A report on NigeriaAfrica and Igbo people

The totality of Africa seen by the Apollo 17 crew
Lucy, an Australopithecus afarensis skeleton discovered 24 November 1974 in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia's Afar Depression
Bronze from the ninth century town of Igbo Ukwu, now at the British Museum
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Saharan rock art in the Fezzan
An Igbo man with facial scarifications, known as ichi, early 20th century
Ceremonial Igbo pot from 9th-century Igbo-Ukwu
Diachronic map showing African empires spanning roughly 500 BCE to 1500 CE
Three Igbo women in the early 20th century
Yoruba copper mask of Obalufon from the city of Ife c. 1300
The Ezana Stone records King Ezana's conversion to Christianity and his subjugation of various neighboring peoples, including Meroë.
Flag of the Republic of Biafra (1967–1970), sometimes regarded as the ethnic flag of the Igbo
Royal Benin ivory mask, one of Nigeria's most recognized artifacts. Benin Empire, 16th century.
The intricate 9th-century bronzes from Igbo-Ukwu, in Nigeria displayed a level of technical accomplishment that was notably more advanced than European bronze casting of the same period.
Anklet beaten from a solid brass bar of the type once fashionable among Igbo women. Now in the collection of Wolverhampton Art Gallery. The leg-tube extends approx 7 cm each side of the 35 cm disc.
Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard who as Governor-General of Nigeria led the amalgamation of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914.
Ruins of Great Zimbabwe (flourished eleventh to fifteenth centuries)
Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe is the most popular and renowned novel that deals with the Igbo and their traditional life.
Emir of Kano with cavalry, 1911
Major slave trading regions of Africa, 15th–19th centuries.
Thatching with palm leaf mats, early 20th century
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Comparison of Africa in the years 1880 and 1913
Traditional Igbo house/room from the Anambra area, 1967
1953 postage stamp with portrait of Queen ElizabethII
Topography of Africa
Wooden sculpture of Ikenga, an Alusi, in the Musée du Quai Branly.
Nnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria from 1963 to 1966
Today, the African Plate is moving over Earth's surface at a speed of 0.292° ± 0.007° per million years, relative to the "average" Earth (NNR-MORVEL56)
The Holy Ghost depicted as a dove on a relief in Onitsha
The Republic of Biafra in June 1967, when it declared its independence from the rest of Nigeria
The main biomes in Africa.
A modern Igbo wedding, Nnewi, Nigeria
Shehu Shagari was the first democratically elected President of Nigeria from 1979 to 1983.
Africa Water Precipitation
Men wearing contemporary Isiagu with the ceremonial Igbo men's hat okpu agu
Olusegun Obasanjo was civilian President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007.
Savanna at Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania
striped men's hat
Muhammadu Buhari is currently serving as President of Nigeria, since 2015.
African countries by GDP (PPP) per capita in 2020
Yam porridge (or yam pottage) is an Igbo dish known as awaị.
Nigerian National Assembly, Abuja
A map showing religious distribution in Africa
Igbo people celebrating the New Yam festival in Dublin, Ireland
Nigerian Army self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
A simplistic view of language families spoken in Africa
Nigerian Air Force Mil Mi-35P
The rock-hewn Church of Saint George in Lalibela, Ethiopia is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Abuja
Nok figure (5th century BC-5th century AD)
Former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan (centre) with United States President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama in August 2014
A musician from South Africa
Map of Nigeria with administrative divisions
Best results of African men's national football teams at the FIFA World Cup
Climate map of Nigeria
An animated map shows the order of independence of African nations, 1950–2011
Palm plantation in Delta State
Africa's wars and conflicts, 1980–96 {{legend|#cc4c02|Major Wars/Conflict (100,000 + Casualties)}}{{legend|#fe9929|Minor Wars/Conflict}}{{legend|#fed98e|Other Conflicts}}
Rainforest range of Obudu Mountains
Political map of Africa in 2021
Clouds kissing the mountains of Obudu
Map of the African Economic Community.
CEN-SAD
COMESA
EAC
ECCAS
ECOWAS
IGAD
SADC
UMA
A proportional representation of Nigeria exports, 2019
Farm ploughing in Kwara State
Oil facility at Bonny Island, Rivers State
PTDF – Petroleum Technology Development Fund
Countries by natural gas proven reserves (2014). Nigeria has the largest reserves in Africa.
Innoson vehicles
Steel factory in Ajaokuta
Meridien Akwa Ibom golf course park
Lekki Beach in Lagos
Substation in Abuja
Railway system in Nigeria, 2022
Second Niger bridge at Onitsha, artistic impression
SpaceX launch of CRS-11 with Nigeria EduSat-1 on board in 2017
Population density (persons per square kilometer) in Nigeria
Map of Nigeria's linguistic groups
The Abuja National Mosque
National Church of Nigeria, Abuja
Nigerian states that implement some form of sharia law (in green)
A hospital in Abuja
The University of Lagos
A Nigerian police officer at the Eyo festival in Lagos
End SARS is a decentralised social movement and series of mass protests against police brutality in Nigeria.
Nigerian women in tech
Lisa Folawiyo, Fashion Designer From Nigeria
An Eyo Iga Olowe Salaye masquerade jumping
Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart, Africa's most popular and best selling literary piece ever, has been translated into more than forty languages.
Wizkid is a popular musician in Nigeria, Africa and worldwide.
Nigeria at the 2018 FIFA World Cup
Nigerian football supporters at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
Imota Rice Mill, close to Lagos
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
Pharmacy in Epe
Ituen Basi, Lagos based Nigerian fashion designer

