Alan Fiers

American former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) officer, who served as President Ronald Reagan's chief of the CIA's Central American Task Force from October 1984 until his retirement in 1988.

- Alan Fiers

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Iran–Contra affair

Political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.

A BGM-71 TOW anti-tank guided missile
North's mugshot, after his arrest
President Reagan (center) receives the Tower Commission Report in the White House Cabinet Room; John Tower is at left and Edmund Muskie is at right, 1987.

Alan D. Fiers, Chief of the CIA's Central American Task Force, convicted of withholding evidence and sentenced to one year probation. Later pardoned by President George H. W. Bush.

Duane Clarridge

American senior operations officer for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and supervisor for more than 30 years.

At the same time, Bush pardoned five of Clarridge's associates in the Iran-Contra Affair including former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger, Elliott Abrams, a former assistant secretary of state for Inter-American affairs; former National Security Advisor Robert McFarlane; and former CIA employees Alan Fiers and Clair George.

1st Battalion, 8th Marines

Infantry battalion in the United States Marine Corps based out of Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.

U.S. Marines prepare to step off on a patrol through the city of Fallujah, Iraq, to clear the city of insurgent activity and weapons caches as part of Operation al Fajr (New Dawn) on Nov. 26, 2004.
Two Marines attempting to recover a fellow wounded 1/8 Marine. During Operation Phantom Fury, November 2004.
Marines take a look at their targets following marksmanship training

Alan Fiers, earned a Bronze Star for valor and Purple Heart while serving with 1/8 in the Dominican Republic in 1965. Fiers would go on to work for the CIA and ended his career due to his involvement in the Iran-Contra Affair.

List of people pardoned or granted clemency by the president of the United States

Partial list of people pardoned or granted clemency by the president of the United States.

President Gerald Ford announces his decision to pardon former president Richard Nixon, September 8, 1974, in an Oval Office address to the nation.
President Andrew Johnson pardoning Rebels at the White House, sketched by Stanley Fox

Alan Fiers

Reagan administration scandals

Marked by numerous scandals, resulting in the investigation, indictment, or conviction of over 138 administration officials, the largest number for any president in American history.

James Watt

4) Alan D. Fiers was the Chief of the Central Intelligence Agency's Central American Task Force. He pleaded guilty in 1991 to two counts of withholding information from Congress and was sentenced to one year of probation and one hundred hours of community service. He was also pardoned by Bush.

Joseph F. Fernandez

Central Intelligence Agency station chief in Costa Rica (operating under the pseudonym Tomás Castillo) and a figure in the Iran-Contra Affair.

When Clarridge was replaced by Alan Fiers as the CIA's Central American point man, Fernandez allied himself with the National Security Council's Oliver North rather than Fiers.

List of people pardoned by George H. W. Bush

List of the 75 pardons and 3 commutations by President George H. W. Bush.

Official portrait, 1989

Alan D. Fiers (1991 Two misdemeanor counts of withholding information from the Congress, See Iran-Contra Affair)

Presidency of George H. W. Bush

George H. W. Bush's tenure as the 41st president of the United States began with his inauguration on January 20, 1989, and ended on January 20, 1993.

Vice President Bush campaigns in St. Louis, Missouri, with John Ashcroft, 1988
The 1988 electoral college vote
Chief Justice William Rehnquist administering the oath of office to President Bush during Inaugural ceremonies at the United States Capitol, January 20, 1989.
Bush speaks on the telephone regarding Operation Just Cause with General Brent Scowcroft and Chief of Staff John H. Sununu, 1989
Map showing the division of East and West Germany until 1990, with West Berlin in yellow.
Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev at the Helsinki Summit in 1990
The Soviet Union dissolved into fifteen independent republics in 1991
President Bush visited American troops in Saudi Arabia on Thanksgiving Day, 1990
Iraq (green) invaded Kuwait (orange) in 1990
Bush meets with Robert Gates, General Colin Powell, Secretary Dick Cheney and others about the situation in the Persian Gulf and Operation Desert Shield, January 15, 1991
From left to right: (standing) President Carlos Salinas, President Bush, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney; (seated) Jaime Serra Puche, Carla Hills, and Michael Wilson at the NAFTA Initialing Ceremony, October 1992
Bush signs the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Democrat Bill Clinton defeated Bush in the 1992 presidential election
Bush's approval ratings (red) compared to his disapproval ratings (blue) for his four-year presidency.

In addition to Weinberger, Bush pardoned Duane R. Clarridge, Clair E. George, Robert C. McFarlane, Elliott Abrams, and Alan Fiers, all of whom had been indicted and/or convicted of criminal charges by an Independent Counsel headed by Lawrence Walsh.

Robert W. Jackson

US Navy veteran who served as a second class petty officer on the USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) and became a whistleblower.

Emblem of the United States Navy

It resulted in indictments involving authorities as such as the Secretary of Defense, Caspar Weinberger; Oliver North, member of the National Security Council; Alan D. Fiers, Chief of the CIA's Central American Task Force; Clair George, Chief of Covert Ops-CIA; Robert C. McFarlane, National Security Adviser; among others.

1991

The final year of the Cold War that had begun in 1947.

Mount Pinatubo
The Warsaw radio mast after its collapse on August 8.
August 19: The coup attempt in Moscow.
Restored flag of Russia.
Map of the three Baltic states, in their flag colours.
Symbol of Vukovar; Croatian War of Independence
December 8: The signing of the agreement effectively ending the Soviet regime's existence and the founding of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
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Iran–Contra affair: Alan Fiers agrees to plead guilty to two charges of lying to the U.S. Congress. Later on September 16, D.C. Judge Gerhard Gesell issues a ruling clearing Col. Oliver North of all charges.