Air combat manoeuvring

air-to-air combatair combat maneuveringair-to-airmaneuveraerial battleair combat maneuverAerialaerial combat maneuversaerial combat tacticair combat
Air combat manoeuvring (also known as ACM or dogfighting) is the tactical art of moving, turning and/or situating one's fighter aircraft in order to attain a position from which an attack can be made on another aircraft.wikipedia
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Dogfight

dog fightair-to-air combatair-to-air
Air combat manoeuvring (also known as ACM or dogfighting) is the tactical art of moving, turning and/or situating one's fighter aircraft in order to attain a position from which an attack can be made on another aircraft.
A dogfight, or dog fight, is an aerial battle between fighter aircraft, conducted at close range.

Fighter aircraft

fighterfightersjet fighter
Air combat manoeuvring (also known as ACM or dogfighting) is the tactical art of moving, turning and/or situating one's fighter aircraft in order to attain a position from which an attack can be made on another aircraft.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.

Basic fighter maneuvers

overshootovershootingbasic fighter manoeuvring
Air combat manoeuvres rely on offensive and defensive basic fighter manoeuvring (BFM) to gain an advantage over an aerial opponent.
Basic fighter maneuvers (BFM) are tactical movements performed by fighter aircraft during air combat maneuvering (also called ACM, or dogfighting), to gain a positional advantage over the opponent.

Split S

Split-S
The Split S is an air combat maneuver mostly used to disengage from combat.

Thach Weave

one or two "weavers
The Thach Weave (also known as a Beam Defense Position) is an aerial combat tactic developed by naval aviator John S. Thach and named by James H. Flatley of the United States Navy soon after the United States' entry into World War II.

The Scissors

scissor maneuversScissors
The Scissors is an aerial dog fighting maneuver commonly used by military fighter pilots.

Herbst maneuver

Herbst manoeuvre
The Herbst maneuver (also known as a J-turn ) is an air combat maneuver that uses post-stall technology such as thrust vectoring and advanced flight controls to achieve high angles of attack.

Cobra Turn

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
Military aviation appeared in World War I when aircraft were initially used to spot enemy troop concentrations, field gun positions and movements.

Aviatik B.I

SAML S.2SAML S.1Aviatik P14
The first recorded aircraft to be shot down by another aircraft, which occurred on October 5, 1914, was a German Aviatik.

Reconnaissance

scoutscoutsreconnaissance in force
The need to stop reconnaissance that was being conducted by enemy aircraft rapidly led to the development of fighter planes, a class of aircraft designed specifically to destroy other aircraft.

Roland Garros (aviator)

Roland GarrosGarrosGarros, Roland
Roland Garros, working with Morane Saulnier Aéroplanes, was the first to solve this problem by attaching steel deflector wedges to the propeller.

Morane-Saulnier

MoraneMorane SaulnierLeon Morane
Roland Garros, working with Morane Saulnier Aéroplanes, was the first to solve this problem by attaching steel deflector wedges to the propeller.

Anthony Fokker

FokkerAnthony H. G. FokkerA. H. G. Fokker
Anthony Fokker inspected the plane's wreckage and learned to improved the design by connecting the firing mechanism of the gun to the timing of the engine, thus allowing the gun to fire through the propeller without making contact with the propeller.

Max Immelmann

Immelmann“Immelmann”
As technology rapidly advanced, new and young aviators began defining the realm of air-to-air combat, such as Max Immelmann, Oswald Boelcke, and Lanoe Hawker.

Oswald Boelcke

Boelcke
As technology rapidly advanced, new and young aviators began defining the realm of air-to-air combat, such as Max Immelmann, Oswald Boelcke, and Lanoe Hawker. Oswald Boelcke, a German fighter ace during World War I, was the first to publish the basic rules for aerial combat manoeuvring in 1916, known as the Dicta Boelcke.

Lanoe Hawker

Lanoe George HawkerDetailsMajor Lanoe Hawker
As technology rapidly advanced, new and young aviators began defining the realm of air-to-air combat, such as Max Immelmann, Oswald Boelcke, and Lanoe Hawker.

Manfred von Richthofen

Red BaronThe Red BaronBaron von Richthofen
One of the greatest of these "ace pilots" of World War I, Manfred von Richthofen (the Red Baron), wrote in his book The Red Fighter Pilot, "The great thing in air fighting is that the decisive factor does not lie in trick flying but solely in the personal ability and energy of the aviator. A flying man may be able to loop and do all the stunts imaginable and yet he may not succeed in shooting down a single enemy."

German Empire

GermanyGermanImperial Germany
Oswald Boelcke, a German fighter ace during World War I, was the first to publish the basic rules for aerial combat manoeuvring in 1916, known as the Dicta Boelcke.

Flying ace

fighter aceaceaces
Oswald Boelcke, a German fighter ace during World War I, was the first to publish the basic rules for aerial combat manoeuvring in 1916, known as the Dicta Boelcke.

Dicta Boelcke

Dicta
Oswald Boelcke, a German fighter ace during World War I, was the first to publish the basic rules for aerial combat manoeuvring in 1916, known as the Dicta Boelcke.

Air-to-air missile

air-to-airair-to-air missilesAAM
Today's air combat is much more complicated than that of older times, as air-to-air missiles, radar, and automatic cannons capable of high rates of fire are used on virtually all modern fighter aircraft.

Radar

radar stationradarsradar system
Today's air combat is much more complicated than that of older times, as air-to-air missiles, radar, and automatic cannons capable of high rates of fire are used on virtually all modern fighter aircraft.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
However, close range fighting with infrared guided missiles and aircraft cannons still obeys the same general rules laid down in the skies over Europe in the early 20th century.

Thrust-to-weight ratio

thrust to weight ratioThrust/weightlow weight
Structural limitations of the attacking and defending fighters must be taken into account, such as thrust-to-weight ratio, wing loading, and the "corner speed" (the maximum or minimum speed at which the aircraft can attain the best turning performance).