A) Electron micrograph of poxvirus particles in synovium of a big brown bat, northwestern United States. B) Negative staining of poxvirus particles in cell culture supernatant. Scale bar = 100 nm.
Reddening of the ears is a common sign of African swine fever in pigs.
Poxviridae virion
Diagram of ASFV virion
Poxviridae replication cycle
Macrophage cell in early stages of infection with ASFV
Phylogenetic tree of Poxviridae and distribution of cGAMP nucleases across member species and genera
The swelling around the kidneys and the muscle hemorrhages visible here are typical of pigs with African swine fever.
A multi-language sign in Germany telling people to dispose of waste food in closed waste bins to prevent boars eating it
A hunter takes a blood sample for ASP testing of a wild boar he killed outside Kaiserslautern, Germany, October 2, 2018.
Evolution of African swine fever across the world from 1 January 2018 to 22 September 2018 in domestic swine (circles) and wild boar (triangles)

ASFV has similarities to the other large DNA viruses, e.g., poxvirus, iridovirus, and mimivirus.

- African swine fever virus

Based on the genome organisation and DNA replication mechanism a phylogenetic relationships may exist between the rudiviruses (Rudiviridae) and the large eukaryal DNA viruses: the African swine fever virus (Asfarviridae), Chlorella viruses (Phycodnaviridae) and poxviruses (Poxviridae).

- Poxviridae
A) Electron micrograph of poxvirus particles in synovium of a big brown bat, northwestern United States. B) Negative staining of poxvirus particles in cell culture supernatant. Scale bar = 100 nm.

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