SAM 29000, one of the two VC-25As used as Air Force One, approaching James M. Cox Dayton International Airport, October 2012
George Washington, the first president of the United States
Theodore Roosevelt and pilot Arch Hoxsey before their flight from St. Louis in October 1910
President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivers a radio address, 1933
President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Douglas C-54 Skymaster aircraft, nicknamed the Sacred Cow
President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the 1964 Civil Rights Act as Martin Luther King Jr. and others look on
The VC-118 Independence used primarily by President Truman
President Donald Trump delivers his 2018 State of the Union Address, with Vice President Mike Pence and Speaker of the House Paul Ryan
The VC-121 Columbine II used by President Eisenhower (shown while undergoing restoration in 2016)
President George H. W. Bush and Russian President Gorbachev sign the 1990 Chemical Weapons Accord in the White House.
SAM 970 in Eisenhower era livery
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, successfully preserved the Union during the American Civil War.
Loewy's initial design proposal
President Barack Obama with his Supreme Court appointee Justice Sotomayor, 2009
SAM 26000 served Kennedy to Clinton (shown in AF2 livery)
President Ronald Reagan reviews honor guards during a state visit to China, 1984
Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as President aboard SAM 26000 following John F. Kennedy's death.
President Woodrow Wilson throws out the ceremonial first ball on Opening Day, 1916
SAM 27000 served presidents Nixon to George W. Bush.
President Jimmy Carter (left) debates Republican nominee Ronald Reagan on October 28, 1980.
SAM 28000 sits on the ramp as SAM 29000 descends on final approach at Hickam with George W. Bush
Map of the United States showing the number of electoral votes allocated following the 2010 census to each state and the District of Columbia for the 2012, 2016 and 2020 presidential elections; it also notes that Maine and Nebraska distribute electors by way of the congressional district method. 270 electoral votes are required for a majority out of 538 votes possible.
President George W. Bush aboard a VC-25 on September 11, 2001
Franklin D. Roosevelt won a record four presidential elections (1932, 1936, 1940 and 1944), leading to the adoption of a two-term limit.
President Barack Obama meets with staff mid-flight aboard Air Force One, in the conference room, April 3, 2009.
President William McKinley and his successor, Theodore Roosevelt
SAM 28000 flying over Mount Rushmore, February 2001
President Reagan surrounded by Secret Service
VC-6A used as Air Force One
From left: George H. W. Bush, Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and Jimmy Carter. Photo taken in the Oval Office on January 7, 2009; Obama formally took office thirteen days later.
A USAF Gulfstream V in VIP livery
Presidents Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George H.W. Bush, and Jimmy Carter at the dedication of the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum in Dallas, 2013
A Boeing C-32 (Boeing 757) serving as Air Force Two
White House, the official residence
Lockheed JetStar used by President Johnson on display at the Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park
Camp David, the official retreat
President George W. Bush, First Lady Laura Bush, and former first lady Nancy Reagan toured SAM 27000, housed at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in October 2005
Blair House, the official guest house
The presidential limousine, dubbed "The Beast"
The presidential plane, called Air Force One when the president is on board
Marine One helicopter, when the president is aboard

Air Force One is the official air traffic control designated call sign for a United States Air Force aircraft carrying the president of the United States.

- Air Force One

The primary means of long-distance air travel for the president is one of two identical Boeing VC-25 aircraft, which are extensively modified Boeing 747 airliners and are referred to as Air Force One while the president is on board (although any U.S. Air Force aircraft the president is aboard is designated as "Air Force One" for the duration of the flight).

