Five Days of Milan, 18–22 March 1848
Bay of Kotor, a ria in the Southern Adriatic
Flag of the Cispadane Republic, which was the first Italian tricolour adopted by a sovereign Italian state (1797)
Grand Canal from Rialto to Ca'Foscari
Gjipe Canyon in southern Albania, where the Adriatic Sea meets the Ionian Sea
Giuseppe Mazzini, highly influential leader of the Italian revolutionary movement
Venice in autumn, with the Rialto Bridge in the background
Depth of the Adriatic Sea
Animated map of the Italian unification from 1829 to 1871
Venice view from the Bridge Priuli a Santa Sofia, to the Bridge de le Vele
Schematic layout of Adriatic Sea currents
The first meeting between Garibaldi and Mazzini at the headquarters of Young Italy in 1833.
Gondola Punta and Basilica Salute
A submarine spring near Omiš, observed through sea surface rippling
The Arrest of Silvio Pellico and Piero Maroncelli, Saluzzo, civic museum
St Mark's Basilica houses the relics of St Mark the Evangelist
As seen from the map, most of the landmass surrounding the Adriatic sea is classified as Cfa, with the southern region (near the Ionian sea) being Csa.
Ciro Menotti and his compatriots clashed with the army
The Doge's Palace, the former residence of the Doge of Venice
MOSE Project north of Lido di Venezia
Execution of the Bandiera Brothers
The Republic of Venice and its colonial empire Stato da Màr.
Adriatic Microplate boundaries
Holographic copy of 1847 of Il Canto degli Italiani, the Italian national anthem since 1946
Piazza San Marco in Venice, with St. Mark's Campanile.
Sediment billowing out from Italy's shore into the Adriatic
Daniele Manin and Niccolò Tommaseo after the proclamation of the Republic of San Marco
View of San Giorgio Maggiore Island from St. Mark's Campanile.
Pebble beach at Brač island, in the Adriatic Sea within Croatia
Garibaldi and Cavour making Italy in a satirical cartoon of 1861
Monument to Bartolomeo Colleoni (1400-1475), captain-general of the Republic of Venice from 1455 to 1475.
Coast of Conero in Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi, celebrated as one of the greatest generals of modern times and as the "Hero of the Two Worlds", who commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led to unification of Italy
The Fra Mauro Map of the world. The map was made around 1450 and depicts Asia, Africa and Europe.
Isole Tremiti protected area
Battle of Calatafimi
View of San Marco basin in 1697.
Kornati National Park
People cheering as Garibaldi enters Naples
Venice viewed from the International Space Station
Karavasta Lagoon in Albania
Victor Emmanuel meets Garibaldi near Teano
Venice and surroundings in false colour, from Terra. The picture is oriented with North at the top.
Pula Arena, one of the six largest surviving Roman amphitheatres
Proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy
Piazza San Marco under water in 2007
Mosaic of Emperor Justinian and his court, from the Basilica of San Vitale in Ravenna, Italy
The Injured Garibaldi in the Aspromonte Mountains (oil on canvas), credited to Gerolamo Induno
Acqua alta ("high water") in Venice, 2008
The Republic of Venice was a leading maritime power in Europe
Battle of Bezzecca
Like Murano, Burano is also a tourist destination, usually reached via vaporetto
Battle of Lissa, 1811
Victor Emmanuel II in Venice
The beach of Lido di Venezia
Battle of Lissa, 1866
Garibaldi at Mentana, 3 November 1867
Bridge of Sighs, one of the most visited sites in the city
The last moments of SMS Szent István, hit and sank by the Italian MAS
Capture of Rome
Venetian Arsenal houses the Naval Historical Museum
The Duce Benito Mussolini in a beach of Riccione, in 1932
The Quirinal Palace in Rome became the head of state of Italy's official residence (royal residence of the Kings of Italy and after the Italian constitutional referendum, 1946 residence and workplace for the Presidents of the Italian Republic)
Piazzetta San Marco with Doge's Palace on the left and the columns of the Lion of Venice and St. Theodore in the center.
The town of Izola in the Gulf of Koper, southwestern Slovenia
Massimo d'Azeglio
Gondolas share the waterway with other types of craft (including the vaporetti)
A Trabucco, old fishing machine typical of Abruzzo region in Italy
The Victor Emmanuel II Monument in Rome, inaugurated in 1911 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the unification of Italy.
Cleaning of canals in the late 1990s.
Fishing boat in Croatia
