Al Hussein (missile)

Al HusseinAl-Husseinal-Hussein missilesScudAl Hussein missileAl-Hussein missileIraqi Al Hussein missileIraqi modified ScudIraqi Scud missilesmissile program
Al Hussein or al-Husayn (Arabic: الحسين) is the designation of an Iraqi short-range ballistic missile.wikipedia
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Scud

Scud missileScud missilesScud-B
The missile was the result of upgrading the Soviet made Scud in order to achieve a longer range.
After a request for TR-1 Temp (SS-12 Scaleboard) missiles was refused by the Soviets, Iraq turned to developing its own long-range version of the Scud missile, that became known as the Al Hussein.

Iran–Iraq War

Iran-Iraq warTanker WarIraq-Iran War
The weapon was widely used by the Iraqi Army during the Iran–Iraq War and the Gulf War of 1991.
Since the range of the Scud missile was too short to reach Tehran, they converted them to al-Hussein missiles with the help of East German engineers, cutting up their Scuds into three chunks and attaching them together.

14th Quartermaster Detachment

One of the units involved in this incident, the 14th Quartermaster Detachment, specializing in water-purification, suffered the heaviest toll among US troops deployed in the Persian Gulf, with 81% of its soldiers killed or wounded.
During Operation Desert Storm the Detachment lost 13 soldiers in an Iraqi Al Hussein ballistic missile attack on 25 February 1991 at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

Gulf War

Operation Desert StormPersian Gulf WarOperation Desert Shield
The weapon was widely used by the Iraqi Army during the Iran–Iraq War and the Gulf War of 1991. This phenomenon later was an advantage as a counter-measure against the Patriot missile during the 1991 Persian Gulf War.
The largest single loss of life among coalition forces happened on 25 February 1991, when an Iraqi Al Hussein missile hit a US military barrack in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, killing 28 US Army Reservists from Pennsylvania.

MIM-104 Patriot

PatriotPatriot missilePatriot missiles
This phenomenon later was an advantage as a counter-measure against the Patriot missile during the 1991 Persian Gulf War.
During Operation Desert Storm, in addition to its anti-aircraft mission, Patriot was assigned to shoot down incoming Iraqi Scud or Al Hussein short range ballistic missiles launched at Israel and Saudi Arabia.

Short-range ballistic missile

SRBMShort Range Ballistic Missileshort
Al Hussein or al-Husayn (Arabic: الحسين) is the designation of an Iraqi short-range ballistic missile.
* Al Hussein (missile) 400 km 🇮🇶 Iraq

Al-Samoud 2

Ababil-100 SSMAl-SamoudAl-Samoud 2 and Ababil-100
The Iraqis took advantage of the provisions of the ceasefire by developing two types of short-range ballistic missiles, the Ababil-100 and the Al-Samoud, which were in an experimental phase at the time of the Invasion of Iraq in 2003.
The system also included an Iraqi-designed mobile launcher similar to the Al-Nida, built for the missile Al Hussein, produced by the Iraqi company Al-Fida.

Israel

State of IsraelIsraeliISR
Eighty-eight of these modified Scuds were fired at Saudi Arabia (46) and Israel (42) during January and February 1991.
Since the Gulf War in 1991, when Israel was attacked by Iraqi Scud missiles, all homes in Israel are required to have a reinforced security room, Merkhav Mugan, impermeable to chemical and biological substances.

Dhahran

Dhahran, Saudi ArabiaDahranSAU
The greatest tactical achievement of the Al-Hussein was the destruction of a US military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, on 25 February 1991, when 28 soldiers were killed and other 110 injured, mainly reservists from Pennsylvania.
On February 25, 1991, an Iraqi Al-Hussein missile hit a U.S. Army barracks in the city, killing 28 American reservists from Pennsylvania.

Iraq

Republic of IraqIraqiIrak
Al Hussein or al-Husayn (Arabic: الحسين) is the designation of an Iraqi short-range ballistic missile.

Iraqi Army

New Iraqi ArmyArmyIraqi forces
The weapon was widely used by the Iraqi Army during the Iran–Iraq War and the Gulf War of 1991.

9K52 Luna-M

FROG-7FROG FROG-7 launchers
Iraq was the first belligerent to use long range artillery rockets during the Iran–Iraq War, firing limited numbers of FROG-7s at the towns of Dezful and Ahvaz.

Dezful

DezfoulDizful
Iraq was the first belligerent to use long range artillery rockets during the Iran–Iraq War, firing limited numbers of FROG-7s at the towns of Dezful and Ahvaz.

Ahvaz

Ahwazal-AhwazHormizd-Ardashir
Iraq was the first belligerent to use long range artillery rockets during the Iran–Iraq War, firing limited numbers of FROG-7s at the towns of Dezful and Ahvaz.

Libya

State of LibyaLibyanLBY
Iran responded with Scud-Bs obtained from Libya.

Sulaymaniyah

SulaimaniyahSulaimaniyaSulaimani
These missiles can hit a target 185 miles away, therefore key Iraqi cities like Sulaymaniya, Kirkuk, and Baghdad itself came within the range of this weapon.

Kirkuk

KerkukKarkukKerkük
These missiles can hit a target 185 miles away, therefore key Iraqi cities like Sulaymaniya, Kirkuk, and Baghdad itself came within the range of this weapon.

Baghdad

Baghdad, IraqBagdadBaghdād
These missiles can hit a target 185 miles away, therefore key Iraqi cities like Sulaymaniya, Kirkuk, and Baghdad itself came within the range of this weapon.

Tehran

Tehran, IranTeheranTehrān
Iraq, which also deployed the Scud-B, was conversely unable to strike the main Iranian industrial centers, including the capital, Tehran, because these are located more than 300 miles from the border.

Taji, Iraq

TajiAt TajiBaghdad
The assembly facility was located near Taji.

Explosive

explosiveshigh explosiveHE
The warhead carried HE, although it had chemical, biological and nuclear capabilities.

Chemical substance

chemicalchemicalssubstance
The warhead carried HE, although it had chemical, biological and nuclear capabilities.

Biology

biologicalBiological Sciencesbiologist
The warhead carried HE, although it had chemical, biological and nuclear capabilities.

Nuclear weapon

atomic bombnuclear weaponsnuclear
The warhead carried HE, although it had chemical, biological and nuclear capabilities.