Al-Awda (guerrilla organization)

Al-AwdaReturnsplinter partySyria-based Iraqi Ba'athist movementThe ReturnThe Return (al-Awda)The Return (guerrilla organization)
Al-Awda (العودة, The Return) is a secular organization in Iraq.wikipedia
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Mohammed Younis al-Ahmed

Mohammed Younis al-Ahmed al-MuwaliYounis al-Ahmed
The group is led by Mohammed Younis al-Ahmed, who is based in Syria. According to leaked Wikileaks cables, in March 2009 several members of the former Ba'athist government claiming to represent the Mohammed Younis al-Ahmed led faction of the Ba'ath party approached Coalition Forces and the Provincial Reconstruction Team in Saladin Governorate.
He is the leader of al-Awda; an underground Ba'athist movement in Iraq.

Republican Guard (Iraq)

Republican GuardIraqi Republican GuardRepublican Guards
The organization was believed to be a network of underground cells, mainly in the key urban areas, composed of former Ba'ath Party officials, intelligence agents, former members of the Iraqi Republican Guard, and Fedayeen Saddam militia.
Many members of the Republican Guard joined several of the insurgent groups currently operating in Iraq such as the Return and ISIS.

Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region

Ba'ath PartyArab Socialist Ba'ath PartyIraqi Regional Branch
The al-Awda party has schismed from the wider party, led by al-Douri.
Despite al-Douri's succession, another high ranking Ba'athist, Younis al-Ahmed, called for a General Conference of the Iraqi Ba'ath party in Syria to elect a new leadership (the faction's armed wing is The Return).

Iraq

Republic of IraqIraqiIrak
Al-Awda (العودة, The Return) is a secular organization in Iraq.

Baghdad

Baghdad, IraqBagdadBaghdād
Al-Awda's name began appearing in Iraq in June 2003 in anti-occupation graffiti and leaflets in Baghdad and to the north and west of the capital.

Fedayeen Saddam

FedayeenSaddam FedayeenAshbal Saddam
The organization was believed to be a network of underground cells, mainly in the key urban areas, composed of former Ba'ath Party officials, intelligence agents, former members of the Iraqi Republican Guard, and Fedayeen Saddam militia.

Propaganda

propagandistpropagandisticpropagandists
The group's propaganda indicated that its goal was to restore the regime of Saddam Hussein to power, as the name indicates, and expel multinational occupation forces from the country.

Saddam Hussein

SaddamSadam HusseinSadaam Hussein
The group's propaganda indicated that its goal was to restore the regime of Saddam Hussein to power, as the name indicates, and expel multinational occupation forces from the country.

Ba'ath Party

Baath PartyArab Socialist Ba'ath PartyBaath
Al-Awda is believed is to be the term coined by the insurgents for the Ba'ath Party following the fall of Saddam Hussein from power.

Palestinians

PalestinianPalestinian ArabPalestinian people
The name was apparently chosen for propaganda reasons to raise the threat of the Ba'ath Party's return to power and to evoke the Palestinian struggle against Israel.

Israel

State of IsraelIsraeliISR
The name was apparently chosen for propaganda reasons to raise the threat of the Ba'ath Party's return to power and to evoke the Palestinian struggle against Israel.

Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order

Naqshbandi ArmyJRTNJaysh Rijal al-Tariq al Naqshabandi (JRTN)
In contrast to the JRTN, Ahmed has focused far more on securing political rehabilitation, amnesties and the repatriation of Baathist exiles than he has the violent overthrow of the Iraqi government and a Baathist return to power.

Nineveh

NinevahNinivehKouyunjik
Upon his election as leader, an al-Douri faction statement said he was "of Shia origins and coming from Shia areas in Nineveh governorate".

Provincial Reconstruction Team

Provincial Reconstruction TeamsPRTNZPRT
According to leaked Wikileaks cables, in March 2009 several members of the former Ba'athist government claiming to represent the Mohammed Younis al-Ahmed led faction of the Ba'ath party approached Coalition Forces and the Provincial Reconstruction Team in Saladin Governorate.

Saladin Governorate

SaladinSalah ad DinSalah ad Din Governorate
According to leaked Wikileaks cables, in March 2009 several members of the former Ba'athist government claiming to represent the Mohammed Younis al-Ahmed led faction of the Ba'ath party approached Coalition Forces and the Provincial Reconstruction Team in Saladin Governorate.

Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri

Izzat Ibrahim ad-Dourial-DouriIzzat al-Douri
They also claimed that unlike the al-Douri-led faction, they recognized that the pre-2003 Ba'athist government had made many mistakes, and that Iraq could not return to that system of government.

Ba'ath Party (Iraqi-dominated faction)

Ba'ath PartyArab Socialist Ba'ath PartyIraqi-led Ba'ath Party
They also claimed that unlike the al-Douri-led faction, they recognized that the pre-2003 Ba'athist government had made many mistakes, and that Iraq could not return to that system of government.

Ba'athist Iraq

IraqBaathist IraqIraqi
They also claimed that unlike the al-Douri-led faction, they recognized that the pre-2003 Ba'athist government had made many mistakes, and that Iraq could not return to that system of government.

Baqubah

BaqubaBaqoubaBa'quba
An Awda party senior official was arrested in a crackdown on the organisation in Baaquba, Diyala, on 2 July 2010.

Diyala Governorate

DiyalaDiyala ProvinceAs Sa'Diyah
An Awda party senior official was arrested in a crackdown on the organisation in Baaquba, Diyala, on 2 July 2010.

Nasiriyah

An NasiriyahNasiriyaNassiriya
The group appeared to be quite active in Nasiriyah, with 36 Ba'ath party leaders arrested there.