Mourning Italia turrita on the tomb to Vittorio Alfieri by Antonio Canova
Gondoliers on the Grand Canal
Port of Trieste, the largest port in the Adriatic
Portrait of Alessandro Manzoni (1841) by Francesco Hayez
Venice Guggenheim Museum.
Rimini is a major seaside tourist resort in Italy
Portrait of Francesco De Sanctis (1890) by Francesco Saverio Altamura
Cruise ships access the port of Venice through the Giudecca Canal.
The Barcolana regatta in Trieste, Italy, was named "the greatest sailing race" by the Guinness World Record for its 2,689 boats and over 16,000 sailors on the starting line.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.sail-world.com/news/218597/Barcolana-the-largest-regatta-in-the-world |title=Barcolana, the largest regatta in the world is presented in London |website=Sail World}}</ref>
Verdi's bust outside the Teatro Massimo in Palermo
Cruise ship and gondolas in the Bacino San Marco
View of Ulcinj, Montenegro
Patriots scrawling "Viva VERDI" on walls
Aerial view of Venice including the Ponte della Libertà bridge to the mainland.
The Zlatni Rat (Golden Cape) on the island of Brač
The final scene of the opera Risorgimento! (2011) by Lorenzo Ferrero
Giudecca Canal. View from St Mark's Campanile.
The Palace of the Emperor Diocletian in Split
Italy in 1494
Sandolo in a picture of Paolo Monti of 1965. Fondo Paolo Monti, BEIC.
The coast of Neum, the only town to be situated along Bosnia and Herzegovina's {{convert|20|km|0|abbr=on}} of coastline
Italy in 1796
P & O steamer, circa 1870.
Portorož is the largest seaside tourist centre in Slovenia
Italy in 1843
Rialto Bridge
Port of Durrës, the largest port in Albania
Italy in 1860: orange Kingdom of Sardinia, blue Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia (Austrian Empire), pink United Provinces of Central Italy, red Papal States, pale green Kingdom of Two Sicilies.
Vaporetti on the Grand Canal
Port of Rijeka, the largest cargo port in Croatia
Italy in 1861: orange Kingdom of Italy, blue Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia (Austrian Empire), red Papal States.
The Venice Santa Lucia station
Port of Koper, the largest port in Slovenia
Kingdom of Italy in 1870, showing the Papal States, before the Capture of Rome.
Cruise ships at the passenger terminal in the Port of Venice (Venezia Terminal Passeggeri)
Port of Trieste, the largest cargo port in the Adriatic
Kingdom of Italy in 1871
Marco Polo International Airport (Aeroporto di Venezia Marco Polo)
Port of Bar, the largest seaport in Montenegro
Kingdom of Italy in 1919
Ca' Foscari University of Venice
Port of Ancona, a large passenger port
The Quirinal Palace in Rome became the head of state of Italy's official residence (royal residence of the Kings of Italy and after the Italian constitutional referendum, 1946 residence and workplace for the Presidents of the Italian Republic)
The Travels of Marco Polo.
The Santa Maria della Salute
An 18th-century view of Venice by Venetian artist Canaletto.
The Palazzo Cavalli-Franchetti is an example of Venetian Gothic architecture alongside the Grand Canal.
The Ca' d'Oro.
Palazzo Dandolo.
The Baroque Ca' Rezzonico.
Murano glass chandelier Ca' Rezzonico
A Venetian glass goblet
La Fenice operahouse in the city.
The Venice Film Festival is the oldest film festival in the world and one of the most prestigious and publicized.
Francesco Guardi's Regatta in Venice, Guardi was a member of the Venetian School.
The Morning Chocolate, by Pietro Longhi. Hot chocolate was a fashionable drink in Venice during the 1770s and 1780s.
Luxury shops and boutiques along the Rialto Bridge.
The Doge Andrea Gritti, reigned 1523–1538, portrait by Titian.
Carlo Goldoni, the most notable name in Italian theatre.
The explorer Sebastian Cabot.
thumb|The Grand Canal in Venice from Palazzo Flangini to Campo San Marcuola, Canaletto, circa 1738, J. Paul Getty Museum.
thumb|Francesco Guardi, The Grand Canal, circa 1760 (Art Institute of Chicago)
thumb|Morning Impression along a Canal in Venice, Veneto, Italy by Rafail Levitsky (1896)
thumb|View from the Bridge of Sighs (2017)
The whole comune (red) in the Metropolitan City of Venice
Ca' Loredan is Venice's City Hall
Palazzo Corner is the seat of the Metropolitan City of Venice
Palazzo Ferro Fini is the seat of the Regional Council of Veneto
People Mover in Venice
A map of the waterbus routes in Venezia
Bus in Mestre
Tram in Venice leaving Piazzale Roma
Iconic Della Salute by UK based Artist Raouf Oderuth

