Affair of the Diamond Necklace

Diamond Necklace AffairNecklace AffairAffair of the NecklaceAffair of the Queen's Necklacecase of the Diamond NecklaceCharles Auguste Boehmerdiamond necklacematter of the diamond necklacenecklacenecklace of Queen Marie-Antoinette
The Affair of the Diamond Necklace was an incident from 1784 through 1785 at the court of King Louis XVI of France involving his wife, Queen Marie Antoinette.wikipedia
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Marie Antoinette

Marie-AntoinetteQueen Marie AntoinetteQueen Marie-Antoinette
The Affair of the Diamond Necklace was an incident from 1784 through 1785 at the court of King Louis XVI of France involving his wife, Queen Marie Antoinette.
The Affair of the Diamond Necklace damaged her reputation further.

Jeanne de Valois-Saint-Rémy

Jeanne of Valois-Saint-RémyJeanne de la MotteJeanne de Saint-Rémy de Valois
A confidence trickster who called herself Jeanne de Valois-Saint-Rémy, also known as Jeanne de la Motte, conceived a plan to use the necklace to gain wealth and possibly power and royal patronage.
She is known for her prominent role in the Affair of the Diamond Necklace, one of many scandals that led to the French Revolution and helped to destroy the monarchy of France.

Rétaux de Villette

Jeanne de la Motte, having entered court by means of a lover named Rétaux de Villette, persuaded Rohan that she had been received by the Queen and enjoyed her favour.
He was one of the participators in the famous Affair of the diamond necklace.

Nicholas de la Motte

Antoine-Nicolas de la MotteComte de la MotteLa Motte
A descendant of an illegitimate son of Henry II of France, Jeanne had married an officer of the gendarmes, Nicholas de la Motte, the soi-disant "comte de la Motte", and was living on a small pension granted to her by the King.
Nicholas de la Motte (Bar-sur-Aube 29 July 1755 – Paris 6 November 1831), born Marc Antoine-Nicolas de la Motte, was an 18th-century French adventurer known for his part as a swindler in the affair of the diamond necklace.

Alessandro Cagliostro

CagliostroCount CagliostroJoseph Balsamo
The noted Freemason and occultist Alessandro Cagliostro was also arrested, although it is doubtful whether he had any part in the affair.
Some effort was expended to ascertain his true identity when he was arrested because of possible participation in the Affair of the Diamond Necklace.

Cardinal de Rohan

Louis René Édouard de Rohan-GuéménéLouis René Édouard de RohanLouis René Édouard, cardinal de Rohan
In March 1785, Jeanne became the mistress of the Cardinal de Rohan, a former French ambassador to the court of Vienna.
Wishing to redeem himself in the eyes of the Queen, he fell into the hands of a gang of thieves, the comtesse de Lamotte, and others, perhaps including the notorious Cagliostro, whose actions form part of the "affair of the diamond necklace".

Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil

Baron de BreteuilBreteuilBaron of Breteuil
On 15 August 1785, the Assumption of Mary, while the court was awaiting the King and Queen to go to the chapel, the Cardinal de Rohan, who was to officiate, was taken before the King, the Queen, the Minister of the Court Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil and the Keeper of the Seals Armand Thomas Hue de Miromesnil to explain himself.
Breteuil's time as Household Minister corresponded with the infamous Affair of the Necklace, which pitted him against his enemy, the Cardinal de Rohan.

Henry II of France

Henry IIHenri IIKing Henry II
A descendant of an illegitimate son of Henry II of France, Jeanne had married an officer of the gendarmes, Nicholas de la Motte, the soi-disant "comte de la Motte", and was living on a small pension granted to her by the King.

The Queen's Necklace

It is loosely based on the Affair of the Diamond Necklace, an episode involving fraud and royal scandal that made headlines at the court of Louis XVI in the 1780s.

