Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

adult ADHDattentional deficitsadult attention-deficit disorderadult ADDAADDAdult Attention Deficit Disorderadult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorderattention deficit disorderattentional dysregulationsymptoms into adulthood
Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is the psychiatric condition of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults.wikipedia
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

ADHDattention deficit disorderhyperactivity
Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is the psychiatric condition of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. Diagnosis follows one or several assessment which may include examination of personal history, observational evidence from family members or friends, academic reports, often going back to school years, as well as evaluation to diagnose additional possible conditions which often coexist with ADHD, called comorbidities or comorbid disorders. ADHD is a childhood-onset condition, usually requiring symptoms to have been present before age 12 for a diagnosis. In part, this is because symptoms do change with maturity; adults who have ADHD are less likely to exhibit obvious hyperactive behaviors.
About 30–50% of people diagnosed in childhood continue to have symptoms into adulthood and between 2–5% of adults have the condition.

Methylphenidate

RitalinConcertaMethylin
Methylphenidate, a stimulant, with short and long-acting formulations, is often the first-line therapy and appears effective.
In the United States, the FDA approved the use of methylphenidate in 2008 for use in treating adult ADHD.

Mental disorder

mental illnessnervous breakdownmentally ill
Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is the psychiatric condition of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults.

Adult

adulthoodadultsmaturity
Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is the psychiatric condition of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults.

Symptom

symptomsnon-specific symptomssymptomatic
About one-third to two-thirds of children with symptoms from early childhood continue to demonstrate ADHD symptoms throughout life.

DSM-5

DSM-Vmental health disordersDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
In 2013, the newer DSM-5 reviewed some of these criteria, with more lenient requirements for the diagnosis, especially in adults, and the age limit for symptoms first arising raised to twelve years.

Psychiatric assessment

assessmentPsychiatric diagnosesClinical Assessment
Diagnosis follows one or several assessment which may include examination of personal history, observational evidence from family members or friends, academic reports, often going back to school years, as well as evaluation to diagnose additional possible conditions which often coexist with ADHD, called comorbidities or comorbid disorders.

Mental disorders diagnosed in childhood

childhood-onset conditiondisorderselimination disorders
ADHD is a childhood-onset condition, usually requiring symptoms to have been present before age 12 for a diagnosis.

Therapy

therapeutictherapisttreatment
Children under treatment will migrate to adult health services if necessary as they transit into adulthood, however diagnosis of adults involves full examination of their history.

Medication

pharmaceuticalpharmaceuticalspharmaceutical drug
Treatment of ADHD is usually based on a combination of behavioral interventions and medication.

Neurobiological effects of physical exercise

runner's highCertain types of physical exerciseExercise
Exercise, sufficient sleep and nutritious food are also known to have a positive effect.

Special education

Special Schoolspecial educational needsspecial schools
Within school and work, reasonable accommodations may be put in place by structuring work tasks and setting up clear rules and limits for tasks.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder predominantly inattentive

ADDADHD predominantly inattentiveattention deficit disorder
It is particularly effective for those with the predominantly inattentive concentration type of attention deficit due to being primarily a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

DSM-IVDSM-IV-TRDSM
United States medical and mental health professionals follow the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association; the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) published by the World Health Organisation (WHO) is often used by health professionals elsewhere.

Function

functionalityFunction (disambiguation)functioning
The symptoms (see below) were required to have been present since before the individual was seven years old, and must have interfered with at least two spheres of his or her functioning (at home and at school or work, for example) over the last six months.

Chronic condition

chronicchronic diseasechronic diseases
ADHD is a chronic condition, beginning in early childhood that can persist throughout a person's lifetime.

Self-control

self controlself-regulationwillpower
Individuals with ADHD exhibit deficiencies in self-regulation and self-motivation which in turn foster problematic characteristics such as distractibility, procrastination and disorganization.

Motivation

intrinsic motivationmotivationalmotives
Individuals with ADHD exhibit deficiencies in self-regulation and self-motivation which in turn foster problematic characteristics such as distractibility, procrastination and disorganization.

Distraction

distractedDiversiondistractibility
Individuals with ADHD exhibit deficiencies in self-regulation and self-motivation which in turn foster problematic characteristics such as distractibility, procrastination and disorganization.

Procrastination

procrastinatingprocrastinatorprocrastinate
Individuals with ADHD exhibit deficiencies in self-regulation and self-motivation which in turn foster problematic characteristics such as distractibility, procrastination and disorganization.

Stimulation

stimulusstimulistimulate
They are often perceived by others as chaotic, with a tendency to need high stimulation to be less distracted and function effectively.

Maturity (psychological)

maturityimmatureimmaturity
In part, this is because symptoms do change with maturity; adults who have ADHD are less likely to exhibit obvious hyperactive behaviors.