Aerial application

crop dustingcrop dustercropdusteraerial sprayingcrop sprayingcropdustingagricultural aviationagricultural workagricultural aircraftagriculture
Aerial application, or what was formerly referred to as crop dusting, involves spraying crops with crop protection products from an agricultural aircraft.wikipedia
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Aerial topdressing

top dressingaerial fertiliser spreadingaerial top dressing
The specific spreading of fertilizer is also known as aerial topdressing in some countries.
Aerial topdressing is the aerial application of fertilisers over farmland using agricultural aircraft.

Agricultural aircraft

agriculturalcrop dustercrop-duster
Aerial application, or what was formerly referred to as crop dusting, involves spraying crops with crop protection products from an agricultural aircraft.
An agricultural aircraft is an aircraft that has been built or converted for agricultural use - usually aerial application of pesticides (crop dusting) or fertilizer (aerial topdressing); in these roles they are referred to as "crop dusters" or "top dressers".

Étienne Dormoy

Etienne Dormoy
Under the direction of McCook engineer Etienne Dormoy, a United States Army Air Service Curtiss JN4 Jenny piloted by John A. Macready was modified at McCook Field to spread lead arsenate to kill catalpa sphinx caterpillars at a Catalapa farm near Troy, Ohio in the United States.
There, he tested aerial applications, including a United States Army Air Service Curtiss JN-4 modified for aerial crop dusting in 1921

Pesticide drift

spray drift[drift of pesticide
Many countries have severely limited aerial application of pesticides and other products because of environmental and public health hazards like spray drift; most notably, the European Union banned it outright with a few highly restricted exceptions in 2009, effectively ending the practice in all member states.
Aerial application

John A. Macready

Lt. John MacreadyMacReady, John A
Under the direction of McCook engineer Etienne Dormoy, a United States Army Air Service Curtiss JN4 Jenny piloted by John A. Macready was modified at McCook Field to spread lead arsenate to kill catalpa sphinx caterpillars at a Catalapa farm near Troy, Ohio in the United States.
On 3 August 1921, Lt. Macready became the first person to test fly an experimental aerial application system for spraying pesticides from an aircraft, flying the world's first "crop duster".

PAC Fletcher

FU-24Fletcher FU24PAC FU-24 Fletcher
Nowadays, the most common agricultural aircraft are the Air Tractor, Cessna Ag-wagon, Gippsland GA200, Grumman Ag Cat, PZL-106 KRUK, M-18 Dromader, PAC Fletcher, Piper PA-36 Pawnee Brave, Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema, and Rockwell Thrush Commander but multi-purpose helicopters are also used.
One of the first designed for aerial topdressing, the Fletcher has also been used for other aerial applications as a utility aircraft, and for sky diving.

PZL-Mielec M-18 Dromader

M-18 DromaderM18-BPezetel M18 (Dromader)
Nowadays, the most common agricultural aircraft are the Air Tractor, Cessna Ag-wagon, Gippsland GA200, Grumman Ag Cat, PZL-106 KRUK, M-18 Dromader, PAC Fletcher, Piper PA-36 Pawnee Brave, Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema, and Rockwell Thrush Commander but multi-purpose helicopters are also used.
The aircraft is used mainly as a cropduster or firefighting machine.

Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema

EMB-700 IpanemaEmbraer Ipanema 201B
Nowadays, the most common agricultural aircraft are the Air Tractor, Cessna Ag-wagon, Gippsland GA200, Grumman Ag Cat, PZL-106 KRUK, M-18 Dromader, PAC Fletcher, Piper PA-36 Pawnee Brave, Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema, and Rockwell Thrush Commander but multi-purpose helicopters are also used.
The Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema is a Brazilian agricultural aircraft used for aerial application, particularly crop dusting.

McCook Field

Dayton, Ohio
Crop dusting was developed under the joint efforts of the US Agriculture Department, and the US Army Signal Corps's research station at McCook Field in Dayton, Ohio.
Aerial application, or "Crop Dusting"

Yamaha R-MAX

, the use of UAV crop dusters, such as the Yamaha R-MAX, is being expanded to the United States for use in spraying of vineyards.
It was designed primarily for agricultural use, and is capable of precise aerial spraying of crops.

