African elephant

LoxodontaelephantAfrican elephantselephantsAfricanAfrican speciesbull African elephantLoxodonta africanathe size of his ears
The African elephant (Loxodonta) is a genus comprising two living elephant species, the African bush elephant (''L. africana) and the smaller African forest elephant (L. cyclotis'').wikipedia
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Elephant

elephantstrunkelephant tusk
The African elephant (Loxodonta) is a genus comprising two living elephant species, the African bush elephant (''L.
Loxodonta, the generic name for the African elephants, is Greek for "oblique-sided tooth".

Ivory trade

ivoryivory tradingtrade in ivory
Poaching for the illegal ivory trade is a threat in several range countries as well.
The ivory trade is the commercial, often illegal trade in the ivory tusks of the hippopotamus, walrus, narwhal, mammoth, and most commonly, African and Asian elephants.

Elephantidae

Elephantinaeelephantselephantids
Loxodonta is one of two existing genera of the family Elephantidae.
Only two genera, Loxodonta (African elephants) and Elephas (Asiatic elephants), are living.

Asian elephant

elephantAsian elephantselephants
This name refers to the lozenge-shaped enamel of the molar teeth, which differs significantly from the shape of the Asian elephant's molar enamel.
The feet have more nail-like structures than those of African elephants—five on each forefoot, and four on each hind foot.

Woolly mammoth

Mammuthus primigeniuswooly mammothwoolly mammoths
The divergence between the Asian elephant and the woolly mammoths is estimated 2.5 – 5.4 million years ago, which strongly supports their status as distinct species.
The woolly mammoth was roughly the same size as modern African elephants.

Loxodonta atlantica

L. atlantica
Loxodonta atlantica is an extinct species of elephant in the genus Loxodonta, from Africa.

Loxodonta exoptata

L. exoptata
Loxodonta exoptata is an extinct species of elephant in the genus Loxodonta, from Africa.

Loxodonta adaurora

L. adaurora
Loxodonta adaurora is an extinct species of elephant in the genus Loxodonta, that of the African elephants.

North African elephant

elephantselephantLibyan elephants
Carthaginian frescoes and coins minted by whoever controlled North Africa at various times show very small elephants, perhaps 2.5 m at the shoulder, with the large ears and concave back typical of modern African elephants.

Straight-tusked elephant

Elephas antiquusPalaeoloxodon antiquusP. antiquus
Sequence analysis of DNA from fossils of the extinct Eurasian Palaeoloxodon antiquus shows it to be much closer related to the African forest elephant than to the African bush elephant.
africana, thus invalidating the genus Loxodonta'' as currently recognized.

Poaching

poacherspoacherillegal hunting
Poaching for the illegal ivory trade is a threat in several range countries as well.
Africa's Wildlife Trust seeks to protect African elephant populations from poaching activities in Tanzania.

Elephant cognition

Elephant intelligenceelephantsreturned to the scene of the accident
With a mass of just over, the elephant brain is larger than that of any other terrestrial animal.
The elephant (both Asian and African) has a very large and highly complex neocortex, a trait also shared by humans, other apes and certain dolphin species.

Infrasound

infrasonicInfrasonic Soundsubsonic
While females are the most active members of African elephant groups, both male and female elephants are capable of distinguishing between hundreds of different low frequency infrasonic calls to communicate with and identify each other.
Infrasound also may be used for long-distance communication, especially well documented in baleen whales (see Whale vocalization), and African elephants.

West African Elephant Memorandum of Understanding

In 2005, the West African Elephant Memorandum of Understanding was signed by 12 West African countries.
Noting the important ecological role the African Elephant (Loxodonta Africana) plays in both savannah and forest ecosystems and acknowledging that demographic pressure and the development of human activities have significantly reduced the African Elephant’s habitat endangering populations across West Africa, an Article IV agreement was concluded and came into effect on 22 November 2005, after signature by the third range State.

Molar (tooth)

molarmolarsmolar teeth
This name refers to the lozenge-shaped enamel of the molar teeth, which differs significantly from the shape of the Asian elephant's molar enamel.
The African elephant belongs to a genus called Loxodonta because of this feature.

African forest elephant

forest elephantforest elephantsLoxodonta cyclotis
africana) and the smaller African forest elephant (L.
The African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) is an African elephant species native to humid forests in West Africa and the Congo Basin.

African bush elephant

elephantLoxodonta africanaelephants
The African elephant (Loxodonta) is a genus comprising two living elephant species, the African bush elephant (''L.
Loxodonte was proposed as generic name for African elephants by Georges Cuvier in 1824.

Zakouma National Park

Zakouma
In Chad's Zakouma National Park, more than 3,200 elephants were killed between 2005 and 2010.
A variety of large mammals have been recorded in Zakouma, such as antelopes, buffalo, elephant, Kordofan giraffe, hartebeest, leopard, and lion.

Miombo

miombo woodlandmiombo woodlandsBrachystegia'' woodland
African elephants are distributed in Sub-Saharan Africa, where they inhabit Sahelian scrubland and arid regions, tropical rainforests, mopane and miombo woodlands.
It also provides food and cover for mammals such as the African elephant (Loxodonta africana), African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), sable antelope (Hippotragus niger) and Lichtenstein's hartebeest (Sigmoceros lichtensteinii).

Africa's Elephant Kingdom

*Africa's Elephant Kingdom
Africa's Elephant Kingdom is a 1998 IMAX film documenting life under the lives of African elephants.

Genus

generageneric namegeneric
The African elephant (Loxodonta) is a genus comprising two living elephant species, the African bush elephant (''L.

Species

specificspecific epithetspecific name
The African elephant (Loxodonta) is a genus comprising two living elephant species, the African bush elephant (''L.

Herbivore

herbivorousherbivoresherbivory
Both are herbivores and live in groups.

Tusk

tuskselephant tusksone-tusked
They have grey skin and differ in the size of their ears and tusks, and in the shape and size of their skulls.

Skull

craniumcranialhuman skull
They have grey skin and differ in the size of their ears and tusks, and in the shape and size of their skulls.