Venice has been known as "La Dominante", "La Serenissima", "Queen of the Adriatic", "City of Water", "City of Masks", "City of Bridges", "The Floating City", and "City of Canals".

- Venice

The Adriatic's shores are populated by more than 3.5 million people; the largest cities are Bari, Venice, Trieste and Split.

- Adriatic Sea

Following Italian unification, the Kingdom of Italy started an eastward expansion that lasted until the 20th century.

- Adriatic Sea

In 1844, two brothers from Venice, Attilio and Emilio Bandiera, members of the Giovine Italia, planned to make a raid on the Calabrian coast against the Kingdom of Two Sicilies in support of Italian unification.

- Unification of Italy

In 1866, after the Third Italian War of Independence, Venice, along with the rest of the Veneto, became part of the newly created Kingdom of Italy.

- Venice

With the motto "Free from the Alps to the Adriatic", the unification movement set its gaze on Rome and Venice.

- Unification of Italy

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Italy

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Country that consists of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and several islands surrounding it; its territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region.

Country that consists of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and several islands surrounding it; its territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region.

Expansion of the territory called "Italy" from ancient Greece until Diocletian
The Iron Crown of Lombardy, for centuries a symbol of the Kings of Italy
Marco Polo, explorer of the 13th century, recorded his 24 years-long travels in the Book of the Marvels of the World, introducing Europeans to Central Asia and China.
The Italian states before the beginning of the Italian Wars in 1494
Leonardo da Vinci, the quintessential Renaissance man, in a self-portrait (ca. 1512, Royal Library, Turin)
Christopher Columbus leads an expedition to the New World, 1492. His voyages are celebrated as the discovery of the Americas from a European perspective, and they opened a new era in the history of humankind and sustained contact between the two worlds.
Flag of the Cispadane Republic, which was the first Italian tricolour adopted by a sovereign Italian state (1797)
Holographic copy of 1847 of Il Canto degli Italiani, the Italian national anthem since 1946
Animated map of the Italian unification from 1829 to 1871
The Victor Emmanuel II Monument in Rome, a national symbol of Italy celebrating the first king of the unified country, and resting place of the Italian Unknown Soldier since the end of World War I. It was inaugurated in 1911, on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the Unification of Italy.
The fascist dictator Benito Mussolini titled himself Duce and ruled the country from 1922 to 1943.
Areas controlled by the Italian Empire at its peak
Italian partisans in Milan during the Italian Civil War, April 1945
Alcide De Gasperi, first republican Prime Minister of Italy and one of the Founding Fathers of the European Union
The signing ceremony of the Treaty of Rome on 25 March 1957, creating the European Economic Community, forerunner of the present-day European Union
Funerals of the victims of the Bologna bombing of 2 August 1980, the deadliest attack ever perpetrated in Italy during the Years of Lead
Italian government task force to face the COVID-19 emergency
Topographic map of Italy
Dolphins in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Aeolian Islands
National and regional parks in Italy
Gran Paradiso, established in 1922, is the oldest Italian national park.
The Italian wolf, the national animal of Italy
Köppen-Geiger climate classification map of Italy
The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of Italy.
The Supreme Court of Cassation, Rome
An Alfa Romeo 159 vehicle of the Carabinieri corps
Group photo of the G7 leaders at the 43rd G7 summit in Taormina
Heraldic coat of arms of the Italian Armed Forces
A proportional representation of Italy exports, 2019
