Ainu at a traditional marriage ceremony in Hokkaido.
Portrait of Nobuhiro Takeda
Ainu at a traditional marriage ceremony in Hokkaido.
Palace reception near Hakodate in 1751. Ainu bringing gifts.
Hokkaido Ainu clan leader.
Cropped and enlarged segment of "Deputy of the Prince of Matsmay" (image at left). The detail of the Matsumae clan mon on the clothing of the standing figure in background looks like four diamond-shapes turned sideways.
Ainu leader
This 1856 print is entitled "Deputy of the Prince of Matsmay." This artist's impression of four samurai was among the images that were published after the Perry Expedition "opened the door" to Japan.
Historical homeland and distribution of the Ainu people.
Matsumae Takahiro, a Matsumae lord of the late Edo period.
1843 illustration of Ainu
Black seal letter of 1604 from shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu to Matsumae Yoshihiro, first daimyō of Matsumae Domain, granting the Domain exclusivity as intermediaries in trade with the people of Ezo (Hokkaido Museum)
Photograph of Tatsujiro Kuzuno, a famous Ainu individual.
The Matsumae Folding Screen depicts in detail the castle town bustling with trade circa 1754-1764.
Sakhalin Ainu in 1904
A picture of Imekanu, right, with her niece Yukie Chiri, famous Ainu Japanese transcriber and translator of Ainu epic tales. (1922)
Three Ainu from Hokkaidō in traditional dress
Ainu man performing a traditional dance
An Ainu from Shiraoi, Hokkaido, c. 1930
"Ainu men" Department of Anthropology, Japanese exposition, 1904 World's Fair.
Map of pre-1945 distribution of Ainu languages and dialects
Woman playing a tonkori
Ainu ceremonial dress, British Museum
Ainu woman with mouth tattoos and live bear.
Bear hunting, 19th century
Ainu people, c. 1840
An Ainu woman from Hokkaido, c. 1930
Ainu house in Hokkaido
Ainu traditional house. Ainu: "cise".
A traditional Ainu marriage ceremony
Chishima Ainu working
Painting of the Ainu iyomante, bear spirit sending ceremony in Hokkaido (1875)
Ainu traditional ceremony, c. 1930
National Ainu Museum interior
Ainu cultural promotion centre and museum, in Sapporo (Sapporo Pirka Kotan)
The Oki Dub Ainu Band, led by the Ainu Japanese musician Oki, in Germany in 2007
Ainu people in front of a traditional building in Shiraoi, Hokkaido.
Karafuto (Sakhalin) Ainu family behind their house in 1912.
Historical extent of the Ainu
Ainu houses (from Popular Science Monthly Volume 33, 1888).
Plan of an Ainu house.
The family would gather around the fireplace.
Interior of the house of Ainu - Saru River basin.

The Matsumae clan (松前氏) was a Japanese clan that was confirmed in the possession of the area around Matsumae, Hokkaidō as a march fief in 1590 by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and charged with defending it, and by extension the whole of Japan, from the Ainu "barbarians" of the north.

- Matsumae clan

Takeda Nobuhiro (武田 信広), also known as Kakizaki Nobuhiro (蠣崎 信廣) (1431 – 1494) was the ancestor of the Matsumae clan, and is celebrated for his role in suppressing the 1457 Ainu revolt of Koshamain.

- Takeda Nobuhiro

Takeda Nobuhiro killed the Ainu leader, Koshamain.

- Ainu people

The Tokugawa bakufu (feudal government) granted the Matsumae clan exclusive rights to trade with the Ainu in the northern part of the island.

- Ainu people

Kakizaki Sueshige (蠣崎季繁), lord of Hanazawa-date; adoptive father of Takeda Nobuhiro, his general during Koshamain's War; by rallying the local leaders and heading the cause, he helped lay the foundations for the later Matsumae Domain.

- Matsumae clan
Ainu at a traditional marriage ceremony in Hokkaido.

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