Agnosticism

agnosticagnosticsNon believer/AgnosticagnostNon-believers/Agnosticsunknowableagnostics.Hindu Agnosticno religious affiliationnon-religious
Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown and unknowable.wikipedia
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Existence of God

arguments for the existence of GodGod's existencethe existence of God
Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown and unknowable.
Strong agnosticism is the belief that it is impossible for humans to know whether or not any deities exist.

Religion

religiousreligionsreligious beliefs
Agnosticism is the doctrine or tenet of agnostics with regard to the existence of anything beyond and behind material phenomena or to knowledge of a First Cause or God, and is not a religion.
The religiously unaffiliated demographic includes those who do not identify with any particular religion, atheists and agnostics.

Atheism

atheistatheistsatheistic
Smith rejects agnosticism as a third alternative to theism and atheism and promotes terms such as agnostic atheism (the view of those who do not believe in the existence of any deity, but do not claim to know if a deity does or does not exist) and agnostic theism (the view of those who do not claim to know of the existence of any deity, but still believe in such an existence).
Atheism has been regarded as compatible with agnosticism, and has also been contrasted with it.

Agnostic atheism

agnostic atheistagnostic atheistsagnostic-atheistic
Smith rejects agnosticism as a third alternative to theism and atheism and promotes terms such as agnostic atheism (the view of those who do not believe in the existence of any deity, but do not claim to know if a deity does or does not exist) and agnostic theism (the view of those who do not claim to know of the existence of any deity, but still believe in such an existence).
Agnostic atheism is a philosophical position that encompasses both atheism and agnosticism.

Theism

theistictheisttheists
Smith rejects agnosticism as a third alternative to theism and atheism and promotes terms such as agnostic atheism (the view of those who do not believe in the existence of any deity, but do not claim to know if a deity does or does not exist) and agnostic theism (the view of those who do not claim to know of the existence of any deity, but still believe in such an existence).
The claim that the existence of any deity is unknown or unknowable is agnosticism.

Nasadiya Sukta

Nasadiya10.129Nasadiya Sūktam
The Nasadiya Sukta in the Rigveda is agnostic about the origin of the universe.
An atheist interpretation sees the Creation Hymn as one of the earliest accounts of skeptical inquiry and agnosticism.

Deity

deitiesgodsgod
Smith rejects agnosticism as a third alternative to theism and atheism and promotes terms such as agnostic atheism (the view of those who do not believe in the existence of any deity, but do not claim to know if a deity does or does not exist) and agnostic theism (the view of those who do not claim to know of the existence of any deity, but still believe in such an existence).
Agnosticism is the position that it is impossible to know for certain whether a deity of any kind exists.

Protagoras

Protagoras of Abdera
Earlier thinkers, however, had written works that promoted agnostic points of view, such as Sanjaya Belatthaputta, a 5th-century BCE Indian philosopher who expressed agnosticism about any afterlife; and Protagoras, a 5th-century BCE Greek philosopher who expressed agnosticism about the existence of "the gods".
Protagoras also was a proponent of agnosticism.

Sanjaya Belatthiputta

Sañjaya BelaṭṭhaputtaEel-Wrigglers' (Pali: amarā-vikheppikā)Sañjaya Vairatiputra
Earlier thinkers, however, had written works that promoted agnostic points of view, such as Sanjaya Belatthaputta, a 5th-century BCE Indian philosopher who expressed agnosticism about any afterlife; and Protagoras, a 5th-century BCE Greek philosopher who expressed agnosticism about the existence of "the gods".
In the Pali literature, Sanjaya's teachings have been characterized as "evasive" or "agnostic".

Immanuel Kant

KantKantianKant, Immanuel
The skeptical empiricism of David Hume, the antinomies of Immanuel Kant, and the existential philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard convinced many later philosophers to abandon these attempts, regarding it impossible to construct any unassailable proof for the existence or non-existence of God.
However, as Kant was skeptical about some of the arguments used prior to him in defence of theism and maintained that human understanding is limited and can never attain knowledge about God or the soul, various commentators have labelled him a philosophical agnostic.

