KomisarjevskyKomisarjevsky
In June 1921, Boult conducted for Theodore Komisarjevsky and Vladimir Rosing's experimental Opera Intime week at London's Aeolian Hall.
In June 1921 the tenor Vladimir Rosing presented a season of "Opera Intime" at the Aeolian Hall in London, directed by Komisarjevsky and conducted by Sir Adrian Boult.

Gustav Holst

Gustav HolstHolstHolst, Gustav
He gave the first performance of his friend Gustav Holst's The Planets, and introduced new works by, among others, Elgar, Bliss, Britten, Delius, Rootham, Tippett, Vaughan Williams and Walton.
The conductor Adrian Boult recalled, "Just before the Armistice, Gustav Holst burst into my office: 'Adrian, the YMCA are sending me to Salonica quite soon and Balfour Gardiner, bless his heart, has given me a parting present consisting of the Queen's Hall, full of the Queen's Hall Orchestra for the whole of a Sunday morning. So we're going to do The Planets, and you've got to conduct'."

Arthur Bliss

Arthur BlissBlissSir Arthur Bliss
He gave the first performance of his friend Gustav Holst's The Planets, and introduced new works by, among others, Elgar, Bliss, Britten, Delius, Rootham, Tippett, Vaughan Williams and Walton.
He suggested to Sir Adrian Boult, who was at that time both the chief conductor of the BBC Symphony Orchestra and the BBC's director of music, that Boult should step down in his favour from the latter post.

Aeolian Hall (London)

Aeolian HallAeolian 2Aeolian Hall, London
In June 1921, Boult conducted for Theodore Komisarjevsky and Vladimir Rosing's experimental Opera Intime week at London's Aeolian Hall.
In June 1921 Rosing presented, with director Theodore Komisarjevsky and conductor Adrian Boult, a season of Opera Intime, performing The Queen of Spades, The Barber of Seville, and Pagliacci.

Edward Clark (conductor)

Edward Clark
He later said that this was a rash decision, and that he could not have sustained the two roles at once without the efforts of his staff in the music department, which included Edward Clark, Julian Herbage and Kenneth Wright.
On his return to London, he became assistant conductor to Ernest Ansermet and Adrian Boult for Sergei Diaghilev's seasons of the Ballets Russes, and he became friendly with Diaghilev and Igor Stravinsky.