Air gun

air rifleair pistolairgunair riflesair gunsairgunsair riflerypre-charged pneumaticspring poweredpellet gun
An air gun (or airgun) is any kind of gun that launches projectiles pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are pressurized mechanically without involving any chemical reactions, in contrast to a firearm, which pressurizes gases chemically via an exothermic oxidation of combustible propellants which generates propulsive energy by breaking molecular bonds.wikipedia
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Firearm

small armsfirearmssmall-arms
An air gun (or airgun) is any kind of gun that launches projectiles pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are pressurized mechanically without involving any chemical reactions, in contrast to a firearm, which pressurizes gases chemically via an exothermic oxidation of combustible propellants which generates propulsive energy by breaking molecular bonds.
If gas pressurization is achieved through mechanical gas compression rather than through chemical propellant combustion, then the gun is technically an air gun, not a firearm.

Gun

gunsgunnery officerfirearms
An air gun (or airgun) is any kind of gun that launches projectiles pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are pressurized mechanically without involving any chemical reactions, in contrast to a firearm, which pressurizes gases chemically via an exothermic oxidation of combustible propellants which generates propulsive energy by breaking molecular bonds.
The means of projectile propulsion vary according to designs, but are traditionally effected by a high gas pressure contained within a shooting tube (gun barrel), produced either through the rapid combustion of propellants (as with firearms), or by mechanical compression (as with air guns).

Projectile

projectileskinetic kill vehiclekinetic projectile
An air gun (or airgun) is any kind of gun that launches projectiles pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are pressurized mechanically without involving any chemical reactions, in contrast to a firearm, which pressurizes gases chemically via an exothermic oxidation of combustible propellants which generates propulsive energy by breaking molecular bonds.
Blowguns and pneumatic rifles use compressed gases, while most other guns and cannons utilize expanding gases liberated by sudden chemical reactions.

Pellet (air gun)

pellet gunpelletpellets
Both the long gun and handgun forms (air rifle and air pistol) typically propel metallic projectiles that are either diabolo-shaped pellets or spherical shots called BBs.
A pellet is a non-spherical projectile designed to be shot from an air gun, and an airgun that shoots such pellets is commonly known as a pellet gun.

Girandoni air rifle

Windbüchse Rifle
They were also used in warfare, the most recognized example being the Girandoni air rifle.
The Girandoni air rifle was an airgun designed by Tyrolian inventor Bartholomäus Girandoni circa 1779.

Gun barrel

barrelmuzzlebarrels
It held 22 .46 caliber round balls in a tubular magazine mounted on the side of the barrel.
A gun barrel is a crucial part of gun-type ranged weapons such as small firearms, artillery pieces and air guns.

Shooting sports

sports shootersport shooterShooting
During the 1890s, air rifles were used in Birmingham, England, for competitive target shooting.
Shooting sports is a collective group of competitive and recreational sporting activities involving proficiency tests of accuracy, precision and speed in shooting — the art of using various types of ranged weapons, mainly referring to man-portable guns (firearms and airguns, in forms such as handguns, rifles and shotguns ) and bows/crossbows.

Daisy Outdoor Products

DaisyDaisy Manufacturing CompanyDaisy 880
In response, Clarence Hamilton from the neighboring Plymouth Air Rifle Company (later renamed to Daisy Manufacturing Company in 1895) marketed their all-metal Daisy BB Gun in early 1888, which prompted Markham to respond with their Chicago model in 1888 followed by the King model in 1890.
Daisy Outdoor Products (known primarily as Daisy) is an American airgun manufacturer known particularly for their lines of BB guns.

ISSF 10 meter air rifle

10 metre air rifleAR4010 m Air Rifle
Air guns are used for hunting, pest control, recreational shooting (commonly known as plinking), and competitive sports, such as the Olympic 10 m Air Rifle and 10 m Air Pistol events.
10 meter air rifle is an International Shooting Sports Federation (ISSF) shooting event, shot over a distance of 10 m from a standing position with a 4.5 mm calibre air rifle with a maximum weight of 5.5 kg.

ISSF 10 meter air pistol

10 metre air pistolAP40AP60
Air guns are used for hunting, pest control, recreational shooting (commonly known as plinking), and competitive sports, such as the Olympic 10 m Air Rifle and 10 m Air Pistol events.
It is similar to 10 metre air rifle in that it is shot with 4.5 mm (or .177) caliber air guns at a distance of 10 metres (11 yards), and the programme consists of 60 shots within 60 minutes for men, and 60 shots within 75 minutes for women.

Field target

field target shootingWorld Field Target Federation
Field Target (FT) is a competitive form of target shooting in which the targets are knock-down metal silhouettes of animals, with a 'kill zone' cut out of the steel plate.
Field target is an outdoor air gun discipline originated by the National Air Rifle and Pistol Association in the United Kingdom in 1980.