Ceratomia catalpae

catalpa sphinx
Under the direction of McCook engineer Etienne Dormoy, a United States Army Air Service Curtiss JN4 Jenny piloted by John A. Macready was modified at McCook Field to spread lead arsenate to kill catalpa sphinx caterpillars at a Catalapa farm near Troy, Ohio in the United States.
The first trial of aerial crop dusting was an attempt to control the Catalpa Sphinx.

Pesticide application

applicationsprayingequipment for applying
Pesticide application
Related to this, aerial pesticide application is a method of top dressing a pesticide to an emerged crop which eliminates physical contact with soil and crops.

Ayres Thrush

Aero Commander Ag Commander S-2 ThrushAero Commander S-2R-T34 Thrush CommanderAyres S2R-G10 Thrush
Nowadays, the most common agricultural aircraft are the Air Tractor, Cessna Ag-wagon, Gippsland GA200, Grumman Ag Cat, PZL-106 KRUK, M-18 Dromader, PAC Fletcher, Piper PA-36 Pawnee Brave, Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema, and Rockwell Thrush Commander but multi-purpose helicopters are also used.

Pesticide

pesticidescrop sprayingchemical pesticides
Many countries have severely limited aerial application of pesticides and other products because of environmental and public health hazards like spray drift; most notably, the European Union banned it outright with a few highly restricted exceptions in 2009, effectively ending the practice in all member states.

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
Many countries have severely limited aerial application of pesticides and other products because of environmental and public health hazards like spray drift; most notably, the European Union banned it outright with a few highly restricted exceptions in 2009, effectively ending the practice in all member states.

Helicopter

helicoptersrotorcraftchopper
Nowadays, the most common agricultural aircraft are the Air Tractor, Cessna Ag-wagon, Gippsland GA200, Grumman Ag Cat, PZL-106 KRUK, M-18 Dromader, PAC Fletcher, Piper PA-36 Pawnee Brave, Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema, and Rockwell Thrush Commander but multi-purpose helicopters are also used. Helicopters are sometimes used, and some aircraft serve double duty as water bombers in areas prone to wildfires.

Aerial firefighting

water bomberwater bomberswaterbomber
Helicopters are sometimes used, and some aircraft serve double duty as water bombers in areas prone to wildfires.

Wildfire

forest fireforest fireswildfires
Helicopters are sometimes used, and some aircraft serve double duty as water bombers in areas prone to wildfires.

Wairoa

Wairoa DistrictWairoa District Council
The first known aerial application of agricultural materials was by John Chaytor, who in 1906 spread seed over a swamped valley floor in Wairoa, New Zealand, using a hot air balloon with mobile tethers.

New Zealand

🇳🇿NZLNZ
The first known aerial application of agricultural materials was by John Chaytor, who in 1906 spread seed over a swamped valley floor in Wairoa, New Zealand, using a hot air balloon with mobile tethers.

Hot air balloon

hot-air balloonhot air balloonsballoon
The first known aerial application of agricultural materials was by John Chaytor, who in 1906 spread seed over a swamped valley floor in Wairoa, New Zealand, using a hot air balloon with mobile tethers.

Dayton, Ohio

DaytonDayton, OHDayton area
Crop dusting was developed under the joint efforts of the US Agriculture Department, and the US Army Signal Corps's research station at McCook Field in Dayton, Ohio.

United States Army Air Service

Air ServiceArmy Air ServiceUSAAS
Under the direction of McCook engineer Etienne Dormoy, a United States Army Air Service Curtiss JN4 Jenny piloted by John A. Macready was modified at McCook Field to spread lead arsenate to kill catalpa sphinx caterpillars at a Catalapa farm near Troy, Ohio in the United States.

Curtiss JN-4

Curtiss JennyCurtiss JN-3Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny
Under the direction of McCook engineer Etienne Dormoy, a United States Army Air Service Curtiss JN4 Jenny piloted by John A. Macready was modified at McCook Field to spread lead arsenate to kill catalpa sphinx caterpillars at a Catalapa farm near Troy, Ohio in the United States.