Map of the Mediterranean Sea
Bay of Kotor, a ria in the Southern Adriatic
Greek (red) and Phoenician (yellow) colonies in antiquity c. the 6th century BC
Gjipe Canyon in southern Albania, where the Adriatic Sea meets the Ionian Sea
Grand Canal from Rialto to Ca'Foscari
The Roman Empire at its farthest extent in AD 117
Depth of the Adriatic Sea
Venice in autumn, with the Rialto Bridge in the background
The Battle of Lepanto, 1571, ended in victory for the European Holy League against the Ottoman Turks.
Schematic layout of Adriatic Sea currents
Venice view from the Bridge Priuli a Santa Sofia, to the Bridge de le Vele
The bombardment of Algiers by the Anglo-Dutch fleet in support of an ultimatum to release European slaves, August 1816
A submarine spring near Omiš, observed through sea surface rippling
Gondola Punta and Basilica Salute
Borders of the Mediterranean Sea
As seen from the map, most of the landmass surrounding the Adriatic sea is classified as Cfa, with the southern region (near the Ionian sea) being Csa.
St Mark's Basilica houses the relics of St Mark the Evangelist
Approximate extent of the Mediterranean drainage basin (dark green). Nile basin only partially shown
MOSE Project north of Lido di Venezia
The Doge's Palace, the former residence of the Doge of Venice
Map of the Mediterranean Sea from open Natural Earth data, 2020
Adriatic Microplate boundaries
The Republic of Venice and its colonial empire Stato da Màr.
Alexandria, the largest city on the Mediterranean
Sediment billowing out from Italy's shore into the Adriatic
Piazza San Marco in Venice, with St. Mark's Campanile.
Barcelona, the second largest metropolitan area on the Mediterranean Sea (after Alexandria) and the headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean
Pebble beach at Brač island, in the Adriatic Sea within Croatia
View of San Giorgio Maggiore Island from St. Mark's Campanile.
The Acropolis of Athens with the Mediterranean Sea in the background
Coast of Conero in Italy
Monument to Bartolomeo Colleoni (1400-1475), captain-general of the Republic of Venice from 1455 to 1475.
The ancient port of Jaffa (now in Tel Aviv-Yafo), from which the biblical Jonah set sail before being swallowed by a whale
Isole Tremiti protected area
The Fra Mauro Map of the world. The map was made around 1450 and depicts Asia, Africa and Europe.
Catania, Sicily, Italy, with Mount Etna in the background
Kornati National Park
View of San Marco basin in 1697.
İzmir, the third metropolis of Turkey (after Istanbul and Ankara)
Karavasta Lagoon in Albania
Venice viewed from the International Space Station
Africa (left, on horizon) and Europe (right), as seen from Gibraltar
Pula Arena, one of the six largest surviving Roman amphitheatres
Venice and surroundings in false colour, from Terra. The picture is oriented with North at the top.
Positano, Italy, Tyrrhenian Sea
Mosaic of Emperor Justinian and his court, from the Basilica of San Vitale in Ravenna, Italy
Piazza San Marco under water in 2007
View of the Saint George Bay, and snow-capped Mount Sannine from a tower in the Beirut Central District
The Republic of Venice was a leading maritime power in Europe
Acqua alta ("high water") in Venice, 2008
The Port of Marseille seen from L'Estaque
Battle of Lissa, 1811
Like Murano, Burano is also a tourist destination, usually reached via vaporetto
Sarandë, Albania, stands on an open-sea gulf of the Ionian sea in the central Mediterranean.
Battle of Lissa, 1866
The beach of Lido di Venezia
The two biggest islands of the Mediterranean: Sicily and Sardinia (Italy)
The last moments of SMS Szent István, hit and sank by the Italian MAS
Bridge of Sighs, one of the most visited sites in the city
Predominant surface currents for June
The Duce Benito Mussolini in a beach of Riccione, in 1932
Venetian Arsenal houses the Naval Historical Museum
A submarine karst spring, called vrulja, near Omiš; observed through several ripplings of an otherwise calm sea surface.
The town of Izola in the Gulf of Koper, southwestern Slovenia
Piazzetta San Marco with Doge's Palace on the left and the columns of the Lion of Venice and St. Theodore in the center.
Messinian salinity crisis before the Zanclean flood
A Trabucco, old fishing machine typical of Abruzzo region in Italy
Gondolas share the waterway with other types of craft (including the vaporetti)
The thermonuclear bomb that fell into the sea recovered off Palomares, Almería, 1966
Fishing boat in Croatia
Cleaning of canals in the late 1990s.
Stromboli volcano in Italy
Port of Trieste, the largest port in the Adriatic
