The Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani in Sikandra was originally built as a Baradari by Sultan Sikandar Lodi in 1495.
Gates of the Palace at Lucknow by W. Daniell, 1801
The Town and Fort of Agra, an engraving.
Chota Imambara is a Shia Muslim Hussainiya and a mausoleum for Muhammad Ali Shah.
Clothes of Mirza Ghalib, at Ghalib Museum, New Delhi
Map of the city, c. 1914
The ruins of the Residency at Lucknow show the gunfire it took during the rebellion.
A special commemorative cover of Ghalib released in India.
Agra, Main Street, c. 1858
Bada Imambada is famous for its maze called 'Bhool Bhulaiyaa' in Hindi-Urdu. It is built of identical 2.5 feet wide passageways like the one shown in this photograph.
The statue of Mirza Ghalib in Ghalib's Mansion.
The Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb
Map of parts of the Old City and the Civil Station, ca 1914
Ghalib poem in Nastaliq
Tomb of Akbar the Great
Map of Lucknow city
A page from Ghalib's letters( in his hand)
The sweet dish petha, which is a symbol of Mughal legacy.
Tata Consultancy Services Campus at TCS Awadh Park in Vibhuti Khand, Gomti Nagar
Cover Page of Ghalib's Qaat'i-e Burhaan
Agra Cantt Railway Station
HCL Technologies Campus at HCL IT City, Lucknow
Side view of Mazar-e-Ghalib
Railway Map of Agra (the line to Jaipur has meanwhile been converted to broad gauge)
Signature Building (Uttar Pradesh Police Headquarter in Lucknow)
Ghalib ki Haveli, interior
Agra Cantt. Railway Station
New building of Lucknow High Court
Ghalib on a 1969 stamp of India
Inner Ring Road link Yamuna Expressway to Lucknow expessway, Fatehabad Road, Shamshabad Road, NH-3, NH-11 Agra
Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha
Ghalib Statue at the Jamia Millia Islamia
Agra University
The roads of Lucknow (Gomti Nagar in picture)
Wall Mural of Mirza Ghalib at the junction of Mirza Ghalib Road in Nagpada, Mumbai, India, depicting the life and times of Ghalib and his impact on India
St John College
Agra–Lucknow Expressway
Mirza Ghalib's tomb near Chausath Khamba, Nizamuddin area Delhi
St Peter's College
Purvanchal Expressway
Agra College
Buses of Lucknow Mahanagar Parivahan Sewa
Inscription in Mirza Ghalib's Mausoleum
The most common front view of the Taj Mahal
Alambagh Inter State Terminal
Taj Mahal and outlying buildings as seen from across the Yamuna River (northern view)
Awadh Bus Station
Tombs of Shah Jahan and his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal
Lucknow Charbagh railway station
Taj Mahal from Agra fort
Lucknow Junction railway station
Tombstone of Mirza Ghalib
The Jahangiri Mahal, the largest residence in the complex
Terminal-2, CCS International Airport
Front gate of Ghalib's Tomb compound
Musamman Burj, an octagonal Tower which was the residence of Shah Jahan's favourite empress, Mumtaz Maḥal
Terminal-2, CCS International Airport
Clothes of Mirza Ghalib, at Ghalib Museum, New Delhi
The Moti Masjid or the Pearl Mosque
Lucknow Metro
The statue of Mirza Ghalib in Ghalib's Mansion.
Amar Singh Gate, one of two entrances into Agra's Red Fort
Lucknow Metro Coach
A page from Ghalib's letters( in his hand)
Ghanta Ghar, the tallest clock tower in India
Multi-storey apartments
Brijesh Pathak, Minister of Law & Justice and Additional Energy Resources in Uttar Pradesh, inaugurating the bada mangal festivities at UPNEDA office in Vibhuti Khand (May 2017)
Free food being distributed on a Bada Mangal (May 2017). Bada Mangal is a ritual specific only to Lucknow.
Tunday's Gelawati Kababs, Lucknow's speciality
DewaSharif
A dancer posing during a kathak dance sequence. The dance has its origins in Northern India and especially Lucknow.
BRSABV Ekana Cricket Stadium
K. D. Singh Babu Stadium, Lucknow
Dr. Akhilesh Das Gupta Stadium
Janeshwar Mishra Park
Ambedkar Memorial Park
Lucknow is known for its dasheri mangoes, which are exported to many countries
Baby elephant at Lucknow Zoo
Indian Institute of Management Lucknow
Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Lucknow
La Martiniere College
University of Lucknow
Central Drug Research Institute
Amity University Lucknow Campus, also known as Mango Orchard Campus
BBD groups of colleges Campus in Lucknow
BBD University building in BBD Campus in Lucknow

Agra is a city on the banks of the Yamuna river in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, about 210 km south of the national capital New Delhi and 378 km west of the state capital Lucknow.

