Air-to-air missile

air-to-airair-to-air missilesAAMAAMsAir to air missileair to air rocketsAir-to-Air Missile (AAM)missilemissilesranges for AAMs are estimated for head-on encounters for fast moving aircraft at an altitude
An air-to-air missile (AAM) is a missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft.wikipedia
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Missile

guided missilemissilesguided missiles
An air-to-air missile (AAM) is a missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft.
Missiles come in types adapted for different purposes: surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank, etc.), surface-to-air missiles (and anti-ballistic), air-to-air missiles, and anti-satellite weapons.

Meteor (missile)

MeteorMBDA MeteorMeteor missile
Ramjet engines, as used on the Meteor (missile) are emerging as propulsion that will enable future medium-range missiles to maintain higher average speed across their engagement envelope.
Meteor is an active radar guided beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) developed by MBDA.

Infrared homing

heat-seekingheat-seeking missileinfrared seeker
Most use infrared guidance and are called heat-seeking missiles.
The NATO brevity code for an air-to-air infrared-guided missile launch is Fox Two.

Air-to-air rocket

air-to-airair-to-air weaponanti-aircraft rockets
The air-to-air missile grew out of the unguided air-to-air rockets used during the First World War.
For air-to-air missiles, see Air to air missile.

CAMM (missile family)

Sea CeptorCAMMCAMM-ER
The concepts of air-to-air missiles and surface-to-air missiles are very closely related, and in some cases versions of the same weapon may be used for both roles, such as the ASRAAM and Sea Ceptor.
The CAMM (Common Anti-Air Modular Missile) series is a family [8] of surface-to-air missiles developed by MBDA for the United Kingdom.

Ruhrstahl X-4

Kramer Rk 344Kramer X4X-4
Facing the Allied air superiority, Germany in World War II invested limited effort into missile research, leading to the deployment of the R4M unguided rocket and the development of various guided missile prototypes such as the Ruhrstahl X-4.
The Ruhrstahl Ru 344 X-4 or Ruhrstahl-Kramer RK 344 was a wire guided air-to-air missile designed by Germany during World War II.

Fireflash

Fairey FireflashRed Hawk missileBlue Sky
Post-war research led the Royal Air Force to introduce Fairey Fireflash into service in 1955 but their results were unsuccessful.
Fireflash was the United Kingdom's first air-to-air guided missile to see service with the Royal Air Force.

AIM-4 Falcon

FalconHughes FalconFalcon missile
The US Navy and US Air Force began equipping guided missiles in 1956, deploying the USAF's AIM-4 Falcon and the USN's AIM-7 Sparrow and AIM-9 Sidewinder.
The Hughes AIM-4 Falcon was the first operational guided air-to-air missile of the United States Air Force.

AIM-7 Sparrow

AIM-7Sea SparrowSparrow
The US Navy and US Air Force began equipping guided missiles in 1956, deploying the USAF's AIM-4 Falcon and the USN's AIM-7 Sparrow and AIM-9 Sidewinder.
The AIM-7 Sparrow is an American, medium-range semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile operated by the United States Air Force, United States Navy, and United States Marine Corps, as well as other various air forces and navies.

AIM-9 Sidewinder

SidewinderAIM-9AIM-9X
The US Navy and US Air Force began equipping guided missiles in 1956, deploying the USAF's AIM-4 Falcon and the USN's AIM-7 Sparrow and AIM-9 Sidewinder. Early short-range missiles such as the early Sidewinders and K-13 (missile) (AA-2 Atoll) had infrared seekers with a narrow (30-degree) field of view and required the attacker to position himself behind the target (rear aspect engagement).
The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a short-range air-to-air missile which entered service with the US Navy in 1956 and subsequently was adopted by the US Air Force in 1964.

Beyond-visual-range missile

beyond visual rangebeyond-visual-rangeBVR
In contrast, medium- or long-range missiles (MRAAMs or LRAAMs), which both fall under the category of beyond visual range missiles (BVRAAMs), tend to rely upon radar guidance, of which there are many forms. The use of Beyond Visual Range combat became so pervasive in the US that early F-4 variants were armed only with missiles in the 1960s.
A beyond-visual-range missile (BVR) is an air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) that is capable of engaging at ranges of 20 nmi or beyond.

McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II

F-4 Phantom IIF-4 PhantomF-4
The use of Beyond Visual Range combat became so pervasive in the US that early F-4 variants were armed only with missiles in the 1960s.
It can carry more than 18,000 pounds (8,400 kg) of weapons on nine external hardpoints, including air-to-air missiles, air-to-ground missiles, and various bombs.

K-5 (missile)

Kaliningrad K-5K-5AA-1 Alkali
The Soviet Air Force introduced its K-5 (missile) into service in 1957.
The Kaliningrad K-5 (NATO reporting name AA-1 Alkali), also known as RS-1U or product ShM, was an early Soviet air-to-air missile.

AIM-26 Falcon

GAR-11 FalconAIM-26AIM-26A Falcon
Less commonly, nuclear warheads have been mounted on a small number of air-to-air missile types (such as the AIM-26 Falcon) although these are not known to have ever been used in combat.
The AIM-26 Falcon was a larger, more powerful version of the AIM-4 Falcon air-to-air missile built by Hughes.

Dogfight

dog fightair-to-air combatair-to-air
Those designed to engage opposing aircraft at ranges of less than 30 km are known as short-range or "within visual range" missiles (SRAAMs or WVRAAMs) and are sometimes called "dogfight" missiles because they are designed to optimize their agility rather than range.
Other prime inventions of the era include radar and air-to-air missiles.

Flare (countermeasure)

flareflaresdecoy flare
An aircraft can defend against infra-red missiles by dropping flares that are hotter than the aircraft, so the missile homes in on the brighter, hotter target.
A flare or decoy flare is an aerial infrared countermeasure used by a plane or helicopter to counter an infrared homing ("heat-seeking") surface-to-air missile or air-to-air missile.

R-27 (air-to-air missile)

R-27Vympel R-27R-27T
For examples, see Vympel R-27, Brazo, and AIM-97 Seekbat.
The Vympel R-27 missile (NATO reporting name AA-10 Alamo) is a medium-to-long-range air-to-air missile developed by the Soviet Union.

AIM-97 Seekbat

AIM-97 Seek BatXAIM-97A Seekbat
For examples, see Vympel R-27, Brazo, and AIM-97 Seekbat.
The AIM-97 Seekbat or XAIM-97A Seek Bat was a long-range air-to-air missile developed by the United States.

Falklands War

Falklands ConflictOperation CorporateFalklands
In the Falklands War British Harriers, using AIM-9L missiles were able to defeat faster Argentinian opponents.
One was shot down by an AIM-9L Sidewinder air-to-air missile (AAM), while the other escaped but was damaged and without enough fuel to return to its mainland air base.

R-73 (missile)

R-73Vympel R-73R-73 missile
The R-73 (missile) (AA-11 Archer) entered service in 1985 and marked a new generation of dogfight missile.
The Vympel R-73 (NATO reporting name AA-11 Archer) is a short-range air-to-air missile developed by Vympel NPO that entered service in 1984.

K-13 (missile)

Vympel K-13AA-2 AtollK-13
Early short-range missiles such as the early Sidewinders and K-13 (missile) (AA-2 Atoll) had infrared seekers with a narrow (30-degree) field of view and required the attacker to position himself behind the target (rear aspect engagement).
The Vympel K-13 (NATO reporting name: AA-2 "Atoll") is a short-range, infrared homing air-to-air missile developed by the Soviet Union.

Astra (missile)

AstraAstra missileAstra BVRAAM
Astra (Sanskrit: "weapon" ) is an all weather beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation.

Brazo

For examples, see Vympel R-27, Brazo, and AIM-97 Seekbat.
Developed by Hughes Aircraft and based on the AIM-7 Sparrow air-to-air missile, the Brazo underwent a series of successful test firings; however, the program was terminated at the end of its test program.

A-Darter

A-Darter (missile)A-Darter AAM
The V3E A-Darter (Agile Darter) is a modern short-range infrared homing ("heat seeking") air-to-air missile, featuring countermeasures resistance with a 180-degree look angle and 120-degrees per second track rate, developed by South Africa's Denel Dynamics (formerly Kentron) and Brazil's Mectron (now SIATT), Avibras and Opto Eletrônica.

Super 530

Magic Super 530F/Super 530DMatra Super 530 FMatra Super 530D
The Matra Super 530 is a French short to medium-range air-to-air missile.