African socialism

African socialistsocialismAfricanAfrican Marxistsocialist
African socialism is a belief in sharing economic resources in a traditional African way, as distinct from classical socialism.wikipedia
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Julius Nyerere

NyerereJulius Kambarage NyererePresident Nyerere
Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Modibo Keita of Mali, Léopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sékou Touré of Guinea, were the main architects of African Socialism according to William H. Friedland and Carl G. Rosberg Jr., editors of the book African Socialism. The Concept or politic ideology of Ujamaa formed the basis of Julius Nyerere's autarkic social and economic development policies in Tanzania after Tanganyika gained independence from its colonial power Britain in 1961 and its union with Zanzibar to form Tanzania in 1964.
Ideologically an African nationalist and African socialist, he promoted a political philosophy known as Ujamaa.

Modibo Keïta

Modibo KeitaKeita, ModiboKeïta
Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Modibo Keita of Mali, Léopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sékou Touré of Guinea, were the main architects of African Socialism according to William H. Friedland and Carl G. Rosberg Jr., editors of the book African Socialism.
He espoused a form of African socialism.

Kwame Nkrumah

NkrumahDr. Kwame NkrumahDr Kwame Nkrumah
Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Modibo Keita of Mali, Léopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sékou Touré of Guinea, were the main architects of African Socialism according to William H. Friedland and Carl G. Rosberg Jr., editors of the book African Socialism.
His administration was both nationalist and socialist.

Socialism

socialistsocialistssocialistic
African socialism is a belief in sharing economic resources in a traditional African way, as distinct from classical socialism.
The main architects of African socialism were Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Léopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sékou Touré of Guinea.

Guinea

Republic of GuineaGuineanGuinea-Conakry
Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Modibo Keita of Mali, Léopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sékou Touré of Guinea, were the main architects of African Socialism according to William H. Friedland and Carl G. Rosberg Jr., editors of the book African Socialism.
Advocating a hybrid African Socialism domestically and Pan-Africanism abroad, Touré quickly became a polarising leader, and his government became intolerant of dissent, imprisoning thousands and stifling the press.

Autarky

autarkicclosed economyautarchic
The Concept or politic ideology of Ujamaa formed the basis of Julius Nyerere's autarkic social and economic development policies in Tanzania after Tanganyika gained independence from its colonial power Britain in 1961 and its union with Zanzibar to form Tanzania in 1964.
Autarky as an ideal or method has been embraced by a wide range of political ideologies and movements, especially left-wing creeds like African socialism, mutualism, war communism, council communism, Swadeshi, syndicalism (especially anarcho-syndicalism) and leftist populism, generally in an effort to build alternative economic structures or to control resources against structures a particular leftist movement views as hostile.

Ujamaa

TanzaniaTanzanianthe socialist ideology
The Concept or politic ideology of Ujamaa formed the basis of Julius Nyerere's autarkic social and economic development policies in Tanzania after Tanganyika gained independence from its colonial power Britain in 1961 and its union with Zanzibar to form Tanzania in 1964.
In 1967, President Nyerere published his development blueprint, which was titled the Arusha Declaration, in which Nyerere pointed out the need for an African model of development and that formed the basis of African socialism.

Arusha Declaration

Arusha Accords of 1967Arusha Declaration MuseumThe Arusha Declaration
In 1967, President Nyerere published his development blueprint, which was titled the Arusha Declaration, in which Nyerere pointed out the need for an African model of development.
The Arusha Declaration (Azimio la Arusha) and TANU’s Policy on Socialism and Self Reliance (1967), referred to as the Arusha Declaration, is known as Tanzania’s most prominent political statement of African Socialism, ‘Ujamaa’, or brotherhood (Kaitilla, 2007).

Zanzibar

ZanzibariZanzibar, TanzaniaCommittee of Six
The Concept or politic ideology of Ujamaa formed the basis of Julius Nyerere's autarkic social and economic development policies in Tanzania after Tanganyika gained independence from its colonial power Britain in 1961 and its union with Zanzibar to form Tanzania in 1964.
Zanzibar's clove industry has been crippled by a fast-moving global market, international competition, and a hangover from Tanzania's failed experiment with socialism in the 1960s and 1970s, when the government controlled clove prices and exports.

Melanesian socialism

Melanesia
Lini's views on socialism were inspired by Julius Nyerere's experiments in African socialism in Tanzania.

Uhuru Movement

UhuruInternational People's Democratic Uhuru MovementPeople's Democratic Uhuru Movement

Africa

African continentAfricanAfrican politics
African socialism is a belief in sharing economic resources in a traditional African way, as distinct from classical socialism.

Afrocentrism

AfrocentricAfrocentristAfrocentricity
As many African countries gained independence during the 1960s, some of these newly formed governments rejected the ideas of capitalism in favour of a more afrocentric economic model.

Tanzania

TanzanianUnited Republic of TanzaniaRepublic of Tanzania
Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Modibo Keita of Mali, Léopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sékou Touré of Guinea, were the main architects of African Socialism according to William H. Friedland and Carl G. Rosberg Jr., editors of the book African Socialism. The Concept or politic ideology of Ujamaa formed the basis of Julius Nyerere's autarkic social and economic development policies in Tanzania after Tanganyika gained independence from its colonial power Britain in 1961 and its union with Zanzibar to form Tanzania in 1964.

Mali

Republic of MaliMalianMLI
Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Modibo Keita of Mali, Léopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sékou Touré of Guinea, were the main architects of African Socialism according to William H. Friedland and Carl G. Rosberg Jr., editors of the book African Socialism.

Senegal

SenegaleseSENSénégal
Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Modibo Keita of Mali, Léopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sékou Touré of Guinea, were the main architects of African Socialism according to William H. Friedland and Carl G. Rosberg Jr., editors of the book African Socialism.

Ghana

GhanaianRepublic of GhanaGHA
Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Modibo Keita of Mali, Léopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sékou Touré of Guinea, were the main architects of African Socialism according to William H. Friedland and Carl G. Rosberg Jr., editors of the book African Socialism.

Ahmed Sékou Touré

Sékou TouréSekou ToureAhmed Sekou Touré
Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Modibo Keita of Mali, Léopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sékou Touré of Guinea, were the main architects of African Socialism according to William H. Friedland and Carl G. Rosberg Jr., editors of the book African Socialism.

William H. Friedland

Bill FriedlandFriedland, W. H.
Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Modibo Keita of Mali, Léopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sékou Touré of Guinea, were the main architects of African Socialism according to William H. Friedland and Carl G. Rosberg Jr., editors of the book African Socialism.

Marxism

MarxistMarxistsMarxist ideology
Senghor claimed that "Africa’s social background of tribal community life not only makes socialism natural to Africa but excludes the validity of the theory of class struggle," thus making African socialism, in all of its variations, different from Marxism and European socialist theory.

Tanganyika

Republic of TanganyikamainlandTanzania Mainland
The Concept or politic ideology of Ujamaa formed the basis of Julius Nyerere's autarkic social and economic development policies in Tanzania after Tanganyika gained independence from its colonial power Britain in 1961 and its union with Zanzibar to form Tanzania in 1964.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The Concept or politic ideology of Ujamaa formed the basis of Julius Nyerere's autarkic social and economic development policies in Tanzania after Tanganyika gained independence from its colonial power Britain in 1961 and its union with Zanzibar to form Tanzania in 1964.

South Africa

South AfricanRepublic of South AfricaRSA
The ancient Ubuntu philosophy of South Africa recognizes the humanity of a person through their interpersonal relationships.

Zulu language

ZuluisiZululanguage
The word comes from the Zulu and Xhosa languages.