Age verification system

age verificationAdult Verification Systemage verification schemeage verification methodsappropriately agedParental Age Verification
An age verification system, also known as an age gate, is a technical protection measure used to restrict access to digital content from those that are not appropriately-aged.wikipedia
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Internet pornography

Adult Websiteonline pornographypornography
These systems are used primarily to restrict access to content classified (either voluntarily or by local laws) as being inappropriate for users under a specific age, such as alcohol and tobacco advertising, internet pornography or other forms of adult-oriented content, video games with objectionable content, or to remain in compliance with online privacy laws that regulate the collection of personal information from minors (such as COPPA in the United States).
Some companies use an Adult Verification System (AVS) to deny access to pornography by minors.

Salvatore LoCascio

Salvatore "Tore" LoCascio
In 2005, Salvatore LoCascio pleaded guilty to charges of credit card fraud; one of his schemes had involved using credit card-based age verification systems to charge users for "free" tours of adult entertainment websites.
The scam required an age verification check before an adult could access a "free preview" of the sexual content.

MindGeek

ManwinBabes (website)Mind Geek
MindGeek, a major operator of porn websites, operates an age verification provider known as AgeID.
The DPA has a working group to create age verification methods that could be used to comply with such laws.

British Board of Film Classification

BBFCBritish Board of Film Censors12A
The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) was charged with enforcing this legislation.
The BBFC proposed that a voluntary certification scheme should cover age verification providers.

Digital Economy Act 2017

obsolete'.Digital Economy ActDigital Economy Act (2017)
With the passing of the Digital Economy Act 2017, the United Kingdom became the first country to pass a law containing a legal mandate on the provision of age verification.
Myles Jackman, ORG's legal director, highlighted the potential vulnerability of age verification systems to hacking, and suggested that it would result in more people using virtual private networks, or anonymous web browsers such as Tor.

Industry self-regulation

self-regulationself-regulatoryself-policing
These systems are used primarily to restrict access to content classified (either voluntarily or by local laws) as being inappropriate for users under a specific age, such as alcohol and tobacco advertising, internet pornography or other forms of adult-oriented content, video games with objectionable content, or to remain in compliance with online privacy laws that regulate the collection of personal information from minors (such as COPPA in the United States).

Alcoholic drink

alcoholic beveragealcoholalcoholic beverages
These systems are used primarily to restrict access to content classified (either voluntarily or by local laws) as being inappropriate for users under a specific age, such as alcohol and tobacco advertising, internet pornography or other forms of adult-oriented content, video games with objectionable content, or to remain in compliance with online privacy laws that regulate the collection of personal information from minors (such as COPPA in the United States).

Tobacco

tobacco leavessnufftobacco leaf
These systems are used primarily to restrict access to content classified (either voluntarily or by local laws) as being inappropriate for users under a specific age, such as alcohol and tobacco advertising, internet pornography or other forms of adult-oriented content, video games with objectionable content, or to remain in compliance with online privacy laws that regulate the collection of personal information from minors (such as COPPA in the United States).

Video game

video gamesgamegaming
These systems are used primarily to restrict access to content classified (either voluntarily or by local laws) as being inappropriate for users under a specific age, such as alcohol and tobacco advertising, internet pornography or other forms of adult-oriented content, video games with objectionable content, or to remain in compliance with online privacy laws that regulate the collection of personal information from minors (such as COPPA in the United States).

Internet privacy

privacyonline privacydata trail
These systems are used primarily to restrict access to content classified (either voluntarily or by local laws) as being inappropriate for users under a specific age, such as alcohol and tobacco advertising, internet pornography or other forms of adult-oriented content, video games with objectionable content, or to remain in compliance with online privacy laws that regulate the collection of personal information from minors (such as COPPA in the United States).

Children's Online Privacy Protection Act

COPPAChildren's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA)Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998
These systems are used primarily to restrict access to content classified (either voluntarily or by local laws) as being inappropriate for users under a specific age, such as alcohol and tobacco advertising, internet pornography or other forms of adult-oriented content, video games with objectionable content, or to remain in compliance with online privacy laws that regulate the collection of personal information from minors (such as COPPA in the United States).

Birthday

date of birthbirthdaysbirth date
The most basic form of age verification is to ask users to input their date of birth on a form.

Honor system

honour systemTrust systemhonor
However, this depends on an honor system that assumes the validity of the end user (which can be a minor who fraudulently inserts a valid date that meets the age criteria, rather than their own), and has thus been described as ineffective.

Credit card

credit cardscreditcredit-card
More sophisticated age verification systems require users to provide credit card information.

Credit card fraud

skimmingfraudcredit card skimming
Additionally, a minor may still attempt to obtain their parent's credit card information, or defraud users into divulging their credit card number to an individual to use for their own purposes, defeating the stated purpose of the system.

Payment card number

credit card numberBank card numbercredit card numbers
Additionally, a minor may still attempt to obtain their parent's credit card information, or defraud users into divulging their credit card number to an individual to use for their own purposes, defeating the stated purpose of the system.

Federated identity

federationfederated identity managementidentity federation
First introduced in Germany in 2015, it uses third-party providers to authenticate the user's age, and a single sign-on model that allows the verified identity to be shared across any participating website.

Facial recognition system

facial recognitionface recognitionfacial recognition technology
The Australian government has proposed the use of facial recognition against official identification photos.

Leisure Suit Larry

Leisure Suit Larry's CasinoLeisure Suit Larry: Pocket Partyfourth game
The adult-oriented video game franchise Leisure Suit Larry presented players with trivia questions that, in the opinion of franchise creator Al Lowe, a child would not know the answer to (such as, for example, "All politicians are: a. hard-working, b. honest, c. on the public payroll"), in order to launch the game (although this can be bypassed with a keyboard shortcut).

Al Lowe

The adult-oriented video game franchise Leisure Suit Larry presented players with trivia questions that, in the opinion of franchise creator Al Lowe, a child would not know the answer to (such as, for example, "All politicians are: a. hard-working, b. honest, c. on the public payroll"), in order to launch the game (although this can be bypassed with a keyboard shortcut).

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
With the passing of the Digital Economy Act 2017, the United Kingdom became the first country to pass a law containing a legal mandate on the provision of age verification.