Gondoliers on the Grand Canal
The reticulate whipray is one of the species that colonised the Eastern Mediterranean through the Suez Canal as part of the ongoing Lessepsian migration.
Rimini is a major seaside tourist resort in Italy
Venice Guggenheim Museum.
A cargo ship cruises towards the Strait of Messina
The Barcolana regatta in Trieste, Italy, was named "the greatest sailing race" by the Guinness World Record for its 2,689 boats and over 16,000 sailors on the starting line.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.sail-world.com/news/218597/Barcolana-the-largest-regatta-in-the-world |title=Barcolana, the largest regatta in the world is presented in London |website=Sail World}}</ref>
Cruise ships access the port of Venice through the Giudecca Canal.
Port of Trieste
View of Ulcinj, Montenegro
Cruise ship and gondolas in the Bacino San Marco
Kemer Beach in Antalya on the Turkish Riviera (Turquoise Coast). In 2019, Turkey ranked sixth in the world in terms of the number of international tourist arrivals, with 51.2 million foreign tourists visiting the country.
The Zlatni Rat (Golden Cape) on the island of Brač
Aerial view of Venice including the Ponte della Libertà bridge to the mainland.
Coast of Alexandria, view From Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Egypt
The Palace of the Emperor Diocletian in Split
Giudecca Canal. View from St Mark's Campanile.
Beach of Hammamet, Tunisia
The coast of Neum, the only town to be situated along Bosnia and Herzegovina's {{convert|20|km|0|abbr=on}} of coastline
Sandolo in a picture of Paolo Monti of 1965. Fondo Paolo Monti, BEIC.
The beach of la Courtade in the Îles d'Hyères, France
Portorož is the largest seaside tourist centre in Slovenia
P & O steamer, circa 1870.
Sardinia's south coast, Italy
Port of Durrës, the largest port in Albania
Rialto Bridge
Pretty Bay, Malta
Port of Rijeka, the largest cargo port in Croatia
Vaporetti on the Grand Canal
Panoramic view of Piran, Slovenia
Port of Koper, the largest port in Slovenia
The Venice Santa Lucia station
Panoramic view of Cavtat, Croatia
Port of Trieste, the largest cargo port in the Adriatic
Cruise ships at the passenger terminal in the Port of Venice (Venezia Terminal Passeggeri)
View of Neum, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Port of Bar, the largest seaport in Montenegro
Marco Polo International Airport (Aeroporto di Venezia Marco Polo)
A view of Sveti Stefan, Montenegro
Port of Ancona, a large passenger port
Ca' Foscari University of Venice
Ksamil Islands, Albania
The Travels of Marco Polo.
Navagio, Greece
The Santa Maria della Salute
Ölüdeniz, Turquoise Coast, Turkey
An 18th-century view of Venice by Venetian artist Canaletto.
Paphos, Cyprus
The Palazzo Cavalli-Franchetti is an example of Venetian Gothic architecture alongside the Grand Canal.
Burj Islam Beach, Latakia, Syria
The Ca' d'Oro.
A view of Raouché off the coast of Beirut, Lebanon
Palazzo Dandolo.
A view of Haifa, Israel
The Baroque Ca' Rezzonico.
Old city of Ibiza Town, Spain
Murano glass chandelier Ca' Rezzonico
Les Aiguades near Béjaïa, Algeria
A Venetian glass goblet
El Jebha, a port town in Morocco
La Fenice operahouse in the city.
Europa Point, Gibraltar
The Venice Film Festival is the oldest film festival in the world and one of the most prestigious and publicized.
Panoramic view of La Condamine, Monaco
Francesco Guardi's Regatta in Venice, Guardi was a member of the Venetian School.
Sunset at the Deir al-Balah beach, Gaza Strip
The Morning Chocolate, by Pietro Longhi. Hot chocolate was a fashionable drink in Venice during the 1770s and 1780s.
Luxury shops and boutiques along the Rialto Bridge.
The Doge Andrea Gritti, reigned 1523–1538, portrait by Titian.
Carlo Goldoni, the most notable name in Italian theatre.
The explorer Sebastian Cabot.
thumb|The Grand Canal in Venice from Palazzo Flangini to Campo San Marcuola, Canaletto, circa 1738, J. Paul Getty Museum.
thumb|Francesco Guardi, The Grand Canal, circa 1760 (Art Institute of Chicago)
thumb|Morning Impression along a Canal in Venice, Veneto, Italy by Rafail Levitsky (1896)
thumb|View from the Bridge of Sighs (2017)
The whole comune (red) in the Metropolitan City of Venice
Ca' Loredan is Venice's City Hall
Palazzo Corner is the seat of the Metropolitan City of Venice
Palazzo Ferro Fini is the seat of the Regional Council of Veneto
People Mover in Venice
A map of the waterbus routes in Venezia
Bus in Mestre
Tram in Venice leaving Piazzale Roma
Iconic Della Salute by UK based Artist Raouf Oderuth

