Al-Azhar University

Al-AzharAzhar UniversityAl AzharAzhariteUniversity of Al-AzharAl-Azhar MosqueAl-Azhar Supreme Council of Islamic ResearchAzharAl-Azhar Al-Shareefuniversity
Al-Azhar University,, "the (honorable) University of Al-Azhar") is a university in Cairo, Egypt.wikipedia
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Cairo

Cairo, EgyptCaireneAbbaseya
Al-Azhar University,, "the (honorable) University of Al-Azhar") is a university in Cairo, Egypt.
Cairo has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Arab world, as well as the world's second-oldest institution of higher learning, Al-Azhar University.

Al-Azhar Mosque

Al-AzharAl AzharAzhar
Associated with Al-Azhar Mosque in Islamic Cairo, it is Egypt's oldest degree-granting university and is renowned as "Islam’s most prestigious university".
Al-Azhar University has long been regarded as the foremost institution in the Islamic world for the study of Sunni theology and sharia, or Islamic law.

Egyptian National Library and Archives

National Library of EgyptDar al-KutubEgyptian National Library
Its library is considered second in importance in Egypt only to the Egyptian National Library and Archives.
The Egyptian National Library and Archives (دار الكتب والوثائق القومية; "Dar el-Kotob") is located in Cairo and is the largest library in Egypt, followed by Al-Azhar University and the Bibliotheca Alexandrina (New Library of Alexandria).

Madrasa

madrasahmadrassamedrese
According to Syed Farid Alatas, the Jami'ah had faculties in Islamic law and jurisprudence, Arabic grammar, Islamic astronomy, Islamic philosophy, and logic.
This was later followed by the establishment of al-Azhar in 959 in Cairo, Egypt.

Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah

Zeb-un-Nissa
An Islamic women's faculty was also added in the same year, six years after Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah had been the first woman to speak at the university.
On one of these delegations, in 1955, she became the first woman to speak at the ancient al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt.

Ahmed el-Tayeb

Mohamed Ahmed el-TayebAhmad El-TayebAhmad al-Tayeb
The current Shaykh al-Azhar (rector of the school), Ahmed el-Tayeb, is a hereditary Sufi shaykh from Upper Egypt who has recently expressed his support for the formation of a world Sufi league; the former Grand Mufti of Egypt and senior al-Azhar scholar Ali Gomaa is also a highly respected Sufi master. In 2016 Ahmed el-Tayeb reissued the fatwa on Shia Muslims, calling Shia the fifth school of Islam and seeing no problem with conversions from Sunni to Shia Islam.
Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed el-Tayeb (born 6 January 1946) is the current Grand Imam of al-Azhar and former president of al-Azhar University.

Egypt

EgyptianEGYArab Republic of Egypt
Al-Azhar University,, "the (honorable) University of Al-Azhar") is a university in Cairo, Egypt.
Egypt is also the home of Al-Azhar University (founded in 969 CE, began teaching in 975 CE), which is today the world's "most influential voice of establishment Sunni Islam" and is, by some measures, the second-oldest continuously operating university in world.

Islamic Cairo

Historic CairoMedieval Cairomedieval Islamic Cairo
Associated with Al-Azhar Mosque in Islamic Cairo, it is Egypt's oldest degree-granting university and is renowned as "Islam’s most prestigious university".
Today, al-Azhar University is the foremost center of Islamic learning in the world and one of Egypt's largest universities with campuses across the country.

Farag Foda

Farag FoudaFaraj FawdaFaraj Foda
Farag Foda (also Faraj Fawda; 1946 – 9 June 1992), was a prominent professor, writer, columnist, and human rights activist.
He was assassinated on 8 June 1992 by members of the Islamist group El Gama'a El Islamya after being accused of blasphemy by a committee of clerics (ulama) at al-Azhar.

Sunni Islam

SunniSunni MuslimSunni Muslims
In the 12th century, following the overthrow of the Isma'ili Fatimid dynasty, Saladin (the founder of the Sunni Ayyubid Dynasty) converted Al-Azhar to a Shafi'ite Sunni center of learning.
However, some scholars, such as the Commentators of Al-Azhar University, reject this approach, arguing the Qur'an is a text for religious guidance, not for science and scientific theories that may be disproved later; thus tafsir'ilmi might lead to interpreting Qur'anic passages as falsehoods.

Muhammad Sayyid Tantawy

Muhammad Sayyid TantawiMohammed Sayed TantawiSayyid Tantawy
Sheikh Muhammad Sayyid Tantawy noted that among the priorities of Muslims are "to master all knowledge of the world and the hereafter, not least the technology of modern weapons to strengthen and defend the community and faith".
He held this position for almost ten years, until he was appointed Grand Imam of Al-Azhar Mosque and Grand Sheikh of Al-Azhar University by the President of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak, on 27 March 1996.

Quran

Qur'anKoranQur’an
Founded in 970 or 972 by the Shia Fatimid Caliphate as a centre of Islamic learning, its students studied the Qur'an and Islamic law in detail, along with logic, grammar, rhetoric, and how to calculate the phases of the moon.
Gustav Flügel published an edition of the Quran in 1834 in Leipzig, which remained authoritative for close to a century, until Cairo's Al-Azhar University published an edition of the Quran in 1924.

Izz ad-Din al-Qassam

al-QassamIzaddin al-QassamIzz al-Din al-Qassam
Al-Qassam studied at Al-Azhar University in Egypt and afterward became an Islamic revivalist preacher in his hometown of Jableh in Syria during the last years of Ottoman rule.