- Agra

Mirza Ghalib was born in Kala Mahal, Agra into a family of Mughals who moved to Samarkand (in modern-day Uzbekistan) after the downfall of the Seljuk kings.

- Ghalib

He was employed first by the Nawab of Lucknow and then the Nizam of Hyderabad, Deccan.

- Ghalib

Lucknow, along with Agra and Varanasi, is in the Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arc, a chain of survey triangulations created by the Government of Uttar Pradesh to boost tourism in the state.

- Lucknow

Mirza Ghalib

- Agra

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Mir Taqi Mir

Urdu poet of the 18th century Mughal India and one of the pioneers who gave shape to the Urdu language itself.

Mir Taqi Mir in 1786

He spent the latter part of his life in the court of Asaf-ud-Daulah in Lucknow.

Mir was born in Agra, India (then called Akbarabad and ruled by the Mughals) in August or February 1723.

Mir Taqi Mir was often compared with the later day Urdu poet, Mirza Ghalib.

Delhi

Ancient built environment.

The walls of the 16th-century Purana Qila built on a mound whose topography is thought to match the literary description of the citadel Indraprastha in the Sanskrit-epic Mahabharata, though excavations in the vicinity have yielded no evidence of construction.
At 72.5 m, the Qutb Minar, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Delhi, was completed during the reign of Sultan Illtutmish in the 13th century; although its style has some similarities with the Jarkurgan minaret, it is more closely related to the Ghaznavid and Ghurid minarets of Central Asia
Red Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, was the main residence of the Mughal emperors for nearly 200 years.
Six stamps issued by the Government of British India to mark the inauguration of New Delhi in February 1931
Khan Market in New Delhi, now a high-end shopping district, was established in 1951 to help refugees of the Partition of India, especially those from the North West Frontier Province (NWFP). It honours Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan, Chief Minister of NWFP during the Partition.
Aerial view of Delhi in April 2016 with river Yamuna in top-right.
A dense toxic smog in New Delhi blocks out the sun. In November 2017, Delhi's chief minister described the city as a "gas chamber".
Urban sustainability analysis of the greater urban area of the city using the 'Circles of Sustainability method of the UN Global Compact Cities Programme.
Districts of Delhi
Municipalities of Delhi
Connaught Place in New Delhi is an important economic hub of the National Capital Region.
The Khari Baoli market in Old Delhi is one of the oldest and busiest in the city.
Indira Gandhi International Airport's new terminal in Delhi. It is the busiest airport in South Asia. Shown here is the immigration counter in Terminal 3.
The Delhi Transport Corporation operates three types of compressed natural gas buses, the world's largest fleet. The red- and green-roofed buses seen in the picture have low floors whereas the orange buses have standard height. The elevated Delhi metro is seen above in Azadpur.
The cycle rickshaw and the auto rickshaw are commonly used in Delhi for travelling short distances.
A platform of the New Delhi railway station shows a passenger train and freight which awaits pick up or transportation to other destinations. The pedestrian bridge overhead connects the platforms.
Delhi Metro is widely used Delhi- NCR.
Traditional pottery on display in Dilli Haat
The Pragati Maidan in Delhi hosts the World Book Fair biennially
More than a quarter of the immigrants in Delhi are from Bihar and neighboring states. Chhath, a festival of rural Bihar is now popular in Delhi.
On Basant Panchmi eve, qawwali singers wearing yellow headbands gather at the dargah of Sufi saint Nizamuddin Auliya to sing verses from Amir Khusrau.
The kitchen of Karim's, Old Delhi, a historic restaurant located near Jama Masjid. 
 Established in 1913, the restaurant has been described as "arguably the city's most famous culinary destination".
Pitampura TV Tower broadcasts programming to Delhi
Indian athletes marching into the National Stadium during the opening ceremony of the 1951 Asian Games.
The 2010 Commonwealth Games opening ceremony in Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium.
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium.
alt=The Birla temple in Delhi with its towers.|Birla Mandir, Delhi, a Hindu temple, was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1933
The Jama Masjid was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan between 1650 and 1656
The prayer hall of Sikh Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Chandni Chowk, Old Delhi which dates to 1783

Major Urdu poets from Delhi are Mir Taqi Mir, and Mirza Ghalib.