The Adriatic is the northernmost arm of the Mediterranean Sea, extending from the Strait of Otranto (where it connects to the Ionian Sea) to the northwest and the Po Valley.

- Adriatic Sea

Venice has been known as "La Dominante", "La Serenissima", "Queen of the Adriatic", "City of Water", "City of Masks", "City of Bridges", "The Floating City", and "City of Canals".

- Venice

The Adriatic's shores are populated by more than 3.5 million people; the largest cities are Bari, Venice, Trieste and Split.

- Adriatic Sea

Italy: Bari, Catania, Genoa, Messina, Naples, Palermo, Rome, Taranto, Trieste, Venice

- Mediterranean Sea

the Adriatic Sea between Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Albania

- Mediterranean Sea

The Port of Venice (Porto di Venezia) is the eighth-busiest commercial port in Italy and was a major hub for the cruise sector in the Mediterranean, as since August 2021 ships of more 25,000 tons are forbidden to pass the Giudecca Canal.

- Venice

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Italy

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Country that consists of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and several islands surrounding it; its territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region.

Country that consists of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and several islands surrounding it; its territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region.

Expansion of the territory called "Italy" from ancient Greece until Diocletian
The Iron Crown of Lombardy, for centuries a symbol of the Kings of Italy
Marco Polo, explorer of the 13th century, recorded his 24 years-long travels in the Book of the Marvels of the World, introducing Europeans to Central Asia and China.
The Italian states before the beginning of the Italian Wars in 1494
Leonardo da Vinci, the quintessential Renaissance man, in a self-portrait (ca. 1512, Royal Library, Turin)
Christopher Columbus leads an expedition to the New World, 1492. His voyages are celebrated as the discovery of the Americas from a European perspective, and they opened a new era in the history of humankind and sustained contact between the two worlds.
Flag of the Cispadane Republic, which was the first Italian tricolour adopted by a sovereign Italian state (1797)
Holographic copy of 1847 of Il Canto degli Italiani, the Italian national anthem since 1946
Animated map of the Italian unification from 1829 to 1871
The Victor Emmanuel II Monument in Rome, a national symbol of Italy celebrating the first king of the unified country, and resting place of the Italian Unknown Soldier since the end of World War I. It was inaugurated in 1911, on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the Unification of Italy.
The fascist dictator Benito Mussolini titled himself Duce and ruled the country from 1922 to 1943.
Areas controlled by the Italian Empire at its peak
Italian partisans in Milan during the Italian Civil War, April 1945
Alcide De Gasperi, first republican Prime Minister of Italy and one of the Founding Fathers of the European Union
The signing ceremony of the Treaty of Rome on 25 March 1957, creating the European Economic Community, forerunner of the present-day European Union
Funerals of the victims of the Bologna bombing of 2 August 1980, the deadliest attack ever perpetrated in Italy during the Years of Lead
Italian government task force to face the COVID-19 emergency
Topographic map of Italy
Dolphins in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Aeolian Islands
National and regional parks in Italy
Gran Paradiso, established in 1922, is the oldest Italian national park.
The Italian wolf, the national animal of Italy
Köppen-Geiger climate classification map of Italy
The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of Italy.
The Supreme Court of Cassation, Rome
An Alfa Romeo 159 vehicle of the Carabinieri corps
Group photo of the G7 leaders at the 43rd G7 summit in Taormina
Heraldic coat of arms of the Italian Armed Forces