Salafi movement

SalafiSalafismSalafist
Al-Azhar has had an antagonistic relationship with Wahhabism and Salafism.
It rewarded journalists and academics, who followed it and built satellite campuses around Egypt for Al Azhar, the oldest and most influential Islamic university.

Ali Gomaa

Grand Mufti Ali GomaaSheikh Ali Goma'aAli Goma
The current Shaykh al-Azhar (rector of the school), Ahmed el-Tayeb, is a hereditary Sufi shaykh from Upper Egypt who has recently expressed his support for the formation of a world Sufi league; the former Grand Mufti of Egypt and senior al-Azhar scholar Ali Gomaa is also a highly respected Sufi master.
(Bachelor of Commerce) at Ain Shams in 1973, Gomaa enrolled in Cairo's al-Azhar University, the oldest active Islamic institution of higher learning in the world.

Shawki Allam

Shawki Ibrahim Abdel-Karim AllamShawki IbrahimShawqi Allam
The nineteenth and current Grand Mufti of Egypt and Al Azhar scholar, is Shawki Ibrahim Abdel-Karim Allam
He received his PhD in 1996 from the Al-Azhar University in Jurisprudence and Sharia law.

Ulama

Islamic scholarulemaalim
To this end, its Islamic scholars (ulamas) render edicts (fatwas) on disputes submitted to them from all over the Islamic world regarding proper conduct for Muslim individuals and societies. The Al-Azhar ulama had thereby adopted a previous fatwā by Sheikh al-Azhar, Jadd al-Haqq, accusing Foda and other secularist writers of being "enemies of Islam". He was assassinated on 9 June 1992 by members of Islamist group al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya after being accused of blasphemy by a committee of clerics (ulama) at Al-Azhar University.
Until 1954, all Syrian ulama aiming at higher degrees had to join Al-Azhar University in Cairo.

Muhammad Abduh

Muhammad 'AbduhMuhammed AbduhMohammad Abduh
He enrolled at al-Azhar University in 1866.

Gamal Abdel Nasser

NasserGamal Abdul NasserGamel Abdel Nasser
In 1961, Al-Azhar was re-established as a university under the government of Egypt's second President Gamal Abdel Nasser when a wide range of secular faculties were added for the first time, such as business, economics, science, pharmacy, medicine, engineering and agriculture.
To achieve this, he initiated several reforms to modernize al-Azhar, which serves as the de facto leading authority in Sunni Islam, and to ensure its prominence over the Muslim Brotherhood and the more conservative Wahhabism promoted by Saudi Arabia.

Amin al-Husseini

Haj Amin al-HusseiniMohammad Amin al-HusayniAmin al-Husayni
In 1912 he studied Islamic law briefly at Al-Azhar University in Cairo and at the Dar al-Da'wa wa-l-Irshad, under Rashid Rida, a salafi intellectual, who was to remain Amin's mentor till his death in 1935.

Gad al-Haq

Jadd al-HaqqGad al-Haq Ali Gad al-HaqGad el-Haq
The Al-Azhar ulama had thereby adopted a previous fatwā by Sheikh al-Azhar, Jadd al-Haqq, accusing Foda and other secularist writers of being "enemies of Islam".
Born in Batra, Dakahlia Governorate and educated at a village school in the Nile Delta, he gained his Alimiya degree from al-Azhar University, Cairo.

Fatimid Caliphate

FatimidFatimidsFatimid dynasty
In the 12th century, following the overthrow of the Isma'ili Fatimid dynasty, Saladin (the founder of the Sunni Ayyubid Dynasty) converted Al-Azhar to a Shafi'ite Sunni center of learning. Founded in 970 or 972 by the Shia Fatimid Caliphate as a centre of Islamic learning, its students studied the Qur'an and Islamic law in detail, along with logic, grammar, rhetoric, and how to calculate the phases of the moon.
Many traces of Fatimid architecture exist in Cairo today; the most defining examples include the Al-Azhar University and the Al-Hakim Mosque.

Islam and blasphemy

blasphemyblasphemy against Islamblasphemous
He was assassinated on 9 June 1992 by members of Islamist group al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya after being accused of blasphemy by a committee of clerics (ulama) at Al-Azhar University.
He was assassinated on 9 June 1992 by members of Islamist group al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya after being accused of blasphemy by a committee of clerics (ulama) at Al-Azhar University.

Al-Azhar Shia Fatwa

the fatwa on Shia Muslimsissue a fatwaissued fatwa
In 2016 Ahmed el-Tayeb reissued the fatwa on Shia Muslims, calling Shia the fifth school of Islam and seeing no problem with conversions from Sunni to Shia Islam.
The fatwa is the fruit of a decade-long collaborative effort between a group of Sunni and Shi'a scholars at the Dar al-Taqreeb al-Madhahib al-Islamiyyah ("center for bringing together the various Islamic schools of thought") theological center at Al-Azhar University in Cairo.

Shia Islam in Egypt

Egyptian ShiaShia MuslimsShia Muslims in Egypt
Clerics educated at Al-Azhar University publicly promote sectarian beliefs by calling Shia Muslims infidels and encourage isolation and marginalization of Shia Muslims in Egypt.
They also established the famous al-Azhar University in 970 AD in Cairo as a university, founded in order to spread knowledge throughout the world; the university exists to this day and is one of the oldest universities in the world.