- President of the United States

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Official portrait, 1959

Dwight D. Eisenhower

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Official portrait, 1959
The Eisenhower family home in Abilene, Kansas
Eisenhower (third from left) and Omar Bradley (second from right) were members of the 1912 West Point football team.
Mamie Eisenhower, painted in 1953 by Thomas E. Stephens
Eisenhower (far right) with three friends (William Stuhler, Major Brett, and Paul V. Robinson) in 1919, four years after graduating from West Point
Eisenhower as a major general, 1942
General Eisenhower, General Patton (standing to the left) and President Roosevelt in Sicily, 1943
Eisenhower speaks with men of the 502nd Parachute Infantry Regiment (PIR), part of the 101st "Screaming Eagles" Airborne Division, on June 5, 1944, the day before the D-Day invasion. The officer Eisenhower is speaking to is First Lieutenant Wallace Strobel.
From left, front row includes army officers Simpson, Patton, Spaatz, Eisenhower, Bradley, Hodges and Gerow in 1945
Eisenhower with Allied commanders following the signing of the German Instrument of Surrender at Reims
Eisenhower as General of the Army, 1945
General Eisenhower served as military governor of the American zone (highlighted) in Allied-occupied Germany from May through November 1945.
General Eisenhower (left) in Warsaw, Poland, 1945
Eisenhower lighting the Columbia University Yule Log, 1949
Eisenhower posing in front of Alma Mater at Columbia in 1953
As president of Columbia, Eisenhower presents an honorary degree to Jawaharlal Nehru.
Eisenhower button from the 1952 campaign
1952 electoral vote results
1956 electoral vote results
February 1959 White House portrait
Eisenhower meeting with Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser during Nasser's visit to United Nations in New York, September 1960
Eisenhower visits the Kingdom of Afghanistan and its king Mohammed Zahir Shah in Kabul.
Eisenhower with Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
U.S. President Eisenhower visits the Republic of China and its President Chiang Kai-shek in Taipei.
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev during his 11-day U.S. visit as guest of President Eisenhower, September 1959.
President Eisenhower with Wernher von Braun, 1960
Eisenhower in Korea with General Chung Il-kwon, and Baik Seon-yup, 1952
Spanish dictator Francisco Franco and Eisenhower in Madrid in 1959.
Eisenhower with the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1959)
Eisenhower and Vice President Richard Nixon with their host, King Saud of Saudi Arabia, at the Mayflower Hotel (1957)
A U-2 reconnaissance aircraft in flight
Official White House Portrait of President Eisenhower, c. 1960
Eisenhower speaks to the press at the 1964 Republican National Convention
President Lyndon Johnson with Eisenhower aboard Air Force One in October 1965
Eisenhower with President Richard Nixon in February 1969
Eisenhower's funeral service
Graves of Dwight D. Eisenhower, Doud Dwight "Icky" Eisenhower and Mamie Eisenhower in Abilene, Kansas
Eisenhower signs the legislation that changes Armistice Day to Veterans Day, June 1, 1954
President John F. Kennedy meets with General Eisenhower at Camp David, April 22, 1961, three days after the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion
Eisenhower Interstate System sign south of San Antonio, Texas
Bronze statue of Eisenhower in the Capitol rotunda
The star of the Soviet Order of Victory awarded to Eisenhower
The coat of arms granted to Eisenhower upon his incorporation as a knight of the Danish Order of the Elephant in 1950. The anvil represents the fact that his name is derived from the German for "iron hewer", making these an example of canting arms.

Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (born David Dwight Eisenhower; ; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American military officer and statesman who served as the 34th president of the United States from 1953 to 1961.

On August 26, 1959, he was aboard the maiden flight of Air Force One, which replaced the Columbine as the presidential aircraft.