Robert G. Ingersoll

Robert IngersollIngersollRobert Green Ingersoll
Robert G. Ingersoll (1833-1899), an Illinois lawyer and politician who evolved into a well-known and sought-after orator in 19th-century America, has been referred to as the "Great Agnostic".
Robert Green "Bob" Ingersoll (August 11, 1833 – July 21, 1899) was an American writer and orator during the Golden Age of Free Thought, who campaigned in defense of agnosticism.

Skepticism

skepticskepticalscepticism
Huxley identified agnosticism not as a creed but rather as a method of skeptical, evidence-based inquiry.
Religious skepticism is not the same as atheism or agnosticism, though these often do involve skeptical attitudes toward religion and philosophical theology (for example, towards divine omnipotence).

Irreligion

Non-religiousNo religionirreligious
Demographic research services normally do not differentiate between various types of non-religious respondents, so agnostics are often classified in the same category as atheists or other non-religious people.
Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable.

Richard Dawkins

DawkinsDawkins, RichardDawkins, R.
According to Richard Dawkins, a distinction between agnosticism and atheism is unwieldy and depends on how close to zero a person is willing to rate the probability of existence for any given god-like entity.
In interviews, he has called himself an agnostic about many matters of religious faith, instead endorsing reason.

Ignosticism

ignosticigtheism
Ignosticism is the view that a coherent definition of a deity must be put forward before the question of the existence of a deity can be meaningfully discussed.
It may also be described as the theological position that every other theological position (including agnosticism and atheism) assumes too much about the concept of god and many other theological concepts.

Pascal's Wager

wagercriticism of Pascal's Wagerfamous wager
Blaise Pascal argued that even if there were truly no evidence for God, agnostics should consider what is now known as Pascal's Wager: the infinite expected value of acknowledging God is always greater than the finite expected value of not acknowledging his existence, and thus it is a safer "bet" to choose God.
Criticism of Pascal's Wager began in his own day, and came from both atheists, who questioned the 'benefits' of a deity whose 'realm' is beyond reason, and the religiously orthodox, who primarily took issue with the wager's deistic and agnostic language.

Bertrand Russell

RussellRussell, Bertrand16 Questions on the Assassination
Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) declared Why I Am Not a Christian in 1927, a classic statement of agnosticism.
Russell described himself in 1947 as an agnostic, saying: "Therefore, in regard to the Olympic gods, speaking to a purely philosophical audience, I would say that I am an Agnostic. But speaking popularly, I think that all of us would say in regard to those gods that we were Atheists. In regard to the Christian God, I should, I think, take exactly the same line."

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
An official European Union survey reported that 3% of the EU population is unsure about their belief in a god or spirit.

Divinity

divinegodhooddivinities
Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown and unknowable.

Supernatural

supernaturalismspiritualsupernatural powers
Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown and unknowable.

Ancient philosophy

classical philosophyAncientclassical
Earlier thinkers, however, had written works that promoted agnostic points of view, such as Sanjaya Belatthaputta, a 5th-century BCE Indian philosopher who expressed agnosticism about any afterlife; and Protagoras, a 5th-century BCE Greek philosopher who expressed agnosticism about the existence of "the gods".

Afterlife

life after deathhereafterafterlives
Earlier thinkers, however, had written works that promoted agnostic points of view, such as Sanjaya Belatthaputta, a 5th-century BCE Indian philosopher who expressed agnosticism about any afterlife; and Protagoras, a 5th-century BCE Greek philosopher who expressed agnosticism about the existence of "the gods".

Ancient Greek philosophy

Greek philosopherGreekGreek philosophers
Earlier thinkers, however, had written works that promoted agnostic points of view, such as Sanjaya Belatthaputta, a 5th-century BCE Indian philosopher who expressed agnosticism about any afterlife; and Protagoras, a 5th-century BCE Greek philosopher who expressed agnosticism about the existence of "the gods".

Cosmogony

origin of the universecosmogonicalcosmogonic
The Nasadiya Sukta in the Rigveda is agnostic about the origin of the universe.

William L. Rowe

RoweWilliam Rowe
According to the philosopher William L. Rowe, "agnosticism is the view that human reason is incapable of providing sufficient rational grounds to justify either the belief that God exists or the belief that God does not exist".