Albanian alphabet

AlbanianArvanitic alphabetAlbanian inscriptionsAlbanian literary languageAlbanian orthographyalphabetalphabetsgj'''ëGreek scriptLatin alphabet
The Albanian alphabet (alfabeti shqip) is a variant of the Latin alphabet used to write the Albanian language.wikipedia
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Albanian language

AlbanianAlbAlbanian-speaking
The Albanian alphabet (alfabeti shqip) is a variant of the Latin alphabet used to write the Albanian language.
Both dialects had also been written in the Ottoman Turkish version of the Arabic script, Cyrillic, and some local alphabets (Elbasan, Vithkuqi, Todhri, Veso Bey, Jan Vellara and others, see original Albanian alphabets).

Congress of Manastir

Congress of Monastiralphabet congressMonastir Congress
The current alphabet in use among Albanians is one of the two variants approved in the Congress of Monastir held by Albanian intellectuals from 14 to 22 November 1908, in Monastir (Bitola, North Macedonia).
The Congress of Manastir (Kongresi i Manastirit) was an academic conference held in the city of Manastir (now Bitola) from November 14 to 22, 1908, with the goal of standardizing the Albanian alphabet.

Sami Frashëri

SamiSami FrasheriŞemsettin Sami
The turning point was the aftermath of the League of Prizren (1878) events when in 1879 Sami Frashëri and Naim Frashëri formed the Society for the Publication of Albanian Writings.
In this way, beginning with a demand for autonomy and struggle for their own alphabet and education, Frashëri helped the Albanian National Movement develop its claim for independence.

Second Congress of Manastir

follow up congresssecond congress at MonastirSecond Congress of Monastir
A second congress at Monastir (Bitola) was held in April 1910, which confirmed the decision taken in the first congress of Monastir.
The First Congress of Manastir of 14–22 November 1908, known as the congress of the Albanian alphabet, established a Latin script based alphabet to be used as a standard for Albanian writings, marking an important moment in the history of the Albanians.

Gjergj Fishta

At Gjergj FishtaFishta
The Congress was hosted by the Bashkimi ("unity") club, and prominent delegates included Gjergj Fishta, Ndre Mjeda, Mit'hat Frashëri, Sotir Peçi, Shahin Kolonja, and Gjergj D. Qiriazi.
Notably being the chairman of the commission of the Congress of Monastir, which sanctioned the Albanian alphabet.

Bitola

MonastirManastirManastır
The current alphabet in use among Albanians is one of the two variants approved in the Congress of Monastir held by Albanian intellectuals from 14 to 22 November 1908, in Monastir (Bitola, North Macedonia).
Three years later, the Congress of Manastir of 1908, which standardized the modern Albanian alphabet, was held in the city.

Sh (digraph)

shSh sh digraph
It is considered a distinct letter, named shë, and placed between S and T in the Albanian alphabet.

Schwa

əneutral vowelschwa indogermanicum
In Albanian, schwa is represented by the letter, which is also one of the letters of the Albanian alphabet, coming right after the letter.

Albanian National Awakening

rilindasAlbanian RenaissanceRilindja
Last version called Elifbaja shqip was published by scholar and writer Rexhep Voka, a prominent figure of the Albanian National Awakening.
Some sources attribute its origins to the revolts against centralization in the 1830s, others to the publication of the first attempt by Naum Veqilharxhi at a standardized alphabet for Albanian in 1844, or to the collapse of the League of Prizren during the Eastern Crisis in 1881.

Mid’hat Frashëri

Midhat FrashëriMit'hat FrashëriMit’hat Frashëri
The Congress was hosted by the Bashkimi ("unity") club, and prominent delegates included Gjergj Fishta, Ndre Mjeda, Mit'hat Frashëri, Sotir Peçi, Shahin Kolonja, and Gjergj D. Qiriazi.
Mid’hat Frashëri was one of the fifty delegates that who helped form the modern Albanian alphabet.

Vaso Pasha

Pashko VasaAlbanus AlbanoWasa Pasha
Sami Frashëri, Koto Hoxhi, Pashko Vasa and Jani Vreto created an alphabet.
Vasa as a member of the Committee for Defending Albanian Rights was appointed along with Sami Frashëri, Jani Vreto and Hasan Tahsini to create an Albanian alphabet which by 19 March 1879 the group approved Frashëri's 36 letter alphabet consisting mostly of Latin characters.

Vellara alphabet

Vellara script
Vellara script or Vellara alphabet is one of the original Albanian alphabets, encountered for the first time in early 19th century.

Sotir Peçi

Sotir Peci
The Congress was hosted by the Bashkimi ("unity") club, and prominent delegates included Gjergj Fishta, Ndre Mjeda, Mit'hat Frashëri, Sotir Peçi, Shahin Kolonja, and Gjergj D. Qiriazi.
In 1908 Peçi participated in the Congress of Monastir, an academic conference held in Manastir (modern Bitola), in the Vilayet of Monastir from 14 to 22 November 1908, with the goal of standardizing the Albanian alphabet, as a delegate of the Albanian communities living in the United States of America for whom he was granted three votes.

Ç

c-cedillace trencadaceceril
Ç or ç (c-cedilla) is a Latin script letter, used in the Albanian, Azerbaijani, Manx, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Kurdish, Zazaki, and Romance alphabets.

Society for the Unity of the Albanian Language

Bashkimi (Union) SocietyBashkimiShoqnia Bashkimi
The so-called Bashkimi alphabet was designed by the Society for the Unity of the Albanian Language for being written on a French typewriter and includes no diacritics other than é (compared to ten graphemes of the Istanbul alphabet which were either non-Latin or had diacritics).
The Bashkimi alphabet was discussed and approved in a conference of Catholic bishops held in Shkodra in 1902, and was presented as a main candidate during the sessions of the Congress of Monastir, 1908, where the Albanian alphabet was unified.

Gjirokastër alphabet

Veso Bey alphabet
The Gjirokastër alphabet also known as Veso Bey alphabet is one of the original Albanian language alphabets of the 19th century.

Society for the Publication of Albanian Writings

Istanbul CommitteePrint Society of Albanian Letters
The turning point was the aftermath of the League of Prizren (1878) events when in 1879 Sami Frashëri and Naim Frashëri formed the Society for the Publication of Albanian Writings.
After its activities were banned, the society transferred in Bucharest were many publications in Albanian language were to follow in so called Instambul Alphabet (see Albanian Alphabet).

Tosk Albanian

ToskTosk Albanian dialectTosk Albanians
He then went to Malta, where he stayed until 1860 in a Protestant seminary, finishing the translation of The New Testament in the Tosk and Gheg dialects. * The Greek alphabet; used to write Tosk starting in about 1500 (Elsie, 1991).

Agimi

Agimi ("Dawn") Literary SocietyAgimi'' ("The Dawn")
They moved own with their own society due to divergences on the future standard Albanian alphabet.

List of Latin-script digraphs

ngrrnj
is used in the Albanian alphabet for the voiced palatal plosive, though for Gheg speakers it represents.

Greek alphabet

GreekGreek lettersGreek letter
* The Greek alphabet; used to write Tosk starting in about 1500 (Elsie, 1991).

Ë

e:
Ë is the 8th letter of the Albanian alphabet and represents the vowel.

Elbasan script

ElbasanElbasan alphabetElbasan characters
The modern Albanian alphabet, based on Latin, is phonemically regular for the standard pronunciation but it is not one-to-one because of the use of ten consonant digraphs.