In 1526, Babur a descendant of Genghis Khan and Timur, from the Fergana Valley in modern-day Uzbekistan invaded India, defeated the last Lodhi sultan in the First Battle of Panipat and founded the Mughal Empire that ruled from Delhi and Agra.

Syed Ahmad Khan

Indian Muslim pragmatist, Islamic reformer, philosopher, and educationist in nineteenth-century British India. Though initially espousing Hindu-Muslim unity, he became the pioneer of Muslim nationalism in India and is widely credited as the father of the two-nation theory, which formed the basis of the Pakistan movement.

Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Justice Syed Mahmood, he was the first Muslim to serve as a High Court judge in the British Raj.
First issue of the journal Muhammadan Social Reformer dated 24 December 1870, it was a pioneering publication initiated by Sir Syed to promote liberal ideas in Muslim society.
The court of Akbar, an illustration from a manuscript of the Ain-e-Akbari
The logo of Aligarh University, whose moto is
Taught man that which he knew not. (Qur'an 96:5)
Signatures of Sir Syed
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in Punjab
Tomb of Syed Ahmad Khan
Title page of Commentary of Quran by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
Sir Syed with his son Syed Mahmood, grand son Syed Ross Masood, and some admirers.
1973 Indian stamp
English Heritage blue plaque dedicated to Sir Syed
Sir Syed's house in the university campus

He read the works of Muslim scholars and writers such as Sahbai, Zauq and Ghalib.

In February 1839, he was transferred to Agra and promoted to the title of Naib Munshi or deputy reader in the office of the Commissioner.

Erstwhile centres of Muslim power such as Delhi, Agra, Lucknow and Kanpur were severely affected.

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Major uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown.

