A report on Nigeria and Africa

The totality of Africa seen by the Apollo 17 crew
Lucy, an Australopithecus afarensis skeleton discovered 24 November 1974 in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia's Afar Depression
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Saharan rock art in the Fezzan
Ceremonial Igbo pot from 9th-century Igbo-Ukwu
Diachronic map showing African empires spanning roughly 500 BCE to 1500 CE
Yoruba copper mask of Obalufon from the city of Ife c. 1300
The Ezana Stone records King Ezana's conversion to Christianity and his subjugation of various neighboring peoples, including Meroë.
Royal Benin ivory mask, one of Nigeria's most recognized artifacts. Benin Empire, 16th century.
The intricate 9th-century bronzes from Igbo-Ukwu, in Nigeria displayed a level of technical accomplishment that was notably more advanced than European bronze casting of the same period.
Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard who as Governor-General of Nigeria led the amalgamation of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914.
Ruins of Great Zimbabwe (flourished eleventh to fifteenth centuries)
Emir of Kano with cavalry, 1911
Major slave trading regions of Africa, 15th–19th centuries.
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Comparison of Africa in the years 1880 and 1913
1953 postage stamp with portrait of Queen ElizabethII
Topography of Africa
Nnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria from 1963 to 1966
Today, the African Plate is moving over Earth's surface at a speed of 0.292° ± 0.007° per million years, relative to the "average" Earth (NNR-MORVEL56)
The Republic of Biafra in June 1967, when it declared its independence from the rest of Nigeria
The main biomes in Africa.
Shehu Shagari was the first democratically elected President of Nigeria from 1979 to 1983.
Africa Water Precipitation
Olusegun Obasanjo was civilian President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007.
Savanna at Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania
Muhammadu Buhari is currently serving as President of Nigeria, since 2015.
African countries by GDP (PPP) per capita in 2020
Nigerian National Assembly, Abuja
A map showing religious distribution in Africa
Nigerian Army self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
A simplistic view of language families spoken in Africa
Nigerian Air Force Mil Mi-35P
The rock-hewn Church of Saint George in Lalibela, Ethiopia is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Abuja
Nok figure (5th century BC-5th century AD)
Former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan (centre) with United States President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama in August 2014
A musician from South Africa
Map of Nigeria with administrative divisions
Best results of African men's national football teams at the FIFA World Cup
Climate map of Nigeria
An animated map shows the order of independence of African nations, 1950–2011
Palm plantation in Delta State
Africa's wars and conflicts, 1980–96 {{legend|#cc4c02|Major Wars/Conflict (100,000 + Casualties)}}{{legend|#fe9929|Minor Wars/Conflict}}{{legend|#fed98e|Other Conflicts}}
Rainforest range of Obudu Mountains
Political map of Africa in 2021
Clouds kissing the mountains of Obudu
Map of the African Economic Community.
CEN-SAD
COMESA
EAC
ECCAS
ECOWAS
IGAD
SADC
UMA
A proportional representation of Nigeria exports, 2019
Farm ploughing in Kwara State
Oil facility at Bonny Island, Rivers State
PTDF – Petroleum Technology Development Fund
Countries by natural gas proven reserves (2014). Nigeria has the largest reserves in Africa.
Innoson vehicles
Steel factory in Ajaokuta
Meridien Akwa Ibom golf course park
Lekki Beach in Lagos
Substation in Abuja
Railway system in Nigeria, 2022
Second Niger bridge at Onitsha, artistic impression
SpaceX launch of CRS-11 with Nigeria EduSat-1 on board in 2017
Population density (persons per square kilometer) in Nigeria
Map of Nigeria's linguistic groups
The Abuja National Mosque
National Church of Nigeria, Abuja
Nigerian states that implement some form of sharia law (in green)
A hospital in Abuja
The University of Lagos
A Nigerian police officer at the Eyo festival in Lagos
End SARS is a decentralised social movement and series of mass protests against police brutality in Nigeria.
Nigerian women in tech
Lisa Folawiyo, Fashion Designer From Nigeria
An Eyo Iga Olowe Salaye masquerade jumping
Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart, Africa's most popular and best selling literary piece ever, has been translated into more than forty languages.
Wizkid is a popular musician in Nigeria, Africa and worldwide.
Nigeria at the 2018 FIFA World Cup
Nigerian football supporters at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
Imota Rice Mill, close to Lagos
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
Pharmacy in Epe
Ituen Basi, Lagos based Nigerian fashion designer

It covers an area of 923769 km2, and with a population of over 218 million, it is the most populous country in Africa, and the world’s seventh-most populous country.

- Nigeria

Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population.

- Africa

18 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Nok culture

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The Nok culture (or Nok civilization) is a population whose material remains are named after the Ham village of Nok in Kaduna State of Nigeria, where their terracotta sculptures were first discovered in 1928.

In the maritime history of Africa, there is the earlier Dufuna canoe, which was constructed approximately 8000 years ago in the northern region of Nigeria; as the second earliest form of water vessel known in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Nok terracotta depiction of a dugout canoe was created in the central region of Nigeria during the first millennium BCE.

Organisation of African Unity

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Intergovernmental organization established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, with 32 signatory governments.

Intergovernmental organization established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, with 32 signatory governments.

Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie with President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser in Addis Ababa for the Organisation of African Unity summit, 1963.
Egypt's president Nasser at the Cairo summit 1964

To co-ordinate and intensify the co-operation of African states in order to achieve a better life for the people of Africa.

The Monrovian bloc, led by Senghor of Senegal, felt that unity should be achieved gradually, through economic cooperation. It did not support the notion of a political federation. Its other members were Nigeria, Liberia, Ethiopia, and most of the former French colonies.