Oval Office photo, 1964

Lyndon B. Johnson

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Oval Office photo, 1964
Seven-year-old Johnson with his trademark cowboy hat, c. 1915.
Johnson's boyhood home in Johnson City, Texas
President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Governor James V. Allred of Texas, and Johnson, 1937. Johnson later used an edited version of this photo, with Allred airbrushed out, in his 1941 senatorial campaign.
LCDR Johnson, March 1942
Johnson as U.S. senator from Texas
Senate Desk X, used by all Democratic leaders, including Johnson, since Joseph Taylor Robinson
Johnson giving "The Treatment" to Senator Richard Russell in 1963, shortly after becoming president.
President Kennedy and Vice President Johnson outside the White House prior to a ceremony
Vice President Johnson and Attorney General Robert Kennedy meeting with civil rights leaders at the White House on June 22, 1963.
Opening Day of the 1961 baseball season. President Kennedy throws out the first ball at Griffith Stadium, the home field of the Washington Senators, as LBJ and Hubert Humphrey look on.
Vice President Johnson visiting Finland in September 1963; here seen with Mrs. Johnson, while Urho Kekkonen, the President of Finland, welcomes them.
LBJ is sworn in on Air Force One by Judge Sarah Hughes as Mrs. Johnson and Mrs. Kennedy look on.
Meeting with civil rights leaders Martin Luther King Jr. (left), Whitney Young, and James Farmer in the Oval Office in 1964
President Lyndon Johnson (left), alongside Illinois AFL-CIO President Reuben Soderstrom (center) and Vice President Stanley Johnson (right), speaks to the delegates of the 1964 Illinois AFL-CIO convention.
1964 presidential election results
President Lyndon B. Johnson, Martin Luther King Jr., and Rosa Parks at the signing of the Voting Rights Act on August 6, 1965
President Johnson signs the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 as Sen. Edward Kennedy, Sen. Robert Kennedy, and others look on
Former president Truman and wife Bess at Medicare Bill signing in 1965, as Lady Bird and Hubert Humphrey look on
Former President Lyndon B. Johnson (center left) and Vice President Spiro Agnew (center right) witness the liftoff of Apollo 11.
Aftermath from a race riot in Washington D.C., April 1968
Lady Bird Johnson and LBJ with Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos on September 12, 1966
Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Queen Farah Pahlavi with the Johnsons on their visit to the United States
Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and General Westmoreland in Vietnam 1965
Awarding a medal to a U.S. soldier during a visit to Vietnam in 1966
Philippines President Marcos hosting the leaders of SEATO nations during the Manila Conference on the Vietnam War
Johnson greeting a crowd, 1966
Johnson talking with his Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, 1967
Vietnam War protestors march at the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. on October 21, 1967. Support for the war was dropping and the anti-Vietnam War movement strengthened.
Walt Whitman Rostow shows President Lyndon B. Johnson a model of the Khe Sanh area in February 1968
Tens of thousands of civilians were killed during the American bombing of North Vietnam in Operation Rolling Thunder.
Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin (left) next to Johnson during the Glassboro Summit Conference
Countries visited by Johnson during his presidency
President Johnson meets with Republican candidate Richard Nixon in the White House, July 1968.
Johnson in the Oval Office in 1969, a few days before Richard Nixon's inauguration
With the appointment of Thurgood Marshall, Johnson placed the first African American on the Supreme Court.
Johnson with longer hair during an interview in August 1972, five months before his death
Johnson wearing a cowboy hat at his ranch in Texas, 1972
Johnson's grave
Johnson lying in state in the United States Capitol rotunda
Johnson's image as it appears in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.
Johnson with his family in the Yellow Oval Room, Christmas 1968
Front view of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum located on the campus of the University of Texas in Austin, Texas
Entrance to the Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac

Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th president of the United States from 1963 to 1969.

He flew 523,000 mi aboard Air Force One while in office.