A 1912 map of Northern India, showing the centres of the rebellion.
India in 1765 and 1805, showing East India Company-governed territories in pink
India in 1837 and 1857, showing East India Company-governed territories in pink
Two sepoy officers; a private sepoy, 1820s
A scene from the 1857 Indian Rebellion (Bengal Army).
Indian mutiny map showing position of troops on 1 May 1857
"The Sepoy revolt at Meerut," wood-engraving from the Illustrated London News, 1857
An 1858 photograph by Felice Beato of a mosque in Meerut where some of the rebel soldiers may have prayed
Wood-engraving depicting the massacre of officers by insurgent cavalry at Delhi
The Flagstaff Tower, Delhi, where the British survivors of the rebellion gathered on 11 May 1857; photographed by Felice Beato
States during the rebellion
Troops of the Native Allies by George Francklin Atkinson, 1859.
Sikh Troops Dividing the Spoil Taken from Mutineers, circa 1860
Fugitive British officers and their families attacked by mutineers.
A wood-engraving of Nynee Tal (today Nainital) and accompanying story in the Illustrated London News, 15 August 1857, describing how the resort town in the Himalayas served as a refuge for British families escaping from the rebellion of 1857 in Delhi and Meerut.
Attack of the mutineers on the Redan Battery at Lucknow, 30 July 1857
Assault on Delhi and capture of the Cashmere Gate, 14 September 1857
Capture of Delhi 1857.
Capture of Bahadur Shah Zafar and his sons by William Hodson at Humayun's tomb on 20 September 1857
Wood-engraving depicting Tatya Tope's Soldiery
A memorial erected (circa 1860) by the British after the Mutiny at the Bibighar Well. After India's Independence the statue was moved to the All Souls Memorial Church, Cawnpore. Albumen silver print by Samuel Bourne, 1860
A contemporary image of the massacre at the Satichaura Ghat
The interior of the Secundra Bagh, several months after its storming during the second relief of Lucknow. Albumen silver print by Felice Beato, 1858
Jhansi Fort, which was taken over by rebel forces, and subsequently defended against British recapture by the Rani of Jhansi
Wood-engraving of the execution of mutineers at Peshawar
Marble Lectern in memory of 35 British soldiers in Jhelum
Lieutenant William Alexander Kerr, 24th Bombay Native Infantry, near Kolapore, July 1857
The Relief of Lucknow by Thomas Jones Barker
British soldiers looting Qaisar Bagh, Lucknow, after its recapture (steel engraving, late 1850s)
Execution of mutineers by blowing from a gun by the British, 8 September 1857.
Justice, a print by Sir John Tenniel in a September 1857 issue of Punch
Bahadur Shah Zafar (the last Mughal emperor) in Delhi, awaiting trial by the British for his role in the Uprising. Photograph by Robert Tytler and Charles Shepherd, May 1858
The proclamation to the "Princes, Chiefs, and People of India," issued by Queen Victoria on 1 November 1858. "We hold ourselves bound to the natives of our Indian territories by the same obligation of duty which bind us to all our other subjects." (p. 2)
Captain C Scott of the Gen. Sir. Hope Grant's Column, Madras Regiment, who fell on the attack of Fort of Kohlee, 1858. Memorial at the St. Mary's Church, Madras
Memorial inside the York Minster
The Mutiny Memorial in Delhi, a monument to those killed on the British side during the fighting.
Suppression of the Indian Revolt by the English, which depicts the execution of mutineers by blowing from a gun by the British, a painting by Vasily Vereshchagin c. 1884. Note: This painting was allegedly bought by the British crown and possibly destroyed (current whereabouts unknown). It anachronistically depicts the events of 1857 with soldiers wearing (then current) uniforms of the late 19th century.
The hanging of two participants in the Indian Rebellion, Sepoys of the 31st Native Infantry. Albumen silver print by Felice Beato, 1857.
The National Youth rally at the National Celebration to Commemorate 150th Anniversary of the First War of Independence, 1857 at Red Fort, in Delhi on 11 May 2007
Henry Nelson O'Neil's 1857 painting Eastward Ho! depicting British soldiers saying farewell to their loved ones as they embark on a deployment to India.
Charles Canning, the Governor-General of India during the rebellion.
Lord Dalhousie, the Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856, who devised the Doctrine of Lapse.
Lakshmibai, the Rani of Maratha-ruled Jhansi, one of the principal leaders of the rebellion who earlier had lost her kingdom as a result of the Doctrine of Lapse.
Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last Mughal Emperor, crowned Emperor of India, by the Indian troops, he was deposed by the British, and died in exile in Burma
The Jantar Mantar observatory in Delhi in 1858, damaged in the fighting
Mortar damage to Kashmiri Gate, Delhi, 1858
Hindu Rao's house in Delhi, now a hospital, was extensively damaged in the fighting
Bank of Delhi was attacked by mortar and gunfire
Photograph entitled, "The Hospital in General Wheeler's entrenchment, Cawnpore". (1858) The hospital was the site of the first major loss of British lives in Cawnpore
1858 picture of Sati Chaura Ghat on the banks of the Ganges River, where on 27 June 1857 many British men lost their lives and the surviving women and children were taken prisoner by the rebels.
Bibigarh house where British women and children were killed and the well where their bodies were found, 1858.
The Bibighar Well site where a memorial had been built. Samuel Bourne, 1860.

Violence, which sometimes betrayed exceptional cruelty, was inflicted on both sides, on British officers, and civilians, including women and children, by the rebels, and on the rebels, and their supporters, including sometimes entire villages, by British reprisals; the cities of Delhi and Lucknow were laid waste in the fighting and the British retaliation.

During April, there was unrest and fires at Agra, Allahabad and Ambala.

Old Delhi

Area in the UT of Delhi, India.

Old Delhi, Yamuna river bank
Busy streets near Jama Masjid, Old Delhi.
View of Old Delhi from Jama Masjid in June 1973.
Jama Masjid built by Shah Jahan, 1656.
Shahjahanabad or Old Delhi, 1911 map
The City of Delhi Before the Siege - The Illustrated London News Jan 16, 1858
Historic map of Delhi (Shahjahanabad), 1863
Map of Delhi and New Delhi after the First World War. The descriptions are in Czech.
The Lahori Gate of Red Fort from Chandni Chowk.
Lal Mandir
Old Delhi Railway Station built 1903
Historic Karim's at Old Delhi.

