Aegidius

Aegidius (died 464 or 465) was ruler of the short-lived Kingdom of Soissons from 461–464/465AD.wikipedia
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Kingdom of Soissons

Domain of SoissonsSoissonsKingdom of Syagrius
Aegidius (died 464 or 465) was ruler of the short-lived Kingdom of Soissons from 461–464/465AD.
The emergence of the Domain of Soissons began when Emperor Majorian (457–461) appointed Aegidius as magister militum of Roman Gaul.

Majorian

Flavius Julius Valerius MajorianusJulius Majorianus AugustusMajorien
An ardent supporter of Majorian, Aegidius rebelled against Ricimer when he assassinated Majorian and replaced him with Libius Severus; Aegidius may have pledged his allegiance to Leo I, the Eastern Roman Emperor.
He followed Aetius to Gallia, where he met under Aetius' command two officers of barbarian origin who were to play an important role in Majorian's life: the Suevic-Visigoth Ricimer and the Gaul Aegidius.

Battle of Orleans (463)

Battle of Orleansbattle of Orléansdefeated
Aegidius launched several campaigns against the Visigoths and the Burgundians, recapturing Lyons from the Burgundians in 458, and routing the Visigoths at the Battle of Orleans.
The Battle of Orléans took place in the year 463 pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Soissons, under the command of the magister militum Aegidius, against those of the Visigoths who were commanded by the Visigoth King Theodoric II and his brother Federico.

Syagrius

After his death he was succeeded by his son Syagrius, who would be the second and last ruler of the Kingdom of Soissons.
He inherited his position from his father, Aegidius, the last Roman magister militum per Gallias.

Libius Severus

SeverusFlavius '''Libius [Severus]''' Serpentius AugustusFlavius Libius Severus Serpentius
An ardent supporter of Majorian, Aegidius rebelled against Ricimer when he assassinated Majorian and replaced him with Libius Severus; Aegidius may have pledged his allegiance to Leo I, the Eastern Roman Emperor.
However, the area under Libius' control was even smaller, as the governors of several provinces did not recognise him as Emperor: both Aegidius, who controlled Gaul, and Marcellinus, who ruled semi-autonomously over Illyricum, had been supporters of Majorian and thus did not accept Libius' election.

Ricimer

Flavius Ricimer
An ardent supporter of Majorian, Aegidius rebelled against Ricimer when he assassinated Majorian and replaced him with Libius Severus; Aegidius may have pledged his allegiance to Leo I, the Eastern Roman Emperor. Aegidius was either a founding member of Majorian and Ricimer's faction, or else he quickly joined it. After Majorian became Western Roman Emperor, Aegidius was granted the title of magister militum per Gallias (master of the soldiers for Gaul) in 458, as a reward for his loyalty.
Ricimer's murder of Majorian did not sit well with some portions of the military establishment, notably the commanding general in Gaul, Aegidius, and the commanding general in Dalmatia, Marcellinus, who ruled their respective domains independent from imperial authority.

Magister militum

magistri militummagister peditummagister militum per Orientem
Before his ascension, he became magister militum per Gallias (Master of the Soldiers for Gaul) serving under Aetius, in 458AD. Aegidius was either a founding member of Majorian and Ricimer's faction, or else he quickly joined it. After Majorian became Western Roman Emperor, Aegidius was granted the title of magister militum per Gallias (master of the soldiers for Gaul) in 458, as a reward for his loyalty.
458–461: Aegidius

Franks

FrankishFrankFrankish kingdom
According to some ancient sources Franking King Childeric I, who controlled much of northern Gaul, was exiled at some point after 457, and the Franks then elected Aegidius to rule them.
Childeric and his son Clovis I faced competition from the Roman Aegidius as competitor for the "kingship" of the Franks associated with the Roman Loire forces.

Battle of Arelate

In the same year, Aegidius led troops at the Battle of Arelate, against the Visigoths under King Theodoric II.
Traveling with his generals Aegidius and Nepotianus, Majorian encountered the Visigothic king and his army at Arelate, at the mouth of the Rhodanus river (Rhone).

Childeric I

ChildericChilderic I, King of the Salian FranksChilderick
According to some ancient sources Franking King Childeric I, who controlled much of northern Gaul, was exiled at some point after 457, and the Franks then elected Aegidius to rule them.
In records from Childeric's own lifetime, he is mainly associated with the Roman military actions around the Loire river, where he appears in records involving the Gallo-Roman general Aegidius.

