Adverb

adverbsadv.abstract nounadverb (Adv)adverbialAdverbial constructionsmanner adverbsMente
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, determiner, clause, preposition, or sentence.wikipedia
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Verb

verbssubject-verb agreementv.
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, determiner, clause, preposition, or sentence.
Intransitive verbs may be followed by an adverb (a word that addresses how, where, when, and how often) or end a sentence.

Adverbial

ADVadverb(ial)adverbial structure
This function is called the adverbial function, and may be realized by single words (adverbs) or by multi-word expressions (adverbial phrases and adverbial clauses).
In grammar, an adverbial (abbreviated ) is a word (an adverb) or a group of words (an adverbial phrase or an adverbial clause) that modifies or more closely defines the sentence or the verb.

Adverbial phrase

adverb phraseadverbial-intensifiers
This function is called the adverbial function, and may be realized by single words (adverbs) or by multi-word expressions (adverbial phrases and adverbial clauses).
In linguistics, an adverbial phrase ("AdvP") is a multi-word expression operating adverbially: its syntactic function is to modify other expressions, including verbs, adjectives, adverbs, adverbials, and sentences.

Adverbial clause

adverb clauseadverbial
This function is called the adverbial function, and may be realized by single words (adverbs) or by multi-word expressions (adverbial phrases and adverbial clauses).
An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb; that is, the entire clause modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

Adjective

adjectivesadjectivalattributive adjective
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, determiner, clause, preposition, or sentence.
Many languages (including English) distinguish between adjectives, which qualify nouns and pronouns, and adverbs, which mainly modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.

Comparison (grammar)

superlativecomparativecomparison
Where the meaning permits, adverbs may undergo comparison, taking comparative and superlative forms.
Comparison is a feature in the morphology or syntax of some languages, whereby adjectives and adverbs are inflected or modified to indicate the relative degree of the property defined by the adjective or adverb.

Grammatical modifier

modifiermodifiersqualifier
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, determiner, clause, preposition, or sentence.
The two principal types of modifiers are adjectives (and adjectival phrases and adjectival clauses), which modify nouns; and adverbs (and adverbial phrases and adverbial clauses), which modify other parts of speech, particularly verbs, adjectives and other adverbs, as well as whole phrases or clauses.

Inflection

inflectedinflectional morphologyinflectional
In English this is usually done by adding more and most before the adverb (more slowly, most slowly), although there are a few adverbs that take inflected forms, such as well, for which better and best are used.
The inflection of verbs is called conjugation, and one can refer to the inflection of nouns, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, determiners, participles, prepositions and postpositions, numerals, articles etc., as declension.

Syntax

syntacticsyntacticalsyntactically
However, modern linguists note that the term "adverb" has come to be used as a kind of "catch-all" category, used to classify words with various different types of syntactic behavior, not necessarily having much in common except that they do not fit into any of the other available categories (noun, adjective, preposition, etc.)

Part of speech

parts of speechclosed classword class
Adverbs are traditionally regarded as one of the parts of speech.
Commonly listed English parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, conjunction, interjection, and sometimes numeral, article, or determiner.

Preposition and postposition

prepositionpostpositionprepositions
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, determiner, clause, preposition, or sentence.
There are often similarities in form between adpositions and adverbs.

Morpheme

morphemesmorphemicderivational
Many other adverbs, however, are not related to adjectives in this way; they may be derived from other words or phrases, or may be single morphemes.

Noun phrase

noun phrasesNPnominal phrase
Sometimes a noun phrase can also function as an adjunct of the main clause predicate, thus taking on an adverbial function, e.g.

Postpositive adjective

post-positive adjectivePost-positiveadjectives postpositively
By contrast, prepositional phrases, adverbs of location, etc., as well as relative clauses, come after the nouns they modify: the elephant in the room; all the people here; the woman to whom you spoke.

Special Esperanto adverbs

A limited number of Esperanto adverbs do not end with the regular adverbial ending -e.

Pronominal adverb

pronominal adverbs
A pronominal adverb is a type of adverb occurring in a number of Germanic languages, formed in replacement of a preposition and a pronoun by turning the former (the preposition) into a prepositional adverb and the latter (the pronoun) into a locative adverb, and finally joining them in reverse order.

Dutch language

DutchDutch-languagenl
Most notable however, are the diminutive forms of adjectives and adverbs.

Prepositional adverb

A prepositional adverb is a word – mainly a particle – which is very similar in its form to a preposition but functions as an adverb.

Japanese language

JapaneseJapanese-languageJp
Both keiyōdōshi and keiyōshi form adverbs, by following with ni in the case of keiyōdōshi:

Interlingua

Interlingua de IALAinaInterlingua (IALA)
Most adverbs are derived regularly from adjectives by adding -mente, or -amente after a -c.

Determiner

determinersDeterminer (linguistics)definite determiner
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, determiner, clause, preposition, or sentence.

Clause

clausesfinite clauseclausal
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, determiner, clause, preposition, or sentence.

Sentence (linguistics)

sentencesentencesdeclarative sentence
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, determiner, clause, preposition, or sentence.