Akbar by Govardhan, c. 1630
Portrait of fourth Mughal Emperor Jahangir
The empire at its greatest extent in c. 1700 under Aurangzeb ((r. 1658 – 1707))
Genealogy of the Mughal Dynasty. Only principal offspring of each emperor are provided in the chart.
Akbar as a boy
Potrait of Empress Mariam-uz-Zamani, giving birth to Prince Salim in Fatehpur Sikri.
Akbar holds a religious assembly of different faiths in the Ibadat Khana in Fatehpur Sikri.
Group portrait of Mughal rulers, from Babur to Aurangzeb, with the Mughal ancestor Timur seated in the middle. On the left: Shah Jahan, Akbar and Babur, with Abu Sa'id of Samarkand and Timur's son, Miran Shah. On the right: Aurangzeb, Jahangir and Humayun, and two of Timur's other offspring Umar Shaykh and Muhammad Sultan. Created c. 1707–12
Mughal Empire under Akbar's period (yellow)
Emperor Jahangir weighing his son Prince Khurram (the future Shah Jahan) on a weighing scale by artist Manohar (1615).
Group portrait of Mughal rulers, from Babur to Aurangzeb, with the Mughal ancestor Timur seated in the middle. On the left: Shah Jahan, Akbar and Babur, with Abu Sa'id of Samarkand and Timur's son, Miran Shah. On the right: Aurangzeb, Jahangir and Humayun, and two of Timur's other offspring Umar Shaykh and Muhammad Sultan. Created c. 1707–12
Shah Jahan, accompanied by his three sons: Dara Shikoh, Shah Shuja and Aurangzeb, and their maternal grandfather Asaf Khan IV
Mughal Emperor Akbar training an elephant
Jahangir with falcon on horseback
Horsemen of the invading Maratha Empire
Akbar Shah II and his four sons
Akbar hawking with Mughal chieftains and nobleman accompanied by his guardian Bairam Khan
The Tomb of Jahangir in Shahdara, Lahore
Shah Alam II on horseback
Young Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana son of Bairam Khan being received by Akbar
A Mughal miniature dated from the early 1620s depicting the Mughal emperor Jahangir preferring an audience with Sufi saint to his contemporaries, the Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I and the King of England James I (d. 1625); the picture is inscribed in Persian: "Though outwardly shahs stand before him, he fixes his gazes on dervishes."
Portrait of Bahadur Shah II
Mughal Emperor Akbar shoots the Rajput warrior Jaimal during the Siege of Chittorgarh in 1568
Portrait of Mughal Emperor Jahangir's making a Dua
Coin of Aurangzeb, minted in Kabul, dated 1691/2
Bullocks dragging siege-guns uphill during Akbar's attack on Ranthambhor Fort in 1568
Jahangir's Jade hookah, National Museum, New Delhi
Miniature painting - Portrait of an Old Mughal Courtier Wearing Muslin
The court of young Akbar, age 13, showing his first imperial act: the arrest of an unruly courtier, who was once a favourite of Akbar's father. Illustration from a manuscript of the Akbarnama
Jahangir and Anarkali
Muslim Lady Reclining or An Indian Girl with a Hookah, painted in Dacca, 18th century
Falcon Mohur of Akbar, minted in Asir. This coin was issued in the name of Akbar, to commemorate the capture of the strategic Asirgarh Fort of the Khandesh Sultanate on 17 January 1601 CE. Legend: "Allah is great, Khordad Ilahi 45, struck at Asir".
Ruins of the Great Caravanserai in Dhaka.
Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience) in Fatehpur Sikri
Ghulam Hamdani Mushafi, the poet first believed to have coined the name "Urdu" around 1780 AD for a language that went by a multiplicity of names before his time.
Silver coin of Akbar with inscriptions of the Islamic declaration of faith, the declaration reads: "There is no god except Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah."
Mir Taqi Mir, an Urdu poet of the 18th century Mughal Empire
Portrait of Empress Mariam-uz-Zamani, commonly known as Jodha Bai, giving birth to Prince Salim, the future emperor Jahangir.
The Taj Mahal in the 1870s
Death of Bahadur Shah of Gujarat at Diu, in front of the Portuguese in 1537
Badshahi Mosque, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Portuguese ambush against the galleys of Seydi Ali Reis (Akbar's allies) in the Indian Ocean.
Buland Darwaza in Fatehpur Sikiri, Agra, India
The Akbari Mosque, overlooking the Ganges
Lalbagh Fort aerial view in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Portrait of the Mughal Emperor Akbar invocation of a Dua prayer.
Shalimar Bagh in Srinagar, Kashmir, India
The Mughal Emperor Akbar welcomes his son Prince Salim at Fatehpur Sikri, (Akbarnameh).
Illustration by the 17th-century Mughal artist Ustad Mansur
Akbar holds a religious assembly of different faiths in the Ibadat Khana in Fatehpur Sikri.
"Alexander Visits the Sage Plato in His Mountain Cave"; illustration by the 16th-century Indian artist Basawan, in a folio from a quintet of the 13th-century Indian poet Amir Khusrau Dihlavi
Silver square rupee of Akbar, Lahore mint, struck in Aban month of Ilahi
Folio from Farhang-i-Jahangiri, a Persian dictionary compiled during the Mughal era.
The great Mogul discoursing with a Humble Fakir
Mughal matchlock rifle, 16th century.
Akbar triumphantly enters Surat
Mughal musketeer, 17th century.
Akbar hunting with cheetahs, c. 1602
The remnants of the empire in 1751
Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak presenting Akbarnama to Akbar, Mughal miniature
Gate of Akbar's mausoleum at Sikandra, Agra, 1795
Potrait of Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar with Mariam Zamani Begum, drawn as per Akbar's description.

Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar (25 October 1542 – 27 October 1605), popularly known as Akbar the Great, and also as Akbar I , was the third Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1556 to 1605.

- Akbar

Nur-ud-Din Muhammad Salim (30 August 1569 – 28 October 1627), known by his imperial name Jahangir, was the fourth Mughal Emperor, who ruled from 1605 until his death in 1627.

- Jahangir

The Mughal emperors were the supreme head of state of the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, mainly corresponding to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.

- Mughal emperors

Prince Salim was the third son born to Akbar and his favorite Queen Consort, Mariam-uz-Zamani in Fatehpur Sikri on 31 August 1569.

- Jahangir

A strong personality and a successful general, Akbar gradually enlarged the Mughal Empire to include much of the Indian subcontinent.

- Akbar

The Mughal imperial structure, however, is sometimes dated to 1600, to the rule of Babur's grandson, Akbar.

- Mughal Empire

Akbar, for instance, was half-Persian (his mother was of Persian origin), Jahangir was half-Rajput and quarter-Persian, and Shah Jahan was three-quarters Rajput.

- Mughal emperors

In the west, the term "Mughal" was used for the emperor, and by extension, the empire as a whole.

- Mughal Empire

Akbar was succeeded as emperor by his son, Prince Salim, later known as Jahangir.

- Akbar

In 1626, Jahangir began to contemplate an alliance between the Ottomans, Mughals and Uzbeks against the Safavids, who had defeated the Mughals at Kandahar.

- Jahangir

Jahangir (born Salim, reigned 1605–1627) was born to Akbar and his wife Mariam-uz-Zamani, an Indian Rajput princess.

- Mughal Empire
Akbar by Govardhan, c. 1630

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