Afterlife

life after deathhereafterafter deathafterlivesafter lifeafter-lifeafterworldOther Worldappropriately rewarded or punishedeternal life after the death
The afterlife (also referred to as life after death) is the belief that the essential part of an individual's identity or the stream of consciousness continues after the death of the physical body.wikipedia
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Death

mortalitydeceaseddead
The afterlife (also referred to as life after death) is the belief that the essential part of an individual's identity or the stream of consciousness continues after the death of the physical body.
Many cultures and religions have the idea of an afterlife, and also hold the idea of reward or judgement and punishment for past sin.

Soul

soulsspirithuman soul
According to various ideas about the afterlife, the essential aspect of the individual that lives on after death may be some partial element, or the entire soul or spirit, of an individual, which carries with it and may confer personal identity or, on the contrary nirvana.
The inscription requested that his mourners commemorate his life and his afterlife with feasts "for my soul that is in this stele".

Heaven

celestialParadiseheavenly kingdom
Heaven, the heavens, seven heavens, pure lands, Tian, Jannah, Valhalla, or the Summerland, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, jinn, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.
According to the beliefs of some religions, heavenly beings can descend to earth or incarnate, and earthly beings can ascend to heaven in the afterlife, or in exceptional cases enter heaven alive.

Veneration of the dead

ancestor worshipancestor venerationancestral worship
Heaven, the heavens, seven heavens, pure lands, Tian, Jannah, Valhalla, or the Summerland, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, jinn, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.
In some cultures, it is related to beliefs that the dead have a continued existence, and may possess the ability to influence the fortune of the living.

Hell

eternal punishmentinfernoinfernal
Heaven is often described as a "higher place", the holiest place, a paradise, in contrast to hell or the underworld or the "low places", and universally or conditionally accessible by earthly beings according to various standards of divinity, goodness, piety, faith or other virtues or right beliefs or simply the will of God.
In religion and folklore, Hell is an afterlife location in which evil souls are subjected to punitive suffering, often torture as eternal punishment after death.

Entering heaven alive

ascensionassumptionascended
According to the beliefs of some religions, heavenly beings can descend to earth or incarnate, and earthly beings can ascend to heaven in the afterlife, or in exceptional cases enter heaven alive.
Since death is the normal end to an individual's life on Earth and the beginning of afterlife, entering heaven without dying first is considered exceptional and usually a sign of a deity's special recognition of the individual's piety.

Personal identity

identityoneselfself-identify
The afterlife (also referred to as life after death) is the belief that the essential part of an individual's identity or the stream of consciousness continues after the death of the physical body.
The problem of personal identity is at the center of discussions about life after death and, to a lesser extent, immortality.

Reincarnation

reincarnatedrebirthpast lives
After completing its stay in the respective region, the soul is subjected to rebirth in different living forms according to its karma.
Reincarnation is a central tenet of Indian religions, namely Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Hinduism, although there are Hindu groups that do not believe in reincarnation but believe in an afterlife.

The Summerland

Summerland
Heaven, the heavens, seven heavens, pure lands, Tian, Jannah, Valhalla, or the Summerland, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, jinn, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.
The Summerland is the name given by Theosophists, Wiccans and some earth-based contemporary pagan religions to their conceptualization of an afterlife.

Limbo

Limbo of InfantsLimbolandLimbo of the Fathers
Other afterlife destinations include purgatory and limbo.
In Catholic theology, Limbo (Latin limbus, edge or boundary, referring to the edge of Hell) is a postulated viewpoint concerning the afterlife condition of those who die in original sin without being assigned to the Hell of the Damned.

World to come

age to comenew heaven and a new earthfuture external world
Some believe in the possibility of a heaven on Earth in a world to come.
The concept is related to but differs from the concepts of heaven, the afterlife, and the Kingdom of God in that heaven is another place or state generally seen as above the world, the afterlife is generally an individual's life after death, and the Kingdom of God could be in the present (such as realized eschatology) or the future.

Elysium

Elysian FieldsElysianElysion
The soul would be sent to Elysium, Tartarus, Asphodel Fields, or the Fields of Punishment.
Elysium or the Elysian Fields (, Ēlýsion pedíon) is a conception of the afterlife that developed over time and was maintained by some Greek religious and philosophical sects and cults.

Christian views on Hades

HadesHades in Christianityafterlife
Traditions that do not conceive of the afterlife as a place of punishment or reward merely describe hell as an abode of the dead, the grave, a neutral place (for example, sheol or Hades) located under the surface of earth.
In all appearances but one, "ᾅδης" has little if any relation to afterlife rewards or punishments.