natively Ṇ́dị́ Ìgbò) are an ethnic group in Nigeria.

- Igbo people

It covers an area of 923769 km2, and with a population of over 218 million, it is the most populous country in Africa, and the world’s seventh-most populous country.

- Nigeria

Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population.

- Africa

The three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa in the north, Yoruba in the west, and Igbo in the east, together comprising over 60% of the total population.

- Nigeria

These included small family groups of hunter-gatherers such as the San people of southern Africa; larger, more structured groups such as the family clan groupings of the Bantu-speaking peoples of central, southern, and eastern Africa; heavily structured clan groups in the Horn of Africa; the large Sahelian kingdoms; and autonomous city-states and kingdoms such as those of the Akan; Edo, Yoruba, and Igbo people in West Africa; and the Swahili coastal trading towns of Southeast Africa.

- Africa

Prominent Igbo communities outside Africa include those of London in the United Kingdom and Houston, Baltimore, Chicago, Detroit, Seattle, Atlanta and Washington, D.C. in the United States.

- Igbo people

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Mansa Musa depicted holding a gold nugget from a 1395 map of Africa and Europe

West Africa

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Mansa Musa depicted holding a gold nugget from a 1395 map of Africa and Europe
13th-century Africa – Map of the main trade routes and states, kingdoms and empires.
West Africa circa 1875
French in West Africa circa 1913
A rhinoceros in Bandia Nature Reserve, Senegal. Credit: Corine REZEL.
African bush elephants in Yankari National Park, Nigeria
Deforestation in Nigeria.
Satellite imagery from outer space of West Africa
Railway systems in West Africa, 2022
Railway systems in West Africa 2030, projection
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A street and airport in the famous town of Timbuktu, Mali, showing the Sudano-Sahelian architectural style of the West African interior
Philip Emeagwali wearing the Boubou (or Agbada), a traditional robe symbolic of West Africa
Jollof rice or Benachin, one of many Pan–West African dishes found only in West Africa
Supporters of ASEC Mimosas
The talking drum is an instrument unique to West Africa.
Kora-playing griots in Senegal, 1900. Both the Kora, a 21-stringed harp-lute, and the griot musical-caste are unique to West Africa.
The 13th-century Great Mosque of Djenné is a superb example of the indigenous Sahelian architectural style prevalent in the Savannah and Sahelian interior of West Africa. It is listed an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Voodoo altar with several fetishes in Abomey, Benin
Map of petroleum and natural gas within West Africa
Praia, Cape Verde
Dakar, Senegal
Lomé, Togo
Porto-Novo, Benin
Niamey, Niger
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Banjul, Gambia
Conakry, Guinea
Bissau, Guinea-Bissau
Monrovia, Liberia
Bamako, Mali
Georgetown, Ascension Island
Tristan da Cunha, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

West Africa (or Western Africa) is the westernmost region of Africa.

The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo, as well as Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom Overseas Territory).

Meanwhile, south of the Sudan, strong city-states arose in Igboland, such as the 10th-century Kingdom of Nri, which helped birth the arts and customs of the Igbo people, Bono State in the 11th century, which gave birth to the numerous Akan States, while Ife rose to prominence around the 12th century.