Milan is the economic capital of Italy, and is a global financial centre and a fashion capital of the world.
A Carrara marble quarry
The Autostrada dei Laghi ("Lakes Motorway"), the first motorway built in the world
FS' Frecciarossa 1000 high speed train, with a maximum speed of 400 km/h
Trieste, the main port of the northern Adriatic and starting point of the Transalpine Pipeline
ENI is considered one of the world's oil and gas "Supermajors".
Solar panels in Piombino. Italy is one of the world's largest producers of renewable energy.
Galileo Galilei, the father of modern science, physics and astronomy
Enrico Fermi, creator of the world's first first nuclear reactor
The Amalfi Coast is one of Italy's major tourist destinations.
Map of Italy's population density at the 2011 census
Italy is home to a large population of migrants from Eastern Europe and North Africa.
Linguistic map showing the languages spoken in Italy
Vatican City, the Holy See's sovereign territory
Bologna University, established in AD 1088, is the world's oldest academic institution.
Olive oil and vegetables are central to the Mediterranean diet.
Carnival of Venice
The Last Supper (1494–1499), Leonardo da Vinci, Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan
Michelangelo's David (1501–1504), Galleria dell'Accademia, Florence
The Birth of Venus (1484–1486), Sandro Botticelli, Uffizi Gallery, Florence
Dante shown holding a copy of the Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the mount of Purgatory and the city of Florence, with the spheres of Heaven above, in Michelino's fresco, 1465
Niccolò Machiavelli, founder of modern political science and ethics
Pinocchio is one of the world's most translated books and a canonical piece of children's literature.
Clockwise from top left: Thomas Aquinas, proponent of natural theology and the Father of Thomism; Giordano Bruno, one of the major scientific figures of the Western world; Cesare Beccaria, considered the Father of criminal justice and modern criminal law; and Maria Montessori, credited with the creation of the Montessori education
La Scala opera house
Statues of Pantalone and Harlequin, two stock characters from the Commedia dell'arte, in the Museo Teatrale alla Scala
Dario Fo, one of the most widely performed playwrights in modern theatre, received international acclaim for his highly improvisational style.
Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer whose operas, including La bohème, Tosca, Madama Butterfly and Turandot, are among the most frequently worldwide performed in the standard repertoire
Luciano Pavarotti, considered one of the finest tenors of the 20th century and the "King of the High Cs"
Giorgio Moroder, pioneer of Italo disco and electronic dance music, is known as the "Father of disco".
Entrance to Cinecittà in Rome
The Azzurri in 2012. Football is the most popular sport in Italy.
Starting in 1909, the Giro d'Italia is the Grands Tours' second oldest.
A Ferrari SF21 by Scuderia Ferrari, the most successful Formula One team
Prada shop at Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan
The traditional recipe for spaghetti with tomato and basil sauce
Italian wine and salumi
The Frecce Tricolori, with the smoke trails representing the national colours of Italy, during the celebrations of the Festa della Repubblica
The Venice Film Festival is the oldest film festival in the world.

After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was almost entirely unified in 1861 following a war of independence, establishing the Kingdom of Italy.

Including the islands, Italy has a coastline and border of 7600 km on the Adriatic, Ionian, Tyrrhenian seas (740 km), and borders shared with France (488 km), Austria (430 km), Slovenia (232 km) and Switzerland (740 km).

Many watercourses and coastal stretches have also been contaminated by industrial and agricultural activity, while because of rising water levels, Venice has been regularly flooded throughout recent years.

Veneto

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One of the 20 regions of Italy.

One of the 20 regions of Italy.