Soissons

Abbey of Saint-MédardDiocese of SoissonsSoissonnais
Syagrius is reported to have moved his seat of government to Soissons, which would later give Aegidius and Syagrius' breakaway government the historiographic name of the Kingdom of Soissons.
From 457 to 486, under Aegidius and his son Syagrius, Noviodunum was the capital of the Kingdom of Soissons, until it fell to the Frankish king Clovis I in 486 after the Battle of Soissons.

Western Roman Empire

Western EmpireWesternWest
Aegidius was born in Gaul, a province of the Western Roman Empire.
His rule, even as a puppet emperor, extended little beyond Italy, with Aegidius splitting off from the Western Empire, and establishing the Kingdom of Soissons.

Agrippinus (magister militum)

Agrippinus
The two people most likely to have been given the title of magister militum per Gallias (master of soldiers in Gaul) were the Roman general Agrippinus, or the Burgundian King Gundioc, who was Ricimer's brother-in-law.
When Avitus was deposed by Majorian in 456, Majorian replaced Agrippinus with Aegidius as comes; Aegidius then accused his predecessor of various kinds of treachery.

Leo I the Thracian

Leo ILeoEmperor Leo
An ardent supporter of Majorian, Aegidius rebelled against Ricimer when he assassinated Majorian and replaced him with Libius Severus; Aegidius may have pledged his allegiance to Leo I, the Eastern Roman Emperor.

Visigoths

VisigothicVisigothGothic
In the same year, Aegidius led troops at the Battle of Arelate, against the Visigoths under King Theodoric II. Aegidius repeatedly threatened to invade Italy and dethrone Libius Severus, but never actually launched such an invasion; historians have suggested he was unwilling to launch an invasion due to the pressure of the Visigoths, or else because it would leave Gaul exposed.

Burgundians

BurgundianBurgundyBurgund
Aegidius launched several campaigns against the Visigoths and the Burgundians, recapturing Lyons from the Burgundians in 458, and routing the Visigoths at the Battle of Orleans. It is known that during this time, Ricimer ceded Lyons to the Burgundians, and Narbonne and most of Narbonensis Prima to the Visigoths, in exchange for alliances.

Lyon

Lyon, FranceLyonsLyon-Parilly
Aegidius launched several campaigns against the Visigoths and the Burgundians, recapturing Lyons from the Burgundians in 458, and routing the Visigoths at the Battle of Orleans. It is known that during this time, Ricimer ceded Lyons to the Burgundians, and Narbonne and most of Narbonensis Prima to the Visigoths, in exchange for alliances.

Gaul

GallicGalliaGaulish
Aegidius was born in Gaul, a province of the Western Roman Empire.

Flavius Aetius

AetiusAëtiusEzio
Before his ascension, he became magister militum per Gallias (Master of the Soldiers for Gaul) serving under Aetius, in 458AD.

Roman emperor

EmperoremperorsEmperor of the Roman Empire
Aegidius was either a founding member of Majorian and Ricimer's faction, or else he quickly joined it. After Majorian became Western Roman Emperor, Aegidius was granted the title of magister militum per Gallias (master of the soldiers for Gaul) in 458, as a reward for his loyalty.

Theodoric II

Theoderic IITheodoricTheodoric II of the Ostrogoths
In the same year, Aegidius led troops at the Battle of Arelate, against the Visigoths under King Theodoric II.

Hispania

SpainRomanRomans
As a result of the battle, Theodoric II was forced to return Visigoth territory in Hispania to the Western Roman Empire, and submit again to being a Roman vassal.

Foederati

foedusfederatesfoederatus
As a result of the battle, Theodoric II was forced to return Visigoth territory in Hispania to the Western Roman Empire, and submit again to being a Roman vassal.

Roman Italy

ItalyItaliaItalian
Aegidius repeatedly threatened to invade Italy, however he never did so. Modern historian Penny MacGeorge has suggested that this was due to pressure from the Visigoths, whereas others assert that he was unable or unwilling to march to Italy, leaving Gaul exposed.

Narbonne

NarboNarbo MartiusNarbona
It is known that during this time, Ricimer ceded Lyons to the Burgundians, and Narbonne and most of Narbonensis Prima to the Visigoths, in exchange for alliances.