Richard Nixon

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Nixon (second from right) makes his newspaper debut in 1916, contributing five cents to a fund for war orphans. His brother Donald is to his right.
Nixon at Whittier High School, 1930
Nixon's family: Julie and David Eisenhower, President Nixon, First Lady Pat Nixon, Tricia and Edward Cox (December 24, 1971)
Lieutenant Commander Richard Nixon, United States Navy (circa 1945)
Nixon's congressional campaign flyer
Nixon campaigning for the Senate, 1950
Nixon campaigns in Sausalito, California, 1950
Official Vice Presidential portrait
Front cover of literature for the Eisenhower–Nixon campaign, 1952
Nikita Khrushchev and Nixon speak as the press looks on at the Kitchen Debate, July 24, 1959
John F. Kennedy and Nixon before their first televised 1960 debate
1960 electoral vote results
Nixon and Lyndon Johnson leave the White House for the Kennedy–Johnson inauguration
Nixon shows his papers to an East German officer to cross between the sectors of the divided City of Berlin, 1963
Nixon and Johnson meet at the White House before Nixon's nomination, July 1968
Nixon campaigning July 1968
1968 electoral vote results; the popular vote between Nixon and Humphrey was less than one percentage point apart
Nixon is sworn in as the 37th President by Chief Justice Earl Warren. The new First Lady, Pat, holds the family Bible.
Mao Zedong and Nixon
Nixon delivers an address to the nation about the incursion in Cambodia
Nixon visits American troops in South Vietnam, July 30, 1969
Nixon with Mexican president Gustavo Díaz Ordaz (to his right); motorcade in San Diego, California, September 1970
Nixon with Brezhnev during the Soviet leader's trip to the U.S., 1973
Nixon with President Anwar Sadat of Egypt, June 1974
Nixon at the Washington Senators' 1969 Opening Day with team owner Bob Short (arms folded) and Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn (hand on mouth). Nixon's aide, Major Jack Brennan, sits behind them in uniform.
Nixon gives 1971 State of the Union Address
Official Nixon portrait by James Anthony Wills, c. 1984
Graph of increases in U.S. incarceration rate
Nixon visiting the Apollo 11 astronauts in quarantine aboard the aircraft carrier USS Hornet
1972 electoral vote results
Nixon takes questions at 1973 press conference
Demonstrator demands impeachment, October 1973
Nixon announces the release of edited transcripts of the Watergate tapes, April 29, 1974
Nixon's farewell speech to the White House staff, August 9, 1974
President Ford announcing his decision to pardon Nixon, September 8, 1974, in the Oval Office
President Jimmy Carter and ex-Presidents Gerald Ford and Nixon meet at the White House before former Vice President Hubert Humphrey's funeral, 1978
Nixon speaking with Chinese Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping and U.S. President Jimmy Carter at the White House, 1979
President Ronald Reagan meets with his three immediate predecessors, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter and Nixon at the White House, October 1981; the three former presidents would represent the United States at the funeral of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.
Nixon with President Bill Clinton in the residence of the White House, March 1993
Five U.S. presidents (including then-incumbent President Bill Clinton) and their wives attending the funeral of Richard Nixon, April 27, 1994
The graves of President Richard Nixon and First Lady Pat Nixon
Richard Nixon's Presidential Library and Museum located in Yorba Linda, California
With Elvis Presley in December 1970: "The President & The King"
Presidents Gerald Ford, Nixon, George H.W. Bush, Ronald Reagan, and Jimmy Carter in 1991
Campaign button ironically emphasizing the personality and public image assessments discussed in this section
Nixon with Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir, June 1974.
Nixon in Yorba Linda, 1950

Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913April 22, 1994) was the 37th president of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974.

Upon touching down, the President and First Lady emerged from Air Force One and were greeted by Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai.

The Boeing 747, here an Iberia 747-200, is a low-wing airliner powered by four turbofans, with a distinctive raised forward passenger deck and cockpit.

Boeing 747

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Large, long-range wide-body airliner designed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in the United States.

Large, long-range wide-body airliner designed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in the United States.