Trigger (firearms)

triggersingle-actiondouble-action
The act of pulling the trigger disengages the sear, allowing the spring to decompress and release the elastic potential energy stored within it, pushing the piston forward, thereby compressing the air in the pump cylinder.
A trigger is a mechanism that actuates the firing sequence of a firearm, airgun, crossbow or speargun.

Kunitomo Ikkansai

Kunitomo
Circa 1820, the Japanese inventor Kunitomo Ikkansai developed various manufacturing methods for guns, and also created an air gun based on the study of Western knowledge ("rangaku") acquired from the Dutch in Dejima.
Kunimoto also developed manufacturing methods for guns, and also created an air gun based on rangaku knowledge acquired from the Dutch in Dejima.

Pneumatics

pneumaticpneumaticallycompressed air
An air gun (or airgun) is any kind of gun that launches projectiles pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are pressurized mechanically without involving any chemical reactions, in contrast to a firearm, which pressurizes gases chemically via an exothermic oxidation of combustible propellants which generates propulsive energy by breaking molecular bonds.

Carbon dioxide

CO 2 CO2carbon dioxide (CO 2 )
Modern air guns use one of three types of power source depending on the design: spring-piston, pneumatic, and bottled compressed gas (most commonly carbon dioxide).
Aluminium capsules of are also sold as supplies of compressed gas for air guns, paintball markers/guns, inflating bicycle tires, and for making carbonated water.

Compressed air

pressurized aircompressed-airAir
An air gun (or airgun) is any kind of gun that launches projectiles pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are pressurized mechanically without involving any chemical reactions, in contrast to a firearm, which pressurizes gases chemically via an exothermic oxidation of combustible propellants which generates propulsive energy by breaking molecular bonds.

.177 caliber

.177.177 calibre.177 cal
Spring-piston guns have a practical upper limit of 1250 ft/s for .177 cal (4.5 mm) pellets, as higher velocities cause unstable pellet flight and loss of accuracy.
.177 caliber (4.5mm) is the smallest diameter of pellets widely used in air guns, and is the only caliber generally accepted for formal target competition.

Umarex

Umarex USA
Most spring-piston guns are single-shot breechloaders by nature, but multiple-shot repeaters with magazine feeders have been introduced in recent years by manufacturers such as Gamo, Umarex and Hatsan.
Umarex Sportwaffen GmbH & Co. KG is a German manufacturer of air guns (including Umarex air pistols such as the Beretta Elite II), tear-gas and signal pistols, paintball markers under the RAM brand and airsoft guns, based in Arnsberg, North Rhine-Westphalia.

Hunter Field Target

Hunter Field Target (HFT) is a variation, using identical equipment, but with differing rules.
A typical HFT rifle set-up consists of an air rifle fitted with a telescopic sight.

Plinking

recreational shootingplinkerPlinky
Air guns are used for hunting, pest control, recreational shooting (commonly known as plinking), and competitive sports, such as the Olympic 10 m Air Rifle and 10 m Air Pistol events.
Air guns and airsoft guns are also used, often for cost or safety reasons or because they are subject to less stringent regulation - a similar practice with a bow and arrow is usually termed "stump shooting".

Gamo (airgun manufacturer)

GamoBSA Guns (UK) LimitedGamo Outdoor
Most spring-piston guns are single-shot breechloaders by nature, but multiple-shot repeaters with magazine feeders have been introduced in recent years by manufacturers such as Gamo, Umarex and Hatsan.
Gamo Outdoor S.L.U, or simply Gamo, is a Spanish airgun manufacturer based in Barcelona, Spain, and is the largest producer of airguns in Europe and the largest producer of airgun pellets in the world.

Rangaku

Western learningDutch studiesWestern studies
Circa 1820, the Japanese inventor Kunitomo Ikkansai developed various manufacturing methods for guns, and also created an air gun based on the study of Western knowledge ("rangaku") acquired from the Dutch in Dejima.
Many practical applications were found as well, such as in the manufacture of air guns by Kunitomo Ikkansai, after he repaired and analyzed the mechanism of some Dutch air guns which had been offered to the shōgun in Edo.

Repeating rifle

repeatingrepeaterRepeating firearms
Most spring-piston guns are single-shot breechloaders by nature, but multiple-shot repeaters with magazine feeders have been introduced in recent years by manufacturers such as Gamo, Umarex and Hatsan.
Repeating rifles saw use in the American Civil War during the early 1860s, and the first repeating air rifle to see military service was the Windbüchse Rifle.

Shooting

shootershootshot
Air guns are used for hunting, pest control, recreational shooting (commonly known as plinking), and competitive sports, such as the Olympic 10 m Air Rifle and 10 m Air Pistol events.
Shooting most often refers to the use of a gun (firearm or air gun), although it can also be used to describe discharging of any ranged weapons like a bow, crossbow, slingshot or even blow tube.

Break action

break-actiontop-breakbreak open
There are many types of break-action firearms; break actions are universal in double-barrelled shotguns, double rifles and combination guns, and are also common in single shot rifles, pistols (especially derringers), and shotguns, and can also be found in flare guns, grenade launchers, air guns and some older revolver designs.