Bastille

The BastilleBastille PrisonBastile
Rohan was arrested and taken to the Bastille; on the way, he sent home a note ordering the destruction of his correspondence.
In the aftermath of the notorious "Affair of the Diamond Necklace" of 1786, involving the Queen and accusations of fraud, all the eleven suspects were held in the Bastille, significantly increasing the notoriety surrounding the institution.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

GoetheJohann Wolfgang GoetheJohann von Goethe
During the course of his trip Goethe met and befriended the artists Angelica Kauffman and Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein, as well as encountering such notable characters as Lady Hamilton and Alessandro Cagliostro (see Affair of the Diamond Necklace).

The Necklace Affair

The necklace of Queen Marie-Antoinette that was believed to have been destroyed centuries ago has been found by Sir Henry Williamson, a wealthy British collector based in France.

Marie Antoinette (1938 film)

Marie Antoinette1938 film1938
Marie later rejects a jeweler's expensive and elaborate necklace, but she is framed by court insiders plotting to acquire the necklace for themselves, and the Affair of the Diamond Necklace erupts.

The Affair of the Necklace

The screenplay by John Sweet is based on what became known as the Affair of the Diamond Necklace, an incident that helped fuel the French populace's disillusionment with the monarchy and, among other causes, eventually led to the French Revolution.

The Rose of Versailles

Rose of VersaillesLady OscarBerusaiyu no Bara Gaiden
Both the Affair of the Diamond Necklace and the appearance of the infamous Gabrielle de Polastron, comtesse de Polignac are central plot events taken from history, as well as the French Revolution and the fall of the Bastille – all given interesting interpretations through the fictional character Oscar and her companions.

Louis XVI of France

Louis XVIKing Louis XVIKing Louis XVI of France
The Affair of the Diamond Necklace was an incident from 1784 through 1785 at the court of King Louis XVI of France involving his wife, Queen Marie Antoinette. It was described as “a row of seventeen glorious diamonds, as large almost as filberts… a three-wreathed festoon, and pendants enough (simple pear shaped, multiple star-shaped, or clustering amorphous) encircle it... around a very Queen of Diamonds” The jewellers hoped it would be a product that the new Queen of France, Marie Antoinette, would buy and indeed in 1778 the new king, Louis XVI, offered it to his wife as a present, but she refused.

Monarchy

kingdommonarchieskingdoms
The event is historically significant as one of the events that led to the French populace's disillusionment with the monarchy, which, among other causes, eventually precipitated the French Revolution.

French Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary FranceRevolutionary
The event is historically significant as one of the events that led to the French populace's disillusionment with the monarchy, which, among other causes, eventually precipitated the French Revolution.

Louis XV of France

Louis XVKing Louis XVKing Louis XV of France
In 1772, Louis XV of France decided to make Madame du Barry, with whom he was infatuated, a special gift at the estimated cost of 2,000,000 livres (approximately $14 million in 2015 USD).

Madame du Barry

Mme du BarryComtesse du BarryMadame DuBarry
In 1772, Louis XV of France decided to make Madame du Barry, with whom he was infatuated, a special gift at the estimated cost of 2,000,000 livres (approximately $14 million in 2015 USD).

Livre tournois

livreslivres tournoisLt
In 1772, Louis XV of France decided to make Madame du Barry, with whom he was infatuated, a special gift at the estimated cost of 2,000,000 livres (approximately $14 million in 2015 USD).

Smallpox

small poxvariolaVariola virus
In the meantime, Louis XV died of smallpox, and his grandson and successor banished du Barry from the court.

Hazelnut

hazelnutshazel nutfilbert
It was described as “a row of seventeen glorious diamonds, as large almost as filberts… a three-wreathed festoon, and pendants enough (simple pear shaped, multiple star-shaped, or clustering amorphous) encircle it... around a very Queen of Diamonds” The jewellers hoped it would be a product that the new Queen of France, Marie Antoinette, would buy and indeed in 1778 the new king, Louis XVI, offered it to his wife as a present, but she refused.

Seventy-four (ship)

74-gunseventy-four74-gun ship
The queen initially turned it down stating, "We have more need of Seventy-Fours [ships] than of necklaces."

Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France

Louis-Joseph, Dauphin of FranceDauphinLouis Joseph
After having vainly tried to place the necklace outside France, the jewellers again attempted to sell it to Marie Antoinette after the birth of Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France, in 1781.