Venice, the primary tourist destination and the capital of Veneto
Lake Alleghe near Belluno
Cortina d'Ampezzo
The Piave River
The Venetian Lagoon at sunset
Relief map of Veneto
The Adige in Verona
The Tetrarchs were the four co-rulers who governed the Roman Empire as long as Diocletian's reform lasted. Here they are portrayed embracing, in a posture of harmony, in a porphyry sculpture dating from the 4th century, produced in Anatolia, located today on a corner of St Mark's Basilica in Venice.
The Horses of Saint Mark, brought as loot from Constantinople in 1204.
An 18th-century view of Venice by Canaletto.
The 13th-century Castel Brando in Cison di Valmarino, Treviso.
Veneto's provinces.
St Mark's Basilica, the seat of the Patriarch of Venice.
The Punta San Vigilio on the Lake Garda
Kiss of Judas by Giotto, in Padua.
Giorgione's The Tempest.
The Prato della Valle in Padua, a work of Italian Renaissance architecture.
Villa Cornaro.
Antonio Canova's Psyche Revived by Love's Kiss.
The Church of Santa Maria della Salute in Venice
A Golden bottle of Prosecco
Asiago cheese and crackers
A slice of tiramisù
Antonio Salieri
Antonio Vivaldi
Teatro La Fenice
The Arena of Verona
Teatro Salieri
Villa Barbaro
The Villa Capra "La Rotonda"
Villa Badoer
Villa Malcontenta
Villa Pisani (Bagnolo)
The mount Antelao
Lastoi de Formin (Cadore)
The start of Strada delle 52 Gallerie
A trait that shows the structure of the Calà del Sasso

The region's capital is Venice while the biggest city is Verona.

After the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna, the Republic was combined with Lombardy and annexed to the Austrian Empire as the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, until that was merged with the Kingdom of Italy in 1866, as a result of the Third Italian War of Independence.

The Po Valley, covering 57% of Veneto, extends from the mountains to the Adriatic sea, broken only by some low hills: Euganean Hills, Berici Hills Colli Asolani and Montello, which constitute the remaining 14% of the territory.

Trieste

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City and seaport in northeastern Italy.

City and seaport in northeastern Italy.

Satellite view of Trieste
Seven sections of Trieste
Remains of a Roman arch in Trieste's Old City
Trieste in the 17th century, in a contemporary image by the Carniolan historian Johann Weikhard von Valvasor
Palazzo Carciotti in Trieste, circa 1850
The Stock Exchange Square in 1854
Stock market in Trieste today
A view of Trieste in 1885
Yugoslav Army entering Trieste (the caption reads "Tito's Army liberated Trieste")
A postage stamp issued by the Italian Social Republic with a Yugoslav liberation overprint
Trieste and Zone A/B
Cheering crowd for the return of Trieste to Italy on November 4, 1954
Government palace
Trieste City Hall
Port of Trieste
One of many coffee sacks that are traded by a Trieste company.
Research institutions such as the International Center for Theoretical Physics (logo), SISSA and the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics are located in Trieste around Barcola.
Professional fisherman's boat in Barcola, a suburb of Trieste
Trieste seafront
Piazza Unità d'Italia
Piazza Unità d'Italia by night
From left to right: Barcolana near the Victory Lighthouse, a part of the harbour, a street of the Old City
Miramare Castle
Trieste Cathedral dedicated to Justus of Trieste
Serbian Orthodox Saint Spyridon Church, mid 19th century
The city's old stock exchange
The Ponterosso Square
Piazza Venezia
View of Barcola from the Vittoria Lighthouse
Libreria Antiquaria Umberto Saba
Church of San Nicolò dei Greci
James Joyce, Umberto Saba and their friends were guests of the still existing Caffè Stella Polare.
Caffe degli Specchi was opened in 1839 in Trieste
The Porto Vecchio, also showing Trieste Centrale railway station
Trieste Centrale railway station
A car of the Opicina Tramway
Scooters are heavily used in personal transport in Trieste
View of Trieste

Trieste is located at the head of the Gulf of Trieste, on a narrow strip of Italian territory lying between the Adriatic Sea and Slovenia; Slovenia lies approximately 8 km east and 10–15 km southeast of the city, while Croatia is about 30 km to the south of the city.

The St Justus Cathedral (1320). Named after the city's Patron, Justus of Trieste, the church's interiors are decorated with Byzantine mosaics. It became a symbol of Italian Trieste during the Risorgimento.

There are direct intercity and high-speed trains between Trieste and Venice, Verona, Turin, Milan, Rome, Florence, Naples and Bologna.