Igbo people

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The Igbo people (, also ; also spelled Ibo and formerly also Iboe, Ebo, Eboe, Eboans, Heebo;

The Igbo people (, also ; also spelled Ibo and formerly also Iboe, Ebo, Eboe, Eboans, Heebo;

Bronze from the ninth century town of Igbo Ukwu, now at the British Museum
An Igbo man with facial scarifications, known as ichi, early 20th century
Three Igbo women in the early 20th century
Flag of the Republic of Biafra (1967–1970), sometimes regarded as the ethnic flag of the Igbo
Anklet beaten from a solid brass bar of the type once fashionable among Igbo women. Now in the collection of Wolverhampton Art Gallery. The leg-tube extends approx 7 cm each side of the 35 cm disc.
Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe is the most popular and renowned novel that deals with the Igbo and their traditional life.
Thatching with palm leaf mats, early 20th century
Traditional Igbo house/room from the Anambra area, 1967
Wooden sculpture of Ikenga, an Alusi, in the Musée du Quai Branly.
The Holy Ghost depicted as a dove on a relief in Onitsha
A modern Igbo wedding, Nnewi, Nigeria
Men wearing contemporary Isiagu with the ceremonial Igbo men's hat okpu agu
striped men's hat
Yam porridge (or yam pottage) is an Igbo dish known as awaị.
Igbo people celebrating the New Yam festival in Dublin, Ireland

natively Ṇ́dị́ Ìgbò) are an ethnic group in Nigeria.

Prominent Igbo communities outside Africa include those of London in the United Kingdom and Houston, Baltimore, Chicago, Detroit, Seattle, Atlanta and Washington, D.C. in the United States.

Harry Dexter White (left) and John Maynard Keynes, the "founding fathers" of both the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

World Bank

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International financial institution that provides loans and grants to the governments of low- and middle-income countries for the purpose of pursuing capital projects.

International financial institution that provides loans and grants to the governments of low- and middle-income countries for the purpose of pursuing capital projects.

Harry Dexter White (left) and John Maynard Keynes, the "founding fathers" of both the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
The Gold Room at the Mount Washington Hotel where the International Monetary Fund and World Bank were established
The World Bank Group headquarters building in Washington, D.C.

UNICEF reported in the late 1980s that the structural adjustment programs of the World Bank had been responsible for "reduced health, nutritional and educational levels for tens of millions of children in Asia, Latin America, and Africa".

Most developed countries' voting power was reduced, along with a few developing countries such as Nigeria.

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Official language

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Language given a special status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.

Language given a special status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.

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A bilingual Soviet-era street name sign in the two de facto official languages of the Latvian SSR (Latvian and Russian)

An instance is Nigeria which has three endoglossic official languages.

In spatial terms, indigenous (endoglossic) languages are mostly employed in the function of official (state) languages in Eurasia, while mainly non-indigenous (exoglossic) imperial (European) languages fulfill this function in most of the "Rest of the World" (that is, in Africa, the Americas, Australia and Oceania).

Edo people

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Location of Edo state and Benin City in Nigeria
Edo cultural dressing with beaded crowns and outfits
Tunic
16th century ivory portrait of Queen Mother Idia
Figure of Oba Oguola, an Edo king

The Edo or Benin people are an Edoid ethnic group primarily found in Edo State, Southern part of Nigeria.

Edo people have one of the most unique dress cultures on the African continent.

Local African ceremony in Benin featuring a zangbeto.

Traditional African religions

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The traditional beliefs and practices of African people are highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions.

The traditional beliefs and practices of African people are highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions.

Local African ceremony in Benin featuring a zangbeto.
An early-20th-century Igbo medicine man in Nigeria, West Africa
Traditional Vodun dancer enchanting gods and spirits, in Ganvie, Benin.
Traditional Koku dancer, bearing strong similarities to religious dancers of the Dravidian folk religion in Southern India.
Bakongo masks from the Kongo Central
Early-20th-century Yoruba divination board
Traditional healer of South Africa performing a divination by reading the bones

Adherents of traditional religions in Africa are distributed among 43 countries and are estimated to number over 100 million.

Ijo traditional religion (Ijo people, Nigeria)

A map showing the linguistic tree of Afroasiatic languages (Ehret 2006)

Afroasiatic languages

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The Afroasiatic languages (or Afro-Asiatic), also known as Hamito-Semitic, or Semito-Hamitic, and sometimes also as Afrasian, Erythraean or Lisramic, are a language family of about 300 languages that are spoken predominantly in Western Asia, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and parts of the Sahara/Sahel.

The Afroasiatic languages (or Afro-Asiatic), also known as Hamito-Semitic, or Semito-Hamitic, and sometimes also as Afrasian, Erythraean or Lisramic, are a language family of about 300 languages that are spoken predominantly in Western Asia, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and parts of the Sahara/Sahel.

A map showing the linguistic tree of Afroasiatic languages (Ehret 2006)
Some linguists' proposals for grouping within Afroasiatic
The Afroasiatic Hamar people of Ethiopia are suggested to have preserved the original pastoralist lifestyle of the Proto-Afroasiatic-speaking peoples of Northeast Africa.
Distribution of the Afroasiatic/Hamito-Semitic languages in Africa
Proposed migration and expansion routes of the Afroasiatic languages according to the indigenous African (Red Sea) origin model.

With the exception of its Semitic branch, all other branches of the Afroаsiatic family are spoken exclusively on the African continent.

Hausa (Chadic), the dominant language of northern Nigeria and southern Niger, spoken as a first language by over 40 million people and used as a lingua franca by another 20 million across West Africa and the Sahel.