Afrikaners

AfrikanerAfrikaansAfrikaner peopleBoerDutch settlersBoersDutch immigration to South AfricaAfricanersAfrikaans communityAfrikaner encroachment
Afrikaners (Afrikaners, ) are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving in the 17th and 18th centuries.wikipedia
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Afrikaans

Afrikaans-speakingAfrikaans-languageAfrikaans language
Afrikaans, South Africa's fifth-most widely spoken home language, is the mother tongue of Afrikaners and most Cape Coloureds.
It evolved from the Dutch vernacular of South Holland (Hollandic dialect) spoken by the mainly Dutch settlers of what is now South Africa, where it gradually began to develop distinguishing characteristics in the course of the 18th century.

White South Africans

Whitewhite South Africanwhites
Afrikaners make up approximately 5.2% of the total South African population based on the number of white South Africans who speak Afrikaans as a first language in the South African National Census of 2011.
In linguistic, cultural and historical terms, they are generally divided into the Afrikaans-speaking descendants of the Dutch East India Company's original settlers, known as Afrikaners, and the Anglophone descendants of predominantly British colonists.

Afrikaner nationalism

Afrikaner nationalistAfrikaner nationalistsnationalist
Afrikaner nationalism has taken the form of political parties and secret societies such as the Broederbond in the twentieth century.
Afrikaner nationalism (Afrikanernasionalisme) is a political ideology that was born in the late nineteenth century among Afrikaners in South Africa.

National Party (South Africa)

National PartyNPNationalist
In 1914 the National Party was formed to promote Afrikaner economic interests and sever South Africa's ties to the United Kingdom.
The party was originally an Afrikaner ethnic nationalist party that promoted Afrikaner interests in South Africa.

Afrikaner Broederbond

BroederbondSouth-African Broederbondwhite-supremacist South African organization of the same name
Afrikaner nationalism has taken the form of political parties and secret societies such as the Broederbond in the twentieth century.
The Afrikaner Broederbond (AB) (meaning Afrikaner Brotherhood) or Broederbond was a secret, exclusively male and Afrikaner Calvinist organisation in South Africa dedicated to the advancement of Afrikaner interests.

Cape Dutch

Cape-DutchDutch communitiesearly Cape settlers
At one time, burghers merely denoted Cape Dutch, settlers who were influential in the administration, able to participate in urban affairs, and did so regularly.
Cape Dutch, also commonly known as Cape Afrikaners, were a historic socioeconomic class of Afrikaners who lived in the Western Cape during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Apartheid

apartheid South Africaapartheid in South Africaanti-apartheid
Rising to prominence by winning the 1948 general elections, it has also been noted for enforcing a harsh policy of racial segregation (apartheid) while simultaneously declaring South Africa a republic and withdrawing from the British Commonwealth.
Many Afrikaners, whites chiefly of Dutch descent but with early infusions of Germans and French Huguenots who were soon assimilated, also resented what they perceived as disempowerment by an underpaid black workforce and the superior economic power and prosperity of white English speakers.

French people

FrenchFrenchmanFrenchmen
In 1688 it sponsored the immigration of 200 French Huguenot refugees forced into exile by the Edict of Fontainebleau.
Most of these originally settled in the Cape Colony, but have since been quickly absorbed into the Afrikaner population.

Settler

pioneersettlerscolonists
Afrikaners (Afrikaners, ) are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Although they are often thought of as traveling by sea—the dominant form of travel in the early modern era—significant waves of settlement could also use long overland routes, such as the Great Trek by the Boer-Afrikaners in South Africa, or the Oregon Trail in the United States.

Northern Cape

NorthernNorthern Cape ProvinceNC
For example, it is the site of the Orania settlement, whose leaders have called for a Volkstaat for the Afrikaner people in the province.

Dutch Cape Colony

Cape ColonyGovernor of the Cape ColonyCape of Good Hope
However, this defiant secession from Dutch law and sovereignty was a leap towards defining another consciousness for white South Africa, suggesting for the first time a group identification with the Cape Colony rather than any ancestral homeland in Europe.
The support station gradually became a settler community, the forebears of the Afrikaners, an ethnic group in South Africa.

Union of South Africa

South AfricaUnionSouth African
The South African census of 1960 was the final census undertaken in the Union of South Africa.
Louis Botha, formerly a Boer general, was appointed first Prime Minister of the Union, heading a coalition representing the white Afrikaner and English-speaking British diaspora communities.