A proportional representation of Italy exports, 2019
Milan is the economic capital of Italy, and is a global financial centre and a fashion capital of the world.
A Carrara marble quarry
The Autostrada dei Laghi ("Lakes Motorway"), the first motorway built in the world
FS' Frecciarossa 1000 high speed train, with a maximum speed of 400 km/h
Trieste, the main port of the northern Adriatic and starting point of the Transalpine Pipeline
ENI is considered one of the world's oil and gas "Supermajors".
Solar panels in Piombino. Italy is one of the world's largest producers of renewable energy.
Galileo Galilei, the father of modern science, physics and astronomy
Enrico Fermi, creator of the world's first first nuclear reactor
The Amalfi Coast is one of Italy's major tourist destinations.
Map of Italy's population density at the 2011 census
Italy is home to a large population of migrants from Eastern Europe and North Africa.
Linguistic map showing the languages spoken in Italy
Vatican City, the Holy See's sovereign territory
Bologna University, established in AD 1088, is the world's oldest academic institution.
Olive oil and vegetables are central to the Mediterranean diet.
Carnival of Venice
The Last Supper (1494–1499), Leonardo da Vinci, Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan
Michelangelo's David (1501–1504), Galleria dell'Accademia, Florence
The Birth of Venus (1484–1486), Sandro Botticelli, Uffizi Gallery, Florence
Dante shown holding a copy of the Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the mount of Purgatory and the city of Florence, with the spheres of Heaven above, in Michelino's fresco, 1465
Niccolò Machiavelli, founder of modern political science and ethics
Pinocchio is one of the world's most translated books and a canonical piece of children's literature.
Clockwise from top left: Thomas Aquinas, proponent of natural theology and the Father of Thomism; Giordano Bruno, one of the major scientific figures of the Western world; Cesare Beccaria, considered the Father of criminal justice and modern criminal law; and Maria Montessori, credited with the creation of the Montessori education
La Scala opera house
Statues of Pantalone and Harlequin, two stock characters from the Commedia dell'arte, in the Museo Teatrale alla Scala
Dario Fo, one of the most widely performed playwrights in modern theatre, received international acclaim for his highly improvisational style.
Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer whose operas, including La bohème, Tosca, Madama Butterfly and Turandot, are among the most frequently worldwide performed in the standard repertoire
Luciano Pavarotti, considered one of the finest tenors of the 20th century and the "King of the High Cs"
Giorgio Moroder, pioneer of Italo disco and electronic dance music, is known as the "Father of disco".
Entrance to Cinecittà in Rome
The Azzurri in 2012. Football is the most popular sport in Italy.
Starting in 1909, the Giro d'Italia is the Grands Tours' second oldest.
A Ferrari SF21 by Scuderia Ferrari, the most successful Formula One team
Prada shop at Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan
The traditional recipe for spaghetti with tomato and basil sauce
Italian wine and salumi
The Frecce Tricolori, with the smoke trails representing the national colours of Italy, during the celebrations of the Festa della Repubblica
The Venice Film Festival is the oldest film festival in the world.

Italy is located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, in Southern Europe; it is also considered part of Western Europe.

Including the islands, Italy has a coastline and border of 7600 km on the Adriatic, Ionian, Tyrrhenian seas (740 km), and borders shared with France (488 km), Austria (430 km), Slovenia (232 km) and Switzerland (740 km).

Many watercourses and coastal stretches have also been contaminated by industrial and agricultural activity, while because of rising water levels, Venice has been regularly flooded throughout recent years.