It was founded as a walled city named Shahjahanabad in 1639, when Shah Jahan (the Mughal emperor at the time) decided to shift the Mughal capital from Agra.

Gali Qasim Jan in Ballimaran is the site of Mirza Ghalib's haveli, and that of Hakim Ajmal Khan

Hindustani language

Ancestors of the language were known as: Hindui, Hindavi, Zabān-e Hind, Zabān-e Hindustan , Hindustan ki boli , Rekhta, and Hindi.

The phrase Zabān-e Urdu-ye Mualla in Nastaʿlīq
Lashkari Zabān title in the Perso-Arabic script
Hindustani, in its standardised registers, is one of the official languages of both India (Hindi) and Pakistan (Urdu).
"Surahi" in Samrup Rachna calligraphy

Its majors centres of development included the Mughal courts of Delhi, Lucknow, Agra and Lahore as well as the Rajput courts of Amber and Jaipur.

Ghulam Ali (singer)

Pakistani ghazal singer of the Patiala Gharana.

Ghulam Ali in Chennai
Ghulam Ali in Hyderabad, 2007

After this cancellation, he performed at Lucknow, India., New Delhi and in Trivandrum, and Kozhikode, Kerala, India.

Aah ko chahiyye ek umr asar honey tak (Poet: The Great Mirza Ghalib)

Brij Narayan Chakbast

British Indian Urdu poet.

Chakbast was born in Faizabad (near Lucknow) in 1882.

The 2015 film Masaan starts with and contains various examples of Urdu poetry by Chakbast along with the works of Basheer Badr, Akbar Allahabadi, Mirza Ghalib and Dushyant Kumar.

Urdu poetry

Tradition of poetry and has many different forms.

Amir Khusrau, a 13th-century Urdu poet.

According to Naseer Turabi there are five major poets of Urdu which are Mir Taqi Mir (d.1810), Mirza Ghalib, Mir Anees, Allama Iqbal and Josh Malihabadi (d.1982).

Varanasi

City on the Ganges river in northern India that has a central place in pilgrimage, death, and mourning in the Hindu world, even as the traditions are transformed in the face of modernization, generational changes and emigration.

Kabir, a 15th-century Indian mystic poet and saint
Banarasi sari
Tourists shopping for jewellery in Varanasi
Ganges view from Bhadaini water works, Varanasi
Ramnagar Fort was built in 1750 by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh.
Alamgiri Mosque
Memorial of Sant Ravidas at Sant Ravidas Ghat
Sarnath, the suburb of Varanasi
Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Wall paintings, Varanasi, 1973
Sant Goswami Tulsidas Awadhi Hindi poet and propagator of Bhakthi music in Varanasi
Krishna standing on serpent Kaliya during Nag Nathaiya festival in Varanasi
The Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi
Indian Institute of Technology in Varanasi
The Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport is the main airport that serves Varanasi.
Varanasi Junction, is the main railway station which serves Varanasi.
Banaras railway station at night
Ring Road Phase I
Road in Varanasi Cantonment
BLW manufactured locomotives hauling load across the nation.
A lithograph by James Prinsep (1832) of a Brahmin placing a garland on the holiest location in the city.
A painting by Edwin Lord Weeks (1883) of Varanasi, viewed from the Ganges.
An illustration (1890) of Bathing Ghat in Varanasi.
Maharaja of Benares, 1870s.
Map of the city, c. 1914.
An 1895 photograph of the Varanasi riverfront.
The lanes of Varanasi are bathed in a plethora of colours.
Dashashwamedh Ghat
Manikarnika Ghat
The Jain Ghat/Bachraj Ghat
Kedar Ghat during Kartika Purnima
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the most important temple in Varanasi.
Shri Vishwanath Mandir has the tallest temple tower in the world.<ref name="Brief description">{{cite news|title=Brief description|publisher=Benaras Hindu University website|access-date=7 March 2015|url=http://www.bhu.ac.in/VT/|url-status=dead |archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/6zTH4V8Me?url=http://www.bhu.ac.in/VT/ |archive-date=17 May 2018}}</ref>
The 18th century Durga Kund Temple
Parshvanath Jain temple

It is 692 km to the southeast of India's capital New Delhi, 320 km south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and 121 km east of Allahabad, another Hindu pilgrimage site.