The Boeing 747, here an Iberia 747-200, is a low-wing airliner powered by four turbofans, with a distinctive raised forward passenger deck and cockpit.
The Boeing 747, here an Iberia 747-200, is a low-wing airliner powered by four turbofans, with a distinctive raised forward passenger deck and cockpit.
Cargo nose door open with cargo loader
An Iran Air 747-200, showing the early-production 747 cockpit, located on the upper deck
The Pratt & Whitney JT9D high-bypass turbofan engine was developed for the 747.
747 final assembly at the Boeing Everett Factory
The prototype 747 was first displayed to the public on September 30, 1968.
The 747's 16-wheel main landing gear
First Lady Pat Nixon christened the first commercial 747 on January 15, 1970.
Stretched upper deck cabin of later 747s with six-abreast seating
Launch Customer Northwest Airlines introduced the 747-400 in 1989.
747-400 main deck economy class seating in 3–4–3 layout
A Lufthansa 747-8
Three-view diagram of the original Boeing 747-100, showing its general configuration maintained in later variants
Front view showing the triple-slotted trailing edge flaps
The original 747-100 has a short upper deck with three windows per side; Pan Am introduced it on January 22, 1970
One of the two 747-100BSR with the stretched upper deck (SUD) made for JAL
An Iran Air, the last in passenger service
The 747SP was the only 747 model with a shortened fuselage
Most 747-200s had ten windows per side on the upper deck
The, with its stretched upper deck, was first delivered to Swissair on March 23, 1983
The improved, featuring canted winglets, entered service in February 1989 with Northwest Airlines
The Boeing Dreamlifter, a modified, first flew on September 9, 2006
The stretched and re-engined Boeing 747-8 made its maiden flight on February 8, 2010, as a freighter
Air Force One, a Boeing VC-25, over Mount Rushmore
747 "airborne aircraft carrier" concept
Shuttle Carrier Aircraft carrying a Space Shuttle orbiter
The proposed 747-500X and -600X as depicted in a 1998 FAA illustration
The 747-400ER was derived from the 747-400X study.
Diagram of Boeing 747 variants.
At the top: 747-100 (dorsal, cross-section, and front views). Side views, in descending order: 747SP,,, 747-8I, and 747LCF.
Boeing 747-230B in Lufthansa livery on display at the Technikmuseum Speyer in Germany
Boeing 747-128 on display at the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace in France
Boeing 747-212B serving as the Jumbo Stay at Arlanda Airport, Sweden

The 747 is the basis for several government and military variants, such as the VC-25 (Air Force One), E-4 Emergency Airborne Command Post, Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, and some experimental testbeds such as the YAL-1 and SOFIA airborne observatory.

VC-25 – This aircraft is the U.S. Air Force very important person (VIP) version of the 747-200B. The U.S. Air Force operates two of them in VIP configuration as the VC-25A. Tail numbers 28000 and 29000 are popularly known as Air Force One, which is technically the air-traffic call sign for any United States Air Force aircraft carrying the U.S. President. Partially completed aircraft from Everett, Washington, were flown to Wichita, Kansas, for final outfitting by Boeing Military Airplane Company. Two new aircraft, based around the, are being procured which will be designated as VC-25B.

Executive One

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Executive One is the call sign designated for any United States civil aircraft when the president of the United States is on board.

Typically, the president flies in military aircraft that are under the command of the Presidential Airlift Group, which include Air Force One, Marine One, Navy One, and others.

Marine One in flight over Washington, D.C., 2005

Marine One

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Marine One in flight over Washington, D.C., 2005
A former VH-3 Marine One at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library
Richard Nixon boarding Marine One on July 16, 1972.
President Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan board Marine One, 1987
Inside a VH-3D Marine One transporting President Barack Obama (seated with back to camera), seated with National Security Advisor James L. Jones, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Adm. Michael Mullen, Defense Secretary Robert Gates, and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (left to right).
A developmental VH-92A helicopter conducts landing and take-off testing at the White House South Lawn in September 2018.
VH-60N over Washington, D.C.

Marine One is the call sign of any United States Marine Corps aircraft carrying the president of the United States.

Using Air Force One would have been impractical over such a short distance, and there was no airfield near his home with a paved runway to support fixed-wing aircraft, so Eisenhower instructed his staff to investigate other modes of transport and a Sikorsky UH-34 Seahorse helicopter was commissioned.