Purgatory

purgatorialpurgationForsaken Soul
Other afterlife destinations include purgatory and limbo.
While use of the word "purgatory" (in Latin purgatorium) as a noun appeared perhaps only between 1160 and 1180, giving rise to the idea of purgatory as a place (what Jacques Le Goff called the "birth" of purgatory), the Roman Catholic tradition of purgatory as a transitional condition has a history that dates back, even before Jesus Christ, to the worldwide practice of caring for the dead and praying for them and to the belief, found also in Judaism, which is considered the precursor of Christianity, that prayer for the dead contributed to their afterlife purification.

Plato

Plato's dialoguesDialogues of PlatoPlatonic dialogues
The idea of reincarnation is found in many ancient cultures, and a belief in rebirth/metempsychosis was held by Greek historic figures, such as Pythagoras, Socrates, and Plato.
Plato advocates a belief in the immortality of the soul, and several dialogues end with long speeches imagining the afterlife.

Plane (esotericism)

planes of existenceplane of existenceplane
Some belief systems, such as those in the Abrahamic tradition, hold that the dead go to a specific plane of existence after death, as determined by God, or other divine judgment, based on their actions or beliefs during life.
It is the world of the planetary spheres, crossed by the soul in its astral body on the way to being born and after death, and generally said to be populated by angels, spirits, or other immaterial beings.

Religious cosmology

Esoteric cosmologycosmologycosmological
Heaven, the heavens, seven heavens, pure lands, Tian, Jannah, Valhalla, or the Summerland, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, jinn, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.
Humans inhabited earth during life and the underworld after death, and the underworld was morally neutral; only in Hellenistic times (after c.330 BC) did Jews begin to adopt the Greek idea that it would be a place of punishment for misdeeds, and that the righteous would enjoy an afterlife in heaven.

Emanuel Swedenborg

SwedenborgEmmanuel SwedenborgSwedenborg's Angels
A notable example is Emanuel Swedenborg who wrote some 18 theological works which describe in detail the nature of the afterlife according to his claimed spiritual experiences, the most famous of which is Heaven and Hell.
He is best known for his book on the afterlife, Heaven and Hell (1758).

Rich man and Lazarus

LazarusLazarus and DivesDives and Lazarus
The author of Luke recounts the story of Lazarus and the rich man, which shows people in Hades awaiting the resurrection either in comfort or torment.
Along with the parables of the Ten Virgins, Prodigal Son, and Good Samaritan, it was one of the most frequently illustrated parables in medieval art, perhaps because of its vivid account of an afterlife.

Heaven and Hell (Swedenborg book)

Heaven and HellHeaven and Hell'' (Swedenborg book)
A notable example is Emanuel Swedenborg who wrote some 18 theological works which describe in detail the nature of the afterlife according to his claimed spiritual experiences, the most famous of which is Heaven and Hell.
The full title is Heaven and its Wonders and Hell From Things Heard and Seen, or, in Latin: De Caelo et Eius Mirabilibus et de inferno, ex Auditis et Visis. It gives a detailed description of the afterlife; how people live after the death of the physical body.

Lake of fire

Hell firelake of "fire and brimstonelake of eternal fire
Hippolytus of Rome pictures the underworld (Hades) as a place where the righteous dead, awaiting in the bosom of Abraham their resurrection, rejoice at their future prospect, while the unrighteous are tormented at the sight of the "lake of unquenchable fire" into which they are destined to be cast.
A lake of fire appears in both ancient Egyptian and Christian religion, as well as in Plato's Gorgias as a place of after-death punishment of the wicked.

Neoplatonism

NeoplatonicNeoplatonistNeo-Platonic
The historical relations between these sects and the beliefs about reincarnation that were characteristic of Neoplatonism, Orphism, Hermeticism, Manicheanism, and Gnosticism of the Roman era as well as the Indian religions have been the subject of recent scholarly research.
Neoplatonists believed human perfection and happiness were attainable in this world, without awaiting an afterlife.

Maat

Ma'atMa’at42 Principles of Ma'at
In the Hall of Two Truths, the deceased's heart was weighed against the Shu feather of truth and justice taken from the headdress of the goddess Ma'at.
Her feather was the measure that determined whether the souls (considered to reside in the heart) of the departed would reach the paradise of the afterlife successfully.

Jannah

ParadiseheavenCennet
Heaven, the heavens, seven heavens, pure lands, Tian, Jannah, Valhalla, or the Summerland, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, jinn, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.
According to the Quran, the basic criterion for salvation in the afterlife is the belief in the oneness of God ([[Tawhid|]]), Angels of God, revealed books of God, all messengers of God, as well as repentance to God, and doing good deeds.

Abrahamic religions

AbrahamicAbrahamic religionAbrahamic faiths
Some belief systems, such as those in the Abrahamic tradition, hold that the dead go to a specific plane of existence after death, as determined by God, or other divine judgment, based on their actions or beliefs during life.
Christians have more diverse and definite teachings on the end times and what constitutes afterlife.