Day of Reconciliation

After 1952, the holiday was officially named Day of the Covenant, changed to Day of the Vow in 1980 (Mackenzie 1999:69) and to Day of Reconciliation in 1994.
The date was chosen because it was significant to both Afrikaner and African cultures.

Day of the Vow

Day of the CovenantCovenant ChurchDingane's Day
After 1952, the holiday was officially named Day of the Covenant, changed to Day of the Vow in 1980 (Mackenzie 1999:69) and to Day of Reconciliation in 1994.
It was an important holiday for Afrikaners, originating from the Battle of Blood River on 16 December 1838.

South West Africa

South-West AfricaoccupationSouth African rule
They also constituted 9.3% of the population in neighbouring South West Africa.
This was to the advantage of the National Party, which enjoyed strong support from the predominantly Afrikaner and ethnic German white population in the territory.

Xhosa people

XhosaamaXhosaXhosa nation
By the mid eighteenth century the Boers had penetrated almost a thousand kilometres into South Africa's interior beyond the Cape of Good Hope, at which point they encountered the Xhosa people, who were migrating southwards from the opposite direction.
In the late 18th century Afrikaner trekboers migrating outwards from Cape Town came into conflict with Xhosa pastoralists around the Great Fish River region of the Eastern Cape.

Southern Africa

SouthernSouth Africasouthern African
Afrikaners (Afrikaners, ) are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving in the 17th and 18th centuries.
The process of colonization and settling resulted in a significant population of native European (Afrikaner, British, Portuguese Africans, etc.) and Asian descent (Cape Malays, Indian South Africans, etc.) in many southern African countries.

British Empire

BritishEmpireBritain
At the onset of Cape Town's annexation to the British Empire, the original Afrikaners numbered 26,720 - or 36% of the colony's population.
Britain formally acquired the colony, and its large Afrikaner (or Boer) population in 1806, having occupied it in 1795 to prevent its falling into French hands during the Flanders Campaign.

Dutch people

DutchDutchmanDutchmen
Afrikaners (Afrikaners, ) are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving in the 17th and 18th centuries.
By the eighteenth century there had emerged a new people in Africa who identified as "Afrikaners", rather than Dutchmen, after the land they had permanently adopted.

Volkstaat

Boere-AfrikanersVolkstaat movement
These efforts include the Volkstaat movement.
"Volkstaat" (an Afrikaans word meaning "people's state", literally "people-state") is a term used to describe proposals to establish self-determination for Afrikaners in South Africa, either on federal principles or as a fully independent Boer/Afrikaner homeland.

Eldoret

Eldoret, KenyaEldoret KenyaEldoret Town
One of the best known Boer settlements in the British East Africa Protectorate became established at Eldoret, in the south west of what became known as Kenya in 1920.
Eldoret as a town, founded as it was by Afrikaners is almost unique in the British-dominated Kenya of the early 20th century.

F. W. de Klerk

F.W. de KlerkFrederik Willem de KlerkFW de Klerk
After a long series of negotiations involving the apartheid government under President Frederik Willem de Klerk the ANC under Nelson Mandela, and other parties a democratic, multi-racial election was held, transitioning power from the National Party to the African National Congress.
Born in Johannesburg, British Dominion of South Africa, to an influential Afrikaner family, de Klerk studied at Potchefstroom University before pursuing a legal career.

Boer Republics

Boer RepublicrepublicBoer
The term was in common usage in both the Boer republics and the Cape Colony by the late nineteenth century.
On 24 April 2014, political party Front Nasionaal (FN) submitted a land claim to the Land Claims Commissioner in Pretoria on behalf of the Afrikaner nation.

KwaZulu-Natal

NatalZululandKwaZulu-Natal Province
Aside from coastal pockets in the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal they remain heavily outnumbered by those of Afrikaans origin.
The Afrikaner Voortrekkers entered the area via the Drakensberg passes in 1837.

Chivhu

EnkeldoornEnkeldoom
In the 1890s, some Boers trekked into Mashonaland, where they were concentrated at the town of Enkeldoorn, now Chivhu.
It became an Afrikaner stronghold in a predominately English-speaking white Rhodesia, giving it the nickname of 'the Republic of Enkeldoorn'.