Republic of Venice

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The Republic of Venice in 1789
The Doge of Venice, illustrated in the manuscript Théâtre de tous les peuples et nations de la terre avec leurs habits et ornemens divers, tant anciens que modernes, diligemment depeints au naturel. Painted by Lucas d'Heere in the 2nd half of the 16th century. Preserved by the Ghent University Library.
The Republic of Venice in 1789
The Venetia c 600 AD
The Venetia c 840 AD
Map of the Venetian Republic, circa 1000
Procession in St Mark's Square by Gentile Bellini in 1496
Leonardo Loredan, Doge of Venice during the War of the League of Cambrai.
The Venetian fort of Palamidi in Nafplion, Greece, one of many forts that secured Venetian trade routes in the Eastern Mediterranean.
Greater coat of arms of the Republic, with its various possessions and claims, in the aftermath of the Morean War
The Republic of Venice around 1700
Drawing of the Doge's Palace, late 14th century
The governmental structure of the Venetian Republic
The hearing given by the Doge in the Sala del Collegio in Doge's Palace by Francesco Guardi, 1775–80
The Flag of Veneto.
Siege of Tyre (1124) in the Holy Land
Siege of Constantinople (1203)
Voyage of Marco Polo into the Far East during the Pax Mongolica
The Piraeus Lion in Venice, in front of the Venetian Arsenal
Relief of the Venetian Lion on the Landward Gate in Zara (Zadar), capital of the Venetian Dalmatia
Relief of the Venetian Lion in Parenzo (Poreč)
Vicenza, Piazza dei Signori.
Udine, Piazza Libertà.
Piazza delle Erbe, Verona
Relief of the Venetian Lion in Cattaro (Kotor)
Relief of the Venetian Lion in Candia (Heraklion)
Relief of the Venetian Lion in Frangokastello, Crete
Venetian blazon with the Lion of Saint Mark, as frequently found on the New Fortress walls, Corfu.
The sack of Constantinople in 1204 on a mosaic in the San Giovanni Evangelista church in Ravenna, 1213

The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia; Repùblega de Venèsia) or Venetian Republic (Repubblica Veneta; Repùblega Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice; Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Res-piovega de Venèsia), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in parts of present-day Italy (mainly northeastern Italy) which existed for 1100 years from 697 AD until 1797 AD. Centered on the lagoon communities of the prosperous city of Venice, it incorporated numerous overseas possessions in modern Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Greece, Albania and Cyprus.

It dominated trade on the Mediterranean Sea, including commerce between Europe and North Africa, as well as Asia.

Venice achieved territorial conquests along the Adriatic Sea.

Trieste

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City and seaport in northeastern Italy.

City and seaport in northeastern Italy.

Satellite view of Trieste
Seven sections of Trieste
Remains of a Roman arch in Trieste's Old City
Trieste in the 17th century, in a contemporary image by the Carniolan historian Johann Weikhard von Valvasor
Palazzo Carciotti in Trieste, circa 1850
The Stock Exchange Square in 1854
Stock market in Trieste today
A view of Trieste in 1885
Yugoslav Army entering Trieste (the caption reads "Tito's Army liberated Trieste")
A postage stamp issued by the Italian Social Republic with a Yugoslav liberation overprint
Trieste and Zone A/B
Cheering crowd for the return of Trieste to Italy on November 4, 1954
Government palace
Trieste City Hall
Port of Trieste
One of many coffee sacks that are traded by a Trieste company.
Research institutions such as the International Center for Theoretical Physics (logo), SISSA and the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics are located in Trieste around Barcola.
Professional fisherman's boat in Barcola, a suburb of Trieste
Trieste seafront
Piazza Unità d'Italia
Piazza Unità d'Italia by night
From left to right: Barcolana near the Victory Lighthouse, a part of the harbour, a street of the Old City
Miramare Castle
Trieste Cathedral dedicated to Justus of Trieste
Serbian Orthodox Saint Spyridon Church, mid 19th century
The city's old stock exchange
The Ponterosso Square
Piazza Venezia
View of Barcola from the Vittoria Lighthouse
Libreria Antiquaria Umberto Saba
Church of San Nicolò dei Greci
James Joyce, Umberto Saba and their friends were guests of the still existing Caffè Stella Polare.
Caffe degli Specchi was opened in 1839 in Trieste
The Porto Vecchio, also showing Trieste Centrale railway station
Trieste Centrale railway station
A car of the Opicina Tramway
Scooters are heavily used in personal transport in Trieste
View of Trieste

Trieste is located at the head of the Gulf of Trieste, on a narrow strip of Italian territory lying between the Adriatic Sea and Slovenia; Slovenia lies approximately 8 km east and 10–15 km southeast of the city, while Croatia is about 30 km to the south of the city.

As a prosperous trading hub in the Mediterranean region, Trieste became the fourth largest city of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (after Vienna, Budapest, and Prague).

There are direct intercity and high-speed trains between Trieste and Venice, Verona, Turin, Milan, Rome, Florence, Naples and Bologna.